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r: ^ 



British Chess Magazine 





T. LONG, B.A., 



TOIi. H. 1882, 

HuDDBRSPiELD : J. E. Wheatley <fe Co., New Street. 
London : Trubnbr <fc Co., Ludgate Hill. 
New York : Erentano, 5, Union Square. 


^^ 117446 






matear v. Downer, 105 
Anderssen v. Zytogoraky, 186 
Bevan v. Taylor, 372 
Bird V. Fleissig, 256 
Blackbume v. Bird, 220 
V. Cook, 143 
V, Mackenzie, 804 
V. Mills, 366 
V. Ranken, 28 
Bridgwater V. Kirby, 144 
Chamier v. CI ere, 70 
Coker v. MacDonnell, 373 
Cook V. Ranken, 65 
Cunningham v. Mills, 185 
Dryasdust v. Giglamps, 320 
Erskine, H. v. Erskine, 0., 180 
Fisher v. Mills, 344 
Fleissig V. Mackenzie, 220 
Halford V. Fisher, 27 
Hmby v. Mason, 249 

» V, Schwarz, 226 
Kidson v. Heap, 104 

Legalle v. 331 

Lewis V. Wayte, 345 
Lindsay v. Minchin, 368 
MacDonnell «. Staniforth. 149 
Mackenzie v. Winawer, 222 
Mason 07. ,, 301 

Maude v. Von Schmidt, 107 
Morphy v. Boden, 102 
Nash V. Ranken, 369 


numbers refer to the pages throughout.) 

North V, South, 22 
Owen V. Cook, 63 
Pardoe v, Bridgwater, 108 
Paulsen v. Winawer, 299 
Pierce 17. Bridgwater, 144 

„ W. T. V. Pierce, J., 181 
Ranken v. Coker, 342 

,, V. Rebbeck, 178 
Salvioli V. Zannoni, 67 
Schwarz v. Mackenzie, 251 

,, V. Mason, 62 
Shaw V. Narraway, 336 
Skipworth v. Wayte, 29 . 
Steinitz v. Schwarz, 255 

V. Tschigorin, 298 
V. Winawer, 305 
,, V. Zukertort, 221 
Thorold v. Ranken, 343 

„ V. Coker, 865 
Tschigorin v. Mackenzie, 263 
Vincent v. Bourn, 183 
,, V. Balson, 370 
Ware v. Weiss, 339 
Warsaw v. Moscow, 224 
Wayte v. Cook, 31 
V. E. S., 248 
V. Minchin, 874 
V. Zukertort, 146 
Winawer v, Blackbume, 260 
V. Steinitz, 806 
V. Tschigorin, 258 


» f 



Bishop's Gambit, 336 

„ Opening, 144, 331, 365, 368 
Centre Gambit, 253, 258, 373 
English Opening, 29, 226, 249 
Evans Gambit, 104, 183, 248, 869, 372 

,, ,, Declined, 107 

Four Kts' Game, 224, 251, 320, 870 
French Opening, 31, 62, 149, 185, 255, 

305, 342, 344 
Giuoco Piano, 256, 301 [843 

Irregular Openings, 63, 65,67,180, 339, 

Kieserilzky Gambit, 221 
King's Gambit, 386 
Pawn and Move, 845 
Ruy Lopez, 27, 102, 220, 222 
Salvio Gambit, 298 

Scotch Gambit, 22, 28, 105, 108, 143, 

178, 299, 366 
Sicilian Opening, 70, 220, 304 
Steinitz Gambit, 144, 146, 181, 374 
Three Kts' Game, 260, 306 



33, 73, 109, 152-^191, 281, 270, 314, 349,382 

Epigram and Epitaph Tourney, 35, 72, 

112, 153, 229 
Hints to Young Solvers, 127 

Review: Chess Strategy, by Samuel 
Loyd, 823, 859 



AUgemeine Sportzeitung, 193, 271 
Baltimore American, S4 

„ Sunday News, Zi, 382 
Boys' Newspaper, 74 
Brentano's Chess Monthly, 270, 815,350 
British Chess Magazine, No. I., 270, 309 
„ „ „ No. XL, 295, 

849, 852 
Chess-Monthly, 383 


Croydon Guardian, 109, 193 
German Chess Association, 85, 349 
Jamaica Family Journal, 74, 816 
La Nuova Rivista, 73, 152, 271 
Lebanon Herald, 882 
Leeds Mercury, 109, 185 
Nationaltidende, 109 
Weekly Irish Times, 109 
Westminster Papers, 109, 152, 281 






B. C. M. Problem Tourney, No. I., 

Sets 1 to 4» 80 
Sets 5 to 8, 116 
Sets 9 to 12, 156 
Setsl3to 16, 196 
Challenge Problem No. IV. by A. 

Townsend> 75 
„ No. V. by B. G. Laws, 

278, 314 
,, No. VI. by J. A. Miles, 

Abbott, 234, 272 
A. L S., 195, 235, 355 
Beechey, Miss, 74, 234 
Callander, 38, 155, 352 
Chancellor, 275, 313, 355, 386 
Collins, 315 

C. W., 38 

Bhrenstein, 39, 316 
Geijersstam, 79, 115, 154 
Gilberg, 312 

Glynn, 38 

Gold, 39, 114, 195 
Greenwood, 114 
Grimshaw, 386 
Hume, 78, 362» 366 

Jordan, 272 

Eidson, 79 

Laws, 113, 278, 274, 812, 313, 386 

Lea, 234 

Leprettel, 316 

Liberali, 194, 312 

Mead, 275, 382 

MUes, 155, 194, 235, 388 

Morsch, 274 

Phelps, 275 

Pierce, J., 39, 78, 235, 236, 387 

Pierce, W. T., 387 

Pradignat, 79, 114, 154, 195, 312, 315, 


Rayner, 276 
Rowland, 855, 387 
Shinkman, 236, 311 
Slater, 7^, 113 (2), 115, 155, 236, 311, 

313, 356, 386 
Stanton, 236 
Taylor, 154 

Taylor and Andrews, 818 
Thomas, 152, (2) 
Townsend, 113, 382 
Tuckett, 115, 274, 387 
Wills, 194, 276 

B.C.M.Solntion Tourney, 33, 36, 73> 76, 111, 160, 191, 227, 229,272,814,358,384 


AUgaier Gambit, The, 207, 238 
Brentano*s Chess Monthly, 132, 187, 381 

British Chess Magazine Almanac, 1, 41, 81, 117, 157, 197, 237, 277, 278, 317; 

357, 358, 380 
Acrostic Tourney, 186, 212, 266, 347 
Correspondence Tourney, 13, 53, 97, 188, 233, 266, 294, 

Enlargement Fund, 12, 40, 61, 101, 142, 177, 219, 269 
International Literary Tourney — 
1st Prize : " A first lesson in Chess," by A. Belannoy, 2 
2nd ,, "A Chess Dialogue," by E. Freeborough, 47 
3rd I *' A Chess Poem," by Rev. H. W. Hodgson, 82 

4th ( " ** A day in the life of a problem composer, by R. Schmidt, 118 
5th Entry : "Sui-Mated," by D. E. Hervey, 158 
British Chess Magazine Terse Tourney, 60, 96, 186, 267, 282, 329 

















Chess, A last lesson in, 198 
Chess Jottings, 16, 60, 96, 131, 186, 232, 

265, 294, 332, 379 
Chess Notes, 289 
Chess Poem, 175 
Chess Pronnnciation, 381 
Christmas Puzde, 40 
Counties Chess Association, 286 
Death of S. S. Boden, 54, 56, 392 
F. Bnrden, 57 
J. Halford, 17 
F. G. Janssens, 57 
P. Jonmond, 177 
— Macfarlane, 19 
W. G. Ward, 291 
C. H. Waterbnry, 192 
C. Wemmers, 833 
A. Zytogorsl^, 141 
Knight's Tour, A, 40, 75, 247, 308 
Match between Gossip and Donisthorpe, 

Oxford and Cambridge, 

Yorkshire and Lanca- 
shire, 59, 98, 135 
Zakertort and Mason, 
333, 390 

Notes, Personal and Literary, 290, 390 
Notices to Correspondents, 21, 71, 108, 
190, 230, 269, 809, 348, 385 
Eeview : Bird's Chess Practice, 130 
Bland's Chess Annnal, 160 
Chess Trees, 176 
Cook's Synopsis, 60 
Loyd's Chess Strategy, 323, 359 
Meyer's Complete Guide, 211 
The New Handbuch, 136 
Miles's Poems and Chess 
Problems, 284 
Scotch Gambit, The, 90 
Theory and Practice, 818 
To our Beaders, 333, 379 
Useful End-Games: Two Pawns against 

One, 42 
King and Queen 
against King and Pawn, 243, 279 
Vienna International Tourney, 213, 261, 

292, 296 
West Yorkshire Chess Association, 172 









Chess in — 
America, 100, 139, 264, 335, 378 
Australia, 378 
Austria, 15, 57, 171, 217 
Aylesbury, 189 
Baldock, 187 
Bath, 134, 189, 265 
Birmingham, 17, 18, 181, 134^ 189, 

295, 375 
Blairgowrie, 61 
Bohemia, 335 
Bournemouth, 187 
Brighton, 176, 218, 267, 291, 333, 888 
Brora, 133 
Burton, 133, 134 
Canada, 99, 171, 264, 293 
Denmark, 99 
Derby, 17, 61, 379 
Dewsbury, 96 
Eastbourne, 189 

France, 14, 59, 98, 170, 217, 264, 

293, 335, 377 
Germany, 59, 138, 172, 294^ 334,378 
Grimsby, 380 
Holland, 877 
Hull, 18, 61 
Italy, 14, 59, 138, 171, 217, 264, 834, 

Leamington, 20 
Leeds, 96, 380 
Leicester, 184 
London, 19, 56, 100, 140, 189, 217, 

Mexico, 217 
Nottingham, 97, 238 
Oxford, 17, 97. 131, 134, 188 
Preston, 879 
Redditch, 295 
Rugby, 18 
Russia, 16, 188, 264 
Scotland, 19, 101, 142, 219, 267, 292, 

Stourbridge, 233 
Twickenham, 187 
WalUngton, 188 

JANUARY, 1883. 

























































First numbers issued of British Chess Review, 1853 ; 
American Chess MimOUy^ 1857 ; Chess Players' Qttarterly Chronicle, 
1868 ; The Reereationist, 1873 ; Maryland Chess Review, 1874 ; 
Bkitish Chess Maoazuie, 1881. Eieseritzky bom, 1806. 

Chess Column in Derhyshh-e Advertiser commenced, 1878 ; 
AUgaier died, 1823, aged 59. 

[ken bom, 1828. J. K. Hanshew bom, 1847. 
Count van Zuylen van Nyevelt bom, 1743. Rev. C. E. Ran- 
Chess column in Glasgow Weekly Star commenced, 1872. 
Sheriff Bell died, 1874. 

Louis Paulsen bom, 1833. 

[ber of Revista de AJedrez, Montevideo, published, 1880. 
First number of La StratSgie published, 1867. First num- 
Match between Messrs. Rosenthal and Wisker finished, 1871, 

[score — Rosenthal, 3 ; Wisker, 2 ; Drawn, 4. 
First meeting of the Yorkshire Chess Association at Leeds, 


Count BrOhl, opponent of Philidor, died in London, 1809, 
aged 82. Edwanl Shepherd, one of the founders of the Yorkshire 
Gnesa Association, died, 1881. 

Last number of The Becreatianist issued, 1874. 
M. Preti died, 1881, aged 83. 

Samuel Loyd bom, 1841. [1881. 

Match between Messrs. Mackensie and Judd commenced. 





1st Prize £5, M. Alphonsb Delannot, Brussels. 

Motto — "^w toute chose llfaut consider er la fin" — Lafontaine 

There are in England those little comers of the country called 
Counties, where the Supreme Being appears to have wished to 
leave specimens of His most charming creations, and thus to 
unite in one single picture the proofs of his omnipotence and his 
majesty. The County of Kent is one of these privileged regions. 
In respect of the features of the ground, the freshness of the fields, 
the valleys, and the woods, the County of Kent can rival any other 
country, even that of Lower Normandy, whose magical adornment 
it reproduces. As on the shores of the Channel and of Calvados, 
the ocean there displays its shining vastness, and its sublime en- 
chantments ; there is the same grand orchestra, whose effect im- 
poses reflection, meditation, ecstasy; the same roll of the wave dying 
on the shore, there to leave its last murmur and its last kiss; the 
same splendours of the orb of day, who has not yet tarnished the 
brightness of his beams in the fogs of the Metropolis. The 
County moreover is dotted with charming little seaports, such as 
Margate, Ramsgate, and Broadstairs, a kind of maritime nests, 
where the youth of London goes to shake off the dust of the 
Capital, while exchanging poisonous exhalations for a pure find 
bracing air, and getting rid of the severity of accounts and study 
to yield itself up to the wild diversions of its age, and the vivacity 
of its heart ; where old age, after a life of toil and trial, comes at 
last to seek repose in the consolation of its memories and the 
meditations of philosophy. 

It was at St. Peter's near Broadstairs that the events of this 
narrative happened, at St. Peter's, a delicious hamlet hidden in a 
grove, with red houses adorned with green shutters, concealing 
themselves scattered over greenswards surrounded by magnifi- 
cent gardens. It was to one of these mysterious manor houses 
that, after 30 years of service and of devotion to his country, Mr. 
Wilfred, captain of the Inflexible, a vessel of the first rank in the 
English navy, retired. Independently of qualities natural to the 
seamen of his country, Mr. Wilfred possessed the love of study 
and of observation, and consequently of serious scientific and 
literary knowledge. During his long career, while fulfilling with 
exactitude the duties that his charge imposed on him, in his 
• • • • 

; • • • 

• •• • • 



moments of leisure he loved to be alone ; at sea he withdrew to 
some comer of the ship, on land to some solitude ; he then com- 
posed himself, and gave free flight to his thoughts, in order to 
penetrate more intimately into the knowledge of men and things ; 
in a word, he was a marine philosopher, an exception, perhaps ! 
That which had kept up in him the spirit of observation was 
the fondness which he had always had for Chess. When very young, 
he had learnt the game and had experienced its charm ; years, 
far from weakening this taste, had only developed it. Thus, in the 
decline of life, he felt a real passion for Chess, and was eager to 
seize every opportunity of putting an adversary to the proof. A 
widower for several years, he had a charming daughter who had 
inherited the virtues of her mother. She was the consolation and 
the joy of his heart, but, in order to make sure her future after 
him, he had married her to a rich merchant of the City, Mr. John 

At the period of which I speak Mrs. Stephen had three children, 
George, Anna, and Lucy, two lovely little girls with flaxen hair, 
bright and laughing eyes, and fresh and rosy cheeks, upon which 
were already marked those charming dimples where later on loves 
would nestle. George was 17 J years old, Anna 7, and Lucy 6 
years. George pursued the course of his studies at the University 
of Oxford. Anna and Lucy were instructed by their mother. 
Each Saturday evening this family, with the exception of George, 
who only came in the vacation, arrived, joyous, at St. Peter's to 
spend Sunday. With what impatience did they all, grandpapa, 
wife, husband, and grandchildren, await the happy day ! How the 
good Captain felt himself live again amidst his own ; how his grand- 
daughters longed to see him again, to embrace him, to leap on his 
knees, to hang upon his neck, to pull his whiskers, to overwhelm 
him with caresses,. even forcing him sometimes to mingle in their 
games. " Look here, grandpapa, at the pretty doll. You naughty 
man you are not looking at it. Oh, but it is ugly, Sir " ! And 
grandpapa found himself forced to look at the Princess of card 

The residence of the Captain, to which he had given the name 
of Peter's Villa, was a real gem. Isolated in the midst of ancient 
trees and magnificent gardens, it was perfectly proportioned, and 
crowned with a belvedere which he had caused to be constructed, 
and which he called his Paradise. He went up to it at the first 
glimmer of day to be present at the rising of the morn, at the 
awaking of nature, at the wondrous picture of the horizon ; he 
went up to it there to admire the magnificence of the ocean, which 
afar off some steamer was furrowing, or upon which the boats 
of fishermen were gracefully poised ; he went up to it to study 
some game of Chess, and to prepare himself the better to beat an 


opponent whom he had at last discovered in the person of the 
Doctor of Broadstairs. Then, dividing his meditations between 
the Chess-board and his recollections, from the top of this impro- 
vised Paradise he saw through the prisms of his imagination the 
most interesting places of his numerous voyages. He transported 
himself to the banks of the Bosphorus and to the sandy shores of 
Egypt, like long golden ribbons stretched out on a level with the 
water ; he admired the majesty of the Pyramids and of Mount 
Sinai, of that Sinai towering like a haughty giant above the sur- 
rounding mountains, of that Sinai and that Horeb which biblical 
traditions still so wondrously record, and on which are found graven 
in traces and characters ineffaceable the imposing image of Moses 
and his intercourse with God. He there read, and even believed 
that he still heard those sacramental words, '* I have seen the 
affliction of my people which is in Egypt, I have heard the cry 
which they utter by reason of the cruelty of their task masters, 
and knowing what are their sorrows, I am come down to deliver 
^em from the hand of the Egyptians, and to make them pass from 
'this ungrateful land into a land spacious and fertile, the land of the 
Canaanites and Jebusites, where run rivers of milk and honey. 
The ery of the children of Israel has reached even unto me. Come, 
Moses, I will send thee to Pharaoh, and thou shalt bring the 
children of Israel, my people, out of bis hands." Sometimes, at 
length, the sight of the ocean transported him to the shores of the 
New World, where the Eternal Being has lavished his most mar- 
vellous, as well as his most sublime creations ; he saw again those 
prairies, those boundless forests, those shining rivers, those atrial 
lakes, those falls of Niagara, precipitating themselves from a 
prodigious height with the noise of an eternal thunder ; he beheld 
those roeky moiintains with shades of porphyry, emerald, and 
azure ; those exceptional nights, when, like winged diamonds, 
thousands of stars detach themselves to traverse space ; he was 
transported with these flame virgins, graceful and changeful in 
their appearance, and of light and darting forms ; yet all satiated 
as he was with these wonders, at the sound of the bell 
announcing breakfast he experienced sensations still more 
delicious in returning to reality, for he returned home to his villa, 
amidst his family and his country, that old England to which he 
had devoted his service and his life. 

The period of the long vacation had arrived ; with it Mrs. 
Stephen, her three children, and some lady friends found them- 
selves at Peter's Villa. It was a continual holiday at this house. 
After the morning walk and the breakfast the ladies installed 
themselves in some bower of greenery, the little girls, with their 
dolls in their arms, stretched themselves on the grass, stomach on 
the ground and legs in the air like telegraphs, or ran across the 


borders after the butterflies, plucked the flowers in passing, and the 
fruit bulged out their pockets. The Captain, accompanied by his 
doctor, climbed to the belvedere to play his game ; George, with a 
book under his arm, followed the two athletes ; all were happy. 
George, seeing the animation which the two Chess amateurs threw 
into their game, felt the desire to know how to play. They 
practised it much at Oxford, but whether from timidity, or from 
apprehension of difficulties which he supposed to be above his 
understanding, up to that time he had never engaged in it. After 
having been present for some days at the contests of the doctor 
and his grandfather, one evening when the old gentleman, quite 
proud with having savagely beaten his antagonist, seemed to be 
in a charming humour, the student ventured to ask the Captain if 
he would kindly teach him the game. " Very willingly, my dear 
child ; you are an early bird, and so am I. Go up tomorrow to 
the belvedere, I shall be there, and will give you your first lesson," 
George was punctual at the rendezvous. The Chess-board was 
already spread out; the box containing the pieces was by its. 
side. "Sit down, George, and listen to me. Before all things 
it is necessary for me to lay before you some observations whose, 
importance and justice you will hereafter know how to appreciate. 
The interest which is attached to Chess does not consist merely 
in its privilege of being the most agreeable diversion of the mind ; , 
the greatest attraction of this game lies in the likeness which is 
presented by the march and prerogatives of each piece to the 
nature and the dispositions of human faculties. In a word, the 
study of this game is a real course of philosophy. Look, and follow . 
me. I open the box, the pieces fall out; here they are rolling 
confusedly in the middle of the Chess-board. The hand of the 
player arranges them in order, and the game is about to begin. . 
These preliminaries allow the imagination to traverse at a single 
bound the interval of past ages, and to be present in some sort 
at the imposing spectacle of Creation. Darkness was enveloping 
space ; everywhere there was chaos, silence, and stillness. 
Suddenly God has spoken, his breath has dispelled the darkness, 
the light has been made, and creation has begun. His hand 
disposes matter in order, while subjecting it to immutable 
laws. At the voice of the Master everything is animated, is 
quickened into life, is stirred, and forms that admirable whole 
the sight of which astonishes, dazzles, and confounds. This hand 
then pours out upon the earth, as upon a great Chess-board, peoples 
and kings, ministers and subjects, the strong and the weak, wise 
men and fools. All are soon about to be mingled together, to 
clash, to be confused, only to return, after much labour, to that 
nothing from which they came. Still more mysterious thaif Rau- 
dora's box, that of Chess, in opening, gives free scope to all the 


tendencies and aspirations, to all the passions and different dis- 
positions of character and temper. The Chess-board becomes a prism 
in which they all appear at once, for in explaining to you the pre- 
rogatives of the pieces, you will recognise in the combination of their 
attributes and their properties the conditions essentially necessary 
to man's success here below, courage, activity, vigour, firmness, 
prudence, wisdom, sympathy, caie, devotion, foresight, finesse, 
power, obedience, and resignation. Here is the King, the most 
important piece in the game, since upon his fate depends the result 
of the contest. Thus he concentrates around his person every force, 
every anxiety, every eflfort, and the devotion of the other pieces, 
who only live, so to speak, by him and for him : yet, interesting 
though the position of this King be, majestic though his title, he 
is very limited in his power, for of all the pieces he is the only one 
which is forbidden to take more than one step at a time. This 
King, is he not the image of man upon earth ? Is it not for the 
pleasure, the well-being, and the admiration of man that God has 
created the other beings, covered with azure the vault of the firma- 
ment, attached the stars to the mantle of night, scattered in the 
universe those brilliant planets, in the midst of which, like a giant 
benefactor, stands that one which pours out the light, and fert- 
ilises and vivifies nature 1 But this power and this authority, 
like the King of the Chess-board, man cannot make use of alone ; 
isolation paralyses his faculties, makes him miserable in his great- 
ness, a slave in his sovereignty, timorous and suffering in the midst 
of the splendours by which he is surrounded. He is only really 
strong with the support of those who are devoted to him, and, 
though a monarch, he is obliged to beg that support. Exposed to 
continual dangers, he must find the preservation of his crown and 
his own security in the concurrence and sympathy of his friends. 
The limit of the prerogatives of this Chess-board King, is it not 
prescribed to the sovereigns of civilised countries, a limit within 
which they must all be confined, a limit laid down in this axiom, 
' The King reigns, but does not govern.' 

The Queen is the piece which presides most eflfectually over the 
administration of the kingdom ; so that among all other civilised 
peoples except the French they have given it the name of Queen. 
It is true that in France the term * Dame ' is equivalent to this 
title, for is not woman a Queen, and still more a Sovereign 1 
This piece on the Chess-board enjoys exceptional privileges : 
with a single bound it can cross all the squares of the board, 
whether horizontally, vertically, or in a diagonal line, and need 
not stop save to exterminate some piece of the enemy, or to take 
up a post of observation, or to sacrifice itself, for the Queen at 
Chess has chiefly for her desire and object to watch over the safety of 
her King, to render more imposing the majesty of his throne, and 


to secure the prosperity of his State. The crj of honour, 
stronger and more stirring than that of her own preservation, 
animates and directs all her movements, calls forth her faculties, 
and sustains their untiring energy. With her eyes constantly 
fixed on the means of securing victory or avoiding danger, 
she foresees with wonderful instinct all the chances of success 
or reverse, and will not hesitate to sacrifice herself in order to pre- 
pare for success, or to prevent a catastrophe. If the glory and 
security of the crown more particularly occupy her mind yet her 
affection is not exclusive, all have a right to her sympathy and 
protection, her ministers as well as her subjects, the general as well 
as the simple soldier. In the Queen of Chess does not man see the 
likeness of his companion 1 The source and motive of his finest 
thoughts, of his most sublime conceptions, of his noblest senti- 
ments, the most precious element of his happiness, does he not 
draw them from the affection, the tenderness, and the devotion of 
his wife, from that indissoluble bond which mingles two existences, 
animates them with the same desires, with the same hopes, kindles 
in them the same passions, inundates them with the same pleasures, 
affects them with' the same sufferings, consoles them by joining 
the hands to traverse less painfully this life of misery and trial, 
from that bond which overwhelms in being relaxed, annihilates in 
being broken? Is not, finally, this Queen the pattern of the 
mother of a family^ consecrating her vigils to the simple wants of her 
children, her experience to the direction of their action and the 
development of their faculties, her influence to their protection, 
abdicating even, if need be, her rank as mistress of the house to 
descend to that of servant or slave, contenting herself, as the price 
of her self-denial, with the double smile of her husband and her 
children ] Adorable abnegation ! shared in common by the Queen 
of Chess, and the woman who is mother of a family. 

The Rook advances, retires, and either marches in straight line, 
or overthrows the enemy's pieces which oppose its passage by taking 
their place. Since it finds itself, as you may see, imprisoned by 
its position more closely than the other pieces at the beginning of 
the game, it hardly coraes usefully into action until towards the 
middle of the combat, to cover with its batteries its companions 
in arms, to cannonade the ramparts of the adversary, and to 
achieve a victory till then still undecided, secure from finding itself 
destroyed by superior forces. This slowness in the employment 
of force is the emblem of wisdom and prudence, it is man come to 
maturity ; the skilful observer of the events of which he has been 
the witness, or which he has gathered in the annals of history, he 
can apply to himself this verse of the songster of the imagination, 
' One half his life gives lesson to the rest. 
To him of foresight memory is the test.' 


Prudent in his ^ carriage, he requires, like the Rook of the 
Chess-board, a serious motive, the prevision of a danger or 
a success, to compel him to issue from his retreat. Fortified 
then bj his studies, his observations^ and his experience, he shows 
himself, and is prepared to use his opportunities^ His presence is 
sufficient to overawe the rash, to restrain their audacity, or to lessen 
its effects. Measuring with a steady gaze the imminence or dis- 
tance of the danger, he will shake off at once the kind of stiffness 
in which he seemed wrapped, and will rash forward swift as the 
lightning, terrible as the thunder, overturning obstacles, and 
crushing the enemy ; or blackened by the powder, riddled with 
shot, he will fall, like the heroes of the old guard, without com- 
plaint, without regret, with a smile upon his lips, happy in having 
deserved well of his country. 

In this Knight, of irregular movement, leaping from black to 
white, from white to black, you will recognise, my child, the sym- 
bol of * opportunism,' of that transformation of ideas, opinions, 
and systems which has become almost indispensable nowadays to 
him who would succeed ; in other words, pointing out that in this 
world, amid the concealments of actual society, one must use a 
little management in order to make one's way. Some there are, it 
is true, who manage a little too much. Sad doctrine ! which 
circumstances, however, sometimes render necessary. 

Courage, boldness, cunning, and stratagem, such are the qual- 
ities which spring from the diagonal march of this other piece called 
** Fou '* in France, in England Bishop. How these two nations 
understand each other 1 With what ardour doos this piece dart 
forth at the first signal for the combat, and place himself in the 
midst of the arena, alone, isolated, without support, ready to dare 
the enemy by addressing to him a proud challenge ; but this pro- 
vocation is not serious, it is only put forth in order the better to 
espy the forces and position of the adversary, it is the Germanic 
Uhlan. As long as he is not disturbed, he will continue his rdle of 
observer, but upon the slightest attack, he scuds off at full speed, 
lies squat in some obscure corner, hoping he will be forgotten. 
Then keeping his sidelong glance on the unprepared opponent, he 
is ready to dart forth anew, and to take advantage of the smallest 
neglect, safe from yielding if discovered ! Here is an image of the 
active, adroit, intelligent man. Drawn along by the vivacity of his 
nature, he will plunge at a single bound into the midst of life, but, 
at the sight of rocks and dangers, he stops, hesitates, and even 
puts back frightened by his boldness, and understands the need of 
reflection and observation ; then goes into retirement, to meditate 
upon facts, to ripen his faculties, and to put himself in a position 
to^make use of them more advantageously in future. Such is the 
good side of the interpretation ; in reversing the medal, we find 
on it the model of those persons who place themselves before us to 


bar our passage, to watch our actions, to discount our reverses, and 
paralyse our successes. If we give proof of courage bj demanding 
of them an account of their conduct, they timidly excuse them- 
selves, and protest their disinterested intentions ; we believe them 
sincere; alas! they will be the first to accomplish our ruin. 

Let us now occupy ourselves with the Pawns. All at the be- 
ginning have the same privileges ; their march is uniform, they 
advance in straight line, a single step at a time, with the exception 
of their first movement, when they can take two steps ; a little 
allegory representing the petulance of youth. They take side- 
ways ; another allegory pointing to the danger of an attack which 
is not directed openly against you. They have all the same end iii 
view, that of arriving at the eighth square of the Chess-board, in 
order then to be invested with a suitable title, and thus to be trans- 
formed into a Queen, Rook, Knight, or Bishop. But to arrive at 
the realisation of their desire, what difficulties, what obstacles there 
are to surmount ; what efforts, and yet sometimes too, what luck 1 
They have simply taken the trouble to be bom ; they have found a 
free passage, and have only had need to advance. 

Endowed, like these Pawns, at the opening of life with uniform 
instincts and faculties, we aspire to the top of the social ladder, to 
power, to fortune, to glory ; but in the result of our eflforts, as in 
those of the Pawns, what astonishing diversity ! In order to attain 
the object of our desires, we too must advance painfully in the midst 
of perils, of jealousies, and envies, availing ourselves of forces su- 
perior to our own, frequently even of exceptional favours, sometimes 
too of those of chance. But this purple to which man aspires, like 
the Pawn of the Chess-tioard, has its deceptions and its burdens. 
In certain positions a Queen is powerless to give checkmate, while 
a Knight succeeds. Fabricius in the midst of the Spains preferred 
the title of Roman citizen to that of King. The royal mantle 
would have encumbered his march, and paralysed his movements ; 
his war-horse and his armour were sufficient in their place. *A11 
power is weak unless it be united.' (Lafontaine) If these Pawns 
have need to support each other, to mutually assist each other, and 
even to sacrifice themselves for one another, how much is it equally 
necessary for us, in order to succeed, to find support, and proofs of 
sacrifice and devotion. It is in the centre of the Chess-board that 
the Pawns acquire their greatest force ; it is in the midst of the great 
centres of civilisation that we are best situated for developing our 
faculties, and for using our opportunities, finding in this immense 
agglomeration of superior minds the most powerful motive of our 
efforts and ambitions. Look now at these two Pawns threatening 
each other continually, rushing upon one another, crossing their 
lances, halting in the same place half cut in two, continuing to defy 
each other, returning with the iron in their wounds, and seeming 


to take pleasure in the sight of their hurts ; they could both have 
passed quietly on their way ; no, they prefer to remain in constant 
opposition, at the risk of both of them falling. Is not this the 
image of obstinacy, of jealousy, of the litigious man who is only 
pleased with discussions, with quarrels and destruction, forgetting 
the fable of the litigants and the oyster, * Perrin takes the money 
for himself, and only leaves to the litigants the bag and the shells.' 

My dear George, after having explained to you the properties 
of each piece, and having shown you the analogy with our affairs 
which they present, I am going to complete that analogy by the 
likeness of the positions and moves of these pieces to the actions 
and different situations of life. Upon the openings of the contest, 
in Chess as well as in those of our career, depend the results of 
the future. In that of Chess, strong in all our means of defence 
and attack, in all our opportunities, and all our resources, we feel 
ourselves at our ease and ready, and it is with a light heart that 
we prepare for the battle ; nothing seems to oppose the realisation 
of our hopes ; releasing ourselves from the restraints of prudence, 
we freely take our amusement, we give ourselves up to the caprices 
of our fancy, we prance rashly into the field, inattentive to the 
movements of the enemy, confident in ourselves, proud of onr 
boldness, of our energy, and of some successes, perhaps, which too 
often are shortlived, and we already begin to strike up the songs 
of victory. But to these acts of rashness, to this sound of trumpet 
flourishes, to the shouts of our soldiers, to the whistling of balls, 
to the projectiles of our batteries, reply the same bold deeds, the 
same cannonades, the same challenges, the same warlike songs, the 
same hymns of victory; the battle eagerly begins, impetuous, 
terrible, furious, incessant, untiring; obstacles arise and are 
renewed, we begin to doubt of our success ; the enemy presses on 
us, surrounds us, harrasses us, we would beat a retreat, it is too 
late, we must either conquer or die ! 

The beginnings of life are exactly similar. The effervescence of 
youth and too much self-confidence, take away from us at first the 
least appearance of difficulty, the smallest sign of danger ; then, 
deaf to the counsels of prudence and of reason, we abandon our- 
selves to risks without any precaution, and gently rocked in 
smiling delusions, like second children of Epicurus, crowned with 
flowers, intoxicated with pleasures, we adventure upon the rough 
path of life, thinking to find in it only roses and charming 
prospects. Suddenly the ground gives way beneath our steps, the 
earth trembles and opens, precipices make us giddy, rocks rise up 
before us, hideous spectres frighten us, dangers multiply ; then we 
stop, undecided, scared, we exhaust our former ardour in useless 
efforts, we make a last appeal to all that remains to us of courage 
and energy, we would retrace our steps, and begin the journey 
anew ; alas 1 it is too late. 


Now in the world, as in Chess, let us mistrast this kind of 
facility which the openings present. A piece or a Pawn impru- 
dently hrought into action often suffices to lead to a fatal result. 
A first false step, the slightest negligence, the most trifling mistake, 
a single moment of forgetfulness, compromises the future. And 
then what efforts, what prodigies of intelligence do we need to 
repair that which is only too often irreparable 1 

It is then to these preliminaries that we ought to bring all our 
attention, our intelligence, and our efforts, it is then especially that 
we have need of advice and support. 

In the game of Chess, those brilliant openings, those Gambits 
which dazzle at first sight but whose transient glory would 
disappear before the light of experience, do they not represent 
those boastful men who impose on the multitude by a deceptive 
pomp, who, by the aid of sacrifices, keep up for some time an 
appearance above their means, bending and staggering against a 
prolonged resistance, and crumbling away sooner or later, never to 
rise again ? 

At Chess, as in life, let us especially beware of any excess of 
enthusiasm or of despair. Let us read over again the precepts of 

* Est modus in rebus, 
^quam memento rebus in arduis 
Servare mentem, non secus in bonis, 
Ab insolenti temperatam 

Check is the word that warns the King of danger. How many 
times does not reason cause us to hear it. At Chess the King is 
obliged to attend to it ; in life too often people remain deaf to it. 
That is the only difference. Checkmate is the cry of Death ! 

It is late, George, the breakfast ball summons us, the little 
girls are soon coming up ; let us close the Chess-board, let us 
replace the pieces in the box, let us heap in, no matter how, the 
Pawns, the Knights, the Bishops, the Rooks, the Queens, and the 
Kings, as a final resemblance to humanity. 

'Pallida Mors aequo pulsat pede Pauperum tabernas, Regumque 

* Et la garde qui veille aux barri^res du Louvre n'en defend pas 

les Rois.' " 

Let us return to the motto of this essay, " In everything it is 
necessary to consider the end." The end, that is to say, the object, 
the philosophic and moral question ; and by my explanations you 
will have understood what interest attaches to Chess, to that game 
which at once charms, enlightens, instructs, and consoles, to that 
game which is the king of games, and the game of kings. 


George understood so well that he set himself immediately to 
study it and to look on attentively at the games of his grandfather 
and the doctor, so that on his return to College he practised daily, 
and the year following, when he came back for the vacation, he 
beat Mr. Wilfred The captain of the Inflexible had to lower his 
flag to the canoeist of Oxford. 


To the Editor of the British Chess Magazine. 

I enclose postal note for £1, including year's subscription for 
1882 — the balance to go towards the Enlargement Fund. 

'Tis but a mite, yet, if each subscriber would annually do the 
same, it would place the Magazine upon a strong and lasting 

War cannot be carried on without the sinews of war, nor can 
magazines be regularly produced without a sure and swelling fund 
on which confidently, and at times heavily, to draw. 

Although, in one point of view, it may be of advantage to keep 
the price of the " British '* at as low a figure as it is at present, 
yet, on the other, if limited to that, it cannot pay its way, nor can 
it expand, when necessary, to meet the necessities of the hour, or 
more correctly the month, in giving to the Chess world match and 
tournament games, problems, articles, analyses, and other varieties. 

We are all labouring in a field of love, we are not embarked in 
a commercial venture : if we were, we should of course abide by 
the issue; but, being desirous of advancing — ever onward — ^the 
cause of Chess, we feel we can confidently call upon that devoted 
band of British Chess-players, so often in the van, to rally round 
this Magazine, to support its Editor-in-chief, to send full supplies 
to their gallant General. 

Matches and tourneys are all very interesting, but is not half 
their interest lost if there be no magazine of sufficient size to 
chronicle and review their results 1 

I notice that your first volume closes with as many as 400 
pages — 336 were promised — of much valuable matter and well 
annotated games, making a fair sized tome. Shall Great Britain, 
during the coming year, be outdone by Germany or America in 
issuing from the press a magazine, solely devoted to Chess, in 
which those far away from the actual scenes of contest can yet see 
the battles, and in which the efforts of genius can be handed down 
to future lovers of the Queen of games, and not lost, for ever, in 


the " mists of antiquity '' as were the first openings and encounters 
of the swarthy worshippers of the sun 1 

Wishing you, Sir, a happy new year, the Magazine a prosperous 
Yoyage, and Volume II. even plumper than her charming and 
intellectual sister now embellishing our library, 

I remain, very truly yours, 
Everleigh, Rathgar, THOS. LONG. 

Co. Dublin, Dec, 1881. 



Rules and Conditions. 

1. — The Tourney is open to all, but is limited to twelve compe- 
titors, each having to play one game on even terms with every 
other, and to conduct two games at the same time. 

2. — There will be four prizes, viz. : — First Prize, £6, given by 
the Rev. C. E. Ranken. Second Prize, A Set of Staunton Chess- 
men, value £2 28. Od. Third Prize, JBl ; Fourth Prize, The 
Nuaoa Rivisia degli Scacchi for one year. 

3. — No entrance fee will be required, but a deposit of 10/- 
must be sent to the conductor of the Tourney before commencing 
the play, which sum will be returned at the conclusion of the 
Tourney (subject to deductions for fines under Rule 9) to those 
only who have played out all their games. 

4. — The prizes will be determined by the highest scores, drawn 
games counting one half to each player. 

5. — Every competitor shall engage, for the sake of the other 
competitors, to play out every game in the Tourney with all his 
force, unless hindered by illness or some unforeseen circumstance. 

6. — Should any entrant retire from the Tourney without finish- 
ing all his games, those in progress only shall be scored to his 
opponents, and those not begun shall count as drawn. No game 
shall be considered to be in progress, unless at least one move has 
been made on each side. 

7. — The duration of the Tourney is limited to 18 months from 
the period of commencement. Games not then begun will be can- 
celled, and all games then unfinished will be adjudicated by Mr. 
Steinitz, who has kindly undertaken that office. 

8. — A time limit of 48 hours (Sundays excluded) between the 
receipt and posting of the moves must strictly be adhered to. 
Leave for one postponement of a week in the course of any game 
may be obtained from the Conductor, who may allow a further 
postponement under special circumstances. 


9. — The penalty for exceeding the time limit will be a fine of 
2/6 in each instance proved to the satisfaction of the Conductor, 
but after four such fines have been incurred, a further trans- 
gression of Rule 8 will cause the loss of the game. 

10. — In cases of appeal to the Conductor of the Tourney, no 
private arrangement between the players will be recognised, but a 
decision will be given according to the laws of the game, and rules 
for correspondence play, laid down in Staunton's Chess Praxis. 

11. — The winner of each game, and the first mover in every 
drawn game must at once send a copy of it to the Conductor of 
the Tourney, and all games shall be considered the property of the 
B. C. M. to be published only at the discretion of the Editor. 

12. — Entries must be sent to the Rev. C. E. Ranken, St. 
Ronan's, Malvern, who will act as Conductor, by Feb. 1st, 1882. 


France. — The second French National Tourney, which com- 
menced on Nov. 6th at the Cercle des Echecs, ended with the 
following result : — First prize, M. Chamier, who scored 9J won 
games out of 12 played. For the second prize Messrs. De Riviere 
and Goudjou came out equal with 8 wins each. The other scores 
were M. Clerc 5, M. Gifford 4J, M. Chaseray 3J, and M. de 
Boistertre 2J. Each competitor had to play two games with 
every other. 

A very interesting match of seven games has lately been played 
between Messrs. De Riviere and Goudjou at the Caf6 de la Regence 
for a stake of 100 francs, the former yielding the heavy odds of 
6 games, which necessitated his not allowing his opponent to win 
a single game. This feat he successfully accomplished in three 
evenings to the great surprise of the spectators. 

Fifteen players, divided into five classes, are taking part in the 
Handicap Tourney at the Cercle des Echecs. The two prizes, 
together worth 500 francs, are due to the liberality of M. Candamo, 
one of the members of the Cercle. 

Italy. — The October-November double number of the Nuova 
Rivista degli Scacchij which only came to hand on Dec. 12th, 
devotes no less than 13 pages to an account of the Third Italian 
National Chess Congress, from which we extract the following 
particulars. The Congress was held at Milan in September in the 
spacious and elegant saloon of the Artists and Patriotic Society, 
and was inaugurated by an address froiji the President, Count 


Castelbarco, after which the election of officers took place, and it 
was resolved that not only the principal but also the lower tourney 
should be played according to universal, instead of Italian, rules. 
For the former event the entries were, Sig. Seni and Sprega of 
Rome, Count Zon and Sig. Maluta of Padua, Sig. Orsini and Borgi 
of Leghorn, Sig. Zannoni of Bassano, Sig. D'Aumiller of Verona, 
Sig. Salvioli of Venice, and Sig. DaUa Rosa, Crespi, and M.C. of 
Milan. Of these, to the general regret, Signori Seni and Orsini 
withdrew their names before the tourney commenced, and Sig. 
Borgi after a few games had been played. The remaining nine 
competitors had each to encounter twice every other, and the win- 
ners proved to be, First prize, consisting of 1000 lire, presented by 
the municipality of Milan, Sig. Salvioli, who scored 11 games. 
Second prize, of 400 lire, Sig. Zannoni, with 10 J games. Third 
prize, 250 lire, Sig. Maluta, 10 games. Fourth prize, 150 lire, Sig. 
Crespi, 9 games. Fifth prize, onyx pin and buttons. Count Zon, 
8^ games. Sixth prize, a pair of opera glasses in Roman mosaic, 
Signori Sprega and D'Aumiller, with 8 games each. The second, 
third, and fourth prizes were the gift of the Artists, and Patriotic 
Society, and the fifth and sixth were presented by the Society of 
Sports at Milan. 

For the lower tourney there were 12 entries, and after a trial 
heat of one game with every other to determine their approximate 
strength, they were divided into two classes, whereof the chief 
winners were. First class, Sig. Benfereri, 300 lire, the gift of the 
municipality of Milan. Second class, Sig. Fuzier, 200 lire, presented 
by the Milan Chess Club. The other prizes in these classes were 
also given by the Chess Club and the Society of Sports, and so 
much interest in the occasion was taken by the latter body, that 
in addition they most handsomely offered to the Congress Com- 
mittee 500 lire, to purchase works of art at the Milan Exhibition 
as prizes for a special tourney. From this contest were excluded 
the prize men of the principal tourney, and the chief prize winner 
of the lower tourney. The combatants were arranged in three 
classes, and the respective highest scorers were, Class 1, Sig. Dalla 
Rosa, Class 2, Sig. Brianzi, Class 3, Sig. Marchesi. At the close 
of the proceedings there was a festal banquet, presided over by 
Sig. Ferrari, and many humorous speeches were made. The next 
Congress will be at Bologna. 

Austria. — We have hitherto omitted to mention that Herr 
Eolisch, the winner of the Paris Tourney of 1867, has lately been 
created a Baron of the Austrian Empire. Not long ago he pur- 
chased a handsome villa on the Kahlenberg near Vienna, and on 
Sept. 14th had the honour of an unexpected visit there from the 
Empress and her two brothers. 


Russia. — We omitted in our last, for want of space, to record 
with much regret the death of his Excellency M. Schumoff, which, 
as we are informed by the StratSgisy took place at Sebastopol, 
whither he had gone last summer on account of ill health. M. 
Schumoff was born in 1819 of a- noble family, and passed the 
earlier years of his life as an officer in the Russian navy. In 1847 
he obtained an appointment at the Ministry of Marine, and after- 
wards held other Government offices. In 1881 he retired with the 
rank of Privy Councillor, which gave him the title of Excellency. 
M. Scbumoff was one of the few Chess-players who have succeeded 
in combining excellence in play with proficiency in problem com- 
position, and he also shone as an editor, having for some years 
conducted with much ability a Chess column in a weekly Russian 
illustrated newspaper. In 1867 he published a collection of letter 
problems, of which the Chess Flayer's Chronicle has lately been 
giving specimens, and up to 1874 he contributed problems to the 
StratSgie and other periodicals, but latterly he devoted himself 
more to practice over the board, and since the deaths of Messrs. 
Petroff and Jaenisch, whose intimate friend he was, he has always 
been considered the champion of Russian Chess. In private life 
he was loved for his amiable manners, his cheerfulness, and his 
jetix d'esprit. He was fond of showing his games and conditional 
problems, of which last he used to give the solutions in^^ssian 
verse, and was about to issue a collection of his problems when 
death overtook him. 


For the last few months we have been collecting from various 
sources the dates on which noteworthy events in the Chess world 
have occurred, and the result is shown on the opening page of the 
present number. We propose to continue the almanac throughout 
the year. Hours have been spent in verifying and collating the 
materials, but still errors may have crept in, and we shall be glad 
to receive corrections of such from our readers. Dates of birthdays 
or other interesting matter wQl be welcome for later issues. We 
draw attention to the B. C. M. correspondence and solution tourneys, 
full ^tails of which will be found elsewhere, and which we trust 
will tend to general amusement and edification. 

We return our best thanks to those who have so generously 
contributed to oxir ^' Enlargement Fund,'' and exerted themselves 
in enlarging our circle of subscribers. The first outcome is that 
the B..C. M. appears this month with 40 pages instead of 28. 


We are very reluctantly compelled to defer the publication of 
Mr. Wajte's article on " Useful End-Games" to our next number. 
Considerations of space have also enforced the cutting down of 
various reports of matches &c, kindly famished by correspond- 

Brentano for December is as sumptuously got up as ever and 
again leaves us in wonder i* how they do it at the price." 

The return match between the Birmingham and Oxford Uui- 
versity Clubs took place at the rooms of the former on Nov. 30th, 
and resulted in a decisive victory for the home team, the University 
being worsted by a score of 15 to i. In his game with Mr. Cook 
Mr. Ranken had actually won a piece, but it gave him a bad 
position, and he finally succumbed to the skill of his opponent. 
After the match the Oxford men were most hospitably entertained 
at dinner by their conquerors, and with toasts, humorous speeches, 
and songs, a very pleasant evening was spent. We have to record 
with much regret the death of Mr. Halford, one of the strongest 
players of the Birmingham Club, which occurred on Nov. 26 th. 
We give a specimen of his play on another 'page. 

After a long series of defeats, chequered by no victories, the 
Oxford University Chess Club has asserted its equality if not ab- 
solute superiority to the other club in that ancient Cathedral city. 
Hitherto, owing chiefly to the want of resources and backbone in 
their play, the undergraduates have lost their match by the odd 
game or little more. The score in the present contest — University 
dub 14 games. City Club 11 — is evidence that they are now 
showing better promise. The match took place in the club-rooms 
on Friday December 2nd. Mr. Parratt of Magdalen kindly acted 
as adjudicator ; and the universal satisfaction caused by his 
decisions goes far to show that his reputation for insight into the 
royal game has not been impaired by devotion to Euterpe. 

Mr. Bland announces his intention of bringing out at an early 
date an extension of hi^ Directory published iii 1880. The title 
will be the " Chess Placer's Annual and Club Directory," and, in 
addition to the list of Chess Clubs, &c., will contain articles and 
sketches by such well-known men as Messrs. Andrews, Freeborough, 
Miles, Potter, and others. The subscription price is only 2/6, and 
we hope that many of our readers will send in their names at once 
to Mr. Bland. The work promises to be of a most interesting and 
valuable character. 

On the 30th Nov. the newly formed Derbyshire Club essayed 
its first match with the Derby Midland Eailway Club, sixteen 
players a side, at the rooms of the latter. Most of the Midland 
players are members of the County Club but naturally fought 
under their own colours. The result showed a win for Derbyshire 
of 16 games to 13. A match between Ripley and Duffield took 



place at Ripley on the 6th Dec, the score, when time wm called, 
standing Duffield 8, Ripley 2. The previous match was also in 
favour of Duffield. To encourage young players in their Chess 
aspirations matches have been played between the second team of 
the Quarndon Club against a like quality of the Midland Railway 
and Duffield Clubs, Quarndon being defeated on both occasions. 
The score of the clubs of the North Staffordshire Chess Association 
competing for the Davenport prize is, at the time of going to 
press — Newcastle won four matches and lost one ; Stoke and Tean 
each won three and lost one ; Tunstall won two, and lost three ; 
Burslem won one and lost three ; Hanley won none and lost four. 
Newcastle having played all their matches, and Stoke and Tean 
having yet to play with each other, it follows that should either of 
the latter clubs win their match it will tie with Newcastle ; if the 
result should be a draw, Newcastle will win without further play. 
The first match of the season between the Derby Midland Railway 
and the Duffield Clubs was played at Duffield Dec. 17th, and re- 
sulted in a heavy defeat for the hosts — 7^ games to 2^, Messrs. 
Phillips, Balson, and Hives scored two games each for the Midland, 
while the only scorers on the Duffield side were Messrs. Jackson 1^ 
and Wansbrough 1. 

The first match of the season between the Hull Church Insti- 
tute players and the members of the Hull Chess Club was played 
at the Station Hotel, on Monday evening, Dec. 12th, the following 
being the final score : — Church Institute, 7 games ; Hull Chess 
Club, 6. The results of the tourneys in connection with the Hull 
Church Institute Chess Club, referred to in our last number, are — 
1st Class Tourney, Winner, Mr. Philip ; second, Mr. Drury. 
Handicap Tourney — Winner, Mr. Elderkin ; second, Mr. Peck. 

A match was played on Saturday, Dec. 10th, at Rugby, between 
St. George's, Birmingham, and the Rugby Club, and resulted in a 
decisive victory for the visitors, the success of Messrs. Deely, 
Johnson, Hands, and Bevan for their respective clubs calling for 
special comment. Score — St. George's, 19 ; Rugby, 9. 

A match was played at the rooms of St. George's, Birmingham, 
Dec. 17th, between the club of that name and the Leamington, and 
terminated in an easy victory for the home team. The Leamington 
Club was also previously defeated in the first match played June 
18th at Leamington. Mr. Smith was most successful, winning all 
three games. Score — St. George's, 11 ; Leamington, 5. 

We draw the attention of our readers to the Brighton Oimrdian 
Chess column of Dec. 2l8t. It can be had for 1 Jd. by post, and 
is full of Christmas sketches, verses, problems, puzzles, &c., re- 
flecting immense credit on the enterprising editor, Mr. H. W. 



Chess in Sootlakd. 

The Macfarlane Cup, which for the last three years has been the 
prize in an annual Tourney at the Glasgow Club, has passed in 
absolute property to Mr. Mills, that gentleman having been winner 
in two successive tourneys. This Cup was the gift of Mr. Mac- 
farlane, the Hon. Presidenjb of the Club.* 

A genuine lover of the game is slow to believe in the superiority 
of an opponent. Sheriff Spens has made several other attempts 
to obtain possession from Mr. Mills of the West of Scotland Cup. 
The Sheriff was successful in one match, but after further play 
the trophy remains with Mr. Mills. 

The Dundee Chess Club appears to be in a condition which 
threatens dissolution. Their room at the Imperial Hotel will close 
in May next, the want of support and funds being the difficulty. 
This Club has been so intimately associated with Chess in Scotland 
and some of its members are so well known in Chess circles every- 
where that its demise would be a real misfortune. I hope its 
present state is merely the periodical low fit which nearly all Chess 
clubs experience. T. 

St. George's Chess Club. 

Both the tourneys mentioned in my last report are now in full 
swing. The Knight Class Tourney comprises twelve names, and 
as will be seen, from the predominance of the military element 
among them they have fully established their claim to be called 
the "Fighting Fourth." The entries are Gen. Vialls, Colonels 
Lumsden, Pears, and Sterling, Major Salmond, Rev. W, J. Crichton, 
Messrs. Bruce, Burden, "Johnson," Malkin, Michell, and Simpson. 
Many games have already been played, and the winner will almost 
certainly be found among the gallant officers engaged. 

Owing to the rival attractions of the even tourney, there are 
only ten entries for the Handicap as against 15 last year and 18 on 
a previous occasion. The classes are : I. A Messrs. Minchin and 
Wayte, I. B Mr. Lindsay, II. A Messrs. Gattie and L. W. Lewis, 
II. B Messrs. Maekeson and Marett, IIL B Mr. Burroughs, IV. A 
Mr. Boursot, Major Salmond. The table of odds will be found at 
p. 41 of the number for last February : last year's classes III. A 
and IV. B being, for this time, unrepresented. The handicapper 
has introduced a fresh condition with the view of diffusing the 
prizes, hitherto mostly concentrated in a few hands, over a wider 
area Those who scored more than half their games in last year's 
Handicap are now penalised in half the amount by which they 
exceeded that average. The deductions from the total scores will 

* As the last sands of the Old Year run out, we hear the 
melancholy news of Mr. Macfarlane's death. — Editor. 


therefore be as follows : Wayte 3, Gattie 2, Lindsay I^, Boursot 1. 
Past prize-winners have no right to grumble at this arrangement : 
but it seems rather hard on Mr. Boursot, who has not yet gained 
a prize. 

It is an old remark, first I believe made in the City of London 
C. M,y that the winners of Handicaps are almost always to be 
found either in the first class or the last : the intermediate classes, 
if they beat their superiors, usually fail when they have to give 
t>dds in their turn. In the St. George's Club the prizes have 
rarely gone beyond the two divisions of the First Class : Mr. Lind- 
say in I. B being an excellent odds giver. Mr. Gattie has been 
more than once an exception : while receiving the Pawn and move 
from the scratch players, he has also the art of giving odds well 
to the classes below him. The new provision will doubtless fulfil 
the object of handicapping by bringing fresh names to the front. 

I did not think it necessary to allude to the migration of the 
Club while, as a still future event, it concerned only the members. 
Since 1857, or during 24 out of the 38 years of its existence, the 
Club has been located in King Street, St. James's, and it is with 
regret that we leave the scene o( so , many great achievements. 
Our contemporary the Ghess-Monthly gives a long list of the great 
players who have done battle within its walls, comprising every 
master of world-wide reputation who has ever set foot in England. 
The entire building of which the Club-rooms formed a part has 
now been purchased for the Junior Army and Navy Club. Very 
suitable quarters have, however, been found within a few hundred 
yards of the same spot ; and on Dec. 20 the new rooms were 
occupied for the first time, an unusually large number of members 
attending in honour of the event. Chess columns and foreign 
exchanges, please copy the address : 47, Albemarle Street, W. 
The occasion seems a favourable one for mentioning the names of 
the oldest members of the Club, though not in years yet in 
seniority of membership. The following are believed to be nearly 
or quite coeval with the first foundation of the Club by George 
Walker : Mr. H. G. Cattley, Mr. H. R. Francis, Mr. C. K M. Talbot, 
M.P., Mr. Wyvill, winner of the second prize in the International 
Tournament of 1851. 

In the report of the Leamington Meeting, Messrs. Blake and 
Walton were inadvertently described as dividing the First Prize in 
the Second Class : of course it should have been the First and 
Second, the three gentlemen in the next bracket sharing the frag- 
ments of the Third. In the Displacement Tourney it was men- 
tioned that full details had not beert supplied. Mr. Mac Donnell 
having won the First Prize, I am now enabled to add that the 
.Second fell to Mr. W. F. Payne of Abingdon. For the prizes 


offered for casual games to be played at this meeting two sets 
(of three games each) were sent in. These games were examined 
separately by the three members of the Committee appointed to 
act as judges, and they were unanimously of opinion that neither 
set came up to the standard for a prize. W. W. 


E. K B., Elmira. — Yours to hand, also the "Telegram," which 
is a very readable paper all through. Glad to hear of the great 
success of your tourney. 

G. S., Sydney. — Your paper has been on our exchange list for 
12 months. Have you not received the B. C, M. ] We have 
posted duplicates of November and December copies. 

J. J. G., N. S. W. — Including postage, 18/-, which please remit. 

D. E. H., Newark. — Our thanks are due for thei Four-part 
Song you have so kindly sent us. It has been tried in our family 
circle and pronounced — words and setting alike — most beautiful. 

G. R. D., Chichester. — We are obliged for the game, which 
shall have insertion when pressing arrears are disposed of. 

A great many other correspondents, as in previous months, are 
replied to direct through the post. 

*^* On page 382, line 5, of Dec. number, for " in some re- 
spects " read " in other respects." 

Problem Department. 
A L. S., Clevedon. — Your enquiry about the solution tourney 
is answered on another page. The two problems forwarded are 
both faulty. In mainplay, No. 2, if Black move 1 Et to K try 
2 Kt takes Kt &o., and in No. 1, variation A, if 1 K to Q 4 why 
not also 2 B to Q 3 ? 

E. T. and Enquirer.— When the " B. C. P. A." was started, 
problem tourneys were few and far between. Now they are so 
numerous as to do more harm than good to the problem art, how- 
ever useful to the periodicals with which they are connected. 
Therefore, we believe, the contemplated tourney named has been 
postponed, sine die, 

C. E. T., Clifton. — Sorry to say both positions need amend- 
ment. In No. 34 White can play 3 Q to K 8 in mainplay. Varia- 
tions A and B also contain dual defects. In 33, variation A, move 
2, White can play either 2 Q to B 4 ch, or Q to Q Kt 6 ch, &c. 

C. W., Aden. — Original version of your last 3-er was cooked by 
1 Kt takes P, 1 P to Kt 6 ! 2 Q to B 5 ch, &c. The slight altera- 
tion made cures this and also stops dual mate in mainplay. 

We have to acknowledge, with thanks, problems from C. Cal- 
lander, F. af Geijersstam, W. Greenwood, H. E. Kidson, J. Pierce, 
E. Pradignat, G. J. Slater, L. W. Stanton, and C. Vansittart. 





Being the first circulating correspondence game on record. It 
was commenced on the 8th July, and terminated on the 19th 
October, 1880. The scoring sheet was sent in rotation to the 
players whose names will be found detailed below. Each haying 
noted the move which he judged to be the best, forwarded the 
score to the next player in order, and he having recorded his 
move, again sent it on. The teams, which comprised some of the 
besh known amateurs in London and the Provinces, were arranged 
as North of the Thames against South. For the North there 
appear Messrs. F. W. Lord (City of London), S. J. Stevens (City 
of London), E. Marks (Athenseum), M. E. Hughes-Hughes (North 
London), and A. T. Gates (Hawthorne). For the South, Messrs. 
W. T. Pierce (Brighton), Mc Leod (Excelsior), G. C. Heywood 
(Greenwich), W. Mc Arthur (Chichester), and J. Wilson (Excelsior). 
Each move is initialled by its author, and the notes by all the 
players combine much amusement with not a little instruction. 


North (White.) 
(F. W. Lord, S. J. Stevens, 
E. Marks, M. E. Hughes- 
Hughes, and A. T. Gates.) 


South (Black.) 
(W. T. Pierce, B. Mc Leod, 
G. C. Heywood, Serjt.-Major 
Mc Arthur, and J. Wilson.) 


PtoK 4 



Kt to K B 3 

Kt to Q B 3 


PtoQ 4 

P takes P 


B to Q B 4 


Bto B4 



Pto B 3 



Kt to B 3 

Mc L 





PtoQ 4 



P takes Kt 



P takes B 

Mc A 


P takes K t P 



K R to Kt sq 






Q to B3 

(6) P 


Kt takes P 


Kt takes Kt 

Mo L 


P takes Kt 


B takes P 



Kt to B 3 




Mc A 


QtoR 5 



B takes Kt 

(9) W 


P takes B 



Q takes Kt P 








R to Kt sq 



B to Q 4 

(12) H 


Q to B 5 ch 



K to Kt sq 



P to Kt 3 


B to B 3 

(13) W 


Q toB 5 


B toB 6 

(14) P 



Q takes P 








PtoE B4 






RtoEt 2 






QtoEt 5 



QRtoK 5 



(18) P 


QtoQ 4 



Q R to Et sq 

(20) McL 


Q toK 3 



P to Q Et 3 

(22) H 


R to K B sq 



(23) Mc A 




R takes P ch 



P takes R 


R takes P ch 



B tAkes R 


Q takes B ch 


And draws by perpetual check. (24) 

1. — ^P to B 3 or Castles, which 1 " Castling at the 5th move 
is decidedly inferior to P to B 3." Wormdld, Cooky and Staunton. 
" Castling at the 5 th move is better than P to B 3/' Lowenthal's 
Morphy. (S. J. S.) 

2. — Injudicious, as it permits a continuation 7 P takes Et, 
condemned by the books. (F. W. L.) P takes P is recommended. 
(W. T. P.) 

3. — ^In the face of all authority. (W. T. P.) Weak, condemned 
by all authorities ; after which White is fortunate enough to escape 
with a drawn game. (S. J. S.) I think this is weak, B to Et 5 is 
preferable. (B. Mc L.) I prefer B to Et 3. (A. T. C.) I fancy 
that Mr. Hughes-Hughes (than whom no one knows better the 
weakness of this move) had a mind to test the dictum of the books. 
B to Et 5 or E 2 is everyway preferable. (E. M.) 

4. — Not to be commended, as it gives Black the better game. 
(B. Mc L.) Why should I let this pawn be lost 1 (A. T. C.) 

5. — I do not approve of the line of play initiated by White on 
the 6th move, forcing open the E Et file, and compelling the Black 
R to occupy a very favourable position : and now Castling seems 
to invite the attack on this weak point. (G. C. H.) 

6. — I think the best. P to Q 6 looks strong, but then 10 R 
to E sq ch, B to E 3, 1 1 B to Et 5, &c. (W. T. P.) Strong and 
safe. (A. T. C.) Here I would prefer P to Q 6, retarding White's 
development on Queen's side. (G. C. H.) A wary, far-seeing 
move. (K M.) 

7. — Giving Black another pawn. (A. T. C.) 

8. — Serviceable, for although it mainly threatens pawns that 
White dare not take, where else can she go? (F. W. L.) Odd- 
looking, but I see nothing better. (E. M.) Why so ! prithee 1 
(G. C. H.) 

9. — I think this is a good move, although Black loses a power- 
ful Bishop, as White threatened to play Et to E 4, attacking 
Queen, and then to Et 3, thus warding off Black's attack. (B. Mc L.) 


10,— If 14 Q to Kt 5 cb, B to Q 2, 15 Q takes Kt P, and Black 
is a piece ahead as is too obvious to need this note.. (F. W. L.^ 
Q to Kt 5 ch certainly looks tempting. (B. Mc L.) 

11. — To prevent R to Q 6 <&c.y which would evidently be fatal to 
White, and in hope that something might come of seizing the opea 
file. (E.M.) 

12. — Here I had almost played Q takes P ch, 17 Q takes Q, 
B to R 6 1 1 but seeing the common-place reply 18 Q to Kt 3 I 
relinquished the l»*illiant notion. (G. C. H.) I think Black 
should have won easily from this point. (A. T. C.) 

13.— Why not Q takes B PI This should win ! White then 
cannot play 19 P to K B 4, nor B to B 4, nor Q takes P ; and if 
B to Kt 2 Black replies Q to B 6 forcing the exchange with twa 
pawns ahead. 19 B to Kt 5 will not recover the pawn without 
losing the exchange. 19 B to Kt 5, R to Q 3, 20 Q takes P, P to 
B 3, 21 R to Q sq, Q to B 6. (S. J. S.) I favour Q to Kt 3 
exchanging Queens, and drawing the pawns together. (W. Mc A.) 
The French call this piece **un fou." (A. T. C.) Q takes B P 
seems stronger. (B. Mc L.) I can see nothing against Q takes 
B P. It wins a pawn and what can White do 1 (E. M.) Appears 
weak, and gives White the chance they wanted of equalising the 
game. (M. E. H. H.) I like Q takes B P. It picks up a pawn, 
and appears to be quite safe. (W. T. P.) I think that had I 
played Q takes B P instead of B to B 3 we should have won 
another pawn, and eventually the game. (J. W.) 

14. — The Episcopal mind shows a haziness quite orthodox I 
(F. W. L.) A move in accordance with the principles of Chess, 
and one I should expect of a problem composer, but Q to B 3 saves 
a valuable pawn, and is much more attacking. (S. J. S.) This 
Bishop enjoys himself ! (G. C. H.) Taking possession of a diagonal 
most important to White. (A. T. C.) Would Q to Kt 3 or B to 
K 5 be better] (W. T. P.) 

15. — B to B 4 seems preferable as retarding the co-operation 
of Black's Rooks. (F. W. L.) The proper move ! (S. J. S.) 

16. — With brighter prospects, White begins to dictate. 
(A. T. C.) 

17. — Essential, preventing R to K sq and B to K'7. (A. T. C.) 
P to R 3 seems desirable, but is of course impracticable on account 
of Q to R 4 and B to K 7. (E. M.) 

18. — Ingenious, and difficult to meet. (S. J. S.) A capital 
move. (E. M.) 

19. — Highly ingenious. White's Bishop is e?i pHse, and Black 
also threatens Q to R 6 or B 6. This move gains White the time 
to get back and defend both points. (G. C. H.) Any other move 
would bring speedy disaster on White. (A. T. C.) A capital 
move ! The saving clause of White's game. (W. T. P.) An ex- 


ceUent move. (B. Mc L.) The move of the game ! Mr. Stevens 
very cleverly surmounts the multiform dangers threatened by 
Black's last move. (E. M.) 

20. — In the proper style of annotation, we point out to " the 
Btadent " that if R takes Q White mates in two moves. (F. W. L.) 
Best ! If K R to Kt sq, 26 Q to E 3, and if R to Q 6 White 
simply takes it with impunity. (W. T. P.) 

21. — Threatening P to K B 3 next move. (E. M.) 

22. — Necessary, as White threatened P to K B 3 1 and a mate 
at K 8 after the exchange of pieces. (G. C. H.) 

23.— Black has now " got 'em all on " the K Kt P, thereby 
drawing it forcibly rather than mild. (F. W. L.) Surely this is 
not good, for Black appears to have the better game. (M. E. H. H.) 
Anyone who can translate what the pieces say, would render this 
the first syllable of "drawn game." (S. J. S.) Black is now 
satisfied to get a humble draw. (E. M.) There is nothing else to 
do in this position but to force the draw. (W. T. P.) 

24. — The authorities assure us that a drawn game is the 
logical result of the best moves on both sides. (F. W. L.) White 
had a weak game in the beginning, but by superior play succeeded 
in neutralising Black's advantage. (W. T. P.) 

General Remarks bt one of the Platers. 

White's 7th move is undoubtedly bad, and the current of 
play was dead against them, until Black's vacillation at their 
18th and 19th moves gave their adversaries breathing time. 
From this point the game was well maintained on both 
Bides, and we think the actual result secures substantial 
justice to all concerned. It is only fair to Mr. Wilson that we 
should state the fact (gathered from one of the Northern players) 
that at the time his much discussed move was made, he was taking 
his vacation, and presumably not in a position to give that atten- 
tion to it which he otherwise would. Mr. Wilson's reputation 
does not require that any excuse should be made for him, but it 
is precisely because he is a well-known strong amateur, that we 
have taken upon ourselves to make clear that which would other- 
wise appear to call for explanation. No provision was made for a 
drawn game, so the prize has been handed to Mr. Stevens, as 
having made the most " chessy " move in the game. Mr. Potter's 
notes, compared with those of the players, cannot fail to be highly 
interesting. (E. M.) 

Notes by W. N. Potter. 

W 5. — In answer to Mr. Stevens, I should say the text move 
is preferable to Castling. 


W 6. — P takes P is no doubt White's best, though for an off- 
hand fight I think there is something in B to K Kt 5, which 
Wormald approved and Gossip decried. 

W 7. — ^Attractiye but bad — in fact a kind of Haymarket Sal 
amongst moves. So notorious is its character in this respect that 
Mr. Hughes-Hughes's companions have everj right to complain of 
his action in the matter. 

W 8. — This capture enlarges the scope of the Black forces and 
is therefore unadvisable having regard to White's retarded develop- 
ment. There is something to be said for P to Q Kt 4 followed by 
P to Kt 5, intending the elimination of the Q P and keeping an 
eye on B to R 3 if the pigs prove amiable. 

W 9. — I should certainly play B to R 6, to be followed if and 
when necessary by Q to Q 2, nor should I be too anxious to Castle. 
The advanced Pawn ought no doubt to fall ultimately but Black 
might weaken themselves in attacking it, and anyway their 
attention would be distracted^ 

B 9. — Best undoubtedly. P to Q 6, which Mr. Heywood 
favours, is no competitor at alL 

W 10.— I suppose they can do nothing more hopeful, but 
what a game to have ! 

B 13. — Milk-and-watery in the extreme — in fact the pump is 
first and the cow nowhere. I could better absolve a move far 
worse. Either Q takes Kt P or Castles should be played. In the 
latter case White could certainly get their Knight by way of K 4 
to Kt 3 but how that would ward off the attack, as imagined by 
Mr. Mc Leod, I altogether fail to see. Contrariwise according to 
my ideas as preventing P to Kt 3, a move sure to be necessary 
sooner or later. 

W 14. — Q to Kt 6 ch is, as Mr. Lord points out, effectually 
met by B to Q 2, Black coming out with a piece ahead. He thinks 
that fact too obvious to need his note yet Q to^Kt 5 ch looks 
tempting to Mr. Mc Leod, and I also find a note of interrogation 
set by someone or other against B to Q 2. 

B 16. — Here Mr. Heywood according to his own admission 
almost fell into Q takes P ch followed by B to R 6, a brilliant 
stroke which he no doubt abandoned with keen regret. 

B 18. — Unanimous groans from all sides salute this move and 
justly, for play of a more soppy character having regard to the 
strength of the players has never met my eyes. Mr. Wilson's 
penitence disarms further criticism, but really — ^really ! 

B 19. — Mr. Stevens advocates Q to B 3, and he is right for it 
preserves the Q B P without dismissing the attack. 

B 20. — I would prefer B to Q 4, and there is something to be 
said for such a move as R to Q 3 which I have found to work well 
in variations where one might expect otherwise, e,g. 20 R to Q 3, 



21 B to B 4, R to Q B 3, 22 Q to Et 5, R takes P, 23 B to K 5, 
Q to Kt 5 winning. 

W 21. — I agree with Mr. Lord in preferring B to B 4 and in 
fact the positions on both sides would seem to me almost 
equalised afterwards. 

W 23. — Fair enough but scarcely as Mr. Gates asserts, 
" essential." Indeed I doubt whether R to B 5 be not preferable. 

B 24. — I do not see why this move is styled '^ ingenious " and 
" capital" Were it as formidable as it looks it would be simply 
correct play — nothing more, for it is one of the most natural moves 
to make. It proves unable to carry out its threats and the question 
arises whether it be the best move available. It may be so not- 
withstanding the reasons there are for supposing that its maker 
did not look very far, but after examining the position I conclude 
that B to B 3 is preferable. 

W 25. — This very elegant device deserves all the praise 
bestowed upon it, and Mr.'. Stevens's partners have reason to be 
thankful to him for otherwise there is no resource but to sacrifice 
the exchange. 

B 25. — ^As a matter of preference I would rather play 25 K R 
to Kt sq, 26 Q to K 3, R to Q 8, though I do not say that this 
wins for then 27 P to B 3, R takes R ch, 28 Q takes R, Q takes 
B P ( if Q takes B then of course R to K 8 ch), 29 Q to Q 2, 
Q to R 8 ch, 30 K to B 2, Q takes P ch, 31 K to K sq, and that 
is all I can make of it. Black are a Pawn ahead but Bishops 
are of different colours and White are always threatening R to K 7, 
therefore indecisive results are exceedingly likely. 

B 27. — This, as Mr. Lord observes, is drawing it forcibly 
rather than mild. I do not see that it would be worth while going 
in for anything else. 

Played in G. P. G, (last series) Correspondence Tourney. 


(Mr. Halford.) 

2 K Kt to B 3 

3 B to Q Kt 5 

4 P to Q 3 (6) 

5 Kt to Q B 3 

6 Kt takes Kt 

7 Kt toJS. 2 

8 B to K Kt 5 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Fisher.) 
PtoK 4 
Q Kt to B 3 
P to K Kt 3 (a) 
B to Kt 2 
Kt to Q 5 (c) 
P takes Kt 
Kt to K 2 
P to K R 3 


(Mr. Halford.) 
9 B to Q 2 (c?) 

10 B to Q B 4 

11 P takes P 

12 Castles 

13 R to K sq 

14 Q to B sq • 

15 Kt to B 4 

16 B takes Kt 


(Mr. Fisher.) 
P to Q B 3 
Kt takes P 
B to Kt 5 
KtoR 2 
Kt takes Kt 
R to K sq {e) 




18 R takes R 

19 R to K sq 

R takes R 
BtoK 3 

20 B to Q Kt 3 P to Q Kt 3 

21 Q to K 2 and the game was 

abandoned as drawn. (/) 

Notes by C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) An analysis of this new defence was given in the Chess 
Playe?s Chronicle for October, 1880. 

(b) P to Q 4, P to Q B 3, or Castles we regard as the 
strongest continuation. 

(c) Mr. Barnes, of New York, makes either this move or 
Q Et to K 2 the specialty of his form of the defence. Our 
preference is for K Kt to K 2, either with or without the prepara- 
tory P to K R 3. 

(d) This blocks the Q rather too much. B to R 4 is better, 
besides keeping the pin of the Kt. 

(ej More showy than good, for of course White would not 
take the B P. 

CfJ The game has been very steadily conducted on both sides,, 
and is a very fkir specimen of this phase of the opening. 

One of 19 simultaneous games played at Worcester, Nov. 15th, 1881^ 

(Scotch Opening.) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt takes P 

5 B to K 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 Q to Q 2 (a) 

8 B to Q Kt 5 (b) 

9 Castles 

10 P to K B 4 

11 PtoQKt4 

12 P to Q R 4 

13 P takes Kt (d) 

14 P takes B 

15 Kt'to B 3 

16 K R to Q B sq 

17 Kt to R 4 (g) 

18 Kt to B 5 


(Mr. Ranken.) 
P toK4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
Q toB 3 
K Kt to K 2 
PtoQ 3 
BtoQ 2 
P to K R 3 (c) 
Castles Q R 
B to Kt 3 
Kt takes Kt 
B takes B 
Q to K 3 
P to Q 4 (/) 
P takes P 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

19 R to R 3 

20 KRtoQRsq 

21 R takes R P 

22 Kt P takes B 

23 Q to B 3 

24 Q takes Q 

26 P to B 6 ch 

27 P takes P ch 

28 R takes R ch 

29 R to R 7 

30 K to B 2 

31 K to B 3 

32 K to K 2 

33 K to K sq 

34 R takes P 

35 Resigns, (k) 


(Mr^ Ranken.) 
Kt to B 4 
Kt takes B (h} 
B takes Kt (i) 
Kt to B 5 
Q takes P ch 
R takes Q 
K toQ 2 
P takes P 
K toK2 
K takes R 
R to Q 8 ch 
P to K 6 ch 
R to B 8 ch 
R to B 7 ch 
R takes Kt P 
Kt to Q 7 



Notes bt C. £. Rankbn. 

(a) This, as far as we know, is a new move, and, it seems to 
us, a very strong one. 

(h) We wonder that White did not now continue with Kt to 
Kt 5, which would oblige Black, after the exchange of Bishops, to 
play K to Q sq. 

(c) It is questionable whether this was necessary, and at the 
next move Castling on the K's side was certainly safer, especially 
since White had already Castled on that wing. 

(d) White should, we believe, have exchanged Bishops first ; 
it is true that, by allowing his opponent to do so, he obtains an 
open file for his attack on the Q B P, but he also enables Black to 
keep his Bishop unmolested for the present at Kt 3, and thus to 
gain important time for other defensive tactics. 

(e) P to K B 4 is also good play, followed by Kt to Q 4 if 
White pushed on the K P. 

(S) This lets in White's Kt at B 5, and is in other respects 
too, inferior to P to K B 4. 

(g) Had Mr. Blackbume's attention not been distracted by 
his other games, he would doubtless have secured his centre by 
advancing the K P before pursuing the attack. 

(li) Taking the Q P is at least equally good. 

{i) He might also safely have taken the Rook, tf.^. 21 B takes 
R, 22 R takes B, P to Q Kt 3, 23 Kt to R 6, K R to K 2, 24 Q 
takes Kt, R to Q 3, &c. 

(j) P to B 6 is no better, for after the exchange of Pawns 
Black escapes by K to Q sq. 

(U) For Black must either make a Queen, or mate. 

Played at the Leamington Meeting, in the First Class Tourney. 

(English Opening.) 


(Mr. Skipworth.) 

1 P to Q B 4 

2 P to K 3 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 P to Q R 3 (a) 

6 P takes Q P (c) 

7 P takes P 

8 P to Q Kt 4 


(Mr. Wayte.) 
Kt to K B 3 
PtoQ 4 
P toB4 
Kt to B 3 (6) 
K P takes P 
B takes P 
BtoQ 3 


(Mr. Skipworth.) 
9 B to Kt 2 

10 B to Q 3 

11 P to K R 3 

12 Kt to B 3 

13 R to Q B sq 

14 B to Kt sq 

15 Kt takes Kt 

16 Castles 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

P to Q R 3 (rf) 
P to Q Kt 4 
Bto Kt 2 
R to Q B sq 
Kt to K 4 
B takes Kt 
B to Kt sq 



17 Q to Q 3 

18 P to B 4 (e) 

19 K to R sq (/•) 

20 P takes P 

21 Q to B 5 

22 R to Q B 2 

23 Q takes Q (i) 

24 K R to Q sq 

25 R to K 2 

26 B to R sq (k) 

27 B to B 5 

28 B to K 4 

29 R takes B 

Q toQ3 
BtoR 2 
P to Q 5 (^) 
Q takes P 
Q to Q 7 (k) 
Qto Q 2 
Kt takes Q 
Kt to Kt 3 
Kt to B 5 
Kt takes P 
R toB 2 
B takes B 
R toB5 

30 R to K 7 

31 Kt to Q 5 

32 R to Q 7 (Z) 

33 B to Q 4 

34 B to B 5 

35 R takes P 

B to Kt sq 
Kt toB7 
PtoR 3 
K to R 2 (m) 
R to K sq 
K to Kt 3 
R takes £ 

36 R to K 7 

37 Kt takes R oh K to B 2 

38 R to Q 5 (n) Kt takes P 

39 R to B 5 ch (o) K to K 3 

40 B takes Kt R takes B (p) 

White resigns. 

This game has been published in the Sporting and Dramatic Newa^ 
but in an incomplete form and with notes from several of which I 

dissent entirely. — W. W. 

Notes partly from the Sporting and Dramatic News-, the 

additions in brackets. 

(a) P to Q 4 seems best. [Many first-rate players think that 
the text move is here no loss of time]. 

(h) [Better to have supported the B P by P to Q Kt 3, if 
this should not rather have been played on the previous move, 
reserving the advance of the B P]. 

(c) This isolates Black's Q P, but gives his officers increased 
freedom of action.' Kt to B 3 would have given him abetter form 
of opening. [White also gains time to get his B to Kt 2, and, I 
think, chose the right course]. 

(d) Wherefore 1 We know not. B to Kt 5 would certainly 
have developed his game more speedily, [but would have been con- 
trary to the spirit of the close opening. Besides, White could 
have driven the Bishop with advantage, as he has not yet castled]. 

(e) [White now threatens to gain a Pawn by Kt takes Kt P 
followed by B takes Kt : a difficult move for Black to parry]. 

(f) Prudent as well as ingenious ; had he here captured the 
Kt P, Black would have escaped with little or no loss, thus : — 19 
Kt takes Kt P, P takes Kt (best), 20 B takes Kt, B takes K P ch, 
21 Q takes B, Q takes B (if 21 K to R sq, P to Kt 3. 22 B to K 5, 
Q to Kt 3). 

(g) The best course. 

(h) He ought to have taken Kt P with B and then checked 
with Q at Q 7. [So thought the lookers-on ; but on this occasion, 
at least, they did not see more of the game than the players them- 
selves. Both the latter were of opinion that the attack consequent 



on Et to Q 5 would have given White a full equivalent. 


B takes P ch 

Q to Q 7 ch 

Q takes B 

P to Kt 3 (only move) 

K to Kt 2 (best) 

Suppose — 21 

K takes B 22 

K to K sq 23 

Kt to Q 5 24 

Kt takes Ktch 25 

(K K to R sq, Q takes R and has two Rooks and a Kt for the Q). 

26 Q to K 5 26 B to Q 5 

27 Kt to R 5 double ch 27 K to Kt sq 

28 Q to K sq. Black must now exchange Queens and 
Rooks before taking the Kt : and the game would probably be 

(i) Forced j otherwise B Q takes R P ch [and mates]. 

(h) He might have saved the R P by Kt to K 4 ; but it was 
scarcely an advisable course. 

(I) A very fine conception ; had Black in reply to this move 
taken the B with Kt, White would have won by checking with Kt 
at K 7 and then playing R to Q 8. 

(m) Taking the B would have been better. 

(n) A slip that suffers Black to win two pieces for a Rook. 
Kt to Q 5 would probably have led to a draw. [With this move 
the Sporting and Dramatic News breaks off, leaving its readers to 
wonder how Black won two pieces for a Rook ; for if 38 R takes B, 
39 R takes R attacking the Black Kt. The game, however, is 
now won for Black in all variations]. 

(o) [If B takes Kt, he must lose the Kt or two more Pawns. 
39 B takes Kt, R takes B, 40 Kt to B 6 (R to Q 7 is no better) 
R to Kt 8 ch, 41 K to R 2, B takes P ch, 42 P to Kt 3, R to Kt 7 
ch and then B takes P]. 

(p) [This move loses the exchange ; White can only proceed 
by 41 Kt to B 6, R to Kt 8 ch, 42 K to R 2, K takes R, 43 Kt 
takes B, P to R 4 and wins. If 40 P to K Kt 4, then 40 R takes 
B and 41 K takes Kt]. 

Played at the Leamington Meeting, in the First Class Tourney. 

(French Opening.) 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 P takes P 

5 Kt to B 3 


(Mr. Cook.) 
P toK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
P ta^P 
BtoQ 3 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

6 B to Q 3 

7 Castles 

8 Kt to K 2 

9 Kt to Kt 3 
10 P to K R 3 


(Mr. Cook.) 
B to K Kt 6 
QtoB 2 
B takes P 



IIP takes B B takes Kt 

12 P takes B Q takes P ch 

13 K to R sq Q takes P ch 

14 Et to R 2 Kt to K 5 
15BtoKB4(a) P to K B 4 

16 R to B 3 Q to R 4 

17 Q to B sq (b) Kt to Q 2 

18 Q to Kt 2 Q Kt to B 3 

19 QRtoKKtsqfc) Kt to Kt 5 

20 B takes Kt Q P takes B 

21 R to Kt 3 

22 R to K sq 

23 K to Kt sq 

24 Kt takes Kt 

25 B to K 6 

Rto B3 
R toKt 3 
Q toR5 
R takes Kt 
R to K sq 

Notes by 

26 R to B sq 

27 Q takes R 

28 B takes Q 

29 K to Kt 2 

30 P to B 4 (e) 

31 P to Q 5 

32 B to K 5 

33 P takes P 

34 R to Q B sq 

35 B to B 7 

36 P to Q 6 

37 R to B 5 

38 R to K 5 ch 

39 R to K B 5 

R takes R (d) 
Q takes Q ch 
R to K B sq 
P to K R 3 
K to R 2 
P to K Kt 4 
P takes P 
K to Kt 3 
R to K sq 
KtoB 2 
K to K3 
P toB6 
K toQ 2 

Drawn game. (/) 

W. Wayte. 

(aj Up to this point the game follows, with one or two 
transpositions, the moves of a match game between Messrs. 
Zukertort and Potter in City of London G. M. 11. 348. The 
game in question ended in a draw, but the general opinion is that 
the piece ought to have the advantage over the three Pawns. Mr. 
Boden suggested here B takes Kt ; it does not appear to us that 
White would improve his chances by having four passed Pawns to 
deal with instead of three. 

(b) Q to K 2, as played by Zukertort, is better. 

(cj In face of the immediate advance of Kt to Kt 5 this 
position for the Rook cannot be maintained, and it would have 
saved time to play K to Kt sq. 

(d) This was the only move in the game which Black studied 
for any length of time. He now abandons the attack with the 
pieces and devotes himself to the Pawn ending. 

(e) White's chance of coping with the enemy's phalanx of 
Pawns depends upon his getting an opening for his Rook and a 
dangerous Pawn of his own. 

ff) Each player persisting in the same two moves, the game 
was drawn by consent. Black might have tried P to B 6 ch for a 
change, when White as best would have played K to B sq. It 
appears that neither party could afford to change his tactics with> 
out serious risk of losing. The game bears traces of the circum- 
stances in which it was played, immediately after the public dinner 
on the last day of the meeting, and when both players, White 
especially, were somewhat exhausted with previous hard work. 
We have thought it worth preserving for two reasons : the final 
position is curious, and it serves to correct a statement which 
found its way erroneously into the weekly papers, that White had 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 
In our next number will appear the award in the Solution and 
Review Competition of 1881. We have now the pleasure of pre- 
senting to our readers a programme for the present year involving 
several changes from that of 1881. The first of the four-monthly 
competitions will start with the present number. As the time for 
sending in solutions is materially shortened, it is intended not to 
inchide more than six problems per month in the current competi- 
tion, and these will, as a rule, consist of stratagems in from two to 
four moves. When positions of greater length are inserted, those 
may be considered as outside the tourney, unless notice to the 
contrary is especially given. The substitution of the simplest 
possible scale in place of reviews will, we trust, add to the interest 
of the scheme.* We have only to add the expression of our 
satisfaction that Mr. Bland has kindly consented to undertake the 
management of these competitions throughout the year. 

Programme op the B. C. M. Solution Tourneys. 

1. — These competitions will be confined to the problems con- 
tributed to and published in the B. C. M. during the present year. 

2. — Positions of unusual length and complexity will — at the 
option of the problem editor — be excepted from the operation of 
Rule 1, as will all sui-mates over four moves in length. 

3. — One point will be allowed for every variation delaying 
mate to the required number of moves, with the exception of two- 
move problems, when half a point will be allowed for each variation. 

4. — Not more than one second solution need be sent in to a 
problem admitting of two or more solutions. 

5. — Competitors are invited to appraise the merits of each 
problem by allotting points from 1 to 10. In the event of ties 
ultimately occurring in the aggregate scores of two or more solvers, 
the points allotted to each problem by the seven highest scorers 
(or a larger number should there be ties for the seventh place) will 
be totalled, and this aggregate of the points allotted to the seven 
problems highest on the list will be taken as the standard. The 
solver whose estimate of these seven problems most nearly ap- 
proaches the standard will be declared the winner. Should this 
again result in a tie the totals of problems 2 to 8 will be taken 
and so on. 

* As a rider to the main solution tourney we have pleasure in 
offering a small book prize to the authors of the problems in two, 
three, and four moves to which are allotted the highest number of 
points in the yearly competition. — Editor. 

B 3 


6, — There will be three tourneys of four mouths eaeh, and 
solvers competing throughout the series will be eligible for the 
extra prizes for the best scores for the year. 

7. — Solutions must be forwarded to W. R. Bland^ Duffield^ 
Derby, not later than the 1 5th of the month of publication, or if 
from America or Canada by the end of the month. Attention is 
specially directed to this condition. 

8. — The prizes will be awarded within three months after the 
close of each competition. 

lAst of Prizes — January to April. 

1st — Loyd's Chess Strategy. 

2nd— F. C. Collinses Collection. 

Srd — J. P. Taylor's Elementary Chess Problems. 

Prizes for the best Scores for the year. 

1st — An In Statu Quo Chess Board, value 30s. — presented by 

W. Jay, Esq. and " Arcanum." 
2nd— Philidor, 2 vols.— 1794 edition. 
3rd — Pearson^s Collection — presented by the Author. 
4th — ^Collins's Problems — presented by W. Jay, Esq. 

On another page will be found the first instalment of Epigrams 
and Epitaphs on ** a Cooked Problem.*' Our Chess poets have 
responded with unlooked for liberality to Mr. Pearson's invitation. 

The first batch of the " C. W." Tourney Problems will appear 
next month. 

There seems to be no end nor limit to the number of new 
tourneys. This would be a matter, perhaps, of unqualified 
rejoicing were it not that the over-production thus stimulated 
causes cooked and cookable problems to increase in a more than 
proportionate ratio. Composers are many of them working at 
such high pressure to keep pace with these competitions that 
accuracy has to be left very much to chance. We believe that 
the cessation of fresh tourney schemes for at least 12 months 
to come would be an absolute benefit to composers, editors, and all 
concerned, including the much overworked problem art itself ! 

The Baltimore American announces its first Problem Tourney 
to consist entirely of two-movers. Problems will be received up 
to Feb. 16th, by Mr. J. L. Sellman, P. 0. Box 314, Baltimore, 
U.S.A. Usual regulations as to mottoes and sealed envelopes. 
First prize, $10; second prize, $5. Judges, Messrs. Sellman and 

The Baltimave Sunday News announces its programme for a 
three-move tourney, with 3 prizes of 20, 15 and 10 dollars. Under 
the usual conditions as to mottoes, &c. Any number of three- 
movers from abroad may be mailed not later than Ist April next 
to Mr. J. N. Babson, P. 0. Box, 651, Worcester, Mass., U.S.A. 


Turf^ Field, and Farm announces that Mr. Loyd's Cheat 
Strategy is at last published. The Editor of R d M. will be 
glad to supply it to intending purchasers for 12/- post free. 

We learn from the Field of Dec. 17th, that the envelopes con- 
taining the names of the competitors in the German Problem 
Tournament were opened on the 13th ulto., and the following 
prize-holders were declared : First prize for three-movers, motto 
^^Mdayou Malaya,'' M. Emile Pradignat, of Lusignan ; second 
prize, motto *' Per aspera," Herr F. Dubbe, of Rostock. The two 
chief prizes for four-movers ex oeqiLO between L. Noack, of Breslau, 
motto ** Excelsior," and F. Dubbe, of Rostock. The two second 
prizes for four-movers are awarded to Herr M. Ehrenstein, of 
Prellenkirchen, under the motto " NihiV and M. Emile Pradignat. 

Challenge Problem Na IV. — Several solutions shorter than 
the author's have reached us. The shortest, thus far, is by M. 
Leprettel of Marseilles, obligingly forwarded by M. A. Demonchy. 
ITiis is in 16 moves and we hope to print it in our next. M. 
Demonchy himself has been very successful in analysing and 
reducing in several ways the long range of Mr. Townsend's big 



Bom of a thought, a Chessist's dream, 

I lived a fitful spell, 
JVbw buried deep 'neath Lethe's stream. 

By justice " Laws "* I fell 


Like new-laid eggs Chess Problems are. 
Though very good, they may be beaten ; 

And yet, though like, they're diflFerent far. 
They may be cooked, but never eaten. 


When many cooks the gravy touch. 

They oft a weak solution brew ; — 
In Chess, cne cook is one too much. 

Unless that Cook be W. t 

* In reference to Mr. B. G. Laws, the winner of numerous 
Solution Tourneys. 

t W, Cook, author of Chess Openings, &c 



Thou luckless offspring of my muddled brain ! 

Me thought thy honoured ^^cliecks " would bring prize-ca«>4. 
But now thou liest, thy neat " mates " all slain, 

Thy dis-" solution " a " c?w^-onoured " hash,*' 

v.— EPIGRAM. . 

In its raw state this seemed a morsel mate 

Alike for palace and for rookery. 
Alas ! that such an appetizing treat 

Should be so marred by cookery I 


As strong as eau de vie, as water weak, 
A bi-formed thing with dual constitutions. 

Thus mixed, what marvel analysts who seek, 
Find two solutions 1 


High were my hopes, " ad astra " my proud aim 

— Like R. A. Proctor — 
Now I am very sick and walk dead lame. 

Send for a doctor ! 


(From an Editor^s point of view,) 

Here lies a parent's pride whose easy birth 
Yielded brief pleasure with perspectives fair. 

He might have flourished still upon this earth 
Had he been horn to care I 

(By a tnumphant Solver.) 

I spared thee not, living, I mourn thee not, dead, 

Thou most weakly composition ! 
Through thy downfall I sped of all rivals ahead 

In our weekly competition ! 


Problem 69, by F. M. Teed.— 1 R to K R 6, R takes K, 2 Q to 
Q B sq, B takes Q, 3 P to K 4, &c. 

Difficult and well constructed. H. Blanchard. — Excellent. 


The sacrifice of Q on 2nd move is pretty. W. Jay. — First move 
threatens mate. Very little variety. H. Gearing. — Poor. Black 
has no defence. P. Le Page. — Original, but not very neatly con- 
structed. A. L. S. — R. Worters is wrong on 2nd move of mainplay. 
No. 70, by J. Pierce, M.A.— 1 Q to Q B 7, Q R moves or 
P to Kt 4 (a), 2 Q takes K Kt P, &c. (a) 1 B to K B sq or K 2 (6), 
2 Q to Q B 2, &c. (fe) 1 Kt to K B 2, 2 Q takes Kt, &c. 

Difficult and well constructed. H. B. — Mediocre. Mainplay 
veiy fair, but key rather easy to discover. W. Jay. — Some good 
play but not pretty. H. G. — Carefully constructed but not diffi- 
cult. L. Chapelle. — Original, rather difficult, but not well con- 
structed. A. L. S. — Rather deceptive at first sight but soon seen 
through. P. Le P. 

No. 71, by J. Rayner. — 1 R to R 2, K takes Kt (a), 2 R to 
R 6 ch, &c. (a) 1 K P moves (b), 2 R to R 5 ch, &c. (b) 1 Kt to 
B 5 (c), 2 R to Q 2 ch, &c. (c) 1 P to Kt 6, 2 Q to B 4 ch, «kc. 

Pleasing. Not difficult. H. B. — Neat but rather easy. The 
narrow escapes from a cook render it interesting. W. J. — Neat 
and simple. H. G. — Very puzzling. L. C. — Very easy, well con- 
structed, A. L. S. — Simple and easy. P. Le P. 

No. 72, by B. G. Laws.— 1 Q to R 8, 2 Kt to Kt 4 ch, 3 R to 
B 8, 4 Kt to K 5, 5 R to B 8, 6 K to R, 7 B to Kt sq, 8 P 
Bishops, K takes R mate. 

Ingenious and difficult, the first and last moves especially good. 
H. B. — Good and pleasing of its class. The 7th move is rather 
ingenious and tried to throw me over. W. J, — A most elegant 
composition, worthy of a place among the classics of Chess. Ex- 
tremely difficult owing chiefly to the brilliant coup at the end. By 
far the best in this number. A. L. S. — I like this the best of the 
sui-mates lately published by this composer, the absence of checks 
except on move 2 is a good feature but it is obvious firom the first 
how the coup de grace is to be given. East Marden. 

No. 73, by G. Liberali.— 1 Q to K B 7, P ch (a), 2 K to Q 3, 
&c. (a) 1 R takes R (b), 2 B takes B, &c. (b) 1 B takes B ("c), 
2 Kt to Q 3 ch, &c. (c) 1 R takes Kt (d), 2 R takes R ch,'&o. 
f(i; 1 K to Q 3 (e), 2 B takes B ch, &c. (^ej 1 K to K 6, 2 Q 
takes B ch, &c. 

Rather difficult, well constructed and very pleasing. H. B. — 
The modus operandi is soon discovered. Some of the variations 
are fairly good. W. J. — Not difficult but much variety. H. G. — 
Good and difficult. Carelessly constructed, full of duals. A. L. S. — 
The best of the set. P. Le P. 

No. 74, by C. W. of Sunbury.— 1 P to Q B 4, Any move, 2 Q 
to Q R 5, Any move, 3 Q mates. 

Neat, pleasing, easy. H. B., W. J., H. G., A. L. S., and P. Le P. 
R. Worters has solved Nos. 70, 71, 73 and 74. 



No. 81.— Br C. CALLANDER. 

White to piny and mate in four moves. 
No. 82.— Br J. J. GLYNN. No. 83.— By C. W. 

White to plaj and mat« in two moTea. Whita to play and mate in three mo7e». 


No. 84.— Br M. EHRENSTEIN, BnoiPEsr. 

White to play and mate in fui 

No 85— Br J PIERCE MA No. 86.— Br Dr. B. GOLD. 

Whi e to pUj and u n a e n t mov s White to play and mate in three n 




M^ "^IjmimM** 3^ut for tfee wabcrs of t^t §. dD. P» to trath. 
Dedicated to J. Watkinson by F. F. B. 























































ar I 











For the first correct solution sent to the Editor a number of 
" Brentano " will be given. 


Place Black, with all his Pieces and Pawns on the board, in a 
position of stalemate, using only the King and five Pawns on the 
White side, and so that, if White had to play, he would be mated 
in 7 moves. A copy of the Nuova Rivista " Morphy End-Games " 
will be given for the first correct answer received by the Editor. 


T. Nobes, 20/-, T. Long, 14/-, Miss Alleyne, 4/-, W. R. Palmer, 
4/-, Rev. H. W. Hodgson, 4/-, J. P. Taylor, 4/-, L. Chapelle, 4/-, 
W. T. Pierce, 3/-, W. Coates, 1/6, A Subscriber, 1/-. 

A Lt M A N A e . ^^ 

FBBKUARY, 1882. 



































First number of the City of London Chess Magazine issued, 

1874. Chess column in the Ladies' Treasury commenced, 

Match between Messrs. Staunton and Horwitz commenced, 

1846. Score at termination — Staunton, 14; Horwitz, 7 ; 

Drawn, 3. 

Max Bezzel bom, 1824. 

commenced, 1877. 
Elias Stein born, 1748. 

Capraz born, 1830. 

Chess column in Cleveland Voice 
John Watkinson bom, 1833, 

De Vere died, 1875, aged 29. 
Professor H. R. Agnel died, 1871, aged 71. 
Match between Messrs. Stanley and Turner commenced, 
1850. Abb6 Durand died, 1880, aged 81. 

Chas. Benbow bom, 1842. 

De Vere bom, 1845. Match between Messrs. Stanley and 
Turner finished, 1850. Score — Stanley, 11; Turner 5 ; 

[Drawn, 1. 
Herr Neumann died, 1881. 

Match between Messrs. Steinitz and Blackbume commenced, 


Count Van Zuylen van Nyevelt died, 1826, aged 83. 

J. G. Schultz, Swedish problemist, born, 1839. 

Herr Lowe died, 1880. 

Match between Messrs. Morphy and Mongredi en commenced, 
1859. Score at conclusion — Morphy, 7 ; Mongredien, ; 

[Drawn, 1. 


Two Pawss aoajhst One. 

The general prinoiple is thus stated by Walker id Art of Ches* 
Play : " The two Pawns should win against one, but there esist 
many exceptions to the rule. The two Pawns are least favourably 
placed when on the Kt and R file, opposed to Kt P or E P." The 
examples in Staunton's Handbook, we mav observe, are almost all 
of this one class : in the present 
and O. Walker, we shall give ei 


No. I. is from Ponziani, and 
the Rook's Pawn or Knight's Paw 

oiently near, draws against the j.vuuii.o unu tuo u.iiigui.o ^nnu 
opposed to it ; provided the two Pawns have reached the fifth 
squares." If White plays P to Kt 6, Black would lose if he 
exchanged. White of course retaking with P : but he draws by E 
to R 3. Against any other attempt to win, the possession of the 
" badger's hole " affords sufficient security. 

No. II. is likewise drawn, whichever moves first : but there is 
this important difference, that Black touat never play P to Kt 3. 
If White play P to R 6, he takes it ; if P to Kt 6, the reply is K 
to B sq, 

If the Pawns are less far advanced. White wins in many 
instances, and the opposition plays a much more important part. 
In No. III. Black holds the comer, yet he may easily lose. With 


the move be must play K to R sq, not Kt sq, e.g. 1 K to R sq, 
K to R 6, 2 K to Kt sq, P to R 5, 3 K to R eq, P to Kt 6, 4 K to 
Kt Bq, P to Rt 6, 5 P takes P, P takes P, 6 K to R aq and draws 
(see p. 147 of our last Totume, Rule I). But if the K had gono 
originally to the wrong square, he would lose (Rule II. as above). 
Again, if the single Rook's Pawn is advanced one square, ita 
chance of drawing is diminished, and depends chiefly on the move. 
In No. IV. Black, with the move, takes up the opposition by K to 
B 3, and draws. White with the move wins by 1 K to K 5, P to 
R 4 (A, B) 2 P to Kt 3, K to B 2, 3 K to Q 6, K to B sq (C) 4 K 
to K 6, K to Kt 2, 5 K to B S, K to B 2, 6 P to Kt 6 ch, K to 
Kt 2, 7 K to Kt 5 and wins. 

(A) 1 K to Kt 2, 2 P to R 5, K toB 2, 3 K to B 5, Kto 

Kt 2, 4 K to K C, K to R sq, 5 K to B 6, K to R 2, 6 K to B 7, K 

toRsq, 7 K to Kt 6 and wins. (B) lKtoB2, 2KtoB6,K 

to Kt 2 (if 2 P to R 4, 3 P to Kt 5), 3 K to K 6, K to Kt 3, 4 K 
to K 7, P to R 4, 5 P to Kt 5, K to Kt 2, 6 K to K 6 (The 
position is now the same as at move 4 of the main variation, but 
Black ha^ the move ; it takes White three moves to gain this), K 
to Kt 3, 7 K to K 5, K to B 2, 8 K to Q 6, K to B sq, 9 K to 

K 6, K to Kt 2, 10 K to B 5 and wins aa above. (C) 3 K to 

Kt eq, 4 K to K 6, K to Kt 2, 5 K to B 5, K to R 2, 6 K to B 6 
and wins. 


s first given by Lolli, and is remarkable for the conflict- 
iag judgments passed upnn it. Every possible solution has been 
upheld in its turn ; that White wins always, never, with the move, 


without the move. In realit;, as Staunton pointed out, though 
without going fully into the proofs, Black can always draw by 
advancing the Pawn at the right moment. With the move, White 
was thought to have a won game by 1 K to B 3 ; but Mr. Reich- 
helm showed that 1 P to K R 4 in reply secured the draw. Again, 
if Black pliiy first, Lolli, who thought that White must win in 
either case, gives the following moves : I K to B 5, P to R 3, 2 E 
to B 4 1 (P to R 3 draws) K to B 3, 3 K to Kt 4 (for the second 
time P to R 3 drawa, not P to R 4 on account of the reply P to 
Kt 3) K to Kt 3, 4 K to R 4 (for the third time P to R 3 draws) 
P to R 4 and wins. The variation, turning as it does upon 
repeated blunders, need not be pursued further. The new Hand- 
buck remarks that the position is an estremely simple one ; but 
in its previous (fifth) edition it was itself in error. No. VI. yields 
an example of a game drawn though neither of the White Pawns 
is on the side file ; Black with the move plays P to B 4 ch. White 
playing first can effect nothing either by 1 P to B 5 ch, K to Q 3, 
or by 1 K to Q 4, K to Q 3, 2 K to B 4, K to B 3, 3 K to Q 4, Jm. 

V. VI. 

No. VII. from actual play, is given as a draw by Walker (1841 
and 1846) ; it is really won for White, on the same principle, with 
or without the move. Walker's solution is as follows : 1 K to R 3, 
K to Kt 3, 2 K to Kt 2, K to K 4, 3 K to Kt 3, K to R 3, 
4 K to B 3, K to R 4. He now continues 5 P to R 3, upon which 
K to R 5 draws ; but here Kling steps in with a correction, O. P. O. 
1856 p. 222 ; 5 K to Q 2, K to R 5, 6 K to K 3, K to Kt 5, 7 K 
to Q 3, K to R 6, 8 K to K 4 winning the Pawn and the game. 
The process, by which White gains time here to bring hia K into a 


&TOurable position, is unusually instructive and worth the attention 
of the student. In Nos. VIII. and IX. White's situation appears 
extremely favourable, as he has in each a passed Pawn ; neverthe- 
less Black with the move can draw in each. It will be seen that 
he most not be afraid to play his King to a distance from the 
Pawns, as long as he keeps within reach of the que«ning square. 


The solution to No. VIII. is as follows, Black moving first : 1 K to 
Q 4, K to B 4, 2 K to Q 5, K to Kt 4 {if White advance ou the 


B file, the K continues to front him) 3 K to K 5, K to R 3, i K 
to Q 4, K to Kt 2, 5 K to K 5, K to B sq, 6 K to Q 4, K to K sq, 
7 K to K 4, K to Q 2, 8 K to Q 5, K to B 2, 9 K to K 5, K to 
Kt sq, 10 K to Q 4, K to B sq, 11 K to K 4 and draws, keeping 
always on the same colour as his opponent. Again, if White at 
move 3 advance on the Kt file, Black continues to oppose him on 
the K file. If White ever push R P, Black can win it in exchange 
for his own P, and afterwards take up a drawn position with his 
single K against the adverse P. Suppose this position shifted two 
files to the right, i,e. let the extremities of White's line be K at 
R 3 and P at Q B 4, and White can then win through being able 
to get round by the Q R file. 

In No. IX. Black, with the move, will be able to prevent 
White getting round him on either side ; 1 K to B 3, K to B 2, 
2 K to Q 3 (the only move to draw), K to Q 2, 3 K to B 3 
(again the only correct move ; 3 K to K 3 loses by 3 K to B 3), 
K to K 2, 4 K to Q 3, K to B 2, 5 K to K 4, K to Kt 2, 6 K to 
B 3, K to R 2, 7 K to Kt 3, K to R 3, 8 K to Kt 4 and draws. 
Black's play demands the greatest nicety, and he has hardly 
ever a choice of squares. This position was given by Walker in 
Westm, Papers III. 169, as if from the MSS, of Alex. Mac 
Donnell ; but the Handbuch refers it to the TraiU des Amateurs^ 

No. X., though White has not a passed Pawn, is the most 
difficult of the series for the defending player ; it is the undoubted 
composition of A. Mac Donnell (Walker, in Westm, Papers III. 
157). Mac Donnell prefaces his elaborate solution with the 
following remarks ; 1. Always (if possible) keep your King on the 
same file as your adversary's. 2. Play so as to have a distance of 
three or five squares between your Kings ; that is, when you can- 
not keep in direct opposition. 3. When White plays to K Kt 2 
(where he is now), Black must always be able to play to K Kt 3 
or K Kt sq. 4. When White plays across the field to Q Kt 3, 
Black will lose unless he can play K to Q Kt 2 or Q Kt 4. With 
these preliminary aids, it is believed that the following short 
solution from the new Handbuch will be found sufficient ; fuller 
details are given in Walker, 1841 p. 222, 1846 p. 278, and from 
Mac Donnell's MSS. in Wesim. Papers III. 171. Black moving 
first : 1 K to Kt 3, K to B 3, 2 K to B 4, K to K 3, 3 K to K 3, 
K to B 4, 4 K to B 3, K to B 3, 5 K to B 2, K to K 3, 6 K to K 2, 
K to Q 3, 7 K to Q 2, K to B 2, 8 K to B 3, K to Kt 2, 9 K to 
Kt 3, K to R 3, 10 K to R 4, K to Kt 3, 11 K to Kt 4 and draws. 
Walker observes : *' I have never met with a position in which 
the principle, required to be constantly kept in view for maintaining 
the opposition, is more finely developed." W. W. 




2nd Prize £3, Mr. E. Freeborough, Hull. 

Motto — ''The miMh lesser Hippias : — an anachronism.'' 

Socrates. — ^My dear Pheadrus, whither are yon going, and 
whence come you 1 

PofiDRUS. — From the city, Socrates, but I am going for a walk 
outside the walls, for I have spent a long time there sitting from 
early in the morning with Lysias. 

Soc. — What was your employment 1 Without doubt he enter- 
tained you in some manner. 

Ph. — ^You shall hear, if you have leisure to go with me and 

Soo. — Why not 1 Is there anything in the world that I con- 
sider a matter above all want and leisure than to listen to the 
conversation between you and Lysias 1 

Ph. — And, indeed, Socrates, it was suited to you. For the 
subject on which we discoursed was Chess. For Lysias had been a 
spectator of a game played between Alcibiades and Hippias, and 
having taken it down in writing, he desired me to go over the 
moves with him. 

Soo. — And if I know Pheedrus, Pheedrus did so, and having 
done so he longed to go over the moves again. Neither was this 
sufficient for Phaedrus, but at length having got hold of the score, 
he examined the parts he liked best, and having done this, sitting 
from very early in the morning, he was fatigued, and went out for 
a walk, as I believe by the dog having learned the whole game by 
heart, if it is not a very long one. And he was going outside the 
walls that he might con it over, and meeting with one who has a 
desire for hearing of such things was delighted at seeing him 
approach, because he would have some one to share his enthusiasm, 
and bade him accompany him in his walk. 

Ph. — In truth, Socrates, I have by no means learnt the game 
by heart, but the general outline of it I can go through summarily 
and in order from the beginning. 

Soo. — But show me first, my dear friend, what you have got 
there in your left hand under your cloak, for I suspect that you 
have got the score itself, and also a small board upon which the 
game may be played, and if this is the case, think thus of me, 
that I love Phsedrus very much, but I love the nymph Caissa 
more. Come then show it me. 


Ph. — Stop, you have dashed down my hopes, Socrates. Da 
you see that lofty Plane Tree ] 

Soc. — How should I not 1 

Ph. — There then is shade and a gentle breeze and grass to sit 
down upon. 

Soo. — Lead on, then, my dear Pheedrus. And now, in what 
posture you can read most conveniently, take this and read, while 
I move the pieces as you instruct me. 

Ph. — Listen then. Hippias, as you know, disdains to play 
with young men, considering them unworthy of him, and has 
several times avoided playing with Alci blades, preferring instead 
some old player of good style indeed, but weaker than himself, and 
whom he can easily defeats Lysias, therefore, and others, being 
desirous to see how the two would play, contrived that they 
should be brought together in such a manner that Hippias would 
not be able to escape, and laying their snares with skill, they sue- 
ceeded in entrapping both the men yesterday, in the morning. 
Having then, by argument and persuasion, induced Hippias to 
accede to their wishes, for Alcibtades was nothing loath, they cast 
for the first move which was won by Hippias, who began his 
attack in the following manner, with the white pieces. 
lPtoK4 lPtoK4 

2 KttoKBS 2 KttoQB3 

3BtoB4 3BtoB4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 4 B takes Kt P 

5PtoB3 6BtoR4 

6 Castles 6 Kt to B 3 

7 P to Q 4 7 Castles. 

Soo. — So far I can understand, Phsedrus. Now tell me why 
did not Alcibiades capture the King's Pawn 1 

Ph. — Because, Socrates, in that case Hippias advances the 
Queen's Pawn, and Lysias and myself having diligently considered 
the matter, are of opinion that Alcibiades acted prudently in 
resisting the temptation. 

Soc. — ^Assuredly, my friend. And his prudence is all the 
more commendable inasmuch as it was not the prudence of the 
ancients. Now proceed. 



B to K Kt 5 


P toQ 3 


B to Q Kt 6 


P to Q R 3 


B takes Q Kt 


P takes B 


Q toR4 


B to K t 3 


P takes P 


P takes P 


Kt takes P 




B takes Kt 


Q takes B 


Q takes B P. 


These moyes of Alcibiades did not please the bystanders, who 
blamed him for yielding so readily his advantage in force, 
whispering among themselves that he would certainly be defeated. 

Soc. — And, indeed, it appears so to me, my dear Phsedras. 

Ph. — But have you not heard, Socrates, how frequently battles 
have been decided by yielding to the enemy some small point upon 
which he has set his heart, and how on obtaining that small 
advantage he has immediately thought the battle was won, and 
puffed up with pride and vanity, and intoxicated by the prospect 
of victory, has left in his ranks some weak spot, to which the 
general on the other side has at once directed his attack, and 
ultimately gained the advantage 1 Is not history full of such 
devices 1 To me and Lysias it appeared as if something of the 
kind had happened. For in truth Alcibiades has now obtained 
the precedence, and instead of being the Gambit taker he has 
become the Gambit giver. 

Soc. — Not yet then will we blame him, for in truth he knows 
his weapons. For among them must be reckoned youth and 
impetuosity, which, as it is said, often succeed where age and 
experience fail, owing to excessive caution, and knowledge of the 
dangers and difficulties to which they must expose themselves. 

15 B to K 3 

16 KttoB4 16 B takes Kt 

17 Q takes B 17 K R to K sq. 

"At this move" said Lysias, "Hippias, throwing himself back, said 
scornfully, 'You should have played Q R to Q sq, Alcibiades,' 
and at once moved his Kt to Q 2." 


Q R to Q sq 


Q R to Q sq 




Kt to K B 3 


R takes R 


R takes R 


R to Q B 4 


Q to Q 3 


P to K R 3 




Q to Q B 3 


Q to Q 8 ch 


K toR2 


Q toR4: 


R takes P. 

The manner in which Alcibiades played this part of the game 
pleased those standing around, who did not refrain from some 
words of approbation. Overhearing these, Hippias lifted up his 
head, which he had been holding between his hands, in such a 
manner as to conceal his face, and said smiling, " Now you shall 
see a beautiful stroke," and played 

26 Kt to Kt 5 ch 26 K to Kt 3 

27 P to K Kt 4. 

" Upon seeing the effect of this move," said Lysias, " my heart 
sank within me, and some of the bystanders turned to depart in 
the expectation that Alcibiades would at once resign the game." 


"And hel" I aaked. "He," said Lysias, "behaved admirably, for 
he showed no eign of aBtonisbmeTit, or of being in any way disturbed 
in hia mind, but calmly looking over the board, and capturing his 
adversary's King's Bishop's Pawn with his Bishop, checked the 
King, and at the same time threatened the Queen. Thereupon 
thoae around delighted with the ingenuity of the reply applauded 

Soo, — And they had reason, my dear Phsednis. Bat what 
aaid Hippias ) 

Ph. — Not a word, Socrates, but gaaed at the board aa if help- 
lesa and bewildered. He then played 

28 Q takes B 28 P takes Kt 

29 P to K R i 29 R to B 6 

30 P to R 5 ch 30 K to R 2 

31 Q to K Kt 2 31 Q to B 6 

32 K to R 3 33 Q takes P ch 

33 K to R sq 33 Q to K 6. 

Here Hippias cried esultingly, '' Now, Alcibiades, you have let me go 
where I want," and played 34 Q to B 2 ch. Alcibiadea, aaid 
Lysias, appeared to he flurried, and replied hastily by P to K Kt 3, 
to which Hippias responded hy 

35 P takes P ch 35 K to R 3 

36 R to Q 2, 


And then rose to his feet, as if in haste to depart, but Alcibiades, 
also standing up, announced mate in three moves ; " whereupon/' 
said LysiaSy '^and while we were examining into it, Hippias escaped 
without bidding farewell to any one." What do you think of this 
game, Socrates 1 Does it appear to you to be well played 1 

Soc. — Divinely, indeed, my friend, so much so that I am 
astonished, and I had this feeling through you, for you appeared 
to be enraptured with the game while reading it. For supposing 
you to understand such matters better than I do, I followed you, 
and in following you I felt the same enthusiasm with you my in- 
spired friend. 

Ph. — So ! do you think it right to make a joke of it ? 

Soc. — Do I appear to you to make a joke of it 1 Tell me truly, 
what did Lysias say was the opinion of the bystanders respecting 

Ph. — They thought that Hippias had made a display of his abili- 
ties in various ways, and in all ways elegantly, but that Alcibiades 
had won the game by chance and good fortune. 

Soc. — And does it seem so also to you, my excellent Phsediiis 1 

Ph. — Assuredly so, Socrates. 

Soc. — But what 1 shall we admit chance in a game of skill ? 
Or shall we not rather say that the power of delivering himself 
from the arts of Hippias was in consequence of his obedience to 
the laws of the game. To me it seemed indeed that these laws 
were faithfully obeyed by Alcibiades, and that in the end he re- 
ceived the reward due to those who render such obedience. 

Ph. — Explain what you mean, Socrates. 

Soc. — All the great arts require a subtle and speculative research 
into the laws of nature ; for loftiness of thought and perfect 
mastery over every subject seem to be derived from some such 
source as this. Tell me therefore, Phsedrus, what is the law which 
rules the game of Chess, as with a sceptre of iron, punishing those 
who depart from it with the loss of the game. 

Ph. — I suppose, Socrates, you mean the laws which govern the 
development of the Pawns and Pieces in the beginning of the 

Soc. — That is what I mean, Phsedrus. And when do the 
players cease to be governed by these laws ] 

Ph. — When the Pieces and Pawns are in full play, and 
development becomes action. 

Soc. — But is not action a kind of development 1 For is it not 
either the regular advance of a disciplined army striking down and 
passing over the bodies of all those who try to oppose its progress 
or the detachment of certain horse or footmen to vanquish and 
take captive such of the enemy as may fall in their hands 1 And 
in this way does it not seem to you to resemble the growth and 


development of a tree which, if it receive abundance of sun and 
air, grows round and lofty, but if its growth upwards by any 
means be checked, it will extend its branches on one side or the 
other where sun and air are most readily obtainable. 

Ph. — It is so, Socrates. 

See. — Shall we not say then that the natural law of Chess is 
development 1 

Ph. — Truly we may say so. 

See. — ^What then 1 The progress of development is that each 
player alternately extends the power and reach of his pieces, first 
separately, then in combination with each other, until the scope of 
his development and the power of his pieces extend into the camp 
of his adversary, and the first player will inevitably win, unless 
his adversary, following the same law, has opposed piece to piece 
and combination to combination, and so checked the course of the 
first player's development at every point, and in such a case the 
game will be drawn. If, however, the first player has allowed 
himself to be governed by some inferior law, such as cupidity, 
and has delayed the onward progress of his army for the sake of 
taking unnecessary captives, then the case is reversed, and as in 
the game we have been examining the second player becomes the 
first in development. And if either of the players does not obey 
the laws of development he will lose the game. And if he does 
not properly oppose man to man, and subtlety to subtlety, he 
will also lose the game. 

Ph. — But with regard to surprises, Socrates ? 

Soc. — Have we not already provided against these 1 For if the 
forces be rightly placed in order, so that every man can use his 
arms freely, and that the horse and footmen do not stand in each 
other's way, but are able to go to the assistance of each other, as 
necessity may require, will it not follow that every part will be 
protected by a force equal to that which may be brought against 
it, either suddenly or after some time spent in preparation 1 

Ph. — It will be so, Socrates. 

Soc. — ^May we not therefore say, Phsedrus, that if both players 
faithfully obey the laws of development, it will not happen at any 
time during the game, that either player is able to make a move to 
which there is not on the board some proper reply. Shall we say 
this, Phsedrus, or shall we say that there is chance in Chess 1 

Ph. — That which you mention is far more noble. 

Soc. — Surely, and it is a law which is written with science in 
the learner's soul, and if any one should apprehend its power by art 
it would be by no means an unwelcome circumstance if he were to 
separate that general idea into species by joints, as nature points 
out, and not to attempt to break any part after the manner of an 
unskilful cook. For my part, Pheedrus, I am not only myself a 


lover of such divisions and generalisations, in order that I may be able 
to speak and think, but if I perceive any one else able to comprehend 
the one and the many, as they are in nature, him I follow behind 
as " in the footsteps of a god." Be we content then with having thus 
far amused ourselves with the subject of Chess. As an intelligent 
husbandman who has seeds that he cares for, and which he wishes 
to be fruitful, sows them at the proper time, and rejoices at seeing 
them growing to maturity, so will the lover of Chess sow and write, 
when he does write, in the garden of the mind for the sake of di- 
version, treasuring up illustrations and memoranda for himself 
against the time when he comes to the forgetfulness of old age, 
and for all who are going on the same track, and he will be 
delighted at seeing them in their tender growth, and while other 
men pursue their diversions, refreshing themselves with banquets 
and other pleasures akin to these, he instead of them will pass his 
time in the diversions I have mentioned. 


The full number of entries for the B. C. M. Correspondence 
Tourney were received in little more than a week after our January 
number was published, and the tourney was consequently set going 
by the middle of last month. The following are the competitors ; 
Messrs. W. Coates and P. Isaac of Cheltenham, H. Erskine of 
Brighton, C. J. Lambert of Exeter, F. A. Vincent of Dursley, 
H. Balson of Derby, A. T. Cates and H. Dorrington of London, 
J. Pierce of Birkenhead, W. Bridgwater of Birmingham, H. Millard 
of Leeds, and B. W. Fisher of Redruth. At the suggestion of 
Mr. Fisher, an important rider has been added to the time limit 
rule, namely, that players replying to their opponents' moves by 
return of post or within 24 hours, may have the days thus saved 
out of the 48 hours time limit placed to their credit for future use 
when needed in the course of the game. Each player to record on 
every post card the days he has in hand. This effort to apply the 
regulation long in practice over the board to games by correspon- 
dence will, it is hoped, be successful, and that, by constantly 
drawing attention to the time each player takes to move, it will 
prevent that laxity in the observance of time limit rules which 
has caused so many tourneys to become wearisome, and given a 
most unfair advantage to the snail-paced player. It is not thought 
likely that quick players will become slow because they find they 
have plenty of time in hand, but on the contrary that the sluggish 
ones will probably hasten their movements, and certainly the 
power of saving time, when the move to be made is compulsory or 


obvious, will be a great boon when it can be more usefully em- 
ployed afterwards in examining some difficult position, or in taking 
a day or so for needed respite. To prevent misapprehension, it 
should be stated that when hypothetical moves are sent, even if 
they should be accepted by the opponent, no separate allowance 
of time can be made for each of them, as this would probably cause 
frequent confusion and disputes. Any number of moves therefore 
sent at the same time can only reckon in the time allowance as 
one move. C E. R. 


In common with the rest of the Chess community we have to 
express our deep regret at the untimely death of our great English 
Chess Master, who has lived and died without fear and without 
reproach — 

" Who spake no slander, no, nor listened to it." 

It was originally our intention to have reviewed the career of 
this Yorkshire worthy, undoubtedly the most distinguished player 
to which the provinces have given birth, but we give way to the 
utterances of one who knew the deceased very intimately, and who 
has penned the following tribute to his memory in the Sporting 
and Dramatic News, It will be seen that our London corres- 
pondent has also referred to Mr. Boden's death in his letter on 
another page. 

** The melancholy duty devolves upon me this week of announ- 
cing the death of Mr. S. S. Boden, which took place at his chambers 
in Tavistock-street, Bedford-square, on Friday morning, 13th Jan. 
Mr. Boden was born on the 4th of April, 1826, and consequently 
was not quite fifty-six years old. His health had been for some 
time failing, but the immediate cause of his death was typhoid fever. 
In him I have lost a most valued friend, and the Chess world a most 
distinguished ornament. For the last four years Mr. Boden had 
abandoned the practice of Chess, but he always continued to cherish 
a deep interest in the Chess news of the day ; and seldom, if ever, 
failed to do me the honour to peruse this column, and descant upon 
its contents. I first met Mr. Boden in March, 1854, when, being 
on a visit to London for a few days, I encountered him over the 
board at Simpson's, and got beaten. In 1856 I renewed my ac- 
quaintance with him. That acquaintance ripened slowly but 
steadily, year by year, into an intimate friendship, which for nearly 
a quarter of a century continued unbroken, and indeed I may add 
undisturbed. I would describe him, socially, in the language which 
Bassanio used of Antonio : — 


The kindest man, 
The hest condition*d and unwearied spirit 
In doing courtesies ; and one in whom 
The ancient Roman honour more appears 
Than any that draws breath. 
Ten years ago, when we lost a friend to whom we were both deeply 
attached, referring to him he said, * The Doctor had no right to 
die, he ought to have lived here with us for ever/ In no 
irreverent spirit were these words spoken. They were the utterance 
of an afifectionate heart couched in that quaintly humorous form in 
which he delighted to propound his sentiments and opinions. In 
all the future, when I think of Boden, I shall remember these 
words and apply them to himself Mr. Boden first won his spurs 
in 1851, when he carried off the first prize in the provincial tour- 
nament. He never was a great match player, but he was, as Captain 
Evans phrased it, a master of all parts of the game ; and in 1857, 
and for some years afterwards, he was acknowledged to be the best 
English player. He was always sound, and frequently deep, in his 
combinations. When he obtained the smallest advantage against 
even the strongest of players he seldom failed to develop it into a 
victory. On the other hand, when he had the worst of the game, 
he exhibited a fertility of resource never, perhaps, surpassed by any 
player I have known, with the exception of Morphy and Steinitz. 
Chivalrous to the highest degree as a combatant, he never made 
idle excuses for a defeat,or depreciated the skill of an opponent. 
His judgment of position was profound, whilst his estimate of his 
own strength and that of other champions was always based upon 
facts, and expressed without reserve, or prejudice. * Morphy,' 
he used to say, with his accustomed modesty, ' could have given 
me the odds of the draws. Staunton was my superior, in his best 
days, in the middle part of the game, and Buckle was too deliberate, 
and consequently too unerring in his moves for me to cope success- 
fully with him.* Nevertheless, in a series of games with the last 
mentioned player, he only lost, as well as I remember, one game 
on the balance. Mr. Boden wrote a very valuable work, entitled 
* Popular Introduction to Chess,' and for thirteen years conducted 
the Chess column in the Field, and was the author of the article 
on Chess which was published in 'Chambers's Encyclopedia.' He 
also wrote the introduction to the Westminster Papers, 

He was a water-colour painter of no mean skill, and many of 
his drawings would compare not unfavourably with the smaller 
productions of Birket Foster. He was a recognised connoisseur in 
the Early English school, and his judgment upon a David Cox, a 
De Wint, and other famous masters was often sought for by Chris- 
tie and Manson. Several art critiques which he contributed to the 
Field evinced a thorough knowledge of his subject, and excited no 
small admiration." 



St. George's Club. 

The two Tourneys are progressing very leisurely, and I scarcely 
expect to see a Second Winter Handicap organised in February. 
The Knight players' (even) tourney will almost certainly be won 
by Col. Lumsden ; as regards the Handicap it can hardly be said 
that any score has emerged prominently from the ruck, and it is 
altogether too soon to prophesy. The new rooms continue to give 
entire satisfaction, and the attendance is in no way diminished by 
the change. The Rev. J. de Soyres is again settled in London, and 
has rejoined the Club. Though not a very frequent visitor, he has 
played a short match with the Hon. Secretary, Mr. Minchin, and 
won by 5 to 2 and 3 draws, thus showing excellent form. 

I leave to the graceful pen of one who knew him far more 
intimately than I did, the task of paying the last tribute to one of 
the most distinguished of our Honorary Members, Mr. Boden. I 
shall here give a few additional particulars, gleaned from other 
notices or from personal knowledge. Before he came to London, 
Mr. Boden was known as the strongest player of the Hull Chess 
Club ; and I believe was a native of the North of England, if not 
of Hull itself. My own acquaintance with him began in under- 
graduate days, when he was at Cambridge on a visit to his brother, 
now the Rev. Edward Boden, at that time a member of the Uni- 
versity Chess Club. This was in 1851, the year in which he 
gained the first prize in the provincial tourney; and he was 
also bringing out his valuable little treatise. I do not see it 
mentioned that this book was published anonymously ; its title 
was " A Popular Introduction to Chess, by an Amateur." It has 
long been out of print, and stray copies are eagerly sought for. 
Mr. Boden's health was never very strong, and, unlike most 
Chess-players, he avoided social gatherings. It was even 
difficult to tempt him to a visit in the country, though to 
a neighbourhood which afforded charming subjects for his 
pencil. We met, consequently, at rather rare intervals, but 
always as friends ; and when we played I thought myself fortu- 
nate if I scored a respectable minority against him. The 
want of physical stamina was probably the chief reason of 
his not engaging in matches ; but no player, assuredly, who played 
so little in public, was ever so universally acknowledged as a 
master of the game. While he excited no rivalries, and never 
sought to make himself a prominent figure, his first-rate skill was 
never for an instant disputed. Among the English players of his 
time, I should place him below Blackbume and Staunton only, 
and probably on a level with Buckle. His modesty, it will be 


seen, led him to prefer Buckle to himself ; but there was more 
variety in Boden's style, and had the time limit been introduced 
before Buckle's retirement from the field, the advantage the latter 
gained by his " deliberateness " would, I think, have been nullified. 
As it is, Buckle's majority in a long series of encounters does not 
appear to have been a large one. Soon after 1851, Buckle devoted 
himself to the composition of his " History of Civilization," for 
which he had long been maturing his studies ; and Staunton also 
having given up all play except skirmishes at odds, Boden stepped 
into the vacant place and became the acknowledged leader of 
British Chess. Morphy, on his visit in 1858-9, pronounced him 
the best player he had met with in England, some say, even in 
Europe. But Morphy did not see Anderssen at his best ; and 
Boden would never have consented, we may be sure, to exalt him- 
self at Anderssen's expense. 

Two other names of more or less note have also just dropt 
out of the Chess ranks. Mr Francis Burden died at the age of 
52, on the same day as his friend Boden, in his native city of 
Belfast, where he followed the profession of a civil engineer. He 
.was formerly well-known as a strong player at the Divan, but had 
returned to Ireland, and latterly, it is understood, had made 
whist rather than Chess his favourite amusement. 

Mr. F. G. Janssens, a Belgian by birth, died in London on the 
28th of December, aged 59. His name appears frequently in the 
Chess Flayei^s Chronicle^ when the late Mr. Brien was the Editor, 
1854-56 ; his last public appearance, so far as I am aware, was in 
the match between the St. George's and City Clubs last March, 
when he was pitted against Mr. Minchin, lost one game and drew 
the other. W. W. 


Austria. — The most important news of this month is the 
announcement that the Grand International Tourney of 1882 at 
Vienna will commence on May 10th. We have not received a 
copy of the Programme, neither does it appear in the last issue of 
the Schachzeitung, but a translation of it was published by the 
Illustrated London News, from which we take the following par- 
ticulars. There will be six prizes in gold, of 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, 
500, 300, and 200 francs respectively. The entrance fee is 100 fr., 
which must be sent before May 2ud to one of the members of the 
Committee, Baron Von Kolisch, Herr Kaulla, or Dr. Liharzik, at 
their address, 6 Gisella Strasse, Vienna. Each competitor to play 
with all his force two games with every other, taking the first 



move alternately, the pairing of the players, and the first move in 
the first game, to be determined by lot. Drawn games count half 
to each, and ties are to be played off in a match of two games up ; 
if equal scores occur again, the prizes will be divided. One game 
must be finished each day (save on Sundays and holidays) between 
the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. or, if then adjourned, between 4 
p.m. and midnight. The time limit is 15 moves an hour, the time 
saved by a player in one hour going to his credit in the next. The 
penalty for exceeding the time limit, or for non-appearance within 
an hour of the time appointed for play, will be forfeiture of the 
game. The games are to be the property of the Vienna Club. 
The winner of each game, and the first player in every drawn 
game to hand in a copy within 24 hours to the person appointed 
by the Committee to receive it, or else to forfeit half a game from 
his score. In cases of adjournment, the player whose turn it is to 
move shall deliver his next move in a sealed envelope to the person 
appointed to receive it. Consultations and analyses over the board 
during adjournments, and all private arrangements which may 
influence the final result of the tourney , are strictly prohibited^ 
under penalty of exclusion from the contest. The rules of play are 
to be those contained in the last edition of the Handbuch, with 
the addition that if the same series of moves be thrice repeated, 
the game may be claimed as drawn. All matters of dispute not 
settled by the rules will be decided, without appeal, by the Com- 
mittee. The reservation of the games as the property of the 
Committee does not, we hope, imply bottling them up till the 
issue, at some indefinite future period, of the Book of the Con- 
gress ; anyhow, we look upon it as a mistake, and though there 
would obviously be difficulties in the way of an impartial distribu- 
tion of the games among even the principal Chess papers and 
magazines, we do not see why the rule should not be so far relaxed 
as to allow of the plan adopted at Paris being followed, namely, to 
permit copies of the games to be made by au authorised person, 
at a fixed fee, for those who may be willing to pay for them. 
In preparation for the International Tourney in May a Masters' 
tournament is being held at the Vienna Club, in which the follow- 
ing players are taking part : Herren Czdnk, Hruby, A. Schwarz, 
Wittek, Max Weiss, Englisch, the 'brothers Fleissig, and Dr. 
Meitner. The large entrance fee of £10 was adopted for this 
tourney, in order to provide a sufiicient fund for the novel plan of 
awarding a prize for each won game. 

Herr Wittek, who distinguished himself by winning a prize at 
the Berlin tourney, has been showing his powers as a blindfold 
player by encountering at Gratz ten simultaneous opponents with- 
out seeing the boards. The result of a six hours' sitting was that 
he won six games, lost one, and three were drawn. 


Germany. — Frankfort has been chosen as the place of meeting 
of the Southwest German Chess Association for this year and 
1883, and Nuremberg will probably be the trysting place of the 
General Association of Germany next year. At the annual meet- 
ing of the Mannheim Club the President, Herr Hirsch, announced 
that the muster roll of members stood at 130 as against 120 in 
the previous year. This large number is greatly owing to the 
School of Chess, which had an attendance of 43 pupils, of whom 
26 have joined the club. The academical Chess club of Tubingen 
held a festival at the beginning of October which lasted several 
days, the proceedings consisting of two tourneys, consultation 
and skittle games, an excursion, garden entertainment, <&c. The 
winner of the chief tourney was student Rodelheimer. 

France. — The handicap ' tourney at the Cercle des Echeca 
terminated in the victory of M. Mismer of the 3rd class. 
For the second and third prizes M. M. Legrand and Vaillant 
made equal scores, and have been allowed to divide the honours. 
A new kind of handicap tourney is now in progress at the Cercle. 
No entrance fee is required for the first round, and the players of 
the same class contend together by lot ; the losers pay a fixed fine, 
but they have the right of entry to the next round on payment of 
an additional sum of 50 per cent. The amount to be paid for 
each round increases in a regular proportion arranged beforehand, 
and when the number of players is reduced to five, they compete 
in a final pool, and the three who have won the most games are to 
receive, for the first prize one half, for the second three tenths, 
and for the third one fifth of the total receipts. 

Italy. — The Academy of Chess at Rome and the Chess Cercle 
at Genoa have established winter tourneys, which are being played 
with international rules. 



This projected match is now assuming definite proportions and the 
two Counties are exchanging their views on the conditions of the 
contest Mr. Blackburne is expected to captain the Lancashire 
forces, while Mr. Watkinson has been unanimously requested to 
act in a similar capacity for Yorkshire. We believe, however, that 
neither of these gentlemen will take any part in the actual contest 
over the board. 

A meeting of Yorkshire delegates, at which Mr. Watkinson 
was present, was held at Leeds, on the 19th ulto., when the 
following ResolutioDS were adopted and forwarded to the Lancashire 
Secretary for confirmation or otherwise. 


1. — That the number of players be not less than 100 on each 

2. — That play commence at 1 o'clock, prompt, and cease at 
6 p.m., and that the Captains and Secretaries meet at 12 o'clock 
to pair off the players ; lists, with the players in their supposed 
order of strength, to be in each Captain's hands at that time. 

3. — That two games be played if practicable and that the move 
be taken alternately commencing from the first board, and that 
drawn games count half a game to each side. 

4. — That the adjudication of unfinished games be left to the two 
Captains, but if any difference of opinion should occur, that 
Mr. Steinitz be requested to act as Umpire. 

5. — That after a fair amount of time has been expended by 
any player in deliberating on his move, his opponent shall have 
power to warn him that if he has not made his move in three 
minutes he shall at the expiration of the three minutes call upon 
him to make his move within the next five minutes. 

6. — That Saturday, June 3rd, be the date of the match but that 
May 20th will be accepted if the 3rd June is inconvenient to 

7. — That Residents and Members of Clubs constitute eligi- 
bility to play for their respective Counties. 


Miss F. F. Beechey kindly offers a book prize for the best 
serious poem on Chess not to exceed in length one page of B. C. M. 
(say 40 lines). We have pleasure in promising a second prize our- 
selves, and if any of our readers care to supplement these we 
shall be glad to hear from them as soon as possible. We shall 
publish conditions, &c., in our next issue. 

We have received a copy of Mr. Cook's new edition of his 
" Synopsis," * and beg to award our meed of praise both to author 
and publisher. The latter has done his best both in printing and 
cover which is extremely neat and pleasing, and Mr. Cook has 
availed himself of the best modem sources to bring into one focus 
the principal variations in attack and defence which have been 
discovered since the last edition of his work was brought out. 
Among the authorities to which the compiler confesses his obliga- 
tions are the last edition of the Handhuch, Mr. Wayte's reviews of 

* Synopsis of the Chess Openings ; a tabulated analysis by 
William Cook. Third edition. London, W. W. Morgan, 23, 
Great Queen St. Price 3/6 ; pp. 140. 


the same, the Field and other papers, and the Yarioos Chess 
magazines. Messrs. Ranken, Freeboroiigh, and others have also 
given their assistance in several ways. We cordially recommend 
the work to all students of Chess literature. 

A match was played at Derhy on the 7th ult between the 
members of the Derbyshire Club and those of the Mechanics' 
Institute, Nottingham. The latter, notwithstanding the unavoidable 
absence of Mr. Hamel and other of their strong players, proved 
more than equal to the occasion, scoring 18 games to 14. The 
return match is arranged for the 4th inst. 

On Wednesday evening, Jan. 18th, R Thorold, Esq. paid one 
of his visits to the Hull Church Institute Chess Club and played 
simultaneous games with some of the players. There was a large 
attendance, but only 11 of the strongest players contested. 
Messrs. Trumble and Pulgford won their games ; Messrs. Crake, 
Philip, Thompson, North, and Peck lost. On account of the late 
hour four games were left unfinished. Those by Messrs. Farrow, 
Sergeant, and Little were in favour of Mr. Thorold, that of Mr. 
Bean against that gentleman. 

Stkathmore Club. — Head Quarters, Blairgowrie, Perthshire. 
President, Dr. J. C. Rattray ; Secretary, Rev. F. W. Davis. 
This Club commenced the season with two or three tournaments. 
Then Blairgowrie played Coupar Angus — result, B. 12 games ; 
C. A. 4 games ; and 1 drawn. A match (who first scored 7 games 
to be winner) has just been concluded between the Rev. F. W. Davis, 
of Blairgowrie, and Mr. J. R. Torry, of Coupar Angus. Score — 
Rev. F. W. Davis, 7 ; Mr. J. R. Torry, 4 ; Drawn games, 6. 

A serious difi*erence of opinion having arisen between tha 
editors of the Field and the Chess-Monthly regarding their respec- 
tive comments on the Zukertort and Blackburne match games, 
Mr. Steinitz has astonished the Chess world by issuing a challenge 
to Messrs Zukertort and H offer offering to play them both in 
consultation for a stake of not less than i^lOO nor more than £250 
a side. He will either give them the odds of two games out of the 
first winner of eleven, or take similar odds himself, or play even. 
Time limit 15 moves an hour ; two games to be played every week. 
Whatever may be the merits of the controversy between these 
Chess giants, the public will at any rate be the gainer by the 
splendid specimens of play which are sure to result if the match 
comes off. 


G. Parr, 10/-, R. W., 8/-, J. P. Lea, Qj^, J. Pierce, M.A., 5/-, 
E. Ridpath, 4/6, W. Parratt, 4/-, J. W. Shaw, 2/6, W. Atkinson, 2/-, 
J. A. Miles, 2/-. 




Played on the 5th September at the Berlin Chess Congress. 

(French Game.) 


(Mr. Schwarz.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 P to K 5 (a) 

5 Q Kt to K 2 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 P to K B 4 

8 Kt to Kt 3 

9 Kt to B 3 

10 P to Q R 3 (d) 

11 PtoKt4 

12 Q tks Q Kt P 

13 Q to B 2 

14 B to Q 3 

15 Kt to K 2 

16 P to K R 4 

17 Kt to Kt 5 

18 B takes P 

19 B tks P ch (0 

20 K takes B 

21 Q to Q 3 

22 P to R 4 


(Mr. Mason.) 
PtoK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
K Kt to Q 2 
P to Q B 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to Kt 2 
P to B 5 (e) 
P tks P en pass 
Kt to R 4 
R to Q B sq 
P to K R 4 (g) 
Q B to R 3 (h) 
B takes Kt 
KtoK 2 
Q to B 5 ch (J) 
R to R 3 (k) 
Kt from Kt sq 
to B3 


(Mr. Schwarz*) (Mr. Mason.) 
23 Q takes Q (Z) Kt takes Q 

24 P to B 5 

25 B takes Q P 

P takes P 
Kt from B 

to R4 
BtoKt 2 
R to K B sq 
R to Kt 3 

26 R to B sq 

27 R takes P 

28 Kt to B 7 

29 B to Kt 5 ch K to Q 2 

30 K to Q 3 (m) R to Q B sq 

31 R to K sq R to B 2 (n) 

32 P to K 6 ch K to K sq 

33 B to K B 4 R to B sq 

34 Kt to Q 6 ch Kt takes Kt 

35 B takes Kt B to B 3 

36 B to B 3 (o) K to Q sq 

37 B takes P R to R 3 

38 P to K 7 ch B takes P 

39 B takes B ch K to B 2 

40 B to Kt 5 R to R 2 

41 B to B 4 ch K to Kt 2 

42 R tks Kt (p) R to K B sq 

43 B to B 3 ch K to B sq 

44 R to K B 6 and Black resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a J Although successful in the present game, this mode of 
pursuing the attack in the French opening is now known to be 
unsatisfactory, White's centre, sooner or later, being sure to be 
broken up, with proper play. 

(b) This blocks the Queen's egress, and appears to us inferior 
to either playing B to K 2, followed soon by Castles and P to 
K B 3, or exchanging Pawns, and obtaining a speedier development 
by checking with the B at Kt 5. 

(cj A good move, confining the action of the White Kt, and 
pi'cvcnting P to B 5, 


(d) Unnecessary, and therefore weak ; the Bishops should be 
planted at K and Q 3, for if then Black exchanged Pawns, and 
played Kt to Et 5, White could reply with B to Q Kt sq, and then 
P to Q R 3. 

(e) Taking the best advantage of his opponent's last move. 

(f) With the object of getting rid of the adverse K B by 
B to R 3, and then establishing his Kt at B 5, but the manoeuvre 
puts his Kt too far out of play. 

(g) This renders his K's side weak ; he should either carry 
out his previous intention of B to Q R 3, or else guard against the 
advance of the R P by B to K Kt 2. 

(h) Too late, R to Kt sq seerns now the best. 

(i) Kt takes B P looks more potent. 

ij) Endeavouring to annul the attack by an exchange of 
Queens, which White is quite ready to accept. 

(k) R to B 3 is better, leaving the K R 3 open for the Bishop. 

(I) We prefer P to B 5 at once. 

(m) Very good, because it compels Black to unpin the Kt, 
and opens the K file to his Q R. 

(n) There is obviously nothing to be done. 

(o) Doubling the Rooks would be more decisive, for Black is 
mated if he moves the Bishop, and if he play 36 R to Q sq, then 
would follow 37 B to B 7, R to B sq, 38 B to K 5. 

(p) An artistic finish. 


Played in the First Class Tourney of the Counties Chess 

Association at Leamington. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Rev. J. Owen.) (Mr. Cook.) 

1 Kt to K B 3 P to K 3 

2 P to K 3 Kt to K B 3 
3PtoQ4 PtoQ4 

4 B to Q 3 P to Q R 3 (a) 

5 Kt to Q 2 (6) P to B 4 

6 P to B 3 Kt to B 3 

7 Castles B to Q 3 (c) 

8 P to K 4 P takes Q P 

9 B P takes P P takes P 

10 Kt takes P B to K 2 

11 P to K R 3 (c?) Castles 


(Rev. J. Owen.) (Mr. Cook.) 

12 KttoB3 PtoQKt4(e) 

13 P to R 3 B to Kt 2 

14 B to K 3 K to R sq (/) 

15 Q to K 2 KttoQR4(^) 

16 Q R to Q sq R to B sq 

17 Kt to K 5 B tks R P (h) 

18 B to K Kt 5 B to K 2 

19 B takes Kt B takes B 

20 Q to R 5 P to Kt 3 

21 BtksKKtP BP takes B 

22 Kt takes P ch K to Kt sq 


23 Kt takes R K takes Kt (2) 

24 P to Q 5 (j) P takes P 

25 Kt takes P B takes Kt (k) 

26 R takes B Q to K 2 

27 K R to Q sq Q to B 2 (Z) 

28 Q to B 5 R to K sq 

29 R to Q 7 B to K 2 

30 Q to K 5 (m) Kt to B 5 

31 Q to R 8 ch Q to Kt sq 

32 Q to Q 4 Q to Kt 2 

33 Q to K 4 Kt to K 4 (n) 

34 R to B 7 (o) K to Kt sq 

35 K to R sq (p) Q to B 3 

36 P to B 4 Kt to Kt 3 

37 R to K sq (q) RtoKBsq (r) 

38 R to B 6 Q to B 2 

39 R tks Kt ch P takes R 

40 Q takes B Q takes Q 

41 R takes Q R takes P. 

42 R to K 6 K to B 2 

Given up as drawn, (s) 

Notes by C. E. Rankek. 

(^aj This seems unnecessary, P to Q B 4 may safely be 
played at once. 

(h) We do not admire the style of this and White's next 
move, but he redeems it presently by the advance of his K P. 

(cj B to K 2 was better. 

(d) If this was meant as a preparation for B to K 3, it looks 
like loss of time, as the Kt can attack the B at Q 4. 

(ej We should have been inclined to play Kt to Q Kt 5 here, 
in order to get the Kt to Q 4. 

(/) And now P to Kt 5 strikes us as best ; the text move is 
by no means good. 

fg) Black's game suffers from the effect of this weak move 
for a long time, but it is not easy to say what he should have done ; 
perhaps Kt to Q 4, followed by P to K B 4 or B to B 3, was his 
proper course. 

(h) He has no time to win this Pawn, and should rather have 
directed his efforts to the protection of his weak K's quarters, 
Mr. Owen now commences a vigorous and well-sustained attack. 

(i) Q takes Kt was certainly to be preferred, threatening Q 
to Kt 2 ; if White then played R to Q 3, Black had a sufficient 
answer in R to B 2. 

(jj An embarrassing move for Black ; his best reply we 
believe was to capture the Kt, for if then P took P, the Q could 
go to B 3, and after P takes B, Q to Kt 3 would force the exchange 
of Queens, and get rid of the attack 

(k) This necessarily brings White's Rooks into activity, but 
it would be dangerous to delay taking the Kt, for in answer to B 
takes P, or K to Kt sq, White would play K R to K sq. 

(!) Black's position is very difficult, but this move should 
have cost him the game, e.g,, Q to B 2, 28 Q to Kt 4 (threatening 
Q to Q Kt 4 ch, as well as'to take theR), R to B 5 (if Q to Q B 2, 
then Q to B 5), 29 R to Q 8 cb, B takes R, 30 R takes B ch, K to 



K 2, 31 Q to Kt 5 ch, K to K 3 (if Q to B 3, then R to K 8 cb, 
&c.\ 32 Q to Q 5 ch, K to B 3, 33 R to Q 6 ch, and wins the 

(mj Q to K 4 was, perhaps, stronger, if then the Kt went to 
B 5, White could continue with K R to Q 3. 

(n) At last the Kt comes again into action, and from this 
point we think Black has a safe draw. 

(oj R to R 7 was better. 

(p) Black's last move was not good, and White now intends 
to take advantage of it by advancing his B P, which he cannot 
safely do tiU he has removed his King. We believe, however, 
that he had a shorter and better method thus, 35 R to K sq, Kt to 
Kt 3, 36 P to R 4, P to K R 4 (this seems forced) 37 R to K 3, 
and White must win a piece. 

(q) R to B 6 would be answered by Q to R 5, and if 37 P to 
B 5 then Kt to K 4, 38 R to K sq, B to Q 3, &c. 

(r) Giving up the piece was perhaps the best course, for K to 
B sq would have entailed further trouble. 

(sj The patient skill with which on the whole Mn Cook has 
fought this difficult ending fully deserved the result he obtained. 
It is fair to add that he was considerably handicapped in this 
tourney by having daily to travel to Birmingham and back on 


Played Nov. 30th, 1881, in the Oxford University v, Birmingham 


(Irregular Opening. 


(Mr. Cook.) 

1 Kt to K B 3 

2 P to K 3 

3 P to Q Kt 3 

4 B to Kt 2 

5 B to K 2 

6 Castles 

7 Kt to K 5 (b) 

8 P to K B 4 

9 B to K B 3 

10 P to Q 3 

11 Kt to Q 2 

12 P to K 4 (d) 


(Mr. Rank en.) 
Kt to K B 3 
P to K 3 
Bto K 2 
B to Kt 2 
P to Q B 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to Q 2 
K Kt tks Kt 


(Mr. Cook.) 

13 B takes Kt 

14 B to Kt 4 

15 Q to B 3 

16 Q to R 3 (g) 

17 P to B 5 

18 P takes P 

19 R takes R 


(Mr. Ranken.) 
P to Q 5 (e) 
P to B 3 (/) 
Kt to Q sq 
P takes B 
R takes R ch 
Q to K sq 
R to B 2 (h) 

20 Kt to B 4 

21 Kt takes K P B to Kt 4 (i) 

22 R to B 7 (j) B to K 6 ch 

23 K to R sq Kt takes R 

24 P takes Kt ch R takes P 



25 B to K 6 

26 Kt takes R 

27 Q to B 3 

28 B to Q 5 

29 Kt to K 5 

K to B sq (A;) 
B to B sq (l) 
K to K 2 
B to Kt 2 (m) 
B takes B 
K toQ 3 

30 P takes B 

31 KttoB7ch(w)KtoK2 

32 Kt to K 5 B to Kt 4 

33 Q to K 4 (o) K to Q 3 

34 Kt to B 4 ch K to Q 2 

35 Q to B 5 ch K to B 2 

36 P to Q 6 ch 

37 Kt to K 5 

38 P to Q 7 (q) 

39 Kt to B 7 

K to Kt sq (p) 
Q to Kt sq 
K toB 2 

40 Q to K 6 and wins. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) P to Q B 4 was perhaps better. 

(bj This is here altogether premature, but it is a move 
which Mr. Cook is rather fond of making in close games as earlj 
as possible. 

(cj The location of the Q R at this square afterwards causes 
Black much trouble ; he would have done better doubtless to play 
Kt to Q 2 at once. 

(d) An oversight which must cost at least a Pawn ; he should 
first exchange Knights, or play P to Q 4. 

fe) It is very questionable whether Black was justified in 
going in to win the piece, which, curiously enough, Mr. Cook did 
not see could be entrapped when he retook Kt with B. Black had 
a sufficiently good course in 13 Kt takes B, 14 P takes Kt, P takes 
P, 15 B takes P, B takes B, 16 Kt takes B, Q to Q 5 ch, &c. 

(fj Here again, we believe, Black would have done much 
better in playing thus, 15 P to K B 4, 16 B to R 3, Kt takes B, 
1 7 P takes Kt, P to K Kt 4, 18 P to K Kt 4 (the only way to 
avoid the loss of a piece), P takes K P, <kc. 

(gj From this point Mr. Cook begins a cleverly sustained 
attack, which ultimately is rewarded with victory. 

(hj Black obviously cannot defend the K P with Kt, on 
account of R to B 7, but he might have played his Q to Kt 3, and 
then to R 3 on the Kt taking the Pawn. 

(i) Mr. Ranken feared to keep out the Rook by B to B 3, on 
account of the reply B to B 5, upon which, if Black played P to 
Kt 3, White could simply take it with his B, but was there any- 
valid reason why B to B 5 should not be answered by P to K R 3 /J 

(jj An excellent move, to which there seems to be no satis- 
factory reply ; if R to K 2, White can answer with B to R 5. 

(kj Here, however. Black fails to make the most of his 
defensive resources ; he should have played B to B sq, upon which 
if B takes R ch, the K goes to B sq, and White will come out 
with no advantage beyond his exti'a Pawn. 

(I J Playing the B here now, instead of at the previous move, 
makes all the difference, for now White can take the Rgok with 
Kt, and maintain a successful attack. 



(m) A last attempt to draw by obtaining Bishops of opposite 
cx>lours, but P to K Kt 4, followed by B to Q 2 if the Kt went to 
K 5, was probably better. 

(n) Kt to B 4 ch is the correct move, winning another Pawn. 

(o) And here he had only to play Q to B 5, and Black might 
have at once resigned, e.g.j 33 Q to B 5, K to Q 3 (if B to B 3, 
White wins the Q by Q to K 6 ch, and if Q to R 4, White mates 
in two moves), 34 Q takes B, and now if Q takes Kt, 35 Q to Q 8 

(p) K to B 3 gave Black just a little more chance perhaps. 

(q) White now finishes off in masterly style. 


Played between the winners of the first and second prizes in the 

late Italian National Tourney at Milan. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Sig. Salvioli.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to K 4 (a) 

3 B to Q 3 (c) 

4 B takes P 

5 B to Q 3 

6 Kt to K B 3 

7 P to K R 3 

8 P to K Kt 4 

9 Kt to B 3 (e) 

10 Q P takes P 

1 1 Kt takes Kt 

12 Q to K 2 

13 B to Q 2 

14 Castles Q R 


(Sig. Zannoni.) 
P to K B 4 
P to Q 3 {h) 
P takes P 
Kt to K B 3 
B to Kt 5 
Bto B 2 
P to K 4 (/) 
Kt takes P 
P takes Kt 
BtoQ 3 
Q to K 2 
Castles Q R 
P to K R 3 {g) 

15 K R to K sq 

16 P to K B 3 {h) K R to K sq 

17 B to K 3 {i) B to Q Kt 5 

18 B to Q 2 

19 B to Q B 4 

20 Q takes B 

21 Q takes R 

22 R takes Q 

23 Kt to Kt 5 

24 K takes B 

25 R to K sq 

K to Kt sq 
B takes B 
R to Q 5 
P takes Q 
R takes R 
B tks B ch {j) 
P to Q B 4 
R takes R {k) 


(Sig. Salvioli.) 

26 K takes R 

27 Kt to Q 6 

28 K to Q 2 


(Sig. Zannoni.) 
Kt to Q 4 (/) 
Kt to K 6 (m) 
P to Q R 3 

29 P to Q Kt 3 K to R 2 

30 K to Q 3 (w) Kt to Kt 7 

31 KttoK B 5 [o] P to K Kt 4 

32 K to Q 2 (p) Kt to B 5 

33 P to K R 4 (g) P takes R P 

34 KttksPatR4 Kt to K 3 

35 Kt to B 5 Kt to K Kt 4 

36 Kt tks R P (r) Kt tks B P ch 

37 K to Q 3 

38 Kt to B 5 

39 Kt to Q 6 

40 Kt to K 4 

41 Kt to Q 2 

Kt to K Kt 4 
P to Q Kt 4 
K to Kt 3 
Kt to K 3 
Kt to K Kt 4 

42 PtoQKt4(fi) KttoK 3 
43KtoK4 KttoKt4ch(0 

44 K to Q 5 P takes P 

45 Kt to K 4 Kt to K B 6 

46 P to Kt 5 Kt to R 5 

47 Kt to Q 2 (w) K to R 4 

48 K takes P K to R 5 and 
the game was declared drawn. 


[We give the foregoing game, which is taken from La Nuova 
Rivista degli Scacchi, not so much for its intrinsic merits, though 
the ending is very interesting, as because it affords a specimen of 
the play of the chief winners in the tourney, one of whom, Sig. 
Zannoni, is said to be only 18 years of age.] 

Notes by Sia. Salvioli, Translated and Revised by C. E. 


(a J Mr. Steinitz holds P to K Kt 3 to be the best continuation, 
but the text move, which was favoured by Staunton, is perfectly 
safe, and has the advantage of transforming the game into an open 
one, at least on the part of White. 

(bj The usual and preferable course is to take the Pawn, on 
which follows 3 Kt to Q B 3, Kt to K B 3, 4 B to K Kt 5, <fec. 

(cj This loses time by enabling Black to attack the B ; Kt to 
Q B 3 is the correct play. (C. E. R.) 

(d) The Kt would be better posted at B 3, threatening Kt 
takes P or B takes Kt, and also P to K 4. The game is singularly 
like a P and move opening, except that White has no K P. 

(ej White should have followed up his advance by Kt to Kt 5 
here ; if Black then moved his B to Q 4, White could not safely 
sacrifice his Rook, but he would Castle with a very strong attack, 
as the Kt could not at present be dislodged. (C. E. R.) 

(f) This secures a speedy development, but it leaves him with 
an isolated Pawn hard to defend ; we therefore prefer P to Q B 4. 

(gj Loss of time, he should bring the K R to K sq at once. 

(hj Failing to take advantage of his opponent's- last move ; 
instead of the weak advance of the P to B 3 he ought to have 
played it to B 4, with an excellent game. 

(ij Another waste of valuable time, the proper course was B 
to Q B 4, in order to safeguard his K's quarters, and bring his Q 
into greater activity. (C. E. R.) 

(jj B to B 4 would of course be answered by B to B 3, 
winning a Pawn. (C. E. R.) 

(kj Black would have done better to avoid this exchange by 
R to Q 2, for now the White Kt takes up a strong position. 

(IJ Kt to K sq was the correct move, keeping out the adverse 
Kt from the important post at K 6, and enabling him presently by 
P to Q R 3 to drive it back, and bring up his K into the centre, 
which afterwards he is prevented from doing by the threatened 
check at K 8. (C. E. R.) 

(m) Either this or Kt to K 2 is necessary here, for if Kt to 
B 5, White also plays Kt to B 5, and the exchange of Pawns is to 
the disadvantage of Black. (C. E. R.) 



Black (Sig. Zannoni.) 

White (Sig. Salvioli.) 

(n) If we mistake not, White would win at this stage of the 
game (which we illustrate with a diagram), hj advancing his 
K R P, e.g., 32 P to K R 4. It is evident that Black must now 
prevent the Pawn from going on to R 5, and he has only two 
methods of doing so. In the first place suppose P to K Kt 3. 
Then 31 Kt to B 7, Kt to Kt 7 best (if P to K R 4, 32 Kt to K 5, 
K to R 2 or Kt sq, 33 P to Kt 5, &c.), 32 Kt takes P, Kt takes P, 
33 P to K B 4, K to Kt 3, 34 K to Q 3, K to B 3, 35 K to K 4, 
K to Q 3, 36 P to B 5, K to K 2, 37 P to Kt 6 and wins. 
Secondly, if Black play 30 P to K R 4, then 31 P takes P, K to 
Kt 3, 32 K to Q 3, K to B 3, 33 Kt to K 8, Kt to B 4, 34 Kt 
takes P, Kt takes P (if Kt takes Kt, 33 P to R 6, and wins), 
35 K to K 4, K to Q 2, 36 P to K B 4, and wins. (C. K R.) 

(o) White may apparently still win here by 31 K to K 4, for 
he need not be afraid of losing his Q B P by 31 Kt to K 8, as his 
K can always stop Black's Q P. (C. E. R.) 

(p) This weak move throws away yet another chance of 
winning ; he ought undoubtedly to have taken the Pawn, and 
then whether Black checked at B 5 or K 8, he should boldly 
play his K to K 4. 

(q) White's over-caution and timidity mar his success ; 
again Kt takes P, followed by Kt to B 7 must have ensured him 
the victory. (C. E. R.) 



(r) Here, however, K to K 2 was better than taking the 
Pawn. (C. E. R.) 

(s) We have had occasion to find so much fault with White's 
play that we are the more glad to be able to commend this and 
his next move. (C. E. R.) 

(t) A useless check, to which his opponent should have 
replied with 43 K to B 5, and 44 K to B 6 if the Kt went 
to B 2. (C. E. R.) 

(li) He can do no more than draw now, for if he attempt to win 
he will lose, e.g., 47 K to K 6, K to B 3, 48 K to B 6, K to 
Q 4, 49 Kt to Q 2, P to R 4, 50 P to Kt 5, Kt takes P, 51 K 
takes Kt, P to R 5, 52 K to B 5, P to Q 6 ! 53 P takes P, K to 
Q 5, and Black must win. (C. E. R.) 


We take from the Strategie the following game played by the 
winner of the Second French National Tourney, Dec, 1881. 

(Sicilian Opening.) 


(M. Chamier.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 P to Q 4 

5 Kt takes P 

6 Kt tks Kt (a) 

7 B to Q 3 

8 B to Q 2 (&) 

9 Castles 

10 P to K B 4 

1 1 P takes P {d) 

12 Q to K sq 

13 Q to Kt 3 

15 B to K Kt 5 

16 K to R sq {g) 


(M. Clerc.) 
P to Q B 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
PtoK 3 
P takes P 
Kt to B 3 
Kt P takes Kt 
B to Kt 5 
P to K 4 (c) 
P toQ 3 
Kt to Kt 5 (e) 
Kt takes K P 
BtoK 3 
Kt to Kt 3 
Q to Kt 3 ch 
B takes Kt 


(M. Chamier.) 
17 P takes B 
18P toQB4(Zt) 

19 B to K 3 

20 Q to B 2 

21 Q R to Kt sq 

22 Q to Q 2 

23 R to B 5 {j) 

24 P takes B 

25 B to K B 4 

26 P to Q B 3 

27 Q takes Q 

28 B to K 4 

29 B to Q 5 ch 

30 B to K 6 

31 R to Kt 8 


(M. Clerc.) 
Q to B 4 
P to K B 3 
Q toK4 
P to Q B 4 
R to B 2 {i) 
Q R to K B sq 
B takes R 
Kt to K 2 {k) 
Qto Q5 
Q takes Q B 
Kt to B sq 
R toK 2 
K to R sq 
Q R to K sq 

Notes by M. Rosenthal, Revised by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) White has two other modes of attack equally good, viz., 
6 K Kt to Kt 5, followed by P to Q R 3 on the Bishop pinning 
the Kt, and 6 B to K 2, a move often adopted by Mr. Zukertort. 

(6) Unnecessary, for White has nothing to fear from the 
doubling of the Pawns at this point of the opening ; the right 


play was to Castle, for if then B took Kt, there would follow 
9 Ptakes B, Castles, 10 B to R 3, P to Q 3 (if R to K sq, 11 B to 
Q 6, with a winning position), 11 P to K 5, Kt to K sq, 12 P 
takes P with the advantage, for Black cannot now retake the Pawn 
without losing a piece. 

(c) A weak move, which hinders him for the rest of the game 
from advancing his P to Q 4 ; the latter at once was preferable. 

(d) P to B 5, limiting the action of Black's Q B, and 
threatening afterwards to push on the K Kt P, was stronger ; if 
Black then played P to Q 4, White could reply with Q to K 2. 

(e) A very good move, which ought to give Black the best 

(/) Lost time ; why not play simply K to R sq 1 

(g) But here, instead of K to R sq, he should interpose the 
Bishop, for now the doubling of the Pawns is bad for him. 

(h) If B to K 3, Black would of course not take the doubled 
P, but play Q to K 4. (C. E. R.) 

(i) Black ought to take advantage of his superior disposition 
of Pawns by opposing his Q R at Kt sq here ; the game might 
then proceed thus, 22 R to Kt 3, R to Kt 3, 23 K R to Q Kt sq, 
K R to Kt sq, 24 P to Q R 4, R takes R, 26 P takes R, Q to B 6, 
26 B to B 2, Kt to K 4, &c. 

(j) A pretty combination, though we have some doubts as to 
its being strictly sound. (C. E. R.) 

(k) A mistake which costs his Queen ; the only move was 
Kt to R sq. 


V. Peyras, Aix. — Your New Year's greeting duly arrived, and 
we heartily reciprocate the good wishes implied by the enclosure. 

Problem Department. 

L. W. S., Wareham. — We think the 5-move sui-mate is better 
without the added clause. As White can mate at once there is no 
use in asking for a mate on move 5. The other is too crowded. 
Can you not modify this somewhat ? It is otherwise decidedly good. 

C. W., Aden.— Search has bean made for the 6-er by J. G. itt 
the volumes of I. L. N. mentioned, but without effect. Is it 
exactly or only approximately the same as th^ Problem in B., and 
can you suggest any other date ] 

A. L. S., Clevedon. — The only " edition " of Loyd*s Problems 
we know of is that named in our last number, although some 
hundreds of his earlier compositions are to be found in American 
Chess Nuts. 

A. D., Marseilles. — Can you favour us with M. LepretteFs 
address *? 



(In No. v., the last word of the first line should be mete instead of 



fBy tJie bereaved Composer. J 

Dear child who promised to surpass 

All that I fondly wished, 
Where is that tourney prize *? Alas ! 

You!re cooked and / am " dished." 


A " Reverend Seignior " asks us to compress 

Into four lines a funeral oration. 
We'll try in two — " In problems, as in Chess, 

Inaccuracy merits condemnation." 


Here lies your problem cooked. 

The moral— That it 
Had lived had you but looked 

More closely at it ! 


My task in life — to puzzle and deceive — 
It seems I have accomplished but too well. 

My soundness making many folks believe, 
Though nothing better than a rotten shell. 


Of *' unkissed kisses " crazy poets sing, 

For want of being " tunded " when they ought, 

But why to light should this Chess-poet bring 
An " unthunk thought " ] 


'Tis but my outer husk that here is laid, 

My spirit still is free, for any that require her : 

And only i^aits an artist to be made 

Again, as 'twas before, admired of each admirer. 


Here lies buried a beautiful thought, 

The victim of gross inattention ! 
May not its author thus be taught 

To verify his next invention ] 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 

Our Solution and Review Competition for 1881 has now come to 
a conclusion and the following is the award : 

1st Prize, £2 2s. Od H. Blanchard, Lancaater. 

2nd „ La Nuova Rivista for 12 months W. Jay, London* 

3rd „ Gossip's Theory of the Openings,,^, Worters, Canterbury. 
4th „ The B. C. M. for 12 months..?. Le Page, Jun., Guernsey. 
5th „ Collins's Chess Problems H. Gearing, Guernsey. 

It is our pleasing duty to congratulate Mr. Blanchard upon his 
excellent score in this contest, he having solved all the problems 
with the partial exception of No. 22, in which, although giving all 
other variations correctly, he bracketed the mainplay as solvable 
in a manner not in accordance with the composer's intention. 

Apart from No. 22, Mr. Blanchard's total score, including 
cooks, is 82» Mr. W. Jay, who only missed Nos. 2 and 32, has 
also been very successful in finding second solutions. His total is 
80, and that of Mr. Worters 77. Between the winners of the 
4th and 5th Prizes there is but a very slight shade of difference. 
Both these gentlemen would have scored considerably more had 
they not systematically declined all sui-mates. 

Several competitors, who figured prominently in earlier stages 
of the contest, have from various causes not " been in at the 
death ; " notably, Messrs. Laws, Lea, " Gamma," and " Mercutio." 
While regretting this result, we are not without hopes that the 
series of shorter tourneys inaugurated in Vol. 2 may produce far 
more lively and interesting contests by keeping a goodly number of 
competitors together from start to finish. 

The first instalment of problems in the ** C. W. of Sunbury " 
Tourney appears in the present number. For the discovery of the 
greatest number of " cooks " two small book prizes are offered. 

La Nuova Rimsta degli Scacchi Fourth Problem Tourney. 
The following is the award : 

1st Prize, Motto — Jeanie Deans, 
2nd „ „ Simplicitas. 

3rd „ „ NapolL 

Honourable mention to the sets : EnricOy Margheritay God save the 
Queerif Heureux le peuphf <fec., Vittoiia, and Scaccomania, in the 
order named. The judge. Signer Valle, in the course of an 
interesting report, humorously and aptly compares the thraldom of 
a fixed Black King in certain " block " two-movers to the position 
of a Czar surrounded with Nihilists ! We quote the 1st Prize 
problem. (See next page). 

c 3 


The Boys' Newspaper again comes forward with liberal tourney 
prizes for the benefit of readers under 20 years of age. Books to 
the value of £5 to be divided equally between a half-yearly solution 
and a problem competition are offered. None but two-movers will 
be eligible, one of which must be sent in on or before March Ist. 
For further pnrticulnrs see the S. N. for January 4tb, Address, 
172, Strand, W.C. 

The Jamaica Family Jouniil Two-move Tonmey. Mr, F. C. 
Collins haa awarded the first prize to V. Ariano, and the second to 
Miss F. F. Beechey, whose problem, ti^other with a poetical 
solution by the authoress, vq have here the pleasure of quoting. 
The special " Flight Square " Prize was gained by Mr. J. Crake. 

Second Prize in the Jamaica Fumily lat Prize in the Nuova Riviela 
Journal Problem Touruey, hv Fourth Problem Tourney. 

Miss F. F. Beechey. Motto, "Astbo're." Motto, " Jeanie Deans." 

White to pliiy and mute in two mofes. White to play and mate in two moves. 


{Solution to " Asthore.") 

The hope of victory, that shone so bright before mine eyes, 

Has vanished like the rainbow tints that span the April skies. 

Alone. I stand upon the field, with but four soldiers blare, 

The foe is pressing close and strong, what can the day now save t 

I've built my "oaatles in the air" — 'rail visions of the pnat, 

I've tried toactapon the " sqiinre " — yet "checkmate comes at last. 

Courage, brave soldiera, do not faint, am fear a threat'ning Pawn, 

Remember how the darkest (K)night precedes the early dawn. 

I saw iriy own bravB Qneen — so true — e'en faU before my sight, 

A victim lo the fatal apear of yonder daring Enight, 

(Black Kt exclaims) Oh, Sire, hut see, he now retires and loaves four outlets 

Oh, haste away, I'll guard your jiatli while yet there's time to flee. 


Alas ! Good Knight, 'tis bat a rase, my life thoa cans't not save. 
If bttt a single step I take, 'tis to a certain grave. 
We can but bravely fight and die with honour on our side, 
"Pro patria mori" be our cry whilst flows the crimson tide. 

F. F. B. 


Dear Chess, I sing a lay to thee — 

A noble theme for minstrelsy ; 

To thy famed science much I owe. 

What happy hours thou canst bestow ! 

How many friends I hold most dear, 

In thy charmed circle all appear. 

May " Happy Christmas " each them bless, 

And " New Year " bring them fresh success. 

F. F. B. 
The first post on Jan. 6th, brought solutions from D. Cudmore, 
Dublin, and F. A. Vincent, London, As we opened Mr. Cudmore's 
letter first, we awarded the prize, Brentano for December, to him, 
and have also sent Morphy*8 End-Ganie8^ as a second prize, to Mr. 
Vincent. Later on in the day solutions were received from J. A. 
Miles, Fakenham ; W. E. Hill, Bath ; J. Keeble, Norwich ; Miss 
Payne, Abingdon ; and Mrs. G. C. Heywood, Lewisham. Solutions 
have also been received from L. W, S., Wareham ; " East Marden ;" 
P. L. P. ; K Haigh, Huddersfield ; M. W., and K. W., Hudders- 
field ; R. Bennett, Wisbech ; J. Norcross, Levenshulme ; G. A. 
Jackson, Gillingham ; Player Isaac, Cheltenham ; T. B. Rowland, 
Dublin i Rev. W. C. Green, Rugby; M. C. B., Hythe ; A. M. 
Small, Melrose ; J. 0. AUfrey^ Redhill. 

By M. Leprettel, op Marseilles. 

1 R to K 5 ch, K takes Kt, 2 B to B 3 ch, K moves, 3 Kt to 
Kt 3 dou ch, K moves, 4 Kt takes P dou ch, K takes B, 5 Q to 
Q B sq ch, Q covers, ch, 6 R takes Q ch, K moves, 7 R to Q Kt 2 
ch, K moves, 8 P takes B and becomes B, K moves, 9 R to Q R 2 
ch, K moves, 10 B to Q B 6, P one, 11 K to B 2, P one, 12 Kt to 
B sq, Any, 13 R to Q Kt 5, Any, 14 K to Q sq dis ch, K to Q 6, 
15 B to Kt 7, «kc., P one, 16 R to K 2, P takes R mate. 

We have much pleasure in awarding to M. Leprettel, for the 
above ingenious " cook," the book prize offered by Mr. Townsend. 

%* Solution of Mr. Ranken's Puzzle is unavoidably held over 
till next month. 



Problem 81, by C. Callander. — This problem admits of a second 
solution by 1 Kt to Q 5. Author's solution is reserved for the 

Problem 82, by J. J. Glynn,— 1 B to Kt sq. 

Problem 83, by C. W. of Sunbury.— 1 B to K 3, P takes B (a) 
2 Kt to Q B 5 &c. (a) 1 K takes B (6) 2 Q to K 2 &c. (b) 1 P to 
B 6, 2 K to B 2 &c. 

Problem 84, by M. Ehrenstein.— 1 Kt to B 5, K takes B (a) 2 Kt 
to K 3, K R to B 3, 3 Q to K 5 ch &o. (a) 1 R to Q sq (b) 2 Kt 
to K 3 ch, K takes B, 3 Q takes Kt P ch &c. (b) 1 B takes P (c) 
2 Kt to K 3 ch, K to B 4, 3 Q takes K P &c. (c) 1 R to Q 2, 
2 Kt to K 3 ch, K takes B, 3 Q to Kt 5 ch &c. 

Problem 85, by J. Pierce, M.A.— 1 B to K sq, K to B 5, 2 Kt 
to Q 4, R mates. 

Problem 86, by Dr. Gold.— 1 K to Kt 3, Kt takes Q or P 
Knights ch (a) 2 K to B 4 <fcc. (a) 1 K to K 5 (6) 2 Q to B 4 ch 
&c. (b) 1 Kt to R 5 or takes P &c., 2 Kt to Kt 6 ch &c. 

W. Jay, T. B. Rowland, Gamma, Locke Holt, J. P. Lea,W. E. H., 
R. Worters, H. Blanchard, E. Haigh, W. F. Wills, H. Balson, 
Sergt. Major McArthur, G. Hume, B. G- Laws, P. L. P., and 
C. J. Avling have solved Nos. 81, 82, 83, 84, 85 and 86. East 
Marden has solved all but No. 86 ; A. L. S. and C. F. Jones all but 
No. 81 ; and Jas. Young all but No. 85 ; Dead Beat has solved 
Nos. 82, 83 and 86. 

Author's solution of No. 81 received from R. Worters, H. 
Blanchard, G. Hume, and B. G. Laws ; the cook from East Marden, 
T. B. Rowland, Gamma, Locke Holt, J. Young, W. F. Wills, 
H. Balaon, Sergt. Major McArthur, P. L. P., and C. J. Avling ; 
both solutions from W. Jay, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., and E. Haigh. 

East Marden, Locke Holt, and P. L. P. wrong in 83 if 1 P takes 
B. East Marden in 86, if 2 B checks, no mate. W. Jay, 1 P to 
B 6 omitted in 83. J. Young, mate by Q to K 3 omitted in 82 
and 1 K to K 5 omitted in 86. Try 85 again. W. F. Wills, 
1. K to K 5 omitted in 86 and 1 B takes P in 84. J. P. Lea, 
R. Worters, H. Blanchard, E. Haigh, Gamma, H. Balson, and C. F. 
Jones have omitted 1 K to K 5 in No. 86. 

Note : — To save a considerable amount of work in book-keeping 
Regulation 3 is amended as follows : — A fine of half a point will 
be incurred by the omission of a variation in a two-move problem, 
of one point in a three-move problem, and one and a half points ia 
a four*move problem. 

Regulation 7. Solutions may be posted up to and including the 
18th day of the month of publication instead of the 15th. From 
Guernsey up to the 22nd. 

In reply to two or three correspondents, there is no real difficulty 


in separately scaling problems, no more in fact when using such a 
simple scale as 1 to 10 than ticketing a problem " weak," " fair," 
"rather good," &c., &c. The figure takes the place of the review 
so commonly in use. Jan. 20th, 1882. W. R. B. 


Problem 75, by C. Bayer.— 1 P to B 5 ch, Kt takes P, 2 Q to 
K 6 ch, Kt takes Q, 3 Kt to Q B 4 ch, R takes Kt, 4 R to Q 5 ch, 
K takes R, 5 R mates. 

Ingenious, but not difficult. H. Blanchard. — Mating position 
beautifully symmetrical. H. Gearing. — Although consisting of all 
checks and forced captures, its symmetrical finish is novel, pleasing, 
and pretty. Seldom this old master gives us such an easy lesson. 
W. Jay. — Not bad to produce so symmetrical a finish. P. Le 
Page, Jun. — Very masterly and difficult; move 3 is especially 
difficult. A. L. S., Clevedon. 

No. 76, by P. Economopulos. — 1 R takes P, P to B 5 ch or P 
to Q 5, 2 K to B 3 or Kt to B 3 accordingly, &c. 

Economy of force studied. The result is a pleasing problem. 
H. B. — Ingenious but rather simple. H. G. — From the nursery. 
W. J. — Easy and not much of it. P. Le P. — A curious little puzzle. 
Not so simple as it at first appears. A. L. S. 

No. 77, by J. P. Taylor. Unsound. The original version, which 
should have been printed instead, shall appear in a future number. 

No. 78, by J. Faysse P^re.— 1 R to K 2, P takes R (a), 2 Q 
to R sq, K to R 3, 3 Q to B 6 ch, &c. (a) 1 P to B 7 or K to R 3, 
2 R to K 6 or Q to R 3, (fee, with other variations. 

Beautiful, ingenious, and interesting, giving great pleasure to 
the solver. H. B. — ^A grand problem and best of the lot. H. G. — 
Very fair and not too easy. There are several near tries which 
make it interesting. Duals very plentiful. W. J. — Good, with 
some very pretty mating positions. P. Le P. — A. L. S. is wrong. 

1 Q to Q R sq will not do. 

No. 79, by J. W. Abbott.— 1 Kt to Q 5, K takes Kt {a), 2 Q to 
B 3, &c. (a) 1 K to Kt 2 {b), 2 Q to Kt 7 ch, &c. {h) 1 K to Kt 4, 

2 Q to B 6, &c. 

Pretty, neat, and easy. H. B. — Good and pretty. H. G. — 
Good, on the free King principle. Mates clean and accurate, but 
Fs on K side suggest key-move. W. J. — Nice but not very diffi- 
cult- P. Le P. — Neat, and has much variety. A. L. S. 

No. 80, by J. Rayner.— 1 Q to Kt 8. 

Interesting and pleasing. H. B. — Pretty but simple. H. G. — 
Well constructed, pleasing and correct. A good finale to the Solu- 
tion Competition, 1881. W.J. — Rather too simple. P. LeP. — Solved 
by A. L. S. — R. Worters has solved the foregoing six problems. 



No. 87.— Bt G. HUME. 

No. 88.— Br G. J. SLATER. 


White to pUj and m 

White to play nnd mate in three n 



Whita to play and mate in four moTes, 

No. 91.— Bt H. E. KTDSON. No. 92.— Bt F. af GEIJEESSTAM. 

n two moves. White to play and mate in three m 



(Condition :— Mainplay to be I Kt to Q R 5, 2 Kt to K Kt 5, 3 Q mates : 

or first two movea reveraed.) 


TFliite to play aud mat« in three moves. White to play and mate in three m 

White to play and mate in three moTea. White to play and m 

MARCH, 1882. 































First American Chess column appeared, 1845, in New York 
Spirit of the Times^ edited by C. H. Stanley. First number of 
the London ChesH World issued, 1865. Last number of do. 1869. 
Last number of the Citjf of London Chess Magazine issued, 1876. 

J. 0. H. Taylor born, 1837. John Cochrane died, 1878, 
aged 86. Match between M«8sts. Steinitz and Blackburne finished, 
1876. Score— Steinitz, 7 ; Blackburne, 0. 

0. T. Malmqvist bom, 1848. George Hammond bom, 1816. 

M. Deschapelles born, 1 780. A. Nowotny died, 1871, aged 42. 

[Ernest Morphy died, 1874, aged 67. 

J. I. Minchin bom, 1825. W. Grimshaw bom, 1832. 
Herr Anderssen died, 1879, aged 60. 

Major Von Jaeuisch died, 1872, aged 58. Dr. B. Raphael 

[died, 1880. 
Herr Kling born, 1811. Earl of Ravensworth died, 1878, 

[aged 81. 

California Chess Congress opened, 1858. 

Capt. Mackenzie born, 1837. Match between City of Lon- 
don and St. George's Chess Clubs, 1881. Score — St. George's, 12 ; 

[City, 9. 

Von Kempelen (inventor of Automaton) died, 1804, aged 70. 
First Match between Oxford and Cambridge, 1873. 

George William, 4th Lord Lyttelton, born, 1817. 




Half 3rd Prize, £1, Rev. H. W. Hodgson, Ashwell, Herts. 


Motto — " Labor ipse voluptas.** 

My field of battle is a little square, 

Inlaid with lesser panels, dark or fair, 

I love not wars 'twixt brothers of one blood, 

Of ebony my men and light boxwood ; 

Of ivory some, and some of polished bone. 

Like dragons' teeth by Theban Cadmus sown. 

Their colours those in Beauty's cheeks that blend 

When counter passions there for sway contend, 

Milk-white and red — hues of those roses twain 

Whence teemed fair England's fields with English slain. 

Ah ! who'd have thought that flow'rets sweet as they 

Had blushed or bloomed so fair on prickly spray 1 

Chess is the perfect rose without a thorn. 

From Indian bowers, in days far distant, shorn, 

A cause of conflict, but with pointless spears, 

This feud is followed by no widows' tears ; 

The Chessmen fall, to rise to vigorous life. 

The puppet pieces join in bloodless strife. 

Enchanting game ! how oft thy magic power 
Hath whiled away for me the tedious hour. 
How oft exempt from cares, from duties free. 
Beneath some arbour's shade, or spreading tree. 
Or when the wave hath quenched Sol's fiery rays. 
Before the wintry faggot's crackling blaze, 
Have I enjoyed thy scientific lore. 
And planned the tactics of thy mimic war. 

How sweet to sit — unlock th' imprisoned host, 
And place each passive warrior at his post. 
Then open wide my B. C. Magazine, 
And con the games there chronicled between 
Caissa's choicest champions of the day, 
And learn from them the principles of play. 
What faults to shun, at what perfections aim. 
How best begin, best finish off the game. 


Make study of the theory of Chess, 

The combinations that command success, 

Cret all the axioms of the game by heart. 

The rules and maxims that the Books impart, 

Digest the notes at bottom of the page, 

The praise or strictures of the critic sage, 

Mark well the source whence complications spring, 

The fatal endings bad beginnings bring. 

The cramped position that too late doth prove 

The certain loss entailed by one lost moye. 

Or move in haste, or prematurely made — 

Ah ! haste by slow repentance surely paid, 

And trace each latent cause of final fate, 

Of check, or stale, or forced, or smothered mate. 

How doubly sweet to bear into the field 
The conscious strength Chess studies only yield, 
Proclaim the war, and with some pensive friend 
In games of mental rivalry contend. 
To feel the thrilling sense of actual war 
Without effusion of the soldier's gore. 
The flushing glow that victory inspires. 
Without its plunder, massacre and fires ; 
Or, should defeat my hapless arms attend. 
To hail the smiling victor as my friend, 
The palmy prize without abasement yield. 
And bear my cohorts scathless from the field. 

Ah ! when will nations, linked in love, restrain 
Their martial ardour, fraught with grief and pain, 
How long, alas ! how long shall widows mourn 
Their husbands in the rending battle torni 
How long shall childless mothers curse the day 
That swept the solace of their homes away 1 
Repeal the crimson code ye senators, 
Cut short the reign of desolating wars, 
Or. if you must your mutual wrongs redress, 
Desist from war, and have recourse to Chess, 
Make Chess henceforth your sole arbitrament, 
Then fight your battles to your heart's content. 

Wide is the field for dark schemes and finesse, 
For "all is fair in love, and war," and Chess, 
Might over Right in life may mastery gain. 
But never on the even chequered plane, 
Here strength prevails not — often crowned with bays. 
The dwarf, in fight of skill, the giant slays, 
For Science, seated on her umpire throne. 
Awards the prize to intellect alone. 


Here too can noblest victory be gained, 
Self-conquest ; temperas smouldering spark restrained. 
Oft, as the tempest gathers from the breeze, 
Rises incipient passion by degrees, 
At first a scornful lip, and flashing eye 
Prepare for ruder breach of courtesy, 
Soon comes the final crash ; the warriors fall, 
Down, down go table, pieces, pawns and all, 
j" You hardly dare announce the coming mate, 
< Lest rashly flying in the face of fate, 
( You feel the Chessboard battered on your pate. 

A Paynim prince, as Eastern tales record, 
Of Chess enamoured, thus addressed his board : 
" I marvel much, thou finite chequered plane. 
At thy strong influence o'er Ben Ziad's brain, 
Not all my wide dominions swell my cares 
As doth thy sum of four and sixty squares, 
Not all the millions subject to my throne 
Perplex so much as sixteen men of bone." 

Engrossing game ! the Moslem and the Giaour 
Consentient own the magic of thy power, 
The differing nations, here alone agreed. 
Embrace the tenets of a common creed, 
Here, joined in bands of mutual love, confess 
The grand, the true freemasonry of Chess, 
Here slave and freeman stand on equal right. 
The Black divides the Chess-board with the White. 
Good is the lesson to be learnt from Chess, 
The rule of colours never to transgress ; 
If wars must be, let White with Black contend, 
Ne'er the same colours should in battle blend, 
The Black Basutos, foes may Albion own. 
But better leave the Boer Whites alone. 

Immortal Shakespeare, tracing youth to age, 
To grace the drama, calls the world a stage. 
With kindred truth my verse would fain record 
That life is Chess, and all the world a hoard, 
A chequered scene on which the trembling light 
Falls in alternate gleams of black and white, 
I deem it venial plagiary to call 
" The men and women merely players all," 
They have their several points to win or lose. 
Their ends to aim at, and their moves to choose, 
To speculate with siirest chance of winning, 
And judge the sequel from the first beginning. 


To make exchanges only when 'tis plain 

The barter tends to individual gain ; 

To fix the point where judgment prompts *tis wise 

To run a risk, or make a sacrificey 

To form a prudent estimate of time^ 

And snatch the golden moments in their prime, 

Avoid the risks that wait on dull delay, 

Nor choose to-morrow while still shines to-day. 

Ah ! hapless mortals born to toil and strife, 

How easy 'tis to make a game of life, 

To turn in lightsome mood from serious things 

And spurn the truths dear-bought experience brings, 

I own 'tis half my mind to moralise, 

And quote from Chess a text to make you wise, 

Mark on the board just four and sixty squares 

Approximate the total of your years, 

And oft, alas ! ere threescore years be done. 

Your course is finished and your race is run, 

For from the first Death holds your lives en prise, 

The Spoiler watches whom his hand may seize, 

And those with whom ye shared life's sweet spring-tide 

Have faded from your view, grown sick, and died. 

Right well they fought the battle of their life. 

Yet fell full early in the deathful strife, 

Some on the bed of sickness pined away. 

And prematurely mingled with the clay. 

Some in full vigour drew their latest breath. 

Snatched on a sudden by the hand of death. 

The bones of some lie bleaching on the shore, 

Where fell the bleeding hecatombs of war. 

Few, few remain to boast a hoary age 

In life's uncertain, waving pilgrimage, 

Or if their race to later years extend, 

'Tis but to wail the loss of many a friend. 

Lonely they stand, or perish one by one. 

Like dwindled Chessmen when the strife is done;. 

As at the wave of some magician's wand. 
Anon the Chessmen in their places stand. 
In front the Pawns with emulative aim 
Carve their own way to fortune and to fame ; 
Firm as on Heraclea's field of blood. 
With bristling spears, the Grecian phalanx stood^ 
(That wedge of steel, decisive of the fight 
That broke the Roman legionary might,) 
So stand the Pawns in serried close array 
The soul of Chess and Philidorian play, • 


These hare not learnt with jaundiced eye to yiew 

The titled honours of the favoured few, 

To count the ruins of the great and wise 

As steppingHstones on which themselves may rise^ 

With manly tramp I view them onward go, 

To win repute by piercing through the foe^ 

Noble ambition, hope of high reward 

Allures them towards the last file on the board, 

Push on to queen, and after " past annoy," * 

Haste to their last and longed for " leap of joy.'' 

Oh ! for the harp of laureate bard to sing 
In fitting strain, an idyl of the EIing, 
Central he stands, his head and shoulders wide 
O'er-top the tallest warriors by his side, 
Tho' clothed with strength, no tyrant lord is he. 
But sways the sceptre o'er a people free, 
To peer and peasant equal laws imparts, 
Lives in their love, and reigns in all their hearts^ 
Around the weak his royal eegis throws. 
And cheers the strong to triumph o'er his foes, 
Bounded his power — the monarch's steps abide 
Within prescriptive limits not too wide, 
One square each way is all the march he claims. 
To this confines his influence and his aims^ 
Within this small circumference he plays 
A part that wins an universal praise. 
Surrounded by his guards he lordly stands, 
And dares the phalanx of the hostile bands, 
Not rash at first to risk his presence where 
The clashing falchions glisten in the air. 
He curbs the stirring impulse of his mind, 
And safe within his castle's tower confined. 
He marks the varying fortunes of the fray, 
And plans the tactics that may win the day. 
Here feigns attack, and plants an ambush there, 
Now forms the line, and now the serried square. 
Here masks a battery, there, to glory borne, 
Surveys the onset of his hope forlorn ; 
But should some unforeseen mischance arise 
Prompt to the spot his royal banner flies. 

* So Dryden — 

What then remains, but, after past annoy, 
To take the good vicissitude of joy. 


Now here, now there, conspicuous in the van, 
He waves * the monarch, and assumes the man, 
Speeds to the centre, forms the broken wing, 
And shows his stature " every inch a king." 

Beside him stands his Amazonian Queen, 
Ah ! not like ours of kind and gentle mien. 
But fierce and strong — no piece upon the board 
Fights with her fury for her harassed lord. 
Wide tho* her range, yet prudently at first 
She bides her time until the storm doth burst, 
Then, when the strife is dubious, and the knot 
More tangled grows in th' ever thickening plot, 
Forth, forth she hies to take a leading part 
With all a woman's haughtiness of heart 
Embodiment of strategy and strength 
She traverses the board's extremest length. 
Athwart the files, adown each open rank, 
Now in the centre, now on either flank 
Flashes her form amid the surging lines, 
(With Deborah's force she Jael's guile combines) 
Fancy might paint a ruin in her train, 
A woeful scene, a carnage-covered plain. 
Field strewn with broken swords, and splintered spears. 
Corses of men, dismounted cavaliers. 
Castles in ruins, panic spread before 
And in her track the wreck of wasting war, 
O vain illusion ! fiction void of sense ! 
There's no such scene — Chess is but war's pretence, 
t Immortal guards doth fair Caissa choose. 
Her wooden warriors have no lives to lose, 
No men are killed, but merely prisoners ta'en. 
Soon to return to peaceful strife again, 
Again their forces unimpaired to bring, 
And rally round the standard of their king. 

Beside the throne on either side there stand. 
The mitred barons of the Church and land : 
No men of peace, I trow, but warriors bold 
As e'er fought Paynim in brave days of old,. 

* To wave. To put aside for the present. — Dr, Johnson. 
Since she her interest for the nation's wav'd 
Then I who sav'd the king, the nation sav'd. — Dryden. 

t King Xerxes' body-guards ware called immortals, because 
their number was always the same. 


Obliquely sweeping 'cross the chequered board 
They drop the crosier and unsheath the sword ^ 
With buckler meet the buffets of the foe, 
And seldom strike in vain the counter-blow. 

Next to the Bishop rides the puissant Knight, 
With plumed crest and glistening armour dight, 
Reining his palfrey's head, he seems to be 
All that remains of feudal chivalry ; 
Gone are the lists, and gone the knight's career, 
Yet see " survival of the fittest " here : 
Do they not tell how glance of soft blue eyes 
Should still spur knights to deeds of high emprise. 
Stand up for right, nor from the combat cease, 
Until with " Honour " they can publish " Peace " 1 
Oft as mine eyes the knightly form survey, 
Methinks I hear an actual charger neigh, 
He champs the bit, impatient paws the ground. 
And snorts defiance at the trumpet's sound ; 
Methinks I view his palpitating breast, 
At sight of couched lance and warrior's crest. 
With restless toss he spreads his flowing mane, 
Bows his proud neck, and clanks the bitted rein ; 
The strife begins, and straight with kindling soul. 
He rampant stands disdainful of control, 
i With ears erect he greets the deaf ning fight, 
< The shout of men — the clang of corslets bright, 
( The proudest piece in Chess, I dub the Knight, 

Rooks at the corners face th' opposing throng. 
Or Castles make the quadrilateral strong ; 
* What is a Rook % the claimant could not guess, 
And yet Sir Roger had been fond of Chess, 
Roqua means ship, and ships in days of yore 
No petty part in Eastern battles bore ; 
Next the war chariots, sweeping o'er the plain. 
Ships superseding, did their moves retain ; 
Perchance the Rook became in Saba's land 
" Ship of the desert," sailing o'er the sand, 
The patient cawel in the rearward rank, 
Or dromedary swift on either flank, 
Then India's beast, more ponderous for attack, 

* How damaging to Ortan's pretensions was his inability to 
answer the question what is a Rook ? and how convulsed with 
laughter was the Court when the present Lord Coleridge said, 
with his charming irony, should you be surprised to hear that a 
Rook is not a bird ? 


The elephant) and Castle on his back. 

Lo ! one last change ; no longer ship or car 

The castles hold the guns of modem war ; 

Methinks upon the battlements I stand, 

And view the onset of the hostile band, 

Above my head the flag is floating free, 

Dear pledge of cherished nationality, 

With stedfast aim the busy gunners try 

The deadly range of their artillery, 

The booming note is heard, and far beneath, 

Wings its swift course " the hissing globe of death ; " 

Fast falls the foe, and sanguine of success 

Thro' the wide breach the storming columns press, 

O'er-power the guards, and through the palace gate 

Difl'use the panic of impending fate. 

Checkmate the King, and raise the thrilling cry 

That sounds the glorious note of victory. 

Insentient symbols of profoundest thought 
What mental battles have ye deftly fought ! 
Worthy were you, weak instruments of Chess, 
Of the firstling honours of the infant press. 
And worthier still, as men of mind, to be 
A noble theme for epic poetry ; 
*Tis mind that guides the poet's gliding pen, 
And mind makes great the works of little men, 
Mhid, iron turns to steel ; *tis mind that brings 
Tidings from furthest pole on lightning's wings, 
*Tis mind explores deep ocean's mysteries. 
And with inflated silk invades the skies, 
Miiid yokes as dragons to our chariot wheels 
Water and .fire, and from high heaven mind steals 
Prometheus-like, the sun's own rays to trace 
A faithful portrait of the human face. 
Mind bores the mountains of eternal snow. 
And lays the railroad's levelled line below, 
Mind turns to brilliant day the darksome night. 
Illuming London with electric light. 
Forbear the gross embodiment to scan, 
*Tis mind and only mind that makes the man, 
Mind Morphy taught to whip the wondering world, 
And, with the spangled banner partly furled. 
To prove how staunch republican could bring 
The force of genius to protect a king ; 
Mind works the Chess-Automaton within, 
Outside a mere impassible machine, 
And Chess displays, to eyesight not confined. 
The blindfold marvels of the master mind. 


Where are Caissa's votaries 1 Everywhere ! 
Like stars they brighten either hemisphere, 
They shine in every class and every clan, 
Your Chessist is a cosmopolitan. 
Long flourish Chess I and may thy pensive charms 
Draw spell-bound students to thy school of arms, 
Here may true knights oft break a friendly lance, 
In joust of reason, not in game of chance. 
Here prove how Chess is life's epitome, 
Where too aboveboard every mo7e should be, 
E'en every scheme and stratagem be fair. 
And all, like Chessmen, act upon the square ; 
Let not the soul of antique chivalry 
If elsewhere sought in vain, the Chessboard flee, 
here may Genius, Science, Art abide 
Nor change with fashion's fluctuating tide. 
May Kings and Queens this recreation share. 
And find a refuge from imperial care. 
Let Lords and Ladies play the royal game, 
(Image of war — a war exempt from blame ;) 
Let village heroes test their prowess here. 
And peasant share the pastime with the peer. 
Strive in this grand " gymnasium of the mind," 
And in the Chessboard evening solace find. 
To shed refreshment after toilsome hours, 
Like dew descending on the thirsty flowers. 


The popularity of this favourite opening has scarcely undergone 
any change since the time when it was first introduced. Less 
risky, though less attacking, than the other open game gambits 
(for in truth it can hardly be called a gambit at all when the 
Pawn is retaken at the 4th move), less dull than the Buy 
Lopez, or its congener the Four Knights' Opening, it affords a 
safe and interesting mode of commencing the game, and as such, 
its favour, whether in matches or ordinary play, has never 
declined. At one time indeed it was considered that, in reply 
to White's 4th move of Kt takes P, the defence Q to R 5 
enabled Black to win a Pawn with a tolerably safe position, but 
since the introduction of the continuation 5 Kt to Kt 5 in 
connection with 6 B to K 3, <&c., this idea appears to be 
abandoned, and the Q to R 5 defence is now rarely practised. 
The attention of theorists has consequently been more turned 



to the other two principal lines of defence initiated by 4 B to 
B 4 and 4 Kt to B 3, and it is to a branch of the first of these, 
viz., the proper, and also the incorrect, methods of answering 
Paulsen's attack, which commences with 7 B to Q Et 5, that 
we wish now chiefly to refer. The moves up to this point are 
as follows, 1 P to K 4, P to K 4, 2 Kt to K B 3, Kt to 
Q B 3, 3 P to Q 4, P takes P, 4 Kt takes P, B to B 4, 6 B to 
K 3, Q to B 3, 6 P to Q B 3, K Kt to K 2, 7 B to Q Kt 5. 
This we believe to be undoubtedly the best mode in which 
White can here develop his Bishop, since it prevents Black from 
immediately breaking up the centre by P to Q 4, and the Bishop 
is not liable to be driven back by the Kt, as when he is planted 
at B 4. The position is now as in the accompanying diagram. 



At this point Black has a considerable choice of moves, he may 
play either 7 P to Q 3, Castles, P to Q R 3, Kt to Q sq, Q to Kt 3, 
Kt to K 4, B to Kt 3, Q to K 4, Kt takes Kt, or B takes Kt. Of 
these, the two first fall so much into the same lines that one 
example will perhaps serve for both, e.g., 7 Castles, 8 Kt takes Kt, 
Kt P takes Kt (Mr. Potter in the notes to a game in Land and 
Water prefers here Q P takes Kt, and doubtless there is something 
to be said in favour of it as retaining a majority of Pawns on the 
Q's side, but on the other hand we believe that in that case after 
9 B takes B, P takes K B, White ought to gain some advantage 
by 10 P to Q R 4, thus rapidly getting his Q R into play, as well 
as by the power of keeping a Knight against a Bishop for the end- 
game), 9 B takes B, P takes B, 10 Castles, P to Q 3, 11 B to Q 4, 
Q to Kt 3, 12 P to K B 4, P to K B 4 (he seems obliged to play 
this), 13 R to B 3, Q to B 2, 14 P to K 5 (if Kt to Q 2, Black 


replies with P to B 4, and then B to Kt 2) B to Kt 2, 15 R to 
Kt 3, P takes P (if P to B 4, then 16 P takes P, P takes B, 17 P 
takes Kt, Q takes K P, 18 Q to Kt 3 ch, K to R sq, 1 9 Q takes P, 
Q to K 8 ch, 20 Q to B sq, with a Pawn to the good), 16 B takes 
K P, Kt to Kt 3, 17 B to Q 4, K R to Q sq, 18 Kt to Q 2, and 
the game is even. If at move 7 Black elect to adopt the first 
named defence P to Q 3, White's correct play is to Castle, for 
should he at once exchange the pieces, he would lose a Pawn, e.g,^ 

8 Kt takes Kt, Kt P takes Kt, 9 B takes B, P takes B, 10 B to 
Q 4, Q to Kt 3, 1 1 Castles, Q takes K P, 1 2 R to K sq, Q to Kt 2, 
and White of course dare not capture the K Kt P in return. 

We come now to the third defencOj which begins by attacking 
the Bishop with the R P. 7 P to Q R 3, 8 B to R 4, P to Q Kt 4, 

9 B to B 2 (if B to Kt 3, Black plays Q to Kt 3, with a good game), 
Kt to K 4, 10 Castles (if P to Q Kt 3, the reply is P to Q 4), Kt 
to B 5, 1 1 B to B sq (if Q to B sq, Black takes the B), P to Kt 5, 
12 Kt to Kt 3 (he may also play Kt to K 2 or B 3 with at least 
equal advantage, but if P or B to Q Kt 3, the answer would be P 
takes P), B to Kt 3, 13 Q to K 2, P to Q R 4, and we prefer Black's 
position. Of course, instead of retreating at move 8, White may 
obtain a perfectly even game by taking the Kt with his Bishop. 

Fourthly, 7 Kt to Q sq. This move was first tried by Mr. 
Gunzberg in his match with Mr. Blackburne, and the game pro- 
ceeded thus, 8 Castles, Castles, 9 P to K B 4, and in a subsequent 
partie 9 Kt to Q 2. We believe, however, that White has at his 
command a still stronger move in 9 B to Q 3, bringing the Bishop 
at once to a good attacking square, which could not be done were 
the Black Kt at Q B 3. The probable continuation would then be, 
P to Q 3 (P to Q 4 is bad obviously, on account of 10 P takes P, 
and 11 Q to R 6), 10 Kt to Q 2, Kt to K 3, 11 Q to R 5, with a 
fine attack. 

Fifthly, 7 Q to Kt 3, 8 Castles, P to Q 3 (he cannot, of course, 
Castle here without losing a clear piece, and if he take the K P, 
then 9 Kt takes Kt, B takes B, 1 Kt takes Kt, &c., winning a 
piece for two Pawns), 9 Kt to Q 2, Castles, and the game is even. 

Sixthly, 7 B to Kt 3, 8 Castles, Castles, 9 P to K B 4, Kt 
takes Kt (we do not see anything better, for if he play P to Q 3, 
White replies with 10 Kt to R 3, and Black is cramped), 10 P 
takes Kt, P to Q 4, 11 P to K 5, having in our opinion the best 
game, though the superiority is not very great. 

Seventhly, 7 Q to K 4. This defence which is of our own 
invention, by threatening to win a piece, prevents White from 
Castling at present. 8 Q to Q 3 [This is perhaps his best move, 
though he may also safely take Kt with B, in which case Black 
would retake with Kt P. If White play 8 Kt to B 3, then Q 
takes K P, 9 Q Kt to Q 2, Q to K B 4, 10 P to K Kt 4, Q to K 3, 


11 B to Q B 4, P to Q 4, 12 Kt to Kt 5, Q to Kt 3, and Black 
keeps the Pawn won], P to Q 3, 9 Kt to Q 2, Castles, 10 P to 
K B 4, Q to R 4, 1 1 Castles, P to B 4. Even game. 

Eighthly, 7 Kt to K 4. This move, which is given by Mr. 
Barnes in his notes to a game in the August number of Brentano*8 
Chess Monthly as the best, seems to us inferior to any we have 
yet examined. 8 Castles, (White may also, we believe, safely 
advance the P to K B 4), Q to K Kt 3. [We do not know how 
Mr. Barnes follows Kt to K 4, but we see no better course than 
the above, for if 8 P to Q B 3, then 9 B to K 2, P to Q 4, 10 P to 
K B 4, Q Kt to Kt 3, 1 1 Kt to Q 2, with a decided superiority. 
If a^ain, 8 Q to Q Kt 3, then 9 P to Q R 4, P to Q R 4, 10 P 
to K B 4, Q Kt to Kt 3 (if Kt to B 3, White plays Kt to R 3), 
11 Kt to Q 2, P to Q B 3, 12 Kt to Kt 3, P takes B, 13 Kt takes 
B, Q takes Kt, 14 Kt to B 5, Q to B 2 (best), 15 Kt to Q 6 ch, 
K to B sq, 16 P to B 5, Kt to K 4, 17 P to B 6, K Kt to Kt 3 
(best), for if P takes P, 18 B checks, K moves, 19 Kt to K 8 wins), 
18 Q to Q 5, R to K Kt sq (he has nothing better), 19 P takes 
P ch, K takes P, 20 R takes P ch, K to R sq, 21 B to Q 4, and 
wins.] 9 Kt to Q 2, P to Q B 3 (if Black Castle here, then 
10 Kt to B 6, Kt takes Kt, 11 B takes B, Kt to R 5, 12 P to 
K Kt 3, P to Q 3, 13 B to Q 4, B to R 6, 14 R to K sq, and Black 
must incur some loss in saving his K Kt) 10 B to K 2, P to Q 3 
or 4, 11 P to K B 4, Kt to Kt 5, 12 P to B 5, Kt takes B, 13 P 
takes Q, Kt takes Q, 14 P takes P ch, K to B sq, 15 Q R takes 
Kt, and White has the advantage. 

Ninthly, 7 B takes Kt, 8 P takes B, Q to Kt 3. This defence 
was adopted by Winawer against Blackburne in the Berlin Congress 
(See B. C. M. Vol I. p. 394). 9 Castles (if 9 Q to B 3, Black can 
reply with Kt to Kt 5), P to Q 4 [it would be unsafe to take the 
K P on account of 10 Kt to B 3, Q to Kt 3, 11 P to Q 5, Kt to 
K 4 (if Kt to Q sq, 12 B to B 5, &c.), 12 B to K B 4, Q to B 3 or 
4, 13 B takes Kt, Q takes B, 14 R to K sq, with a fine attack], 
10 P takes P, Kt takes P, 11 Q to B 3, and White in the opinion 
of Mr. Steinitz has the advantage. 

Tenthly, 7 Kt takes Kt, 8 P takes Kt, B to Kt 5 ch, 9 Kt to 
B 3, Q to K Kt 3. This line of play occurs in a game between 
Dr. Goring and Mr. Zukertort published in the Chess-Monthly 
(Vol. II. p. 81), and we believe the defence has the sanction of 
the latter as being at any rate one of the best. In that game Dr. 
Goring continued with 10 Q to B 3, but this seems to us unneces- 
sary, and we prefer 10 Castles. The Chess-Monthly thinks that 
in that case Black may safely proceed to play, B takes Kt, IIP 
takes B, Q takes K P, and if 12 R to K sq, then Q to K B 4. 
We have since heard that Dr. Zukertort now prefers Q to Q 4, the 
result of which may as well be shown here, Q to Q 4, 13 Q to K 2, 



Castles (there appears nothing better), 14 B to E B 4, recovering 
the Pawn, with the best game, for if Et to Et 3, 15 Q B takes P, 
P to Q 3, Q to Q B 4, and Black's Q P mnst fall. Should Black, 
instead of 1 2 Q to Q 4, play Q to R 5, then 13 P to Q 5, Castles 
(if 13 P to Q B 3, 14 B to B 5, and if 13 P to Q Et 3, then 14 P 
to Et 3, Q to B 3, 15 Q to Q 2, P to E R 3, 16 B to Q 4, &c.) 
14 P to Et 3, Q to B 3, 15 B to B 5, P to Q 3 (if R to E sq, 
16 P to Q 6), 16 B to Q 4, and White wins a piece. 

In lieu of 12 R to E sq, White might obtain an embarrassing 
attack by B to E Et 5, but the first named is certainly the stronger 

Let us therefore proceed to examine the consequences of the 

remaining defence to this attack, viz., 12 , Q to E B 4, for 

whether the Q retires to this square or to E Et 3 seems to make 
no difference. White now plays 13 B to Q 3, and the position is 
as follows : — 



Black has but three squares to which he can remove his Q, of 
which Q 4 may at once be dismissed, since it allows White to 
gain time by P to Q B 4. 

In the first place, let us suppose him to play Q to B 3. Then 
14 Q to Q 2, P to E R 3, 15 P to Q 5, Castles (P to Q 3 is 
evidently bad), 16 B to Q 4 (he could also play 16 B to Q B 5, 
but in that case Black would probably give up the exchange by 
Et takes P), Q to Q 3, 17 P to Q B 4, P to Q B 4 (if P to Q Et 3 
or Et to Et 3, then Q to B 3, &c.), 18 B to E 5, Q to Q Et 3, 
19 Q to B 3, P to B 3, 20 Q R to Et sq, Q to R 3, 21 B to B 7, 
R to B 2 (if E to B 2, then 22 R to Et 3, P to Q Et 3, 23 B to 
Q 6, R to E sq, 24 B takes Et, R takes B, 25 B to Et 6 ch and 


wins), 22 P to Q 6, Kt to B 3, 23 R to K 8 ch, R to B sq, 24 Q R 
to K sq, Kt to K 4, 25 Q R takes Kt, P takes R, 26 Q takes P, 
and wins. 

Secondly, if Black play 13 Q to Q R 4, then 14 P to Q B 4, P 
to Q 4, or (a J (h) (Castles would evidently involve the loss of a 
piece by 15 B to Q 2, Q to R 6, 16 R to K 3, &c.), 15 B to Q 2, 
Q to R 6, or (c), 16 Q to Q Kt sq, P to Q R 4 (the only move to 
save his Kt), 17 P to Q B 5 (threatening to win the Queen by B to 
Kt 5 ch and R to K 3), P to Q B 3, 1« B to B 2, and wins. 

(a) 14 P to Q 3, 15 B to Q 2, Q to R 6 (if Q to Kt 3, then 

16 Q to K 2), 16 B to K Kt 5, P to K B 3, 17 Q to K 2, P to Q 4, 
18 P to B 5, Castles, 19 B takes P ch, K takes B, 20 Q to R 5 ch, 
K to Kt sq, 21 R takes Kt, Q to Q 6 (if P takes B, then 22 Q to 
Kt 6), 22 B to R 6, P takes B, 23 Q takes P, and wins. 

(h) 14 P to Q B 3, 15 B to Q 2, Q to Q sq, 16 B to Kt 5, P 
to B 3, 16 Q to R 5 ch, K to B sq, 17 R to K 3, and White must 

(c) 15 Q to Kt 3, 16 R to Kt sq, Q takes P (if Q to Q B 3, 

17 P takes P, Q takes P, 18 B to Kt 4, B to K 3, 19 R to K 5, Q 
to Q 2, 20 B takes Kt, and wins a piece), 17 B to K 3, Q to B 3, 

18 B to Q B 5, B to K 3, 19 B takes Kt, &c. 

If the foregoing analysis be correct, it will be seen that there 
are several modes of defence to Paulsen's attack in the Scotch 
Gambit which may be safely adopted, but we give the preference 
to those beginning with 7 Q to Kt 3, P to Q 3, and Castles. Next 
to these we should place 7 P to Q R 3, B to Kt 3, and Q to K 4 
as less advantageous for Black, but still perfectly sound and 
feasible ; B takes Kt, and Kt takes Kt we regard as inferior, while 
we cannot but hold that the other two, Kt to Q sq, and Kt to 
K 4 are radically bad. 

Before concluding, we should like to draw attention to a move 
introduced by Mr. Blackburne in a Scotch game with the present 
writer (published in our January number) which seems to us very 
strong. After the six normal opening moves, instead of 7 B to 
Q Kt 5, Mr. Blackburne played 7 Q to Q 2. By this quiet pre- 
paratory step White threatens to bring his Kt to Q Kt 5, forcing 
Black to move his K to Q sq, after exchanging Bishops. If, to 
keep out the Kt, Black play P to Q R 3, White can throw forward 
his K B P, followed by Q to K B 2, Kt to Q 2, B to B 4, Castles, 
and perhaps afterwards P to Q Kt 4, but at any rate he appears 
to gain time. In the game referred to. Black played 7 P to Q 3, 
and White continued with 8 B to Q Kt 5. Had he moved the Kt 
to this square, the game might have proceeded thus, K to Q sq, 
9 Q Kt to R 3, P to Q R 3, 10 Kt takes B P, K takes Kt, 11 Kt 
to B 4, and White's attack seems worth the sacrifice of the piece. 

C. E. R. 




I. — Contributions to be written in English, and to consist of a 
Poem on Chess not to exceed 40 lines in length. One entry only 
allowed to each competitor. 

II. The Metre, <kc., to be left to the composer's fancy, but 
Parodies or humorous verses will not be admitted. 

III. Contributions to be received by Mr. John Watkinson, 
Fairfield, Huddersfield, on or before June 1st, 1882. Each poem 
to be headed with a motto or device, and acci^mpanied by a sealed 
envelope enclosing the author's name and address, such envelope 
not to be opened until after the judge's award, which will be given 
as soon as possible after the completion of the entries. 

IV. The prize poems, and selections from the remainder, to 
be published in the B. C. M. 


I. — Book Prize, given by Miss F. F. Beechey. 
II. — Book Prize, given by the Editor. 
III. — Book Prize. 

Judge : — Miss F. F. Beechey. 


On Thursday evening, 26th January, Mr. J. G. Cunningham, 
of the Leeds Chess Club, encountered simultaneously nine 
members of the Dewsbury Chess Club. Play began about 8 p.m., 
and at 10-45 seven of the games were finished, and two — those 
with Messrs. Conyer and Woodhead — were left for the adjudication 
of the umpires, Messrs. Stokoe, of Leeds, and Yates, of Dewsbury. 
The result of the contest was that Mr. Cunningham won against 
the Rev. M. E. Thorold, Messrs. Wilkinson, Rhodes, and Conyer ; 
lost to Messrs. Crabtree, Fox, and Howgate ; and drew with 
Messrs. Fenton and Woodhead, leaving a balance of one game in 
favour of the single player. A cordial vote of thanks was 
passed to Mr. Cunningham for his services. We believe Mr. 
Cunningham will be happy to visit any Yorkshire Club for 
simultaneous play. 

On the 4th of February, the B. C. and D. divisions of the 
Leeds Club encountered the Rotherham Club^ totals — Leeds, 10^, 
Rotherham, 5^. 


On Friday, Feb. 10th, the Oxford University and City Chess 
Clubs marshalled their champions at the rooms of the former. 
The University on this occasion lost the services of Messrs. 
Heaton and Lynom two of their strongest players. Notwith- 
standing gloomy forebodings as to the contest the representatives 
of " Gown " gained a brilliant and decisive victory over their 
chivalrous opponents, thus scoring the second consecutive win after 
an unbroken series of defeats. Total score — University Chess 
Club, 14 ; City Chess Club, 8. ' 

On Feb. 7th Mr. Parratt (Magdalen College) played five mem- 
bers of the Oxford University Chess Club simultaneously, winning 
three games, Mr. Moultrie, New College, winning against him, 
and Mr. Locock, University College, drawing. The arrangements 
for this term are very heavy including as they do the following 
matches. Saturday Feb. 18th, Oxford University v. City of Lon- 
don Chess Club (Class IV.) ; March 6th, Oxford v, Witney Chess 
Club ; March 8th, Oxford v. Mr. Coker's team of Past Members ; 
March 9th (probably) Oxford y. Birmingham Chess Club. In 
addition to this the Ist Class of the Club are now engaged in a 
Level American Tournament in order to help the President in his 
selection of a team for the Inter-University Match. 

The return match between the representatives of Nottingham 
and Derbyshire was played at Nottingham on Saturday, 4th Feb., 
and resulted in a win for the former by 25| games to 14 J. The 
previous match had likewise terminated in favour of Nottingham, 
the score being 18 to 14. Nottingham's increased lead is to be 
accounted for in some measure by the presence of Mr. Hamel and 
the absence on the side of Derby of two or three of their best 

The prolonged contest of the Staffordshire Clubs for the 
Davenport prize has issued finally in favour of Newcastle. We 
gave the score up to date on page 18 and have now to add that 
Stoke beat Tean and consequently tied with Newcastle for first 
place. The deciding match was commenced on the 24th Jan., and 
after five hours' play, at the close of which the score was exactly 
equal, adjourned for two days when the final score showed New- 
castle won 7J ; Stoke, 4^. Newcastle therefore takes the honour 
and the prize. 

Mr. Davenport has since offered a challenge prize to be won 
two or three years successively before becoming the property of a 

Mr. Ranken informs us that the entries to the B. C. M. Corres- 
pondence Tourney were so much in excess of the number required 
that a second one could with ease have been filled up. We are 
very glad to hear that the project has been so well received. 



We publish on another page the conditions of our Verse 
Tourney. We have received no response to our request for 
additional prizes but will guarantee at least three in all. Of 
course the value of these is little more than nominal, but we 
should be sorry to think that the entries will be any the less on 
this account. 

We have received a copy of " Chess Practice " by Mr. Bird, 
but are compelled to defer any notice of it till next month. 

In the Lancashire and Yorkshire Match the number of players 
is now the only unsettled point. Yorkshire proposes 100, and 
Lancashire 50. We suggest 75 as a middle course. 

The British Chess Magazine, Vol. I., for 1881, may now be 
had bound in cloth, gilt lettered, for 7/6, post free, or in parts 6/-. 


France. — The January No. of the Strategie opened with a 
lively and well written article from the prolific pen of M. Delannoy, 
in which he gives a capital summary of the principal Chess 
events of 1881, dividing his remarks under the headings of 
reviews of Chess publications, glances at Chess matches as well 
as game and problem tourneys, and obituaries of Chess players. 
Under the latter heading, however, he makes a little mistake 
in the date of Mr. Lowe's death, which we believe occurred 
in 1880, not 1881. Among the events noticed under the 
first division is the appearance of this magazine, which is alluded 
to in the following terms : ** The first fact which I think I ought 
to mention is, the transformation of the Huddersfield Magazine 
into the British Chess Magazine, published by Mr. John Wat- 
kinson. Under the guise of an almost timorous modesty, which 
serves for an introduction to this change, Mr. Watkinson seems to 
hesitate in his attempt ; he has proved, however, that not only 
was he up to the level of so delicate a task, but that he had given 
more than he had promised. A learned, intelligent man, eager for 
progress, of a fair disposition, and a minute observer even of de- 
tails, he has completed the first volume of his new publication 
with a series of severe studies, of analyses conscientiously worked 
out, and a perfect choice of models, of immense use not only to 
proficients, but even to amateurs of note; and when one considers 
what labour night and day, what patience and effort the contents 
of these 32 pages, which seem to cost hardly anything, demand, 
one must admire the editor, or rather the author, who has applied 
himself so bravely and successfully to the work. Mr. Watkinson 
then is in every sense of the term, as the English say, the man for 
the thing, he is the right man. Let us add that Mr. Watkinson 


has known how to associate with his own toil the effective assist- 
ance of fellow workers very distinguished not merely in respect 
of Chess knowledge, but also in that of literature, and of ex- 
perienced judgment and feeling. These gentlemen have desired 
from the beginning to encourage the literature of the Chess board; 
they have understood that the amateur needs sometimes to suspend 
the severity of studies for some amusing dissertation, and they have 
done well in oflFering prizes to the best writers of this kind. The 
literary question plays a most important part in the publication of 
Chess magazines. The past has proved it. How many periodicals, 
deprived of this element, have disappeared almost as soon as they 
were bom, whereas on the other hand, the Palamede, so rich in 
literature, is still sought for in our days, and the Strategie is in the 
tenth year of its existence. Honour then to Mr. Watkinson, and 
his co-operators." Strategie for February contains M. Delannoy's 
B. C. M. Prize sketch in the original French. 

M. Rosenthal has transferred his weekly Chess column from 
ZjU Revue Illustree to La Vie Moderne, to which we wish not only 
a modern, or a moderate, but a very long life. 

Denmark. — We have to record with great regret the 
cessation of the Danish Chess magazine, Nordiak Skaktidende^ 
which announces in its final issue, the November-December 
double number, that the principal cause of its stoppage is 
the want of an editor. Those who have for the nine years 
of its existence carried it on without remuneration have been 
obliged one by one to devote the time which they have freely 
given to it to other more important avocations, and its circulation 
is not sufficient to provide funds for a paid editor. We are exceed- 
ingly sorry that such a useful and well conducted magazine should 
have been allowed to drop, and we can only hope that it may 
either soon be revived, or have as worthy a successor. Meanwhile 
we are glad to observe that Chess columns have been established 
of late years in several Scandinavian newspapers, the most pro- 
minent of which appears to be the Nationa/tidende, which has 
just concluded a very successful open problem tourney. 

Canada. — The late meeting of the Canadian Chess Association 
at Quebec was one of the pleasant est and most successful it has 
ever had. It lasted ten days, and the issue was chiefly remarkable 
for the number of ties for the third prize, showing the closeness of 
the contest. The following were the competitors and their 
scores: — E. Sanderson 11|, J. Henderson 9^, C. P. Champion 8 J 
J, Barry 8|, J. W. Shaw 8^, W. H. Hicks 8J, F. H. Andrews 8^, 
E. Pope 8^, D. R. Mac Leod 8^, R Blakiston 8, Dr. Bradley 7, 
E. C. Burke 6^ J. O'Farrell 2, E. H. Duval 1, T. Le Droit 0. 
Mr. Le Droit was obliged by business engagements to retire from 
the tourney, and Mr. Duval only played 3 games. The first prize 
was 20 dollars, the second 15 dols. and the third 10 dols. 



The first prize in the Hamilton C. C. correspondence tourney, a 
silver cup and 50 dols., has been won by Mr. J. Henderson of 
Montreal with a score of 15| games ; the second prize, a silver 
medal and 20 dols., has fallen to Mr. W. Braithwaite of UnionviUe, 
who won 1 5 games ; and the third prize, consisting of 30 dollars, 
was divided between Messrs. Foster, Narraway, and J. W. Shaw, 
who scored 13 games each. 

America. — The principal activity of American Chess appears 
now to be centred at New Orleans and St. Louis, where the Chess, 
Checker, and Whist Clubs have reached enormous proportions, the 
former consisting of over 400 members. At the rooms of this 
club on December 22nd Capt. Mackenzie played 16 games simul- 
taneously, and won them all. There is a tournament now in pro- 
gress. At the St. Louis Club both the Captain and Mr. Max Judd 
have been giving simultaneous performances, with varying success. 
The latter is engaged in the club handicap tourney now nearly 
concluded; he had also entered into negotiations for a match with 
Mr. Delmar of New York for 1000 dols. a side, but on account of 
business considerations Mr. Delmar has been obliged to decline the 

The following are the prize winners in the New York Manhat- 
tan Club handicap tourney : — Mr. De Visser (Class 1) 16 games, 
Mr. Isaacson (Class 2) 14^ games, Mr. Teed (Class 1) 14 games, 
Mr. D. G. Baird (Class 1) 13 games, and Mr. J. W. Baird (Class 1) 
11 J games. The prizes were presented to the winners at the 
annual banquet, and in acknowledging his, Mr. De Visser humor- 
ously remarked, that he felt like the Irish jockey, who, after many 
unlucky mounts, finally won a race, and exclaimed, " Begorra, I'm 
first at last ; sure I was always last at first." The special prize 
offered by Mr. C. A. Gilberg for the best game in the tourney was 
won by Mr. Teed. 

Mr. Max Judd is now the holder of the St. Louis C. C. challenge 
cup, having defeated the former holder, the Rev. C. D. N. Camp- 
bell, by the score of 3 to 1 at the odds of the Kt. 


St. George's Chess Club. 

The Knight Class Tourney is now decided in favour of Col. 
Lumsden, who has won the first prize with a score of 15^ out of 
22. The second and third prizes lie between Mr. " Johnson " and 
Major Salmond, and may be expected to reach their final stage in 
the course of a few days. 

In the Handicap the only completed scores are those of Mr. 
Minchin, 9 out of 18 or just one-half, and Mr. Wayte, 13| or 
three-fourths of the maximum. The latter score, however, counts 


only 10| for prizes, owing to the deductions mentioned at p. 20 of 
the January number. Mr. Gattie, though also penalised two games, 
retains the possibility of heading this score ; and Mr. Burroughs 
and Major Salmond are also well to the front, with the advantage 
of not being subject to any deductions. By next month, it is 
hoped, the prizes may be determined ; this will allow of another 
Handicap being played during the season. 

The complimentary dinner to Mr. Blackbume is now fixed for 
Thursday March 2, at the Criterion, the Earl of Dartrey in the 
chair. AH Chess-players are invited to attend, whether belonging 
to a club or not ; and tickets, one guinea each, may be procured 
of the Manager at the Criterion Restaurant. W. W. 

Chess in Scotland. 

Mr. George Macfarlane, the Hon, President of the Glasgow 
Chess Club, died on 21st December last. Mr. Macfarlane had 
many admirable qualities, and was greatly respected by his 
numerous friends. He was a brother of the well-known late Dr.. 
John Macfarlane, of Clapham Presbyterian Church, London. The 
loss to the Chess Club will be felt as a serious misfortune as his 
gifts for prizes were frequent and valuable. 

The last of his. gifts — a set of Chessmen in ivory — forms the 
first prize in a Handicap Tourney among the junior members of 
the Club. In this competition Mr. Fyfe and Mr. Robertson have 
tied for the first place and are now engaged in a deciding match. 
A third prize falls to Mr. Whiteley. 

In the Handicap Tourney at the Central Club recently conclu- 
ded, the prize winners are Messrs. J. Court, J. Russell, and J. 
Cruickshank, of the first division, and Messrs. J. Kirk, W. T. 
McCulloch and J. Graham of the second division. Mr. Court, 
the only player in the first class, gave odds varying from Pawn and 
move to a Rook. 

The annual dinner of the Glasgow Chess Club took place on 
the evening of Thursday, 9th February, Mr. Duguid in the 
chair. At this gathering Sheriff Spens, for himself and the others 
interested, presented to Mr. D. Y. Mills the trophy known 
as the West of Scotland Cup. The requirements of business take 
Mr. Mills to Yorkshire. During the two years of his residence in 
Glasgow Mr. Mills has done much for the cause of Chess, and the 
presentation of the Cup was deemed an appropriate acknow- 
ledgment of his services. T. 


F. J. Young, 20/-, Rev. H. W. Hodgson, 10-, J. G. White, 5/-, 
R. Gesling, 4/-, A. Townsend, 4/-, W. A. Clarke, 2/-. 




^'^ ^ttntxriEtn. 


Played between Messrs. Morphy and Boden during the visit of 

the former to this country in 1858. 


(Mr. Morphy.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 6 

4 P to B 3 

5 Castles 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Kt to R 3 (b) 

8 Kt to B 4 

9 Kt to K 3 

10 Kt to B 5 

11 BtoR4 (c) 

12 Kt to K 3 

13 P to Q 5 

14 P takes P 

15 Kt to B 4 

16 P to Q Kt 3 

17 Q to Q 3 

18 B to R 3 

19 Q takes B 

20 Q R to Q sq 

21 R to Q 3 

22 K to R sq 

23 B to B sq (h) 

24 P to K Kt 4 

25 P to K R 3 

26 R to Kt sq 

27 Kt to R 4 

28 Q R to Kt 3 

29 Kt to B 6 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Boden.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Q toK 2 
P to B 3 (a) 
B to Kt 3 
Kt to Q sq 
Kt to B 2 
P toB 3 
Q to B sq 
P to Kt 3 
P to Q 3 (d) 
BtoQ 2 
P takes P 
R to B sq (e) 
BtoK 3 
Q to K 2 
B takes Kt 
K to B sq (/) 

P to Q B 4 (s') 
K Kt to R 3 
K to Kt 2 
K R to B sq 
Kt takes P 
K Kt to R 3 
K to R sq 
R to K Kt sq 
P to Kt 4 (i) 
Kt takes Kt 


(Mr. Morphy.) (Mr. Boden.) 

30 P takes Kt Q to Kt 2 ch 

31 KRtoKt2fy)PtoQ 4 

32 Q to K Kt 4 Kt to R 3 

33 Q to R 5 Kt takes P 

34 R to B 3 Kt to Kt 2 {k) 

35 Q to R 6 B to Q sq 

36 R tks B P (/) B takes R 

37 Q takes B Q R to B sq 

38 Q takes K P R to B 4 

P toQ 5 
R to B 6 (m) 
P takes P 
P to Q 6 
R takes P eh 
R to K Kt sq 

39 Q to K 3 

40 P takes P 

41 Q to K 2 

42 B takes P 

43 Q to Q 2 (n) 

44 P to Kt 4 

45 B to R 6 

46 K to Kt sq 

47 BtoKKt5(/?)Q toQ 5 

48 Q to B 4 Q to R 8 ch 

49 Q to B sq Q to K 4 

50 B to R 6 (q) Kt to K sq 

51 R takes R ch K takes R 

52 B to Kt 3 ch K to R sq 

53 B to K B 4 Q to Kt 2 ch 

54 B to Kt 3 R to R 4 (r) 

55 Q to Q sq R to K 4 

56 Q takes P R to K 8 ch 

57 K to Kt 2 and the game was 
shortly abandoned as drawn. 


Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Mr. Lowenthal, from whose collection of Morphy's games 
we extract the present interesting partie, states in his notes that 
this defence to the Ruy Lopez was the invention of Mr. Boden, 
but, curiously enough, we have stumbled on an old game at this 
opening played by the writer in 1849 by correspondence with the 
late Mr. G. Forbes, in which the same idea occurs of moving the 
Q to K 2 and Kt to Q sq on the part of the second player ; in 
that game, however, Mr. Forbes did not play P to K B 3 and Kt to 
B 2, but Kt to K B 3 and Kt to K 3. 

fb) Mr. Lowenthal here suggests P to Q Kt 3 as a good 
method of continuing the attack, in which case Black's only answer 
appears to be P to Q R 3. 

(c) Up to this point the moves tally with those of one of the 
match games between Morphy and Lowenthal ; the latter here 
retreated the B to Q 3, which he considers best. 

(d) We prefer B to B 2 or Q to K 2, for now Black's Q P 
becomes weak, and he is prevented from Castling on either side. 

(e) To enable him to remove his Q B, but we still favour B 
to B 2, which would leave the Kt's file open for the Rook, and 
might even be followed presently by P to K B 4. 

(fj Apparently the only way out of his difficulties, for if Q 
to Q 2, White would double his Rooks speedily on the Q's file, 
with a great attack. 

(gj Necessary now, for had he played K to Kt 2, White 
could safely take the Q B P with his Bp. 

(h) Kt to R 4 seems also forcible, and might have been 
adopted with advantage instead of White's next move, which we 
agree with Mr. Lowenthal in calling " an unsound venture." 

(ij Well played, forcing the opponent's hand, and procuring 
considerable relief from pressure for himself. 

(jj With the probable intention of renewing the attack by 
K to Kt sq, R to R 2, and P to R 4. 

rkj If Kt to R 5, then 35 R takes B P, Kt takes R, 36 R to 
B 7, &G. 

(I) As he is two Pawns behind, this is about his only chance 
of breaking through Black's formidable phalanx. 

(mj This series of moves is played in a masterly way by Mr. 
Boden ; if White now takes the Pawn with his Q, he at least loses 
two Pawns in return, and subjects himself to a fierce attack, 

(nj Q to Kt 2 looks better in some respects, as it confines 
the Kt. 

(o) R takes P ch, followed by Q to K 4 is, as Mr. Lowenthal 
points out, a stronger line of play. 

(p) If B to Kt 3, Black replies with Q to K R 4. 


(q) Better apparently than B to Kt 3, which would be 
answered by R to K aq. Black cannot play Q to K R 4 now, or 
he would be mated in four moves. 

(rj The latter portion of tbia game has abounded in critical 
situations, and the present positioa, which we give on a diagram, 
is not the least interesting. It would appear at first sight that 
Black must win by now playing Q to Q K.t 2, but Mr. Lowenthal 
has shown that White very ingeniously escapes by checking with 
his B at K 5, and then playing B to Q 5, 

Black (Mb. Boden.) 

White (Mr. Morpht.) 


Played in the Manchester and Liverpool Match I2th Nov. 1881. 

(Liverpool, (Manchester, 
Mr. H. E. Kidson.) Mr. Heap.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Liverpool, (Manchester, 
Mr. H. E. Kidson.) Mr. Heap.) 
3BtoB4 BtoB4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 B takes P 



6 P to Q B 3 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Castles 

8 P takes P 

9 B to Kt 2 
11 KttoK 2 

13 P to Q 6 

14 B to K 2 

15 Kt takes Kt 

16 Q takes B 

17 K to R sq 

P takes P 
B to Kt 3 

Kt to K Kt 3 
Q Kt to K 4 
B takes B 
Kt takes Kt 
Q toR5 

18 Kt to K B 5 Q to Kt 5 

19 P to B 3 Q to Kt 4 

20 P to B 4 Q to Kt 5 

21 Q to Q B 2 Kt to Kt 3 

22 B takes Kt P Q to R 4 

23 B to B 6 (e) K R to QKt sq 

24 Q to Q B 3 

25 R to B 3 (/) 

26 B to K R 8 

27 R to R 3 

28 R to Kt 3 

K to B sq 
B to Q B 4 
Kt to K 2 
Q to Kt 6 
Q takes P (g) 

And White announced mate in 
six moves. 

Notes by E. Frebborough. 

("a) He should first dispose of White's King's Bishop by Kt 
to R 4. The move made, wrongly timed, has lost innumerable 
games in the " Evans." 

(bj He might have dashed boldly on with Kt to Kt 5. 

fc) The strong stand which White's Knight may take on B 4 
does not appear to be recognised by either player. It is well to 
prevent it by Kt to Kt 3 at once. This move also stops White 
from playing Kt to R 4. The move of the Bishop has about it an 
illusive charm, and still ensnares in spite of repeated warnings. 

(^dj A voluntary " pin," sure to lose time at least The next 
few moves show how White utilises the time gained to win the 

(ej Here White's problem making instinct comes to the front. 
He contemplates various combinations with Q, B, and Kt ; the 
one nearest to hand being Q to B 3, followed by P to K Kt 4. 

(fj This is decisive. Black's heavy guns are useless to him, 
and his King is not in a position to resist four pieces. 

(g) 28 Q to R 4 would be met by 29 R to Kt 5. 


Played recently at the Chichester Chess Club. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Amateur.) (Mr. G. R. Downer.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to Q 4 P takes P 


(Amateur.) (Mr. G.R. Downer.) 
4 Kt takes P B to B 4 
5BtoK3 QtoB3 

6 P to Q B 3 K Kt to K 2 



7 B to Q Kt 5 Q to Kt 3 (a) 

8 Castles P to Q 4 (6) 

9 Kt takes Kt P takes Kt 

10 Stakes B P takes B 

1 1 B takes Kt K takes B 

12 Q takes P (c) R to Q sq 

13 Q to K 5 oh (d) K to B sq 

14 R to K sq B to R 6 

15 P to K Kt 3 (e) Q to Kt 6 

16 Q to B 5 ch K to Kt sq 
17QtoK3 RtoQ8 

18 Kt to R 3 (/) Q R to Q sq 

19 P to B 3 R takes R ch 

20 R takes R Q to K 3 

21 Q to Kt 5 (g) QtoKt3ch(^) 

22 K to R sq (0 P to K B 3 

23 Q to R 5 (J) And Black mates 

in a few moves. (A;) 

Notes by Thomas Lonq. 

(a) Mr. Gossip gives for Black 7 Kt takes Kt. 

(bj Mr. Downer informs us that his eighth move was " a slip 
of the finger," and that he fully intended to change off the pieces 
before playing the move in the text. 

(c) Gaining a Pawn. 

(d) We should have preferred 13 Q to B 5 ch, threatening to 
win another Pawn, besides being a puzzling move for Black's 

(ej Mr. Downer here gives — in the notes with which he 
favoured us— If 16 Q to K Kt 3, Q takes V, 16 Kt to Q 2, 
Q to B 7, &c. We, however, are of opinion that White would 
have got the better position after capturing the Bishop, and check- 
ing at K R 8. But, better still, he would have won a piece by 
16^/0^-53 instead of Kt to Q 2 after Black's capture of the 
K Pawn. 

(fj Forced, to save the heavy loss. 

A fatal departure — White had a safe, if not a winning 



This check cannot be answered. 

If 22 Q to K 3, R to Q 8, and White loses a Rook. 
If 22 R to K 3, mate follows in a few moves after driving the 
White Queen. 

(j) If 23 Q takes Q Kt P, Q to B 7, followed by B to Kt 7 

(k) Viz. :— 23 Q to B 7, 24 R to K Kt sq, (If 24 Q takes B, 
Q takes R, and mate next move,) B to Kt 7 ch, 25 R takes B, 
R to Q 8 ch, and mate next move. 

The ending of this game is very pretty. White's disasters 
may be mainly attributed to the " old, old story," slow develop- 
ment on the Queen's side. By not having brought out his Q Kt 
earlier, his antagonist had two pieces more in the field, and made 
effective use of them. 




(Evans Gambit decliDed.) 

(A. Maude.) (Dr. 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 

5 P to Kt 5 

6 Kt takes P 

7 P to Q 4 

8 B takes Kt 

9 B takes Kt P 

10 Q takes Q 

11 B takes R 

12 B to Q 3 

13 P toQR4 (d) 

E.Yon Schmidt.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to Kt 3 
Kt to R 4 
Kt to R 3 (a) 
PtoQ 3 
P takes Kt (h) 
Q takes P 
B takes Q 
B takes R 
B to K 3 (c) 


(A. Maude. ) (Dr. E. von Schmidt. ) 

14 B to Kt 7 R to K Kt sq 

15 B to R 6 R takes P 

16 B to Q 2 (e) Kt to B 5 

17 B to Kt 4 ch K to B 3 

18 Kt to B 3 (/) B to Kt 7 

19 Kt to K 2 R to Kt 3 

20 Kt to Kt 3 P to Q R 4 

21 PtksPe«j9. 

22 R to Kt sq 

23 P to R 4 

24 P to K R 5 

PP takes P 
K to Kt 2 
B to Q 5 (g) 
R to Kt 4 

25 Kt to B 5 ch B takes Kt 

26 R tks R ch and Black resigns. 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(^aj As at present advised, we prefer this defence to any 
other if rightly followed up. It has lately been reinforced by 
M. Bezkrowny's move : on the other hand, against 6 Q to K Kt 4 
the attack has been strengthened, as was shown in C. P. G, 1880, 
p. 170. 

("b) At this point M. Bezkrowny has suggested P^takes B : 
this move has been analysed by Mr. Gossip in the O, P. C and, in 
our opinion, proved to yield Black the better game. 

(cj Here Black should at once play K to K 2 : but White 
does not seize the opportunity which the transposition of moves 
gives him. 

(dj B to B 6 was the coup justCy letting the R P go but pre- 
serving the K Kt P. Black's development is then retarded ; for if 
he liberates the Rook by K to Q 2, White after K to K 2 (better 
than Castling) will seize the open file with his R at Q sq. 

(e) The Handhuch breaks off here with " B to K 3 or Q 2, 
even game." It is clear to us that the text move, followed by the 
check, is the better of the two. 

(f) Mr. M. here notes : ** Played in full confidence that Dr. 
V. Schmidt, who has great respect for a Bishop, would not capture. 
Otherwise I might have played P to Q B 3, and tried to make 
things lively for the Bishop at a 1." 

(g) "A superfluous blunder, for his game was sufficiently 
lost without it." A. M. It must be admitted that Dr. v. Schmidt, 
who is an eminent analyst (see p. 265 of our last volume), does not 
do himself justice in thus allowing his K and R to be hampered. 
In fact, his play in these latter moves has been by no means A 1. 



Game played July 14th, 1880. 


(Mr. C. Pardoe, (Mr. W. Bridgwater, 

1 P to K 4 

2 K Kt to B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt takes P 

5 Q takes Kt 

6 B to B 4 

7 Q to Q sq 

8 Castles 

9 P to Q B 3 (c) 

P toK 4 
Q Kt to B 3 
P takes P 
Kt tks Kt (a) 
Kt to K 2 
Kt to B 3 
B to B 4 (b) 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. C. Pardoe, (Mr. W. Bridgwater, 


10 P to Q R 4 

11 PtoQKt4 

12 B to Kt 2 

13 B to Kt 3 

14 Q to Q 2 
16 P to Q B 4 
16 P takes Kt 

P to Q R 3 
Kt to K 4 (d) 
B to Kt 5 
Q to R 5 
Kt to B 6 ch 
B takes P 

PtoQ 3 
Notes by C. E. Rankbn. 

("a J Not advisable, because it brings the adverse Queen too 
much into the centre. 

(b) Black should have been made to pay for this indiscretion 
by the reply B takes P ch. 

(c) Weak, he ought rather to bring out the Kt. 

fdj From this point to the end Mr. Bridgwater plays 


C. E. T., Clifton. — No. 37 is somewhat marred by duals. 
After the defence 1 K to K 3 White can continue either with 
2 Q to K B 6, R takes B or Kt to K B 4, &c., and after 1 B to 
Q 5 by 2 Q to Q R 8, as well as your way. No. 38 is very cleverly 
cured. Thanks ! 

A. L. S., Clevedon. — In mainplay of No. 3 if Black K move, 
there are two mates (either with Q or B). Also ditto in variation 3. 
No. 4 shall appear shortly. 

G. H., Nottingham. — Thanks for the prize 2-ers. They are 
unavoidably crowded out. 

E. C, Rathmines. — Glad you found the article of service. 
Solution correct. 

L. C, Malta. — 1 Kt takes P will not solve 83. 

J. Pierce. — In the 2-er sui-mate, suppose 1 Q to Kt 5, R takes 
Kt ch, 2 Q in ch, P takes Q, no mate ! 

L. W. S., Wareham. — Still unsound ! for if Black play 1 Rch, 
White cannot compel the mate. 

A. D., Marseilles. — We have forwarded M. L.'s address to the 
prize giver and shall be glad to hear the book has reached him. 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 

Leeds Mercury Sui-mate Problem and Solution Tourneys. 
These competitions have resulted in a triple success for Mr. G. J. 
Slater, who has carried off the two first prizes in the former and 
is also at the head of the poll in the latter tourney. Problems by 
Messrs. B. G. Laws and A. Townsend tied for the third prize, 
while Messrs. Laws, Townsend, and W. F. Wills were honourably 
mentioned in the order named. Mr. G. Hume scored second honours 
in the solution competition, no child's play either, as 23 problems 
in from 8 to 10 moves had to be tested, some of them extremely 
difficult, as we found to our cost ! The prize positions adorn 
another page in this number. Beauty, difficulty, and constructive 
merit are abundantly evident in these compositions, which cannot 
fail to please connoisseurs in this branch of the problem art. 

In the Croydon Guardian Problem Tourney, Messrs. Laws, 
Slater, and R. H. Seymour, U. S. have been awarded the three 
principal prizes, and another American composer, Mr. C. E. Dennis, 
that allotted to the best two-mover. 

The Weekly Irish Times offers a copy of the C?iess Player's 
Annual for the best three-mover ; six months copies of the paper 
for the best two-mover ; and the C, F, A, for the best criticism on 
the competing problems, which are to be contributed during 1882. 
Judges, Three-movers, Mr. W. R. Bland. Two-movers, Mr, J. P. 

Nationaltldende Problem Tourney. The final award of Messrs. 
Soborg and Sorensen is as follows : — 1st prize, V. Nielsen, Copen- 
hagen. 2nd, F. af Geijersstam, Upsala. 3rd, (special prize for 
the best Scandinavian problem, outside the above sets) V. Hoist. 
Messrs. Leprettel, Marseilles, R. Hermet, Magdeburg, and V. 
Mieses, Leipsic, are honourably mentioned. Amongst the less 
fortunate competitors we note the well known names of Braune, 
Liberali, Nix, Pradignat, Studd and Zim. 


Award of thb Judges. 

The delay in awarding the prizes in this tourney has been 
caused by the sudden death of the periodical under whose 
management it was introduced to public notice. In consequence 
of this event in the Chess world, the judges have been and are 
now unable to state positively that the important condition of the 
tourney requiring the publication of all the problems has been 


effectually carried out. Subject, howerer, to that default — if such 
default there is — the judges award tlie prizes as follow : — 
I. Peep beneath. 

II. Too maay cooks spoil the mate. 
III. Victoria. 
The special prize for the best three-move problem is awarded 
to the one in set " Peep beseatb." Signed, 

J. W. Abbott. 
P. T. Ddffy. 
^*^ No. I. Set appeared ia Westminster Papers for April, 1879 ; 
No. II. in Hudderejield College Magaxiite for May, 1879 ; and 
No. III. in Chess Flayer's Chronicle for Februaiy, 1880. 


Mr. RANKBN'a Solution. Mb. Oollinb's Soldtiom. 





1 K moves 

P to K 4 dis ch 

1 PtoKt 4 

P takes P 

2 K to B 8 



P to Kt 6 

3 K to Kt 7 

B takes P 

3 P takes P 

P to B 7 ch 

4 K to R 6 

B takes P 

4 K takes P 

P Queens ch 

5 K moves 

P toQ4 

5 K takes Q 

B to B 6 dis ch 

6 K moves 

Kt to Q 3 

6K toB2 

R to B 8 ch 

7 K moves 

Q mates. 

r K toK 3 

P Queens mate. 

The first correct solution was 

received from Mr. F. C. Collins, 

to whom the prize has been awarded. There are doubtless very 
many possible renderings of the idea and we print above, for the 
sake of comparison, the methods of Mr. Ranken and Mr. Collins. 
Solutiona have also been received from East Marden and M. 
Demonchy, Marseilles. 



Problem 87, by G. Hume.— 1 R to Kt 8, B to Kt sq, 2 R to 
Q 8, B to R 2, 3 R to Q 3, &o. 

Problem 88, by G. J. Slater.— 1 R to K 2. 

Problem 89, by J. Pierce. — 1 Q to K sq, Kt (R 8) moves or 
P to Q B 5 (a) 2 Q to K 5 ch, &c. (a) 1 Kt to K 7 (6) 2 Q to 
Q 2 ch, &c. (6) 1 P to K B 6, 2 Q to K 4, &o. 

Problem 90, by E. Pradignat.— 1 Kt to B 4, Kt to K 5, 2 Kt 
to Q 3 dis ch, Kt to Q 7 (a) 3 Kt to Kt 2, Jcc. (a) 2 Kt to Kt 4, 
3 Kt to K 5, &c. 

Problem 91, by H. E. Kidson.— 1 Q to Q 6. 

Problem 92, by F. af Geijersstam. The author's intention is 

1 P to B 8 becomes Bishop, K takes R, 2 R takes P cb, &c., but 
the problem also admits of solution by 1 Kt takes P, K takes R, 

2 B takes Kt ch, &c, 

W. Jay, Gamma, A. L. S., Locke Holt, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., R. 
Worters, H. Blanchard, E. Haigh, W. F. Wills, Sergt-Major 
McArthur, G. Hume, B. G. Laws, C. J. Aving, P. L. P., and Peru 
have solved Nos. 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, and 92 

East Harden and J. 0. Allfrey all but No. 91. T. B. Rowland 
and H. Balson all but No. 90. J. A. M. all but Nos. 90 and 91. 
James Young all but Nos. 87, 90 and 91. 

Author's solution of No. 92 received from East Marden, 
A. L. S., Locke Holt, James Young, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., H. Blan- 
chard, H. Balson, G. Hume, B. G. Laws, P. L. P., and Peru ; the 
"cook" from the remainder. Both solutions from W. Jay, R. 
Worters and E. Haigh. Jas. Young, 87 is a four-mover ; in 90 if 
1 B to R 3, Kt to B 6 there is no mate. In 91 the B K escapes 
at Q 6. In 89, 1 Kt to K 7 omitted. J. A. M., 1 Kt to K 7 
omitted in 89. Sergt. -Major Mc Arthur and C. J. Aving, 1 P to 
K B 5 omitted in 89. T. B. Rowland, We fear your solution of 
90 cannot be credited for it goes wrong on second move and there 
is no mate. P. L. P. wrong in 89 if 1 P to K B 5. 

East Marden, wrong in 89 if 1 Kt to K 7. In 91, 1 Q to B 6 
leads to BlaaMs downfall. From our last number you will have 
seen that no points are now given for variations. If a variation 
is omitted the solver is debited accordingly, but before this is 
taken into consideration other things must be equal, thus : — (a) 
number of problems solved, (6) number of problems solved and 
cooked. In a the solver omitting the solution to a four-mover 
will rank lower than one failing in a three-mover ; while in h the 
cook of a four-mover will take precedence of the cook of a three- 

C. J. Aving and others. No fair comparison can be made 
between problems of different lengths. Each class, two, three and 


four-movers, should be kept separate and points given accordingly. 
To weigh, for instance, a good two-mover against a good four- 
mover, making allowances for difference of length, would make the 
use of a scale a matter of fancy rather than of judgment. 

The January problems have been solved by Peru and Jas. Ray- 
ner, and all but 85 by J. 0. AUfrey — too late for competition. 

W. R. B. 



Child of my brain I To thee I owe 
The joy and pain by children brought. 

Twas but in vain thou cam'st, I know. 
Thou art again a formless thought ! 


So have I seen Venetian goblet, wrought 

With curious art and dy'd with splendid stain, 

Marr'd by some fault which brings its use to nought 
And makes its very beauty seem a pain, 


With hunger keen I sit down to thy hoard, 
Is this thy feast % I fear thou hast been rash : 

First of thy viands shouldst thou be assur'd ; 
Too soon have they been cookd — and lo, a hash I 


(Composer loquitur.) 

Oh how I lov'd you, my delightful mate ! 

And now they've found out that I've got a second, 
Worthless and plain ! — Position desperate ! — 

111 do away with her so faulty reckoned ! 


(Solver loquitur,) 

I was told to discover his pretty mate. 
Where she was hidden : all vainly I sped 

Hither and thither — but strange to relate 
Found my own mockingly turn up instead ! 


Chess blossom fair, " no sooner blown than blasted ; " 
To live but to know death — is this thy doom ? 

Not so : the soul lives though the form be wasted, 
Again thou shalt appear in perfect bloom. 



No. I— By O. J. SLATER. No. II.— Br O. J. SLATER. 

Motto: " Favourite of Fortune." Motto: "Craig Millar." 

Wbita to pkf uid soi-mftte in eight maT«i, White to plaj and aai-tnnte in eight xaovet 

No. III.— Bt B. G. laws. (Equal to No. III.) 

Motto : " Regiiun donum." Motto : " Beware of the elephant." 

Vhit« to play and mi-mate in sight moTM. White to plaj and sui-mate iD 


No. 93.— Bt E. PRADIGNAT. 

No. 95.— Br Dr. S. GOLD. 

White to play und mate ii 

Ho. 96.— Bt F. ii GEIJEESSTAM. 


White to pky and mate 

Na 97.— Bt C. E. TUCKETT. Ko. 98.— Bt G. J. SLATER. 

White to play and lante in three moves. White to plaj and sai-mate in two move*. 



(Condition :— Mainpla; to be 1 Et to Q R 6, 2 Et to K Et 6, 3 (; 
or first two movea reversed.) 

White to play aud mate in three moTei. White to play and mate id three movea. 



Whita to play and mat* in three movei. Whit* to pUj and mate in three moTM. 




A Li M A N A C 



APEIIj, 1882. 








































First number of the Westminster Papers issued, 1868. 

Last number of do. 1879. 
G. N. Cheney bom, 1837. Dr. C. Goring died, 1879, 

[aged 37. 
Samuel Standidge Boden bom, 1826. 

Prince Leopold bom, 1853. 

W. J. A. Fuller bom, 1822. Chas. Vezin died, 1863. 

First Chess column in Society appeared, 1881. 

Duke of Brunswick (" Gustavus Selenus ") bom, 1579. 

Otto von Oppen born, 1783, died on his 77th birthday, 1860. 
Morphy played 8 blindfold simultaneous games at the London 
Chess Club, 1859, winning 2, and drawing 6. 

Leonard Euler (Investigator of " Knight's Tours ") bom, 1 707. 

Benjamin Franklin died, 1790. Jas. T. Palmer bom, 1853. 

Biand*s Chess Club Directory issued, 1880. 
0. A. Brownson born, 1828. 
Lord Lyttelton died, 1876, aged 59. 
Morphy played 8 blindfold simultaneous games at the St 

George's Chess Club, London, 1859, winning 5, and drawing 3. 
T. A. Thompson born, 1855. 
Petroflf died, 1867, aged 74. 

Match by correspondence betweenthe London and Edinburgh 
[Chess Clubs commenced, 1824. George Walker died, 1879, aged 76. 

J. W. Miller (Chess Editor of Cincinnati Commercial) bom, 

Sir William Jones died, 1794. 
Dr. C. Goring bom, 1841. 

Mrs. J. W. Gilbert bom, 1837. Match between Messrs. 
Mackenzie and Judd terminated, 1881. Score — Mackenzie, 7 ; 
Judd, 5 ; Drawn, 1. 





Half 3bd Pbizb, £1, Hebr Reinhold Sohmidt, Cosseln. 


(Humorous Sketch.) 
Motto — " Wenig, aher mit Liebe" 

Herb FridolIn Meister was a candidate in Philology and teacher 
at the '* Gymnasium " of the little town of Elfhausen. It was his 
first situation after the completion of his years of studentship, and 
we cannot therefore wonder that we find him in a bachelor's 
lodging at four thalers a month, and that his salary stood in 
inverse proportion to his services ; i.e. his duties as teacher 
represented pretty nearly the maximum which one could put upon 
a man, his income the minimum upon which a man could live. 
But Fridolin — all his acquaintances called him so, and he willingly 
submitted to it, because he found his first name very pretty — 
Fridolin was of a cheerful and contented nature. He was not 
accustomed to think how he should be better off if this or that 
were different, but took life as it offered itself ; and if it still at 
times would seem to him hard, he sought forgetfulness in the 
unfathomable depths of the game of Chess. For, to come to one 
of his further principal qualities, he was the most zealous disciple 
of Caissa who has ever moved the pieces on the Chess-board. 

A Chess Club in Elfhausen owed to him its existence> and of 
the Chess column of the Elfhausen " Wochenblatt," likewise 
established by him, he was undisputed lord, namely editor, pro- 
blem-provider, critic, and corrector in one person. In problems he 
showed himself quite exceptionally fertile ; each of them had its 
peculiar history of origin, which on occasion he willingly related, 
And thereby it was usually found that his best problem thoughts 
had come to him on extraordinary accidental occasions, and often 
through the most wonderful combinations of ideas. Stricter 
judges would have called his performances only middling, but 
fortunately he had nothing to fear from such at Elfhausen, 
and just as little was his exalted position in Elfhausen Chess 
literature lessened by any sort of competition. His pseudonym 
" Phosphorus " — the light-bringer — had the monopoly in the said 
Chess column, and he himself remained undisputedly " the light- 
bringing Chess Master of Elfhausen," as quite lately at the annual 
foundation festival of the Chess club the eloquent apothecary had 
called him in a high-flown toast. 


At the time of our narrative, moreover, he was in love. The 
pretty Fanny Konig, the daughter of the rich draper in the 
market, with whom he had so well entertained himself yesterday 
at the great summer festival of the Elfhausen people of education, 
had inflicted it upon him« What was more natural than that he 
should awake this morning with the thought of her, and with her 
name upon his lips. Following as an inference thereupon, whilst 
he still remained in wakeful dreams on his couch, there arose the 
second thought, with tender homage to prepare the way for a 
further approach to the amiable lady. But by what means ) For 
a judicious expenditure of flowers, the most usual mode of 
expression in such cases, the tiresome money was wanting to him, 
for his last groschen was spent at yesterday's festival, and still a 
whole week separated him from the day of the next payment of 
his salary ; a poetical effusion to the adored one would indeed have 
been quite in place, but again his poetical abilities did not extend 
thus far. There — a noble thought 1 Had not Fanny told him 
that the elements of the game of Chess were not quite strange to 
her 1 And could he not dedicate to her a Chess composition in 'the 
*' Wochenblatt," perhaps one whose position should form the 
initial letter of her first name ? " Eureka ! Eureka ! " he cried in 
pure joy, and in nearly the same inadequate costume as Archimedes 
of old with this joyous shout hurried through the streets of Syra- 
cuse, he sprang out of bed to his Chess-board, to examine in 
upright posture a problem position that was passing through his 
mind. Meanwhile he extended the range of his thoughts further : 
** Certainly the problem must not be difl&cult, at the most an easy 
and simple three-mover, so that I may clearly and comprehensibly 
explain it to her, if she should happen to ask me about it " — that 
Fanny should understand the dedication, and not remain in doubt 
as to the author, in spite of the pseudonym, and notwithstanding 
that he could only bring in discreetly the initial letter of her first 
name, on that point Fridolin had no anxiety, for the veil of the 
editorial secret of the Elfhausen " Wochenblatt " was as transpa- 
rent as in general the veil of an open secret in a small town only 
can be ; — " perhaps she will thereupon express the wish to 
learn to play Chess better, then can I with a responsive bow offer 
myself as her teacher." 

He was just about to essay this discreet bow of the future in 
solo exhibition, when Catherine with the breakfast rolls paid her 
visit to the room. She could not suppress a little scream at the 
sight of Fridolin in his profound neglige, but fortunately she 
retained so much sense that she did not throw the plate with the 
rolls upon the ground, but put it in its place, and only outside in 
the entrance-hall gave vent to her indignation at this pretty 
surprise before some other servants. She expressed herself in 


reference to this very energetically, and concluded with the words, 
" And this I say, he is growing quite crazy with his stupid wooden 
puppets ; in the evening he takes them to bed^ with him, and in 
the early morning he leaves himself no time to dress that he may 
only get them again immediately into his hand.'' Brave Catherine ! 
How little dost thou know how to appreciate Fridolin's feelings ! 
In the meanwhile by means of Catherine's entrance he was again 
so far reminded of the nourishment and needs of the body that 
he put on his clothes, and placed the water for the coffee over the 
spirit-lamp, for as a thrifty bachelor he used to prepare his own 
coffee himself. In their accustomed order he grouped round the 
coffee-pot the sugar, the butter, the rolls, and the accompanying 
coffee, then seated himself at the table, took his Chess-board 
again before him, and sought to arrange some of the pieces in a 
tasteful " F." He had very nearly succeeded according to his wish, 
but a Turkish destiny again put an obstacle in his way. In the 
middle of his deep meditations suddenly there arose a sound 
within of a violent effervescence, hissing, and steaming, and as 
be looked up, terrified, his coffee water boiled over and covered the 
whole table, Chess-board, pieces, and breakfast materials with a 
seething flood. Fridolin indeed immediately extinguished the lamp, 
and thereby stopped the fountain of the hot deluge, but what a 
chaos was presented to his eyes ! Here a Pawn sailed merrily 
down on a broad stream, which brought with it copious grease 
spots of melted butter ; there a Knight with a hostile Bishop were 
stuck together in sweetest harmony by dissolved sugar ;. there an 
alluvium of brown coffee-grounds formed itself around the White 
Queen, which yielded quite a pretty picturesque effect in the con- 
trast of colours. The well-disposed breakfast itself was of course 
in the true sense turned to water. And in addition to all this 
misfortune, the hour presently struck which called him into the 
school and to his duty. He was obliged to commit the chaos to 
the hands of Catherine, hastily swallowed down the rolls soaked 
with water, took up his books, stuck a few blank diagrams and two 
coloured pencils (his composer's working tools as he was accustomed 
to call them), into his pocket, in order to be able to write down 
later on the nearly-found position, and trotted off in a hurry to 
bis class. Then began the instruction in the usual fashion, and a 
quiet time passed away in the old tracks of amo, amas, amat, and 
mensaj mensce, mensce. Soon, however, all Fridolin's actions 
became quite mechanical. It is true he sat, as before, severely, on 
his lecturer's chair, and looked keenly through his spectacles when 
he called up " the next boy " to the recital of his task ; but he 
.was only present in the body, the words of the scholars were to 
him empty sound, his mind wandered far away to the sixty-four 
squares of the Chess-board. Why should the position which he 
had in his head so greatly trouble him 1 Why did he stick at 



one single little obstacle because it attached itself on the one hand 
to the beauty of the " F," and on the other to the correctness of 
the problem 1 The frolicsome band of scholars, as will easily be 
understood, remarked soon enough the absence of mind of their 
teacher, and took advantage of it in their own way ; their outward 
decorum remained strictly preserved, but when Miiller^rimM^had 
to give an account of the mysteries of the Accusative with the 
Infinitive, then did he recite in eloquent accents, as a grammatical 
rule, Schiller s " Fight with the Dragon," or when Schulze received 
a chapter from Cornelius Nepos to translate, he gave an account 
in measured words of his last fight with the town boys — and 
Fridolin with an occasional " Good," " Very well," " Go on," 
acknowledged all this as genuine coin. 

So it went on to the satisfaction of both sides till the last 
hour. This was devoted in some other classes to instruction in 
History, and thereupon it commenced without that by-play, yet it 
was indeed to bring a preliminary solution of the crisis. Little 
Meyer, to wit, was reciting from the history of Elizabeth and 
Mary Stuart, and knew how to narrate : — " The proud Elizabeth 
would not suflFer that a second Queen " — when Fridolin hastily 
interrupted him, " What 1 Once more, Meyer ! " " The proud 
Elizabeth would not suflfer that a second Queen should possibly be 
set up under her, and " " Good, Meyer, you can sit down, the 

next go on." And while the next boy imparted details of the 
jealous fear of Elizabeth, Fridolin quietly took his diagram from 
his pocket, and noted down the problem : 




White to play and mate in three moves, without making a 

second Queen. 


Thus the great attempt appeared to have succeeded, for little 
Meyer*s accidental word had awakened Fridolin, and shown him 
the way at least to evade the difficulties which he had not been 
able to set aside in his half-finished problem* But after the closing 
of the school there came to him divers thoughts — and he 
experienced "his Purgatory " as he was continually speaking of 
these supplementary doubts and fears. At this time he went as a 
rule to take a little walk till dinner, and he attempted this likewise 
to-day ; but has any one ever heard of a pleasant walk in 
" Purgatory " 1 For him the sun shone in vain, the lime-trees 
exhaled their scent to no purpose ; whoever greeted him got no 
thanks, whoever addressed him received perverse answers. Fortu- 
nately nobody took any offence at him for this, at least his closer 
acquaintances did not, for these knew immediately, " It is his pro- 
blem day," as they had christened this state of things in the 
Chess club. But as for the numerous troops of military recruits, 
who to-day, as their inspection day, marched in bright squads 
straight through Elfhausen, and by means of copious spirit resto- 
ratives found themselves in a scarcely less " problematical " 
disposition than our Fridolin, they did not know it ; to them the 
self-forgetting walker was a welcome object for their wanton 
humour, and they practised many a mischievous trick upon the 
poor man, who reached his summit point when a naughty troop in 
regular, long-stretched goose-march arranged themselves behind 
him, and so accompanied him step by step. Even this Fridolin 
did not feel, for onJy the littleleaf of paper which he had previously 
written upon in the class waved before his eyes, and difficult 
questions rolled themselves through his head : — ** Is not the other 
White Pawn quite a superfluous dummy 1 Is not the solution too 
clumsy ] Is also the limited condition' with regard to the second 
Queen admissible*? &c., &c." Of course under such circumstances 
he did not arrive at his inn for the mid-day meal till 1-30 p.m., a 
full half-hour too late ; yet he at least found there an intelligent 
and sympathising spirit in a member of the Chess club, the good- 
natured Doctor. He sat down opposite him, produced a Chess- 
board, and while he attacked the soup, devoted it to his gaze : 

" You must know, dear Doctor, I have an idea brr ! "—he had 

burnt himself with the hot soup ! — '* Oh ! confoundedly hot — yes, 
an idea — look at it." And now, betwixt a couple of bites, he set 
up his problem on the Chess-board, and handled it all round in 
such a danger-threatening manner on the table, that the careful 
waiter removed all breakable objects out of the reach of his arm. 
Meanwhile the Doctor went attentively to his own separate seat, 
stood ready with speech and answer, found the problem quite 
promising and correct, and even the limited condition entirely 
inconsiderable. As he was once more setting up in position the 



u-p" which had been so often displaced in the eagerness of the 
debate, by chance the White King at B 4 and the Pawn at K 7 
bad changed their places ; he was going to correct the mistake, 
but Fridolin, who had also perceived the chance alteration, held 
him by the arm : " Stop, this is indeed an actual improvement" ! 
Just look, so-so-so." " Of course !" exclaimed each delighted, "and 
White can now even dispense with the second Rook." So Fridolin 
then once more brought out his tools, and wrote down a second 
diagram : 






i ra^.„„„» 


White to play and mate in three moves, without making a second 

Queen or Raok. 

With this diagram in his pocket, he quitted the Doctor and 
the inn satisfied. Unfortunately, however, his state of satisfaction 
was not to last long, for at each step homewards the arguments by 
which the former had defended the limitations in the choice of 
officers appeared to him less tenable, and even before his home 
was reached, he again walked in the most evident purgatory. He 
had as little impression as in the forenoon of what occurred around 
him, and he did not observe, for instance, that in his blind, 
irregular course he had nearly pushed into the gutter a young 
lady who was coming the opposite way to him, and who then half 
angry, half wondering, looked back at him. Of other adventures, 
how he had to encounter on his short journey a savage bloodhound, 
and a rough porter, I will not speak. How well was it for him 
that he had this day a free afternoon, and could withdraw himself 


together with his problem between the four walls of his room, 
without being obliged to expose himself further to all the dangers 
from men and beasts which threaten an absent-minded being in 
the open streets ! So he sat down again before his Chess-board, 
and meditated closely with hot forehead how that troublesome 
addition to the prosecution of the mate could well be set aside. 
He exerted himself honestly, did the brave Fridolin, and one 
would do him great injustice if one believed that he had in any 
way trusted to the occurrence of a happy chance such as so often 
before in earlier problems, and also twice to-day, had come to his 
help. And yet a chance was again to burst upon him in his need. 
Already had there been a repeated knocking at his door, without 
his perceiving and answering it. The knocker, who at last entered 
without the usual *' Come iu," was a friend of Fridolin's. He took 
no notice of the first word of greeting, as the latter drew him to 
the Chess-board, " I have here an idea for you, dear friend, a very 

luminous idea, but " " Yes, indeed, a very luminous idea," 

interrupted the former laughing, " that I see, for you are sitting 
there and allowing the July sun to bum upon your head, without 
even letting down the curtains. But pray spare me your rubbish, 
you have known long ago that I understand nothing of Chess." 
" So I do," said Fridolin very slowly, " I forgot that. But what 
did you really want then besides V^ "I wanted to proclaim to you, 
since you permit your mad Chess passion so to increase in your 
head, that you are forgetting to see and hear. Do you know then 
what you have done % Your young lady of yesterday, Fanny 
Kdnig, has just come to my sister, and told her that you have 
nearly run her down in the street. With trouble and difficulty she 
saved herself from the collision by an agile leap upon the causeway. 
She is very angry with you, for all the people had laughed at your 
rencontre. Is this the way to make up to young ladies, like a 
wounded elephant ] " 

Simultaneously with the beginning of this well-meant severe 
lecture Fridolin had again buried himself in his problem, and of 
the whole effusion retained in his mind nothing but the last word, 
with which he found in his present occupation a remote point of 
connection. " Elephant, Elephant," he murmured away to himself, 
thereupon took a black elephant of his carved Chess-men mechani- 
cally into his hand, and moved the tower-bearing Indian monster 
hither and thither upon the board. Suddenly he leapt up with 
a joyful exclamation : " This is indeed what I have been so 
long seeking for, there stands the Black Rook at once upon 
Q B 4, and takes away from White his offensive preponderance. 
That was a good hint which we will immediately make a 
note of!" 




iff S Wm. ^ 


White to play and mate in three moves. 

" Now there is no further need of conditions, and yet the main 
point is preserved. And now, old friend/' as he addressed his 
puzzled visitor, " don*t be angry with me for not listening to you 
before, and tell me once more what has brought you here." The 
other repeated, before he went, what we already know. It was 
indeed fatal, more than fatal, and for a time it made our hero quite 
melancholy. Cruel irony of fate ! She herself, who was worthy 
of all his thoughts and inventions, whom he desired to approach 
"with tenderest devotion, had been obliged directly to flee before 
him, because he came running against her " like an elephant ! " 
** And certainly she had at least expected a courteous greeting, 
perhaps even a suitable address ! But might not this occurrence 
possibly oflFer the best opportunity for the approach % An apology 
is here, of course, the simplest duty of courtesy ; to-morrow the 
problem appears in the paper, the day after I will pay my visit, ask 
her forgiveness, and point out with all modesty the real cause of 
m^ disgraceful blindness." 

By means of these reflections Fridolin had again become confi- 
dent. He would have been no true Chess-disciple if he had not 
attributed nearly an almighty effect to a problem, and also even a 
propitiatory and softening power. Thereupon his thoughts now 
turned again to the problem itself, and he entered upon the third 
Btage of his " purgatory," for the question left him no rest : Could 
there possibly be any second solutions % That self evidently needed 
the closest examination, and besides, the wish was stirred up to 
import somewhat more of " finesse " into the problem. " If not 
one single variation exists, can that be called a proper three-mover % 
In that case the whole remains still too bald. So, Fridolin, think 
of some variations, even if they should not be worth very much 



in themselves ! " That, indeed, was sooner said than done. The 
night was coming on, and yet no finesse, no variation had shown 
itself. When hed-time came, Fridolin actually took, as Catherine 
said, his " wooden puppets to bed with him,'' after he had, to meet 
the danger of fire, carefully placed the light in the washing-beisin. 
So he lay, and continually examined new positions to and fro, while 
other men stretched themselves in comfortable slumber, and while 
in the street only the recruits, who had this morning mocked him, 
were still carrying on their behaviour, brawling and singing. And 
they were immediately called upon, as if by reason of a poetic 
justice, to render him the best service of all. Fridolin was just 
going to put out his light, when a troop passing along under his 
window sang the strophe of the old soldiers' song : 

" ril choose me a little steed. 

Who in the battle's need 

His rider brave shall never fail." 
Fridolin hummed it after them, ever louder and louder, for the 
" little steed " brought him illumination. " Of course I will 
choose a little steed, and place him on Q B 2, and then indeed 
will all be in most beautiful arrangement." As he spoke he placed 
a spirited Kt on Q B 2, while the Rook at Q B 4 had again to give 
way to a Pawn. Now once more he carefully examined the whole 
problem throughout, then really extinguished the light, and went 
to sleep with the proud consciousness : Diem non perdidi I For 
a fourth stage of the purgatory there remained to him this time no 
opportunity, for upon his awaking the manuscript had to be for- 
warded at once to the press, and in the afternoon Elfhausen found 
in the Chess column of the ** Wochenblatt " in the finest ornamental 
type the dedication problem : 


White to mate in three moves. 


The position forms an " F," and, together with the retention of 
this letter and the demands of the three-move mate, admits of 
some interesting variations, of which we will speak at large in the 


" In the solution — ^namely when I shall solve and explain the 

problem to ^eer," was the comment which Fridolin made upon the 

last words when he received his copy of the " Wochenblatt " from 

the printing office. 

* * * . 

Such was the result which a day of a Problem-composer 
furnished with its varied and unexpected events. And what said 
Miss Fanny to this 1 That perchance I will relate to the friendly 
reader another time ; for the present I will only betray so much, 
that it far exceeded Fridolin's boldest expectations. 

Solutions of the four Problems. 

I._l Q to R 5, K to Kt 2, 2 P to Q 8 (becoming a R), K to 
B 3, or P to B 3, 3 Q to R 6, or R from Q 6 to Q 7, Mate. 

IL_1 Q to Kt 4, P takes Q, 2 R to Q Kt 6, P to Kt 6, 3 P to 
Q 8 (becoming a Kt), Mate. 

III.— 1 Q to Kt 4, R takes R (a), 2 P to Q 8 (becoming a Kt) 
oh, R takes Kt, 3 Q to Kt 5, Mate. 

(a J If anything else, 2 Q or Kt Mates. 

IV. — I Q to Q Kt 3, Kt takes R ch (a), 2 P takes Kt ch, K to 
B 2, 3 P becomes a Q, Mate. 

• (a J 1 Kt to K 3, (6), 2 Q to Kt 8, Kt to Q sq, 3 R to Q 6, 

(bj 1 Kt to Kt 4, 2 Q takes Kt ch, K to B 2, 3 P becomes a 
Q, Mate. 

Small modifications of these sub-variations can easily be 
worked out. 

(Continued from B. C. M. Vol. I. p. 342.) 

In my first paper I dealt exclusively with two-move problems. In 
the present article I purpose taking up three-movers, though the 
student will find that many of the hints offered will be found use- 
ful in two-movers also, as well as in four-movers ; the solving of 
the latter, however, is mostly a matter of careful analysis, in 
which rules are scarcely available ; one gropes along in darkness 
until he suddenly stumbles upon a key-move or a line of play 



which yields promising results, and which either proves to be the 
correct solution or is discarded for some other line of attack. It 
is true that after the first move has been made (or supposed to 
have been made) on each side, the problem is then in fact a three- 
mover, and the rules for three-movers become available ; and after 
two moves have been made on each side it is then a two-mover, 
and the rest of the solution may be looked for as in a two-mover. 
The first mover in a four-mover is, however, almost always a matter 
for experimental trial ; it is rare that any direct clue to it can be 
found. To return to three-movers, I will begin with the following 
easy position, because it also admits of being solved by the rule 
which is usually given for two-ers. 

No. IV. 

White to play and mate in three moves. 

Having first examined the position of the different pieces and 
noted the squares open to the Black King, allow him two moves ; 
suppose, for instance, he move to K 2 and then capture the Kt, under 
what conditions could you mate himi Obviously by K Kt to B 5, pro- 
vided you had previously prevented his escape to Q B 2. Now 
you will find that 1 B to Q B 3, and 2 B to Q R 5 closes this 
square against him. But suppose, after you have made your first 
and second moves as suggested, he does not capture the Kt, but 
returns to B 3 or moves to B sq. In the first case you mate him 
by B to Q 8, and in the second by Kt to Kt 6. Suppose, however, 
after your first move he moves K to Kt 4 and then captures 
the other Kt ; you cannot now mate him by 2 B to Q R 5 and 
3 B to Q 8, but you can check him by 2 Kt to K 4, and when he 
captures the Kt you mate by 3 B to K sq, and if he move 2 K to 
R 3, you mate by 3 B to Q 2. I solved this problem by this 



exact process in a very short time, and therefore can recommend 
it to the young solver as the best way of proceeding in positions 
similar to this, where the Black King stands alone, or nearly alone, 
and is surrounded by White pieces which, it may be evident, can- 
not be greatly changed in position without liberating the Black 

No. V. 

White to play and mate in three moves. 

This is an example of another class of problems, which may be 

solved in nearly the same way. With a Q and two Bishops the 

mate is nearly always given by the Q and her proper management 

is the principal thing to be learned. You will find on examination 

that the mating positions are all on the Queen's side of the board ; 

therefore your object is to prevent the K from escaping to his own 

side of the board. This is easily done by 1 Q to K B 8 ; he has 

now two moves at command, K to Q 5 being his best. It is now 

a two-move problem, and by the rule before given if he move to 

Q B 5, you can mate with Q at Q 5, while if he return to K 6, or 

to Q 6 you can only mate by Q takes K P ; but if he be allowed 

to move to Q B 4 or K 4, there is no mate. Therefore you must 

prevent him from gaining these last two squares, while at the 

same time you must gain command of the mating squares before 

mentioned ; that is, your Q 5 and K 4. You can manage all 

this by simply moving 2 Q to K B 5, and one variation of the 

problem is solved. You now turn your attention to his move of 

1 K to Q 6. He now hopes to escape to Q B 7, where you could not 

mate him. You can prevent this by Q to Q B 5, threatening also 

to mate him by Q to Q B 3. He has now no move but that of his 

K's P, which would open a square for his retreat but that your 

B guards it, and you mate by Q to B 3. W. A. 


Br H. E. Bird, Amateur Champion. 

My first feeling on glancing through this last addition to the 
Chess-player's library, was one of regret that Mr. Bird had not 
adhered to his original intention of making it an analysis of that 
capital little book " Chess Masterpieces," for although the author 
informs us that the usefulness of a work of this kind is greatly- 
enhanced by containing the latest intelligence and the newest dis* 
coveries, I have not come across any except on the title page, 
where it is both novel and gratifying to learn that he is the Amateur 
Chnmpion, and the man who can best hold his own against the 
first professional player in the world. 

If by the word amateur Mr. Bird means a lover of the game, 
no one is more entitled than himself to use it ; if, however, he 
means one who does not play for the sake of gain it would be 
interesting to know in what way his manner of proceeding, say at 
a Paris tournament, differs from that of Mr. Blackburne, or any 
other avowed professional. 

The first few pages of the work are devoted to preliminary 
remarks and a somewhat imperfect record of Tournaments, 
Matches, and important contests during the last forty years ; 
then follow eight noteworthy positions, all copied from ** Chess 
Openings," after which we reach the genuine business of the book 
in the shape of selections from the best games on record. These 
are picked out with judgment and are really good, being in fact 
the actual games of the finest players the world has eVer seen. I 
must confess, however, that I have a preference for the book from 
which most of them are copied, namely, " Chess Masterpieces," for 
in the present volume most of the games leave off just when one 
would most like to continue them. To the Chegs student I cannot 
recommend the work ; there are scarcely any explanatory notes, 
and in most cases only one line of play is given, in fact any one who 
had learned the openings from it would find himself, unless he had a 
very accommodating opponent, in much the same position as the 
lads in the catechism class who had each mastered the reply to one 
question, when the top boy was kept at home by the measles. 
The author, of course, trots out his favourite hobby in the shape 
of the Knight to Queen's fifth defence to the Ruy Lopez, but I 
searched in vain for a game in which the first player makes the 
simple reply of moving his Bishop to Q B 4 instead of exchanging 
Knights, which, considering that it gives a perfectly satisfactory 
game, I do not think should have been omitted from what the 
author draws special attention to as a leading feature of the work. 

* London : Sampson, Low, & Co. 


The Four. Ejiights' Game and the Centre Gambit are also treated 
with scant ceremony, the revived variation in the latter of retiring 
the Queen to K 3 on the fourth move being entirely unnoticed. 

It is, however, no doubt very difficult in a book of this kind to 
get in everything, and certainly purchasers cannot complain that 
they have not sufficient for their money ; it is capitally got up, the 
printing and paper being alike excellent, and it can be obtained for 
what Mr. Montague Tigg would call '* the ridiculously small sum 
of half-a-crown." I trust that when it reached another edition Mr. 
Bird will revise the printers' errors. I only looked out for them 
on the last three pages and found a very glaring one on each. M. 


Mr, Wilkinson, the Hon. Secretary of the Birmingham Chess 
Club, has favoured us with a printed copy of the report presented 
to the annual meeting held Jan. 30th. It contains a summary of 
the past history of the club from its commencement in 1851 up 
to the present year. We learn that Mr. Thomas Avery, the 
Mayor of Birmingham, and for years a most enthusiastic and 
liberal supporter of the game, was one of the founders, and to his 
energy may chiefly be attributed the leading position the club has 
always held among provincial organizations. The pamphlet con- 
tains a list of all the matches engaged in with neighbouring clubs, 
accounts of tournaments among the members, names of past Pre- 
sidents, rules of the Club, members* names, &c., forming altogether 
a valuable little memorial of Chess in Birmingham. 

The return match between the Birmingham and the Oxford 
University Chess Clubs took place on Saturday, March 4th, at St. 
John's College, Oitford, and, as usual, the undergraduates made a 
better fight upon their own ground than at Birmingham, the Bir- 
mingham team winning by three games only. Mr. G. E. Wain- 
wright, University College, carried off the honours of the day, as 
he drew his first game with Mr. Cook, and the second, being un- 
finished, was adjudicated in his favour. Mr. Weall, St. John's 
College, also scored well for the University; as did Messrs. Maurice 
Michael, E. Breese, and H. Wilkinson for Birmingham. After the 
match the visitors were entertained at dinner in the rooms of the 
University Club, Mr. Wise, Lincoln College, President of the 
University Chess Club, presiding, and Mr. Beebee, Trinity College, 
occupying the vice-chair. After the loyal toasts, "The Birmingham 
and Oxford Clubs " and "Mr. W. Cook" were given and responded 
to, and the visitors returned to Birmingham after spending a most 
enjoyable afternoon. Score : — Birmingham 9 J ; Oxford University 61-. 


We are sorry to hear of the decease of the Weel^s News, which 
deprives the Chess world for the nonce of Mr. Collinses services. 
The proprietors announce their intention of recasting the form of 
the paper, increasing its price, and making it much more compre- 
hensive and attractive. We trust that when the arrangements are 
completed Mr. Collins's name will again appear at the head of a 
Chess department. 

We extract the following from Turf, Field and Farm, We 
fear that all editors of Chess magazines could tell a similar 
tale. " Tis true, 'tis pity : And pity *tis, *tis true." 

" The many readers of Brentano will be gratified to learn that 
at great personal sacrifice Mr. Gustavo Reichhelm has undertaken 
the control of the Game Department of the Monthly for the last 
two numbers of the volume, and that he will probably accept the 
position of Game Editor should the magazine be continued for a 
second year. Mr. Reichhelm is a strong addition to the attractions 
of Brentano and had his assistance been procurable at an earlier 
period of its existence it probably would not now be a matter of 
doubt whether the Monthly is to live after the coming April num- 
ber. That it is a very doubtful matter is only too true. The 
magazine has not paid its original cost. The publishers at the start 
resolved to put $3,000 into a year's publication of a Chess journal 
which should be fairly worth the subscription price, $2,50, and to 
make a determined effort to ascertain whether the world could pro- 
duce in one year 1,200 Chess-players willing, by subscribing, to 
give them back their money. Their anticipations of outlay were 
fully, nay more than realised. They have faithfully fulfilled every 
promise made and more, but the mass of the players of the country 
have been totally indifferent. It would astonish one who inter- 
ests himself in it to look over the subscription list and see how few 
of the best-known players of America have aided it by subscribing. 
We have a list of over 900 names of players in the United States 
of prominence enough to be named in Chess columns as correspond- 
ents or contributors, not one of whom has subscribed. The power- 
ful influence of the Hartford Times has been brought to bear on 
New England players, and yet there is not a solitary subscriber 
from Hartford itself and less than 20, all told, from the six New 
England States, and so throughout the country. The great Chess 
centres like Cincinnati, Chicago, Philadelphia and St. Louis have 
done scarcely anything. Almost all its support has come from un- 
known men, men who love the game more than they do notoriety 
in the Chess columns, and who prove themselves to be the "solid 
men " of Chess. Without memoranda we can call the names of 
at least 500 Chess-players in this country who would be ashamed 
to have it known by the Chess public that they do not lift a finger 
to uphold Brentano^ s Chess Monthly, and yet they do not do it. 


We think they ought to be ashamed, and the spirit of cor Ameri- 
can players ought to be aroused by the information that nearly 
two-thirds of the present subscriptions come from England and 
Germany. This indifference of American Chess-players for the 
welfare of their excellent Che98 Monthly is, of course, dispiriting to 
its editors and discouraging to its publishers. It is not to be ex- 
pected that the latter will go on with it at a loss, and, notwith- 
standing the fact that the proprietors are about to make some pro- 
positions to the present subscribers, looking to some arrangement 
for a second volume, we very much fear that it will have to be 
recorded that American Chess-players do not want a Chess magazine. 
If BrentanoSj at ^2,50 per annum, will not Hake' with them, 
they do not deserve any." 

Since the above was written the proprietors have issued a 
circular pledging themselves to go on with the magazine if they 
can obtain 1,000 subscribers at three dollars per annum, with 
postage added to copies for abroad. This adds about 2/- to the 
former rate, and from our experience of the generous (]) manner 
in which the majority of Chess-players treat Chess literature, we 
have serious doubts whether the number will be reached. We 
shall be glad, however, if our prediction is falsified by the result 

The Northernmost Chess Club in Britain. — At a meeting 
held in the Upper Boom of the Brora Institute, on Friday evening, 
March 3rd, the following office-bearers were elected for the newly- 
formed Chess Club. President, Marquis of Stafford; Hon. 
President, John D. Chambers, Old Cathcart, Glasgow ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, George Sutherland ; Secretary and Treasurer, James G. 
Fraser ; with Messrs. S. Crowe, W. Donaldson, and J. Gunn as a 
Committee. The Club voted thanks to their Hon. President for 
the interest he had taken in its formation, and for his present of 
Chess-men and boards. Brora is the only place in Scotland, north 
of Inverness, where there exists a club for the ancient and noble 
game of Chess. The Club meets every night but Wednesday, at 
7 o'clock. 

The handicap tournament at the Burton Club has resulted in 
favour of 1, Mr. Thomas Robinson, 2, Mr. E. Toon, 3, Mr. C. 
Hanson, 4, Mr. T. W. Outhwaite, 5, Mr. J. Robinson and 6, Mr. 
0. W. Hives. Our informant does not give the classes to which 
the respective prize winners belong, but we understand that the 
first prize man received the odds of two pieces from the third prize 
winner. Mr. Thomas Robinson is much to be congratulated on 
his success, for his victory carries with it not only a handsome 
timepiece, but the honour of first winner of the massive silver 
challenge cup presented to the club for annual competition by the 
president. Alderman W. H. Worthington. This cup is likely to 
prove a permanent attraction, for it must be won three successive 



years before becoming the property of the holder. The prizes 
were presented by Mr. Worthington at a large meeting of Chess- 
players on the 8th ult. 

On the 18th ult. Barton was again the centre of important 
Chess operations. On that day the united clubs of Staffordshire 
met there to do battle with the players of Derbyshire, 25 a side. 
The result showed the superiority of Staffordshire in the games 
actually played by 23 J games to 17 J, a lead which was further 
mcreased by the claim of 3 games as forfeit— one Derbyshire 
player haying failed to turn up, and another after losing one game 
having mysteriously disappeared. He has not since been heard of. 

Those old opponents, Leicester and Nottingham, had their bi- 
annual tussle at Leicester on the 10th ult. Eleven players repre- 
sented each town and after some three or four hours play Not- 
tingham came out the victors by 5 games to 2, with 7 drawn. 

Bath Chess Club. — The third annual meeting of the Bath 
Chess Club was held at the Atheneeum, Bath, on Saturday, March 
11th. There were a good number of Chess-players present. 
Messrs. Stiurges and Highfield were re-elected president and vice- 
president respectively, and Mr. John Pollock was elected hon. sec- 
retary in the place of Mr. F. A. Hill. A vote of thanks to Mr. 
Hill was carried, for having undertaken for two years the post of 
hon. secretary to the club. A handicap tournament is in pro- 
gression, the competitors being divided into five classes, the odds 
in which range from P and move to Book. 

On March 2l8t Mr. Thorold played ten simultaneous games 
at the Bath Chess Club. Play commenced at 8 o'clock and lasted 
until a few minutes past 10. Mr. Thorold moved quickly, most 
of the games being over 30 moves. At the conclusion of the play 
it was found that Mr. Thorold had lost only one game, winning 
the remaining nine. The following members took boards : Messrs. 
Sturges, W. Pollock, F. Hill, Brown, Highfield (won). Cooper, 
Dobson, W. E. Hill, J. Pollock, and W. Hill. 

A match was played Feb. 18th at the Royal Hotel, Birmingham, 
with the following result — St. George's Club (Birmingham), 26 J ; 
Birmingham Club, 16 J. On the 25th Feb. the St. George's Club 
encountered the Midland Railway Club, Derby, the former win- 
ning by 15^ games to 8^. We congratulate the St. George's 
Club on their brilliant successes against such formidable antago- 

The annual match between the Oxford University Club and a 
scratch team chiefly composed of old Oxonians took place at 
Oxford on the 8th ult, and resulted in a victory for the visitors, 
but only by 10 games to 7, as Mr. Ranken, being quite out of 
form, lost both his games after obtaining winning advantages in 
each ; in the second he put a piece en prise by an oversight. It 


would be more fair if, in sending to the Chess press the accounts 
of matches, such circumstances were mentioned; it is but just, 
however, to add that Mr. Wainwright, the captain of the University 
team, who was Mr. Ranken's opponent on this occasion, is greatly 
improved. Score : — Oxford University Chess Club, 4 ; Seniors, 7; 
Drawn, 6. 

We have pleasure in announcing that the twenty-seventh 
annual meeting of the West Yorkshire Chess Association will be 
held at Dewsbury on the 15th April under the Presidency of Seth 
Ward, Esq. Play will commence at noon in the Minor Hall, 
Union Street, and Tea will be provided at the Wellington Hotel at 
6 p.m. A series of Tournaments will be arranged and the Dews- 
bury Club very handsomely promises to give not less than ^10 in 
prizes. We trust there will be a large gathering of amateurs from 
all parts of the County. 

We are expecting a large consignment of Loyd's new Problem 
book in a few days, and shall be able to furnish copies at 12/- each, 
postage free. Those of our readers who have long been expecting 
to receive the work will not, we hope, have to exercise their 
patience much longer. We may say here that we are in a position 
to supply any home or foreign Chess work at the published price, 
pod free. 

We suppose Mr. Meyer's book is out of the press, but we have 
not yet been favoured with a sight of it. 

With deep regret we note the sad death of Mr. J. Carver, a 
Glasgow Chess-player, who was killed by a train at Elgin Station 
on Wednesday night, the 22nd ulto. The deceased gentleman 
was a member of the Queen's Park Chess Club, and was a genial 
and enthusiastic player. .This melancholy event reminds us of 
the uncertainty of life — of the dread and inevitable checkmate. 

The contemplated match between Lancashire and Yorkshire 
has, we regret to say, fallen through, Lancashire not having 
accepted the Yorkshire ultimatum of 75 players a side, which, in 
accordance with the suggestion in our last number, had been 
offered them. 

We have received a copy of Mr. Bland's Annual, but must 
defer a detailed notice to our next issue. In the meantime we 
cordially recommend the work to all our readers who are not yet 
in possession of it. An allusion to the " Problem " contents will 
be found on another page. 

The Leeds Mercury announces its Fourth Problem Tourney, 
open only to composers in Yorkshire and Counties which touch 
Yorkshire. There are to be separate competitions of two and 
three-movers. Any number of direct mates may be sent in but 
must reach the Mercury ofl&ce on or before June 1st. There are 
seven prizes offered, four in the two-move and three in the three- 
move section, ranging in value from £1 10s. down to 7s. 6d. 



King's Knight's Opening (Concluded.) 

Our examination of the leading branches of this opening leaves 
only the Ponziani or " Q B P in Knight's Game," and a few less 
important variations, to be dealt with on the present occasion : 
and of these a very brief notice will suffice. 

The Ponziani Opening lPtoK4PtoK4, 2KttoKB3 
Kt to Q B 3, 3 P to B 3 is still called by the Handbuch the 
English Opening, having been a favourite one with Staunton in his 
later days of authorship, when he greatly over-rated its merits. 
The name English Opening is now more usually applied (as by the 
Schachzeitung, and generally in this country) to the move 1 P to 
Q B 4 for the attack, adopted by Staunton in his earlier and 
greater days as a practical player ; it occurs several times in his 
match with St. Amant. 

It is now generally agreed that the most powerful defence to 
the Ponziani is 3 P to Q 4, which effectually deprives White of the 
hope of forming a centre of Pawns, while it leaves his Queen's 
wing in a backward state of development, retarded by his own P at 
Q B 3. The objection to 3 Kt to K B 3 is that after 4 P to Q 4, 
Kt takes K P, 6 P to Q 5 Black is obliged to sacrifice a piece by 
Mr. Eraser's move 5 B to B 4 ; for if the Kt is played away he gets a 
cramped game. The treatment of the complicated variations 
thence arising is less full in the Handbuch than in Wormald's 
much smaller treatise ; but the student, in our opinion, may safely 
confine his attention to the acknowledged best move, 3 P to Q 4. 

In reply to 3 P to Q 4, White has only two attacks worth 
notice, 4 B to Kt 6 and Q to R 4. Upon 4 B to Kt 5 P takes P 
is unanimously recommended as best : (the Handbuch also notices 

4 K Kt to K 2, when by 5 Kt takes P 5 P takes P or 5 Q to R 4 

5 P to B 3 we arrive at precisely similar positions to those resulting 
from the main variation. A suggestion of our own occurs further 
on) : 5 Kt takes P Q to Q 4, 6 Q to Q R 4 K Kt to K 2. 

In the first place, 7 P to K B 4 (this is now justly considered 
best) 7 P takes P en p, 8 Kt takes P at B 3, P to Q R 3, 9 B 
to K 2 (or A ; the Handbuch now prefers this move, which is new 
to us) Kt to Kt 3, 10 Castles, with an even game. (A) 9 B to B 4 
(the move hitherto accepted) Q to K 5 ch (or B), 10 K to B 2 B to 
K 3, 11 P to Q 3, "and White stands well," says the Handbuch. 
But if 11 Q to B 4 ! as played by Harrwitz in a consultation game, 
C. F. (7., 1847, p. 3, Black has rather the better position. (B) 

9 Q to K R 4 was here played by Paris against Marseilles in 

a game by correspondence, and Black won ultimately ; but a pro- 
vincial club had naturally little chance against the capital headed 
by Rosenthal, and we do not think this variation really any better 
than the last. 


In the second place, if instead of 7 P to E B 4 White exchange 
pieces with the view of getting up an attack on the E P, the 
following moves are given : 7 Kt takes Et Et takes Et, 8 Castles 
B to Q 3, 9 E to E sq Castles, 10 B takes Et P takes B, 11 Q 
takes E P Q to E R 4, 12 P to E Et 3 B to E Et 6, 13 P to Q 4 
B to B 6, 14 Q to Q 3 Q R to E sq, 15 B to E 3 R to E 5, 16 Q 
to E B sq (if 1 6 Et to Q 2, Black mates prettily in three tnoves) 
RtoER5,17EttoQ2R takes P, and wins. We must here 
notice a regrettahle change which has come over the Handbuch 
under its new editorship. In the previous edition, superintended 
like all the rest by Baron v. d. Lasa, this beautiful variation was 
referred to its author. Dr. Zukertort. His name is now suppressed ; 
and this, it must be added, is of a piece with the systematically 
unfair selection of his games for the illustrative department. At 
least twelve games lost by Zukertort are inserted, none, we believe, 
won by him. We are sorry to see this sort of jealous animus obtru- 
dingitself into a work hitherto distinguished by its lofty impartiality. 

Though the books as yet give by preference 4 P takes P in 
answer to 4 B to Et 5, we are by no means sure that Black might 
not play 4 P to E B 3 against this, as against the other Reading 
form of the attack. If 5 Q to R 4 E! Et to E 2, we have the 
identical moves in a different order, and a kind of position in 
which Black is still less open to attack than in those just noticed 
as leading to an open game. The only possible objection can be 
that White might sacrifice the Et ; but after 5 Et takes P P takes 
Kt, 6 Q to R 5 ch E to E 2, 7 B takes Et P takes B, 8 Q takes 
K P ch E to B 2, we doubt his having sufficient compensation 
for the Piece minus. 

We pass to the other main branch of the attack, 4 Q to R 4. 
Curiously enough, the Handbuch does not directly mention 
Steinitz's reply 4 P to E B 3 ; it merely leaves it to be inferred 
from a previous notice of the same move in a different order, after 
4 B to Et 5 E Et to E 2, 5 Q to R 4 P to E B 3. But here 
this move is in its natural place : and as all players are not 
capable of drawing this inference for themselves, a more direct 
mention of it, as the undoubtedly best defence, would have been 
preferable. We give two or three approved continuations from 
this point. 

Upon 4 Q to R 4 P to B 3, 6 B to Et 5 E Et to E 2, Wisker 
played against Steinitz 6 P takes P Q takes P, 7 Castles B to Q 2, 
8 P to Q 4 ; here 8 B to B 4 is stronger, as Lowenthal notes. 
Between Rosenthal and Zukertort there occurred 6 P to Q 3 B to 
Q 2, 7 P takes P Et takes P ; Steinitz prefers 6 B to E 3 for 
Black, but Zukertort maintains the superiority of his own move. 
In contrast to the solid match-play of masters, we shall here 
mention a rather sporting style of move which we have seen 


adopted by several young and ingenious players ; after 5 P takes 
P Q takes P, White may play 6 B to B 4 and submit to the displace- 
ment of his K in the hope of embarrassing the adverse Q. But 
there is no danger of that if Black preserves his composure ; 6 Q 
to K 5 ch, 7 E to B sq B to K 3 ! 8 P to Q 3, B takes B ! and 
whether White retakes with Q or P, the open Q file, and the 
position of the White E, give Black a clear advantage. If, instead, 
7 E to Q sq, then B to E 3 as before, 8 P to Q 3 R to Q sq, and 
Black must win aPawn ; 9 E to B 2 Q to E 7 ch, or 9 Q Et to 
E 2 R takes P 1 

In an Appendix to the Eing's Enight's Opening the Handhuch 
treats of some little practised debids. Among these is the Hun- 
garian Defence played by Pesth against Paris : 1 P to E 4 P to 
E 4, 2 Et to E B 3 Et to Q B 3, 3 B to B 4 B toE 2, 4 P to Q 4 I 
P to Q 3. Instead of 5 P to Q 5 Et to Et sq, as in the game iu 
question. White's best move appears to be 5 P to B 3. Another 
not very promising move for the attack is 1 P to E 4 P to E 4, 
2 Et to E B 3 Et to Q B 3, 3 B to E 2. This, of course, is 
in order to meet 3 B to B 4 with 4 Et takes P ; but Black's best 
reply is 3 Et to B 3. The Four Enights' Game, and kindred 
variations whether of 2 Et to E B 3 or 2 Et to Q B 3, are not 
treated systematically ; the views of the Handhuch are to be 
gathered partly from this Appendix, partly from the sections on 
the Ruy Lopez and the- Vienna Opening. To bring together these 
scattered notices will be the aim of our next article. W. W. 


Russia. — The Schakmatni Listok, edited by M. Tschigorin, 
which for some time has been published very irregularly, has at 
last ceased to appear. We are sorry to record the cessation of 
another Chess magazine, but may not the irregularity aforesaid 
have something to do with it 1 People in general do not care to 
subscribe to a monthly publication unless it comes out punctually. 

Italy. — The tourney at the Academy of Chess at Rome is 
approaching a termination. It appears to be certain that the 
winner in the first class will be Signor Seni, and Signer Tommasi 
in the second. 

Thirty-five players are engaged in the handicap tourney of the 
Padua Club, divided into four classes. 

Germany. — The Frankfort Chess Club has taken up new 
quarters at the Cafe Milani in the centre of the town. There, 
every Thursday, are held Tombola tourneys, of which the Germans 


seem to be specially fond, and on Tuesdays there are consultation 
games, which are so arranged that there is always one strong and 
one moderate player on each side. The variations of these con- 
tests are worked out on separate boards for the benefit of the 
weaker players. On Tuesdays also gratuitous instruction is given 
to beginners — an example that might well be followed elsewhere. 
Strangers are always i^elcome. Dr. Flechsig, who has lately re- 
moved to Breslau, reports that he is acquainted with no town in 
Germany where there are so many strong, yet not generally known 
players, as in the BreslaU Club. The secret of this probably is 
their regular attendance and careful practice. The club is about 
60 strong, and half that number are usually present on each night 
of meeting. A handicap tourney is in progress. Under the title 
of the Hamburg and Altoua Chess Union, the Clubs of Altona 
and Eimsbuttel incorporated themselves with that of Hamburg last 
November. The Union numbers at present about 60 members. 

Herr Mangelsdorf, who for 19 years has so ably conducted the 
Chess column in the Illustririe Zeitung of Leipsic, has been obliged 
on account of his health to retire from the editorship of it, and 
Herr Minckwitz, who is also the editor of the Deutsche Schachzet- 
tung, has taken his place. 

America. — The Cindmiati Commercial has started a corres- 
pondence tourney, the prizes, amounting to 100 dols., being chiefly 
provided by the 5 dols. entrance fee of the twenty competitors. 
A novel feature in this tourney is that six of the prizes, consisting 
of Brentano's Monthly free for one year, or its equivalent iu value, 
will be awarded thus : — To the lady player making the best score, 
to the respective winners of the most brilliant Evans, Scotch, 
K Kt's, and Bishop's Gambits, and to the winner (being second 
player) of the most brilliant Petroff's Defence. The judge for the 
awarding of these prizes will hereafter be chosen. 

The Paul Morphy Club of Brooklyn has held a successful 
winter tourney with 12 entrants; the first prize was won by Mr. 
G. H. Spring, the librarian of the club, with 16 out of 22 games. 

The Dauntless Club of Brooklyn is organised on the social plan 
of having weekly meetings at the residences of its members, which 
has proved very popular, and the club includes a strong list of 
players, among whom are Messrs. Perrin and Horner, together 
with Mr. Gilberg, Professor Raymond, &c. Seventeen members 
out of the twenty-five to which it is limited are taking part in the 
winter tourney. 

In the tourney of the St. Louis C. C. the first prize has been 
won by Mr. Holman, and in that of the Baltimore Club by Mr, 
Julius Hall. The Philadelphia Club is celebrating its entrance 
into new quarters by a grand tourney in which eleven of the best 
players are competing. 



St* George's Chess Club. 

In the Knight Class Toumej, Col. Luihsden having (as stated 
last month) won the first prize^ Major Salmond takes the second 
and Mr. '' Johnson " the third. The two first places have thus 
fallen, as was early foretold, to the military profession, the third 
to the judicial bench. 

The Handicap, I am sorry to say, is not yet over. Mr. Bur- 
roughs has completed his tale and stands at 10 games, or one 
point behind Mr. Wayte's net score (13^-3=101). Mr. Gattie 
retains the possibility of equalling Mr. Burroughs. A country 
member, whose visits to the Club are unavoidably at rare intervals, 
may head all three if he wins a much greater proportion of his 
remaining games than he has of those already played.*^ 

The proverbial uncertainties of Chess have received one more 
illustration. A little match between Messrs. de Soyres and 
Wayte, which was to have been of 7 games up, ended somewhat 
abruptly by the resignation of Mr. Soyres after he had lost 4 
games and drawn 2. A previous match in 1880 was gained by 
Mr. de Soyres with a score of 3 to 1. 

The dinner to Mr. Blackbume on the 2nd of March came off 
at the Criterion, as announced, with a good attendance of mem- 
bers of the St. George's, and a sprinkling of members of the City 
Club. The Earl of Dartrey, President of the former Club, occupied 
the chair. Unfortunately it was the play of Hamlet without the 
part of Hamlet. Mr. Blackburne, when it was too late to alter the 
arrangements, was attacked with sudden illness and obliged to put 
in a medical certificate instead of a personal appearance. The 
noble Chairman, in proposing the health of the Queen, alluded in 
feeling and appropriate terms to Her Majesty's providential escape 
that afternoon : the news of the distressing event at Windsor 
having just arrived in town. The toast of the evening came next, 
proposed from the Chair, and the absent hero was ably represented 
by Mr. Woodgate. The remaining toasts were the City of London 
Club, coupled with the name of Mr. Cubison ; the St. George's 
Club and its President, to which the Chairman responded ; the 
Honorary Members and Mr. Steinitz ; the Chess press and Dr. 
Zukertort. In the absence of notes it is impossible, at this 
distance of time, to give any fuller report of the speeches. 

The Universities' Chess Match is fixed for the 30th of March, 
two days (as usual) before the Boat Race. An old Cantab may be 

* At the moment of going to press we learn by telegram that 
the first prize falls to Mr. Wayte. Second and third prizes unde- 
cided. — Editor. 


allowed to congratulate Mr. Wainwrigbt, the Oxford champion, on 
the fine form shown in his recent score of 3^ games out of 4 
against two such players as Messrs. Ranken and Cook — and also 
to quote this result as one more instance of the '* glorious uncer- 
tainty " of the game. The rival University possesses, in Messrs. 
Morley and Raymond, two players of a strength not always ex- 
emplified in these contests : and some excellent games may be 
anticipated. W. W. 


In Adolph Zytogorsky there has passed away a player of con- 
siderable eminence, who but for adverse circumstances would have 
achieved a far higher reputation among the masters of the game. 
His name has been for many years so little before the public that 
it may even be unknown to the younger generation : yet it is one 
of those whieh ought not to be altogether forgotten. Mr. Zyto- 
gorsky died on the 27th of February in the German Hospital, 
Dalston, at the age of 75. He was one of the numerous band of 
Polish refugees who, after the ill-starred rising of 1831, overspread 
the capitals of Western Europe. Like too many of his fellow- 
exiles, he passed his long life in poverty and obscurity. If Fortune 
was unkind to Zytogorsky, it is but fair to Fortune to say that he 
had opportunities of bettering himself which he was too much of 
a Bohemian to turn to account. He is believed to have passed the 
greater part of the last half-century in England, but was occasion- 
ally heard of in Germany. 

In the earliest volumes of the Oliess Player's Ohroniele, 1841-2, 
a few of his games are recorded ; and he contributed a valuable 
analysis of the problem of Rook and Bishop against Rook, partly 
reproduced in Staunton's Handbook. His conclusions on this 
point, like those of Philidor, were too favourable to the attack : 
and they were partially corrected by Kling and others. He was, 
indeed, a master alike of the theory and practice of end-games ; he 
conducted endings, whether of Pawns or Pieces, with the accuracy 
of a Szen, and published many ingenious positions. In 1843 he 
played a match with Staunton, then at the height of his strength 
and reputation, receiving Pawn and two moves, and won six games 
right off the reel. Others, who were less successful at these odds, 
rose in time to be acknowledged first-rates. Staunton suppressed 
all mention of this match ; and, as long as he controlled the Chess 
organs, nothing more was heard of the winner. George Walker, 
who was always ready to bring to light whatever merit Staunton 
sought to obscure, does not mention him in his Chess Studies of 
1844 ; a fact which must now remain unexplained. Zytogorsky 
was befriended by the late Mr. Brien, who succeeded Staunton as 
Editor of the Chronicle in 1854-56 ; and Brien, after his quarrel 


with Staunton, published for the first time the particulars of the 
above match. In those years we find Zytogorsky taking part in 
various matches and tourneys at Kling's Chess Rooms in New 
Oxford Street, and at the " Philidorian.'' In the Chronicle for 
1855, p. 204, he is described as " a veteran who opposed, in * auld 
lang syne,' such Chess warriors as Staunton, Buckle, Popert, and 
Perigal in upwards of three thousand games." He won a short 
match of Brien by the odd game : but in a pool or triangular duel 
between Brien, Falkbeer, and Zytogorsky, Falkbeer was the victor. 
Many of his games appear in this series of the C. P, C, as well as in 
the next which followed after an interval in 1859-62 ; but for the last 
twenty years we have scarcely met with his name in the public 
prints. Among his recorded casual games we find several with 
Harrwitz, both won and lost : a win of Anderssen in 1851, a draw 
in 1861, but no mention of total scores. Enough has been said, 
it is hoped, to justify the opinion that Zytogorsky, if he had been 
in a position to assert himself, would unquestionably have taken 
a high place among the masters of European reputation. W. W. 

Chess in Scotland. 

On the evening of Thursday, 16th March, there was played at 
the Reading room of the Central Club, Trongate, Glasgow, a match 
between the Chess-players of that Club and the members of the 
Glasgow Chess Club. This was the fourth match between these 
Clubs, and resulted in a victory far the Central players by one 
game. Score : — Central Club, 12 J ; Glasgow Club, 11^. 

I learn that the Forfar Chess Club has recently become defunct. 
There were several good players in this Club, particularly Sherijff 
Robertson, the Rev. Mr. Gumming, and Mr, Wm. Lowson, jun., 
all of whom have played for the East in one or other of the 
matches between the East and West of Scotland. 

The Edinburgh players have opened negotiations for another 
of these East and West matches. It will be remembered that last 
year the East were signally defeated. In this state of matters the 
Western players demur to the proposal from Edinburgh to have 
the match played there, as heretofore. This difficulty, however, 
will probably be got over. 

At the Glasgow Chess Club the tie match between 'hSr. Fyfe 
and Mr. Robertson, referred to in the March number, has been 
won by the latter ; who accordingly takes the ivory Chessmen 
presented by the late Mr. Hacfarlane. T. 


F. M. Teed, 8/-, M. Beyfus, 5/-, H. Blanchard, 6/-, G. Grylls, 4/-. 




Played in Mr. Blackbame's blindfold exhibition at Walsall^ in 1880. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Et takes P 

5 B to E 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 B to Q Et 5 

8 Castles 

9 P to E B 4 

10 B tks Et (b) 

11 EttoB2 

12 Et takes B 
13EttoQ 2 


(Mr. Cook.) 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 3 
P takes P 
Bto B4 
Q toB3 
E Et to E 2 
Castles (a) 
P toQ 3 
BtoQ 2 
Et takes B 
B takes B ch 
Q R to E sq 
Q to Q sq (c) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) (Mr. Cook.) 

14 Q to R 5 

15 P to B 6 (d) 

16 Q to E 2 

17 Et to B 3 

18 Et takes Et 

19 Et to Et 4 

RtoE 3 
RtoR 3 
QtoE 2 
P takes Et 
R to R 5 (e) 
Q to B 4 ch 

20 P to E Et 3 

21 E to Et 2 (/) B to Et 4 

22 Q to B 3 B takes R ch 

23 R takes B R takes Et 

24 Q takes R P to E B 3 
And the game was given up as 


Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) Probably the best way of meeting this form of the attack. 

(bj It would be stronger, we think, to play Q to Q 3 here, 
and the E B subsequently, if permitted, to B 2. 

("cj We are unable to suggest any better line of defence. Et 
to E 2 would be answered by P to B 5. 

(dj Et to Et 4 looks good, but it would be rendered harm- 
less by the reply P to E B 4, followed on P taking P, by Q R back 
to E sq. 

(ej This was imperilling the loss of the exchange, whereas by 
bringing the Rook over to Q Et 3 he would threaten to win the 

f/J Under ordinary circumstances doubtless Mr. Blackbume 
would have played here Q to B 2, forcing the exchange of Queens, 
with the best game, as Black then could hardly escape the loss of 
either the exchange or a Pawn^ and White would have a Et against 
a B for the ending. 



Played by Correspondence in 1881. 


(Mr. Bridgwater, 

1 P to K 4 

2 B to B 4 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 Kt to Q B 3 

5 Q P takes Kt 

6 Castles 

7 R to K sq 

8 Kt to Q 4 

9 P to Q Kt 4 

10 P to Q R 4 

11 BtoKt3 

12 Q to B 3 

13 P to Q Kt 5 

(King's Bishop's Opening.) 


(Mr. E. Kirby, (Mr. Bridgwater, 

Walmer.) Birmingham.) 
PtoK4 14BtoKB4 

Kt to K B 3 
Kt takes P 
Kt takes Kt 
P to K B 3 
QtoK 2 
PtoQ 3 
B to Q 2 
P to Q B 3 
PtoQ 4 
BtoK 2 
P to K 5 (a) 

15 Q to Kt 3 

16 R takes P 

17 R to K 6 

18 QRtoKsq(6) 

19 P takes P 

20 R takes B 

21 R takes R 

22 B to Q 6 

23 R takes R 

24 Q to K 5 

25 P takes Kt 
White mates in 


(Mr. E. Kirby, 

Q to B 4 
P to K B 4 
P takes P 
Kt to B 3 
Kt takes Kt 
RtoB 2 
K takes R 
R to K sq 
B takes R 
Q tks Kt P (c) 
B to B 3 (d) 
four moves. 

Notes by W. Bridgwater. 

fa J The simple move of 13 Q to B 2 is best. 

(b) 18 R takes B, Q takes R, 19 B takes P ch, K to R sq, 
20 B takes Kt P ! B to B 3, 21 B takes B, Kt takes B, 22 Kt takes 
Kt wins easily, but I thought that the text move would make it 
the most interesting as I was sure of a piece. 

(c) If 24 Q takes B P White forces a mate in a few moves. 
(dj If 25 B to Q 2, 26 Q to K 7 ch, K to Kt 3, 27 B to K 5, 

Q to B 3, 28 Q takes P ch, K to R 4, 29 P to Q B 4, Q to Kt 2, 
30 B to Q sq ch, K to Kt 4, 31 P to B 4 ch, K to R 5, 32 Q takes 
P ch, Q takes Q, 33 B to B 6 mate, or 25 K to Kt 3, 26 Q to 
K 6 ch, K to Kt 4, 27 B to K 7 ch, K to Kt 5, 28 P to R 3 ch, 
K to R 4, 29 P to Kt 4 ch, P takes P, 30 P takes P mate. 

First game finished in B. C. M. Correspondence Tourney. 

(Steinitz Gambit.) 


(Mr. J. Pierce, 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to K B 4 

(Mr. Bridgwater, 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 


(Mr. J. Pierce, 

4 P to Q 4 (a) 

5 K to K 2 

6 Q to Q 2 


(Mr. Bridgwater, 
Q to R 5 ch 
P to Q Kt 3 (b) 
P to K Kt 4 (c) 



7 Kt to Q 5 

8 K to Q sq 

9 Kt takes Kt 

10 Kt to B 3 

11 BtoK2 

12 Kt to K 5 (/) 

13 Kt to Kt 4 

14 Kt to B 2 

15 P to Q 5 (h) 

16 P takes P 

17 Q to Q 3 

18 B to B 3 

19 B takes Kt 

20 Q takes B 

21 Q to B 3 (i) 

22 P takes Q 

23 B to Q 2 

24 B to K sq 

25 R takes B 

26 K to K 2 

27 KtoB2disch 

28 R to K 2 

29 Q R to K sq 

30 R takes R 

K to Q sq 
B takes Kt (e) 
Q toR4 
P to K B 3 
Q to K sq 
B to Kt 2 
P to K B 4 (^) 
Kt to B 3 
Kt takes P 
B takes Kt 
B takes B 
Q to R 4 oh 
Q takes Q ch 
R to K B sq 
R takes P 
B takes B (j) 
R to Q 4 ch 
KtoB 2 
R to K sq 
R takes R ch 
P toQ3 

31 P to Q R 3 

32 R to Q 2 

33 P to Q R 4 

34 R to Q sq 

35 R to K R sq 

36 P to R 4 

37 P takes P 

38 R to R 8 

39 R to Q R 8 

40 R to Q B 8 

41 R takes P 

42 R to Q 7 

43 K to K sq 

44 R takes P ch 

45 R to Q 5 ch 

46 R takes Kt P 

47 R to K B 5 

48 K to Q 2 

49 K to Q 3 

50 R to R 5 

51 R to R sq 

52 R to Q R sq 

53 K to B 2 

54 K to Kt 2 (n) 

R to K 4 (k) 
K toQ 3 
PtoQ 5 
P to K R 3 
P takes P 
K to Q B 4 
P to Q R 4 
K to Kt 5 (I) 
R to Q B 4 
R takes P ch 
K takes P (m) 
K to Kt 4 
KtoB 3 
R takes P 
R to Kt 5 
RtoB 5 
P to Kt 4 
P toR5 
KtoB 4 
R to Q 6 ch 
KtoB 5 
R to Q 7 ch 

The last move sent was 54 R to Q 7 ch, if 55 K to B sq, 
R to Q 6, if 56 K to Kt 2, R to Kt 6 ch, 57 K moves, R takes P, 
and White resigned. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(d) White may also play here Kt to B 3, and if Black replies 
with P to K Kt 4, he may get a powerful attack by turning the 
game into a Thorold Allgaier. 

(bj This move is the invention of Mr. G. B. Eraser, and 
White's answer to it was suggested by Mr. W. T. Pierce of 

(ej The last named able analyst has, we think, conclusively 
shown that B to R 3 ch, followed by B takes B, is of no avail now, 
on account of White's replying with K to Q sq, Kt to B 3, and 
R takes B. 

(dj Superior, Mr. Bridgwater thinks, to playing either of the 
Bishops to Kt 2. 

(e) If 9 Kt takes Kt, then 10 Kt to B 3, Q to R 4, 11 B to 
K 2, P to K B 3, 12 P to K R 4, Q to Kt 3, 13 P takes P, 
P takes P, 14 Kt to K 5, Q to Kt 2, 15 B to R 5, <kc. 



(f) We do not see much object in this, and should prefer 
either P to K R 4, or P to Q 5, with the intention of playing the 
Kt to Q 4. 

(g) A good move ; Black has now the best of the position, 
independently of his extra Pawn. 

(h) B to Q 3 was perhaps better, though nothing could pre- 
vent White's centre from being broken up. 

(i) If the K moves, Black can continue with P to B 3, and 
R to E sq, with an overpowering attack. 

(j) Stronger than B to K 6, to which White could reply with 

(h) R to Q 8 looks as if it would be more cramping and 

(I) This again is very well played ; if the P be taken. Black 
of course answers with R to Q B 4, and if the Q P be attacked. 
Black can defend it with his King. 

(m) R takes P was at least equally good. 

(n) If 54 R to R 3, K to Kt 5, 55 R to R sq, R to B 5 ch, 
56 K to Kt 2, P to R 6 ch, and wins, for if R takes P, Black by 
R to B 7 ch forces the exchange of Rooks. 


Played at the St. George's Chess Club early in 1881, 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to B 4 

4 P to Q 4 

5 K to K 2 

6 P takes P 

7 Kt to B 3 

8 P takes Kt 

9 P takes P ch 

10 Kt to Kt 5 

11 P to B 3 

12 P takes B 

13 Q to Q 3 (c) 

14 B to Q 2 

15 K to Q sq 

16 Q takes Kt P 

17 B to K 2 (/) 



(Dr. Zukertort.) 
P to K 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
Q to R 5 ch 
PtoQ 4 
B to Q B 4 
K to Kt sq 
P to Q R 3 (a) 
P takes Kt 
Kt to B 3 
Kt to Q 4 (d) 
B to R 2 (e) 
Kt to K 6 ch 



(Mr. Wayte.) (Dr. Zukertort.) 

18 B takes Kt 

19 K to B 2 

20 Q R to K sq 

21 K to Q sq 

22 P to K R 3 

23 Q to B 4 (ff) 

24 P to Q R "4 

25 R P takes P 

26 R takes P 

27 R to K 5 

28 P takes R 

29 R takes P 

30 K to B 2 

31 R to K 4 

32 R takes Q 

33 R to K B 4 

R takes B 
QtoB 7 
Q R to K sq 
P to K Kt 4 
P to K B 4 
P to Kt 5 
B P tks P {h) 
P takes P 
P takes B ch 
Q to B 8 ch 
Q takes Q 
PtoB 7 
R takes P 

White resigns. 



Notes by W. Waytb. 

(a) The treatment of the Steinitz Gambit in the Handhuch 
is by no means adequate. This simple move, which at once 
recoYcrs the piece (since White cannot suffer his Q P to be taken), 
and which is now usually played, is not noticed. 

(h) This is now necessary, for if 11 P takes Kt, 12 Q B takes 
P, 12 B takes Kt ch, 13 K takes B. 

(c) The best move, according to Steinitz, Rosenthal, and 
other authorities. White has, however, two other moves which we 
illustrate by variations from actual play, giving a diagram of the 
situation at this point. 

(d) Instead of this move, 15 P to Kt 5 has lately been 
suggested by M. Febvret: then follows 16 K to B 2, Kt to Q 4, and 
White's next move is a problem of which Mr. Steinitz possesses 
the key, but it is not yet published. {0. P. C, Feb. 8th, 1882.) 

(e) Rosenthal has here suggested 16 Q to B 7, and thinks 
that Black has a good game, in which we fully agree. The 
straightforward play in the text is also perfectly satisfactory ; the 
game, we may observe, was played experimentally, with a view to 
instruction for the defence. 

(f) We now prefer 17 B to Q B 4, a move which proves use- 
ful in several variations. The B at K 2 soon becomes hampered,^ 
and is ultimately lost ; but in any case the freedom of Black's 
Rooks is in striking contrast with the confinement of White, for 
which a slight superiority in Pawns does not appear to afford 
sufficient compensation. 

(g) The deadly advance of the hostile Pawns cannot be 

(hj If 25 R P takes P, the reply 26 R to R 7 affords White 
a little resource. 








Position after Black's twelfth move. 



Variation I. From a game played in the St. George's Club 

in the Autumn of 1881. 


(Mr. ) 

13 Q to Kt 3 

14 B to Q 2 

15 K to Q 3 

16 K to B 2 


(Mr. Wayte.) 
Kt to B 3 
QtoB 7 
Kt to Q 4 




■) (Mr. Wayte.) 

18 K to Kt sq Q takes Q B 

19 P takes B P to Q B 3 

Black mates in two moves. 

17 R to B sq (a) Kt to K 6 eh 

(a) 17 KB takes P might have been tried, but after 17 Kt 
to K 6 ch, 18 K to B sq (18 K to Q 3, Kt to B 8 and wins), R to 
K 3, the prospect of Wiiite bringing his Rooks into play would 
still be remote. 

(b) We spare the feelings of the perpetrator of this blunder 
by withholding his name. His best move was probably 20 B to 
R 3 ; upon which 20 P to K B 4 still keeps him undeveloped. 

Variation II. Fields July 14th, 1877. 


(Mr. Foster.) 

13 P to Q R 4 

14 P takes P 
16 K to Q 3 

16 Q to R 4 (6) 

17 K to B 4 


(Mr. Minchin.) 
Kt to R 3 (a) 
K R to K sq oh 
B takes P 
B to R 2 dis ch 
Q toB 7 


(Mr. Foster.) 

18 B takes P 

19 K to Kt 3 

20 B to B 4 (c) 

21 R to R 2 


(Mr. Minchin.) 
Q to B 4 ch 
Kt to B 4 
Kt to Q 3 
K takes P 

White now missed his opportunity, playing R to Q sq ; and 
Black after an extremely able defence, highly commended by Mr. 
Steinitz, succeeded in drawing the game. But White might have 
won by 22 K R to Q R sq, R to Q R sq, 23 Q to R 6 ch, K to 
Kt sq, 24 B takes Kt, P takes B, 25 P to Kt 6 and wins (or 24 Q 
takes B, 25 Q takes Q, P takes Q, 26 P to Kt 6). 

(a J We believe that P to Kt 5 is necessary at this point ; 
the opening of the R file seems to us very dangerous for Black. 
Mr. Steinitz remarks that Kt to B 3 was " manifestly superior for 
different probable contingencies," as it opens a greater choice of 
squares to the Kt. But it may be observed that Mr. Minchin's 
meditated capture of the Q P required the Kt to be at R 3 ; see 
the next note. 

(h) The B cannot be taken, even if White exchanges Rooks 
first; e,g, 16 R to R 8 ch, K takes P, 17 R takes K, R takes R, 
18 P takes B, R takes P ch, 19 K takes R, Q to Q sq ch. 
With the Kt at B 3, this check would be no longer available. 

(c) " True to the principle of this opening, White fearlessly 
picked up Pawns, and went with the K to the front. At the same 
time he exercises here great foresight and caution in not giving 



way to the tempting B takes P ch, which must have ended 
disastrously for White, e.g, 20 B takes P ch, K takes B, 21 Q takes 
B, Kt to Q 5 ch, 22 P takes Kt, R to K 6 ch, winning the Q."— 


Played Dec. 12th, 1881, at the City Club, London, in the Match 

between Class I. and Class IV. 

Remove White's Q Kt. 


. (Rev. G. A. Mac 


1 P to K 4 

2 B to K 2 

3 P to K 5 (a) 

4 P to K B 4 

5 Kt to B 3 

6 Castles 

7 P to B 3 

8 K to R sq 

9 P to K Kt 4 

10 P to K R 3 

11 P toQ4 
12P toQR4(ci) 

13 R to K sq 

14 B to B sq 

15 P tks Q B P (e) 

16 B to K 3 

17 P to Kt 4 

18 P to Q Kt 5 

19 B to Q 4 

20 P takes B P 

21 R to Q Kt sq 

22 Q to Q 2 

23 Q takes P 

24 P takes P 

25 Q to B 6 

26 B to Kt 2 

27 Kt to Kt sq 


(Mr. Staniforth.) 
PtoK 3 
PtoQ 4 
P to Q B 4 
Kt to K 2 (6) 
Q Kt to B 3 
Kt to K B 4 
B toQ 2 
Q to Kt 3 
Kt to K R 3 
Kt to B 2 (c) 
Bto K 2 
P to K R 3 
P to K Kt 4 
Q takes P 
Q to R4 
Q toB 2 
Kt to R 4 
Kt P tks B P 
B toB4 
Castles Q R 
Q R to Kt sq 
B takes P 
Kt to Q sq 
P to Kt 3 
RtoR 2 

(lUv. O. A. Mac 
Donnell. ) 

28 Kt to K 2 

29 Q to B 3 

30 Q to R 5 

31 B to Kt sq 

32 Kt to B 4 

33 Q to Q sq 

34 B to R 2 

35 Kt takes B 

36 R to Q B sq 

37 Q takes R ch 

38 Q takes R P 

39 P to K R 4 

40 Q to R 5 

41 B to B 6 

42 Q to B 7 

43 P to K 6 

45 B to Q 7 ch 

46 B takes Kt ch 

47 R takes Q 

48 R to B 8 ch 

49 P takes R 

50 R to K 8 (t) 

51 B to B 6 ch 

52 R takes B ch 

53 R to Q 7 ch 


(Mr. Staniforth.) 
B toK 2 
QtoQ 2 
K R to Kt 2 
R to Kt 4 (/) 
R to Kt 6 
R takes B P 
Kt takes Kt 
R takes R 
Kt to Q B 5 
PtoQ 6 
Kt to K 6 
Q to Q sq 
Kt to B 2 
BtoK 2 
R to B sq (g) 
K to Kt sq (h) 
Q takes B 
R takes Q 
K to Kt 2 
P to Q 6 
PtoQ 7 
K toB 2 
KtoQ 3 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(aj The difficulties of the odds giver are increased when, as 
in the present instance, he is debarred from making the moves 
which would be best in an even game. The centre of the board 
must be kept closed ; and this Pawn cannot be exchanged. 

E 3 


fbj The E R 3 is the right square for this Kt in the Sicilian, 
and in similar positions of the Pawn and move game, when White 
has played P to K B 4. The Kt here is in the way of his own 
Bishop, and his subsequent moves cause a loss of time : compare 
Black's 6th and 9th moves. 

(c) P to B 5 was threatened. 

(dj White's play exhibits the high qualities of the modem 
school, by the variety of dangers it threatens in various directions. 
On this and the two next moves he makes it uncomfortable for 
his opponent to Castle on either side, or to remain where he is. 

(e) The moment for an exchange is at last selected when 
several moves are to be gained by it. He rightly assumes that 
his opponent will not let the K B P go, by re-taking with B. 

ffj Black has shown commendable prudence in not 
committing himself too soon. Having at length elected to Castle 
on Q side, he has for some moves kept up a vigorous counter- 
attack. But here B to Kt 4 was preferable, compelling the instant 
exchange of Kt for Q B, with more advantage than when it comes 
off two moves later. 

('g) Again the attack and counter-attack have both been well 
sustained; but now Black seems unaware of his danger. He 
overlooks White's 48th move, by which his own Rook is saved 
while the opponent's is won. 

(hj If 45 K to Kt 2, the continuation is equally 46 B takes 
Kt, gaining at least a piece, 

(ij The depth and accuracy of White's calculation now comes 
out. The danger from the advanced Pawn has been provided 
against. This game will be foand, we think, equally instructive to 
the givers and receivers of odds. 


Problem 93, by E. Pradignat.— 1 R to Q 6, R takes R, 2 Q to 
Q 5 ch, K takes Q (a), 3 R to Kt 5 ch, &c. (a) 2 K to K 6 (6), 
3 Q to K Kt 5 ch, &c. (b) 2 R takes Q, 3 R to K 7 ch, &c. 

Problem 94, by W. Greenwood. — 1 Q takes Kt, P takes Q (a), 
2 R to Q 6 <kc. (a) 1 K to K B 5, 2 R takes P, &c. 

Problem 95, by Dr. Gold.— 1 Q to K Kt sq. 

Problem 96, by F. af Geijersstam. — 1 Q to K 7, B takes R (a), 
2 Kt to B 4 ch, R takes Kt, 3 Q to Q 6, <fec. (a) 1 K takes Kt (6), 

2 Kt to B 5 ch, K to Q 4, 3 Q to Q 7 ch, &c., or 2 K to B 5, 3 Q 
to R 4 ch, &c. (6) 1 K to B 5 (c), 2 Q to Kt 4 ch, K moves, 

3 Kt to B 2 ch, or Q to Q 6 ch, &c. (c) 1 P to B 4 (d), 2 Kt 
(K 6) takes P, K to B 5, R takes Kt or R to B 3, 3 Q to K 6 ch, Q 
to Q 6 ch, or Q takes R accordingly, &c. (d) 1 R takes P (e). 


2 R takes P ch, K to K 4, 3 Q takes R, &c. (e) If aught else, 
White mates in two more moves. 

Problem 97, by C. E. Tuckett— 1 B to K Kt 6, B takes Q (a), 
2 Kt takes B ch, &c. (a) 1 K takes Kt (6), 2 B to Q Kt 2 ch, &c. 
(b) 1 Kt to K 3 ch, 2 Q takes Kt ch, &o. 

Problem 98, by G. J. Slater. The author's intention is 1 Q to 
K 2, but Q to Q 7 ch is equally powerful. 

W. Jay, A. L. S., Locke Holt, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., R. Worters, 
H. Blanchard, E. Haigh, and W. F. Wills, have solved Nos. 93 to 
98 ; East Marden, 95, 97 and 98 ; T. B. Rowland, 94, 95, 97 and 
98 ; Sergt. -Major McArthur, G. Hume and J. A. M., 95, 97 and 98 ; 
J. 0. Allfrey, 94, 95 and 97. Peru has solved all but 96, and 
P. L. P. all but 94. Both solutions of No. 98 received from W. Jay, 
A. L. S., Locke Holt, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., and E. Haigh ; the 
cook from East Marden, the author's solution from the remainder. 

Problem No. 96.— K takes Kt omitted by W. Jay, K to B 5 
by R. Worters, R takes P by H. Blanchard, A. L. S., Locke Holt, 
P. L. P., and E. Haigh, K to B 5 and R takes P by W. E. H., 
and three variations each by J. P. Lea and W. F. Wills. 

T. B. Rowland and G. Hume. In 93 try for Black 3 K to B 4 
instead of R takes R. East Marden, and P. L. P. After Black's 
reply Kt to Q 5 in 94, he can give check and stop the mate. 

Received too late for competition : — Complete solution of 96 
from Peru, and solutions of 94, 95 and 98 from J. Young. W. R. B. 


No. L— 1 K to R 3, P takes P, 2 Q to B 6, P to R 4, 3 R to 
Q Kt 2, P to R 5 (a), 4 Kt to R 8, K takes P, 5 R to K 6 dis ch, 
R to Kt 2, 6 P to B 4, P takes P, 7 Q takes R P, K to B 4, 
8 Q to R 7 ch, R takes Q mate, (a) K takes P, 4 R to K 6 dis 
ch, R to Kt 2, 5 Kt to R 8, P to R 5, 6 P to B 4, P takes P, 7 Q 
takes R P, K to B 4, 8 Q to R 7 ch, R takes Q mate. 

No. IL— 1 P to R 5, B to R 2, 2 Q to B 2 ch, R covers, 3 R to 
B sq dis ch, P covers, 4 Q to Q Kt 2 ch, R covers, 5 Q to Kt 4 ch, 
R covers. 6.R to Q sq ch, B to Q 6, 7 K to Kt 5, P to B 3 or 4, 
8 R to K B 5, R takes Q mate. 

No. IIL— 1 P to R 6 ch, K to R 2, 2 Kt to B 8 ch, K to Kt sq, 
3 P to R 7 ch, K to Kt 2, 4 P to Q 8 (Kt) ch, K takes Kt, 5 Kt 
to Kt 6 ch, Kt takes Kt, 6 B to R 6 ch, R takes B, 7 Q to B 6 ch, 
K takes Kt, 8 Q to Q 7 ch, Kt takes Q mate. 

No. IV.— 1 B to B 4 dou ch, K to K 8, 2 B to K R 6 dis ch, 
K to Q 8, 3 R to B sq ch, K to B 7, 4 P takes Kt ch, K to B 6, 
5 R to B 3 ch, Kt covers, 6 K to Kt 3, R takes Kt, 7 Q to R 8 ch, 
R takes Q, 8 B to Kt 8, R takes B ch, 9 B to Kt 7 ch, R takes 
B mate. 



Br H. J. C. ANDREira. 

Weetmineier Papert Loieenihal Tourney, No. 2. — Below will be 
found the three and four-moTera ia the firat prize set, " Peep 
beneath." We imagine that the author's sucoess is tntunly due to 
the high opiuiou euterttuned b; the judges of th£se two oompoai- 
tiona, aa the companivn two-morer, beaides being of aa unpreteD- 
tious character per le, was heavily handicapped when placed ia 
juitapoeitioQ with the three and four-movere of which the eecond 
and third prize sets are exclusively made up. The triumph of 
" Peep beneath " under these oiroumBtaDces is especially aote- 

White to pky and mate in three moves. White to play &□<! mate in Ibar movei. 

La Nuooa Riviala degli ScaeeJii Fourth Tourney. — The prize- 
winners are, lat, J. Crake ; 2nd, G. Liberali ; third, J. Jesperaaeu, 

The Cheta Playei'g Annual for 1882, bsBides a considerable 
Tariety of articles and other matter interesting to players, presents 
some features of especial interest to problemiBta. Foremost 
atnong these is a collection numbering 28 positions on diagrams of 
the "Leading Prize Problems in British Tourneys, 1881," and 
there are besides " Antiquarian Notes " by the Rev. W. Wayte, 
and contributions in prose and verse, serious and comic, by Miss 
P. F. Beeohey, J. P. Taylor, J. A. Miles, J. G. Cunningham, Fred 
Thompson, and H. J. C. Andrews. From the cursory esaminatioa 
we have found time to bestow on this little book wo are inclined to 
predict for it a marked success, such indeed aa may lead to its con* 
tinuaaca in years to come. 

*«* Notices to correspondents unavoidably postponed. 



Here Lies 
The Offspring of a fertile brain : 
For lack of truth, not breath, the infant dies ; 
And though much pains it had, it had no pain. 


Hie Jacet 
Problema, linguS, quod mendace 
Locutus est : nunc tacet. 
Requiescat in pace. 


To part with life, right sad was I, 

Death no refusal brooks. 
Here, like a pot of broth, I lie, 
I Spoiled by too many "cooks." 


My brain a priceless problem once conceived ; 

The Bishops pawned their clothes the fun to see ; 
Alas, a Knight found out, I'd nought achieved. 

For Kings and Queens were rooKd; 'twas mated-sui. 

On your beam ends you're thrown again, my barque ; 

The bright beam ended which your brilliance threw, 
But yet we are not wholly in the dark, 

You might be mended, and may shine anew. 


My careful mistress locks her household store, 
For ill a stranger's eye her soul can brook ; 

Vain care ! another key can turn the door. 
And I can turn the key, and I'm the Cook. 


Behold, disastrous fate, a Problem cooked ! 

'Tis like some Castle safe from front attack, 
To which, a little loophole overlooked, 

A Knight gains fatal entrance at the back. 


Write my lot in mournful figures ; 

Mate in 2 instead of 3 ; 
Prizeless and exposed to sniggers, 

Failing what I seemed to be. 



No. 100.— By J. P. TAYLOR. No. 101.— ByF. afGEIJEESSTAM. 

filulCK. BLACK. 

White to pla; and mate in tvo ni 

White to play nnil mate iu three n 


No. 102.— Bt C. CALLANDER. 



White to play »nd mate in four a 

Na 103.— By O. J. SLATER. No. 104.— By J, A. MILES. 


Thite to plaj and mate in two move*. White to plaj uul mate in foar moves. 



(Condition :— Mainplay to be 1 Kt to Q R 5, 2 Kt to K Kt 5, 3 Q mates : 

or first two moves Fereraed.) 


White to play and mate in three moves. White to play and mate in tlire» 

White to play and mate in three moves. White to plaj and jc 



MAY, 1882. 































































F. W. von Mauyillon, the problemist, bom, 1774. California 
Chess Congress closed, 1858. First number of Brentano*8 Chess 
Monthly appeared^ 1881. 

Match between Messrs. Zukertort and Rosenthal commenced, 


First Meeting of the Northern and Midland Counties Chess 

[Association at Manchester, 1853. 

B. Horwiti bom, 1806. 

N. Marache died, 1875, aged 5^. 

Herr Hamppe died, 1876, aged 62. 

Herr Steinitz bom, 1836. Herr Mayet died, 1868, aged 57. 
Eugene B. Cook bom, 1830. Theo. Lichtenhein died, 1874. 
Match between Yorkshire and Lancashire, 1871. Score — 

Yorkshire, 5 ; Lancashire, 4 ; Drawn, 2 ; Unfinished, 9. 

Chess Column in Derbyshire Advertiser discontinued, 1880. 

W. J. L. Verbeek bom, 1820. Victor Gorgias bom, 1839. 

Lowenthal first met Paul Morphy, 1850, at New Orleans. 
Score — Morphy (then aged 12), 2 ; Lowenthal, ; Drawn, 1. 
First day's play in the great Chess Tournament of 1851. Harry 
Boardman bom, 1868. 

Prof. Geo. Allen died, 1876. 

H. T. Buckle died, 1862, aged 40. 







By Mr. D. K Hbrvbt, Newark, U. S. A. 


** White to play and mate, or sui-mate 
In three moves/' the problem said : 
And gaily I went unto my fate, 
And toiled at the problem early and late, 
Till my poor distracted head 
Did ache with pain 
As again and again 
I, the stipulations read. 


I had entered a solver's tourney, strong 

In my hope to win the prize : 
I had solved all before ; not one was wrong 
And I vowed that I'd solve this too ere long, 
As every one can when he tries ; 
So I set to work then 
With Chess-board and men, 
While victory gleamed from my eyes. 


But this problem was surely uncommonly good. 

And I tried for hours in vain : 
Tho' I moved every piece, yet, try as I would 
It would not come right, tho' I did all I could. 
And I felt like becoming profane. 
Every eflFbrt I made, 
Every move I essayed, 
But showed me my error again. 


Then in came my darling, the Queen of my heart, 

And sat down quite close by my side. 
She looked at the problem, and gave a quick start ; 
"You will take it, I'm sure, dear," said she, "in good part. 
If I say there's one move you've not tried." 
I looked at her well, 
" My darling, then teU 
Me the move you think you've espied." 



She then gently whispered into my ear 

" You must give to your foe, your Queen, 
Then bring up your King to his Knight's fifth square — 
In Chess as in love and in war, all is fair — 
And the problem is solved, I ween." 
Then she turned from the light. 
Had I heard her aright 1 
1 thought such a key-move quite mean. 


My Queen — ^must she then be taken away, 
In the arms of a black-visaged Knight ) 
Would her consort consent to conquer the day 
By giving his foe in the mimic fray 
The choicest prize in the fight ? 
No never I I'd die, 
From the field I would fly. 
Before I would win in that way. 


I studied the problem again and again. 

Was the diagram right, I thought 1 
So many were White's, so few were Black's men, 
And so easy it seemed the Black King to pen, 
That surely, I pondered, there ought 
No trouble to be 
In finding the key : 
So my Knight into action I brought. 


His Majesty sable eluded my thrust. 
And pushed forth his own cavalier. 
And cut ofiT my Knight, in a way that was just 
Too greatly annoying, own it I must. 

For my onslaught fell prone 'neath his spear. 
And I saw at last 
The chances had passed 
And my prospect for prizes looked drear. 


For my Queen was my love, and before I would yield 

Her up to my rival's embrace 
I would dash the men off from the checkered field 
Tho' my heart was nigh broke and my aching head reel'd^. 
And give up my chance in the race. 
No craven I'd be 
To seek to be free 
When my Queen had hidden her face. 


Then a Boft gentle hand laid itself upon mine 
And a voice said, " Let me play the game. 
And you shall defend then, if you so incline ; 
The woman you deem to be so divine 
Youll find her nor timid nor tame, 
So check then/' she cries 
And I found with surprise 
My Queen was still gone all the same. 


From the table I rose, the problem was done 

And I was most cruelly treated. 
For my hope of a prize in the Tourney was gone. 
But then a far greater prize I had won 

And it came through this problem so fated. 
And I knelt by her side 
As in rapture I cried 
** I am mated and sui-mated/' 


It seems a perfectly just cause for surprise and regret that, out of 
the large number of persons that take a deep interest in Chess, so 
few at the same time take any interest whatever in the Literature 
of Chess. So many and so great are the claims of this literature, 
so varied the problems it presents, and to such far-reaching times 
of well-nigh fabulous antiquity does it extend in historic continuity, 
that it might fairly be supposed, a priori, that all the votaries of 
Chess would be drawn to the study and culture of this literature 
by an especial fascination. Around the game of Chess have 
gathered glories that may be chanted in almost the very words in 
which Macaulat celebrates the triumphs of the Papal Dynasty, 
and like that dynasty, according to the historian's view, far from 
showing signs of decrepitude or decay, tlie wondrous game seems 
destined to go on " conquering and to conquer." At no time in 
its history has there been so large a number of able and enthusi- 
astic writers as now exist ready to devote their energies to 
investigations in regard to the Queen of Games ; and never before 

* The Chess-Player^ 8 Annual and Club Directory (pp. x. + 112), 
1882. Edited by W. R. Bland. Bemrose and Sons, London and 


have the magazines and other works connected therewith so richly 
deserved an abundant success. Yet, strange to say, to all these 
many and varied claims the great body of Chessists* remains, for 
the most part, utterly apathetic or indifferent. Chess periodicals, 
however ably conducted, live their little life and vanish into the 
limbo of defunct and forgotten things. Not many years ago, some 
of us hailed with pleasure the appearance of the Household Chess 
Magazine^ conducted by " Toz " of " reaching-tongs " celebrity, and 
edited with the co-operation of J. H. BLACKBaRNB, who, though not 
then so famous as, by his well^deserved victories, he has since 
become, did yet succeed in producing a really first-rate periodical 
of varied excellence ; and this, £U3 advertised on the covers of this 
magazine, lived the typical life through three numbers ! America 
seems, in this matter, to be no better off than we are. To say 
nothing of the evanescent Chess-columns, Chess-departments, and 
periodicals wholly devoted to Chess, whereof who runs may read 
the obituary notices, Brentano's admirable Chess-Monthly is, there 
seems some reason to fear, soon to be consigned to an untimely 
grave, notwithstanding its pathetic laments, its statistics as to the 
immense number of American Chessists who might, were they to 
do their duty, make the Journal a triumphant success, and its late 
earnest and stirring appeal for rescue from such summary extinction.! 
Even the Chess Magnates that manage the critical Assaying-House 
are but too apt to look coldly, and sometimes even with positive 
disapproval, on everything that does not bear on the great problem 
— in their eyes often the sole problem worthy of a moment's 
attention — how to win the game in actual play over the board. 
Should a Mathematician seek to develop any of the many combi- 
nations unfolded by the Chess-board or by the powers and 
movements of the pieces, some Chess-Philistine is sure to be 
ready with his " cui bo7io,'* an exasperating question which would 
stifle inquiry in other departments of research besides Chess. 

* The word CJiessisl, lately coming into vogue, formed like 
botanist, chemist, theorist, &c., is, though, it must be confessed, a 
hybrid — a Greek afl&x to an un-classic root — a very convenient one ; 
but the epithet or adjective " chessy " introduced on page 25 of 
VoL II. of this magazine (" The most chessy move in the game "), 
seems hardly worthy of adoption. 

t After this article had been sent to press, I learnt with much 
pleasure, from the long-delayed eleventh number of Brentano — 
which, though nominally for March, did not reach me (or, I sup- 
pose, any other subscriber) till April 11th — that the last appeal 
has met with responses enough to induce the publishers to con- 
tinue the magazine for at least another year, and it is earnestly to 
be hoped, for many a year to come. 


Editors of Chess Journals, too, are to be found who, after showing 
their inability to supply literary articles to embellish their pages, 
are ready to sneer at such articles as so much padding, to be 
skipped by themselves and their readers, all eager to get at the 
Chess ; and Secretaries of lordly Chess clubs are not ashamed to 
display (or even parade) along with their own intrinsic ignorance 
of what has been not inaptly termed " the Poetry of Chess," an. 
ill-disguised contempt for those who do not share their own 
indifference to its charms. 

Now all this is very sad, and very much to be deprecated ; yet 
the painful recollection of the existence of such a state of things 
forces itself uppermost whenever a plea is to be put forward in 
favour of a Chesa-Monthly or, as now, of a Ches^-Annual. Mr. 
Bland's modest little volume, now in its second issue, deserves such 
continued support as will, for a lifetime at least, ensure its 
appearance at the beginning of each successive year. Judiciously 
extended in scope and modified in form from its former issue, it 
has likewise been altered in title, — improvements which, grant it 
but lifef will be sure to lead to further much-needed improvements 
in subsequent editions. 

Casting about, apparently with much solicitation, for needless 
help from supposed able Chess-writers, Mr. Bland . has obtained a 
heterogeneous collection of fragments, some remarkably good, 
others, as might have been predicted, just as hopelessly and 
irremediably bad. 

To take, first, the good articles, which, it is pleasant to be able 
to say, are also, for the most part, the longest, Mr. Waytb gives 
seven pages, all but two lines, of most valuable and interesting 
" Antiquarian Notes," which, it is to be hoped he will hereafter 
continue ; and the two supplementary lines — certainly not Mr. 
Wattb*s — are filled out (a type of the heterogeneous nature of the 
miscellany) by this extraordinary tail-piece ; — 

*' How do yoa pronounce Oaissa f Ear—* but no, we will leave it in 
doubt another year. 

Mr. G. A. Maodonnell gives 4 pleasant pages of reminis- 
cences of the late Mr. Boden ; Mx. Andrews 2 J pages on " Problem 
Tourney Codes and Regulations ; " Mr. Beardsell 3 useful 
pages on " Club Organization and Management ; " Mr. W. Timbrell 
PiBBOB an able plea in 4 pages, for that Chess notation, so 
much easier than the ordinary English notation for a Mathematician 
to read, and — as shown by Duprbsnb's beautiful little Kleines 
Lehrbuch des Schachspiels — so compact and convenient, ** The A 1 
Notation ; " and Mr. W. Norwood Potter 7 pages on " The 
Principles," all good, save that, through undue compression, in 
Attempting too much within the limits of small space (apologies 


such as ^' space will not allow me to give illustrations of what I 
mean " meeting us at every turn) these " principles " read, here and 
there, somewhat like the sententious aphorisms of Dr. Pan gloss. 
The Editor's own part of the book, which contains the Statistical, 
Directorial, Historical, and such like parts of the work, and com- 
prises about one-half of the whole (pp. 1 — 4 and 58 — 111), is so 
good that he would do well, hereafter, to trust more to his own pen, 
and thus avoid the rubbish which some of his contributors have 
already sent to him, and may possibly send again. "^ 

A noteworthy feature of the volume is the large proportion of 
verse-contributions, whereof there are no less than eight, some of 
which show a certain facility in rhyming, mostly in the Ingoldsby 
style ; and one pretty little poem by J. Paul Taylor, entitled " A 
Koyal Visit," closely modelled on Burns's exquisitely poetical 
Vision of Coila, through such imitation of an excellent model, 
deviates into downright poetry. The metre of this poem, with its 
two-fold rhymes in the first and third lines of the stanza, is so 
pretty and so unusual, that the following stanza may well be given 
here as a specimen : — 

** Upon her brow a diadem she wore, which bore 
In jewelled letters Blagkbubkb (flashing flame), 

While round her wrist the band of gold that rolled 
Had Bodek's name." 

An acrostic, by J. A Miles, entitled " The Chess Champion," 
as being short enough for our pages, we quote in full : — 

'* !B lackburne our Champion's praise we sing, 
Xj ong may he reign of Chess the King ; 
A nd forth, triumphant from the fray, 
O rowned with the victor's wreath of bay, 
"K. ing-like may come. On checkered fields 
!B lindfold his battle-axe he wields ; 
XJ ndaunted by the loss of sight, 
H elentless he displays his might. 
N ow, covered with undying rame, 
!Ej ngland exalts her hero's name." 

In the fifth line, to express the optative mood, we want " may 
?ie come," otherwise, the verses, for an acrostic, run smoothly 

♦ One of the uses of Mr. Bland's Chess-Directory is likely to 
be that which I have myself been glad to find in it. Having 
recently come to live in the town of Richmond-on-Thames, I made 
inquiries for a Chess-Club, but oould ascertain nothing of any such 
Club in the neighbourhood till, in this Directory, I learnt all 
about the constitution and mode of membership of the nearest 
Chess-Club at Twickenham, and saw, to my surprise, that the 
Secretary of this Club lived in Richmond itself. 


enough, and they express a wish and sentiment wherein all readers 
of this magazine will be sure to join with heart and souL* 

Two of the articles — ^verses entitled " Lament of a Chess- 
player's wife," and ** The Rev. Jonah Dew " — turn on the time- 
honoured Chess jokes or puns anent ** pawn," " checks," " a problem 
to cook/' " mated," and the like ; and close to the latter of these 
— ^presumably on the principle of answering a fool according to 
his folly, — ^a Tupperian twaddler on certain fancied floral and other 
analogies in Chess is terribly out-twaddled by Edward Marks. 

The strangest of several strange articles in the book is by 
T. A. Derry, on " The relation of Chess to the Pyramids," wherein, 
is reproduced, with approval and admiration — as containing, in the 
writer's opinion, "none other than honest propositions, many 

* After sending the Editor the remarks in the text, I had the 
pleasure of attending, at the classic town of Twickenham, a 
Blackburnian s^nce. Entering the town-hall about 7 o'clock, I 
found Mr. Blackburne quietly seated by the fire-side, and play just 
begun on eight boards ranged behind his back along the whole 
length of the hall, the openings being mainly Allgaier and Scotch 
gambits. A posse of Chessists accompanied the move-announcer 
up and down the whole line of play, and as each player was abun- 
dantly aided — or, perhaps, sometimes, as is customary, bewildered 
— ^by often conflicting advice from ardent and enthusiastic abettors, 
it seemed as if Mr. Blackburne were playing, without sight of the 
boards, eight simultaneous games against the whole strength of 
the Club. Much interest, naturally enough, especially on the 
part of the ladies (of whom there were several present), centred 
on the single player ; and somewhat amusing soito voce comments 
were made on his play, — such as "he likes this opening, and 
played it at Berlin;" "he's fond of Castling;" "he won't do so 
and so, because he doesn't care to lose his Bishops ; " &c., &c. 
The players, of course, varied a good deal. No. 2 was quick, and 
sometimes got over 2 or 3 moves at once, while No. 1, slow and de- 
liberate, was sometimes glad, to No. 2's delight, to miss his turn. 
Two or three times oflfered draws were met by Mr. Blackburne with 
the quiet remark " I'm a Pawn ahead." So the games went on, 
with varying vicissitudes, for over 3 hours, when I had to leave 
and walk home, with the pretty safe conviction that some of the 
octave-groups would soon be done for, and that all the games, did 
time permit, could be easily won by Mr. Blackburne. With this 
acrostic running in my head, I thought, as I looked at the " blind- 
fold player," that never, surely, was there anything less like what 
we ususdly associate with the alliterative mediaeval metaphor in 
the sixth line, of 

Blaokbxjbne, blindfold, belabouring his foes with the battle- Axs ! 


iinquostionably proved" — a theory by "Professor Mazdiiller, of 
WiesciuichbaGh " (related, probably, to the more famous " Professor 
Teufelsdrockh, of Weissnichtwo "), to the effect that the heights of 
the Pawn, Queen, King '* of our game in early ages," of '' the 
Begassos, known to modem times as the Sphinx," and of " several 
of the Pyramids at the period of the Pharaohs and the Ptolemies " 
were, respectively, 

y, 2y, 2-68y, 420^^, 1112y;* 

that the " area of the base of each Pyramid " has been " ascertained 
to be multiples of the area of the Chess-board of that, epoch ;" 
that " the great Pyramid itself appears to have been a compendium 
of the game," giving " the moves of the Queen in its outline " and 
containing in its centre the King's and Queen's chambers, whereof 
the former " is higher than the latter by about '34, corresponding 
to the relation that the pieces now bear to each other — a remarkable 
continuity ; " that the base of such Pyramid was, " there is also 
reason to believe," divided into squares of different colours, which 
" Ptolemy II, who is said to have slept with a Chess-board by his 
side," probably utilised for the purpose of playing Chess with 
living Chessmen ; that " two singular outlets from the King's 
chamber, suggested by Professor Smyth to be ventilators, are 
proved by Professor Maxduller to denote the side capture of the 
pawns ; that " the tortuous passages of the Pyramid we lesim 
may well resemble the moves of the Knight ; " and finally — ^though 
Mr. Debby hesitates to accept this part of the theory, believing 
that '^ in an important matter of this character it is necessary 
that the deduction should be drawn from stronger evidence than 
the Professor adduces " — that " the term * Springer,' adopted by 
Teutonic players for the piece, can well be derived from the jumps 
and hops necessary in descending the Pyramid." Well may Mr. 
Debby, as a believer in this wonderful theory, moralise thereon in 
this style : — 

*' Little do we think, as in moments of al»straction we lightly toss this 
hnmble piece (the Pawn) aside, that it has retained thron^h centuries of 
vicissitades the exact attitnde, if not the exact outline, of its ancient prototype ; 
whilst even the Pyramids themselves, gazing down upon the countless sands of 
the African desert, have not escaped scathless from the roll of ages ; tempus 
edax rerwn.f" 

* For shortness' sake, I have put y for Mr. Dbbby's expression 
2qz + bx, though what these mysterious symbols denote he tells us 
1^0 more than that they are '' remotely corresponding to our feet 
aiMl inches." 

t Wild and visionary Chess theories are not, perhaps, uncom- 
num. Some years ago, when spending a week at the hotel on the 
Biffel, I h^ard — over a Chess-board spread outside the house, in 
fiill view of the Matterhorn and all the glorious panorama around^-* 


The Pyramid-article ends by stating Prof. Maxduixer's discovery 
of the existence in Ptolemaic times of '^ a Chessman that appears 
to have baffled all the astuteness of his researches. . .but, as it always 
had a stationary position upon the last rank of the base, we are 
led to conclude that it is the counterpart of that interesting 
piece known to modern Chess-players as the dummy-pawn," of the 
value of which ' interesting piece ' a vigorous claim, under the 
title of '^ Pawn on 8 in Chess-Problems," is given in another part 
of the book, by Fred Thompson. 

An article on " Chess Morality," by E. Freeborough, might 
fairly have been expected to give the greatest prominence to the 
much-reprehended mode, adopted in late tournaments, of '' playing 
to the score," whereby " A, being secure for a prize, say the fourth, 
and having no chance for a higher one, peddles his remaininggames in 
the interests of the rivals for high honours, according to his own 
caprice or expectation of gain." This mode of play, coolly and 
plainly set forth by Stbinitz in the Fields as if it were the most 
natural thing in the world, has been most justly condemned by 
Brentano as " violating every principle on which the tourney is 
founded," so that '^ the contest becomes, instead of a trial of Chess 
skill, the arena for low cunning and diplomacy," and the very fact 
" that there should be any such question at all " as a player 
being '' allowed at any time to consult his own interests in deciding 
whether he ought, in a given case, to play for a win " is pro- 
nounced to be *' an abomination." For sake of a much-needed 
discussion of this important question, Mr. Freeborouoh's article 
might, one would have thought, have been especially written ; yet, 
strange to say, no reference whatever is made to the question. 

Altogether, to take an optimistic view, even the bad articles in 
the volume before us may be looked upon as not quite useless, 
but as serving, in fact, much the same purpose as the '^ frightful 
examples of the evils of drunkenness " carried about with them by 
the early Apostles of temperance. If Mr. Bland will regard them 

gravely propounded and maintained, by a man of immense 
erudition, the theory that Chess had been invented by Solomon ; 
that its wide distribution was due to the dispersion of the Jews ; 
that the greatest players — Philidor, Labourdonnais, Staunton, 
Anderssen, Morphy — had all been Jews ; and that the very names 
of these and other such great Chessists, viewed in the light of the 
speaker's etymology, were clearly of Jewish origin ! By similar 
reasoning — compared with which Sidonia's attempts (Massena's 
name a form of the tribal Manasseh, and the like) were mere child's 
play — ^it may be shown that, whether they admit it or not, 
Steinitz, Blackbume, Zukertort, are all Jews, and the Editor of 
this Magazine a very Hebrew of the Hebrews. 


in this light, and consider that one year's exhibition will suffice for 
many years to come ; and if, moreover, he will trust his own 
powers more in future issues of his valuable little work, and not 
set before us any writer cudgelling his brains for a subject because, 
" having promised to write something for this Annual,.,. the last 
day of the year had come and his Muse was barren ; " he will be 
sure to give us a Year-book which, improving with each suc- 
cessive edition, will every year become more and more worthy of 
extended recognition and enduring support W. J. C. Miller. 


The victory of Oxford in the Boat Race, and that of Cambridge 
by the odd event in the Athletic Sports, both turned out as had 
been predicted ; but the result of the tenth annual Chess Match, 
won for the seventh time by Cambridge, was something of a sur- 
prise. It was known that Oxford had been making great exertions 
to wipe off one from their balance of defeats ; and they were on 
this occasion more decidedly the favourites than last year, when 
in a closely contested match the scale was turned against them by 
a single game. They had once more had the advantage of a 
greater number of practice matches against strong clubs, in which, 
as we noticed last month, the leading players among the residents, 
and especially Mr. Wainwright, had greatly distinguished them- 
selves. We ventured to hint, however, that the friends of 
Cambridge need not despair : and our forecast has been justified by 
the event, the Light Blue having scored a majority of two games 
on the general merits of their team. 

Mr. Carr for Cambridge, and Mr. Kinder for Oxford, were once 
more opposed ; and this time at board No. 1. Mr. Kinder was 
unfortunately out of practice, and last year's result between the 
pair was reversed. The Cantab's victory in both games is, however, 
in great measure due to his own improved steadiness, and not 
merely to his opponent's errors : and is in every way most creditable 
to him. 

At board No. 2 Mr. Morley, the holder of the champion prize, if 
we are not mistaken, in his own club, had the misfortune to lose a 
Book in the first game, and a piece in the second, by errors in his 
first few moves : and these two games cannot be taken as samples 
of his true form. Only one of the games, however, was scored 
against him : for his opponent through impetuosity missed the 
winning continuation in the second game, and was forced to con- 
tent himself with a draw. 


Mr. Locock, the Oxonian engaged at board No. 3, is perhaps 
the most brilliant and attacking player now at either University ; 
and Mr. Raymond showed excellent judgment in declining the 
Evans Gambit against him. The cautious manoeuvring of both 
players allowed no opportunity for a decisive entry on either side : 
and the game was drawn by consent when the Queens and all the 
minor pieces had been changed off, and each was left with the 
imusual array of two Rooks and eight Pawns. The second game 
at this board was one of the best in the match ; the opening, a 
Ruy Lopez begun by Mr. Raymond, might easily have drifted into 
an uninteresting drawn position ; but both players went in 
vigorously for the attack, and the Cantab, not looking sufficiently 
to his defences, enabled Mr. Locock to win by an uncommonly 
happy series of finishing strokes. 

At the three first boards, therefore, the results balanced one 
another ; and at No. 4 the scale was turned in favour of Oxford. 
The first game was speedily determined in favour of Mr. Heaton, 
who seems to us likely to prove a valuable acquisition to his 
University in future contests ; the second, which was much better 
contested, was adjudged as drawn by the umpire when time was 

The success of Cambridge on the general result was decided at 
the last three boards, which on this occasion were far from display- 
ing the usual characteristics of a '' tail " in serious oversights and 
generally weak play. Both Universities, indeed, are to be con- 
gratulated on the diffused excellence of their teams, evinced not 
merely in this match but in their respective scores against the 
City of London Fourth Class. At No. 5 Mr. Kdchler won his first 
game in good style, and had there been a little more time would in 
all probability have won the second. The umpire, in adjudging the 
game as a draw, was of course bound to assume that the best 
moves would be made : but the correct defence was by no means 
obvious, and against any other Mr. Ktichler would have won the 
gamic, as he pointed out himself, by a brilliant sacrifice of his 

At No. 6, the first game early assumed a drawish appearance 
in which both players acquiesced, and did not fight it out to the* 
bitter end ; the second was claimed by the Cantab, and the claim 
was allowed by the umpire. 

It had been agreed that there should be no time limit ; and 
that the players did not abuse this privilege was shown by the 
fact that No. 7 was the only board at which no second game was 
played. Here the Oxonian was indisposed, and an adjournment 
took place ; to the same cause is probably to be attributed his 
loss of the game when it was at length resumed. Mr. Young, in . 
his way of finishing off this game, showed the signs of a proficient. 


Time was called at 7 p.m., when play had lasted within a few 
minutes of fire hours ; and Mr. Steinitz having promptly but con- 
dusively ^ven his decisions on the three games submitted to him, 
the result was as under : — 


1 F. P. Carr (St. Cath.) 1 1 

2 F. Morley (King's) .. 0^ 

3 E.L. Raymond (Christ's) 

Pres. JO 

4 H. J. Lloyd (Trin.)... OJ 

5 G. Kilchler (Sidney)... 1 | 

6 W. P. Buncombe (non- 

colL) JI 

7 F. M. Young (Trin.).. 1 


1 E. H. Kinder, B.A. 


2 G. E. Wainwright 

(Univ.) IJ 

3 C. D. Locock (Univ.). J 1 


4 W. H. Heaton 
(Brasenose) 1 ^ 

5 W.N. P.Beebe(Tria) 0| 

6 T. A. Wise (Lincoln) 
Pres JO 

7 J. Moultrie (New) ... 0^ 


At eight o'clock the players were entertained by the St. George's 
Club at the usual locality, the Criterion. The chair was most 
efficiently filled by Mr. W. A. Lindsay, who will be remembered by 
many readers of the B. C, M. as the Conservative candidate for 
Huddersfield at the last election. The company included the 
three Honorary Members of the Club, Messrs. Blackbume, Steinitz, 
and Zukertort, Sir Charles Locock, Bart., Mr. Steel, and most of 
those who, as old University men, had been interested spectators 
of the afternoon's proceedings. We may observe that among the 
senior members of the Club the Cantabs muster more strongly 
than the Oxonians, but that the balance is rapidly being restored 
by the number of recruits from Oxford who join it after their 
pleasant experiences of these meetings. After the usual loyal 
toasts, the Chairman proposed the University Chess Clubs in a 
clever and amusing speech, in which he gave his own recollections 
of Chess as a Cambridge undergraduate. Mr. Raymond replied 
for Cambridge, and Mr. Wise for Oxford ; and our remarks of last 
year as to the high standard of public speaking which accompanies 
proficiency in Chess among young men, were again fully justified. 
Mr. H. R. Francis, the oldest member present, who himself 
achieved high classical distinction at Cambridge some fifty years 
back, his youthful enthusiasm rekindled by the victory of his own 
University, proposed the health of Mr. Steinitz in a speech, fvdl of 
wit and animation. The next toast was that of the Honorary 
Members, given by Mr. Minchin, and coupled with the name of 
Mr. Blackbtime ; and it gave that gentleman the opportunity of 
acknowledging the compliment paid him a month previously, 
which, owing to an attack of his old enemy rheumatic gout, he 


had then been unable to do. Mr. Blackbume's annoancement 
of his intention to compete in the approaching Vienna Touma- 
ment was received with marked applause. The Chess Press was 
then proposed by Col. Sterling, and Dr. Zukertort, in returning 
thanks, made a similar announcement as regards himself. 

With these toasts the regular programme came to an end : but 
others folio \^ed, not included in the *' card.'' Mr. Ranken, taking 
advantage of the presence of Mr. Steel for the first time at one of 
these gatherings, proposed prosperity to Anglo-Indian Chess, and 
expressed the hope that the late cable match between Liverpool 
and Calcutta might find many imitators. Mr. Steel, in responding, 
referred to Chess as a pastime in which natives and Europeans met 
on common ground and with the happiest results, and promised & 
" warm reception " to any young University man who might adopt 
an Indian career. From all that we have heard of the climate of 
Lower Bengal, we should say that this remark would prove true 
in more senses than one. The toast of the St. George's Club, pro- 
posed by Mr. Raymond and coupled with the name of Mr. Lindsay, 
drew forth another excellent speech from the Chair. Mr. Wise 
gave the health of the Honorary Secretary, Mr. Minchin, to whose 
energy and organizing power these matches in their present form 
are so much indebted : and Mr. Minchin, in his reply, alluded to 
his enthusiasm for the sports and emulations of the young as the 
mainspring of his exertions on their behalf. The health of Mr. 
Wayte, as an officer of the Club and an active promoter of Uni- 
versity Chess, was then given by Mr. Gattie : and Mr. Wayte, in 
acknowledging the compliment, referred to the gratifying improve- 
ment in the standard of play attained of late by the University 
teams, and especially by their junior members. 


France.— The final pool of the handicap tourney at the CsS6 
de la R^gence has commenced, the four survivors, who are conse- 
quently all sure of a prize, being Messrs. Clerc, De Riviere, and 
Najotte of Class 1, and M. Girod of Class 2. 

The grand handicap tourney at the Cercle des Echoes mentioned 
in our February number, is over, the winners being, First prize, M. 
Chaseray, Second do., The Count de Tamisier, Third do., M. Gold- 
smith. Another handicap tourney has just been arranged for a 
prize offered by the Vice-President of the Cercle, viz., a splendid 
pair of gold studs, the one representing a Rook and Bishop, and 
the other a Rook and Knight. Twelve players, among whom M. 
Clerc stands alone in Class 1, have entered. 


Italy. — ^The first Chess column, we believe, ever published in 
Italy has been started in a Padua paper, the JEuganeo, and is con- 
ducted by Sig. Maluta, the winner of the Second prize in the 
Kational Tourney of 1878 at Leghorn, and of the Third prize in 
last year's tourney at Milan. 

Austria. — The Committee of the Vienna International Tourney 
has decided to add a special prize of 1000 frs., for which all may 
compete except the winners of the first three prizes. This prize 
will be given to the player who makes the highest score with the 
three chief winners, each won game counting (fbr this purpose only) 
with the winner of the first prize two points, with the winner of 
the second a point and a half, and one point with the winner of 
the third ; drawn games will reckon at half these values. An im- 
portant modification has been made in the order of the play. 
Each competitor will play one game with every other all round 
before beginning his second games. 

The Master Tourney at the Vienna Club, alluded to at p. 68 of 
our February number, has been brought to an end with a dark 
horse to the fore, the first prize having been gained by Herr V. 
Hruby with 6 won games. Herr B. Fleissig is a good second 
with 5^ games to his account, and Herren Dr. Fleissig and A. 
Schwarz tie for third place with 5 games each. 

The Students Chess Club at Prague is probably the largest of 
the kind in existence, numbering 98 members. Herr Neustadt 
was the winner of its winter tourney ; correspondence games are 
being played with Herr Minckwitz, with the Academical Club of 
Berlin, and with the High School of Art Club at Vienna. 

A new Chess column has appeared in the Vienna Allgemeine 

In the recent tourney of the Buda-Pesth Club the first prize 
was won by Herr Taraba, and the second by Dr. Jacobi. 

Canada. — A telegraph match between the Clubs of Toronto 
and Quebec commenced on February 26th, with twelve players on 
each side. The boards were numbered, and no one knew the 
name of his opponent, which greatly increased the interest. At 
11-30 p.m. the games were adjourned, and, after being resumed on 
several subsequent days, the match terminated on March 26th in 
favour of Toronto by 7 games to 4. 

The Ontario Chess Association held its third annual meeting at 
Guelph on Feb. 17th, when there were present delegates from 
Toronto, Hamilton, and Guelph. After the election of officers, and 
the choice of Toronto as the next place of meeting, it was resolved 
that the goodly surplus of funds in hand should be utilised as 
follows : — First, in the purchase of two gold medals, to be given, 
one to the best composer, and the other to the best solver of pro- 
blems in a tourney open only to members of the Association, for 


the conduct of which a committee was appointed. Secondly, in a 
gold medal for each of the three dubs c^ Toronto, Hamilton, and 
Guelph, to be competed for by the respective members of those 
dubs in such manner as each club shall decide on, the tourney to* 
be open to all the members. Thirdly, in two prizes of 10 dols. 
and 5 dols. each for the first and second winners of a tourney 
among those now present at the meeting, the play to be on the 
pairing out system, but no player to be thrown out till he has 
lost two games. For this tourney there were eight entriesi 
Messrs. Littlejohn, Gordon, and Punshon of Toronto, Judd and 
By all of Hamilton, and Lockwood, Baldwin, and Barclay of 
Guelph. After several rounds, there were left in Messrs. Little- 
john, Gordon, Judd, and Baldwin, and as there was not time te 
finish, it was agreed that the concluding rounds should be played 
out at Toronto. 

Germany. — We regret to observe in the April number of the 
Sehachzeitung an article entitled, ^' The Ten Commandments of 
Chess,'' which is a parody of the Mosaic Decalogue that has not 
even the merit of being clever. We do not know whether Ger- 
mans will be shocked by its profanity, but if it had appeared in 
an English magazine, we hope and believe that a loud protest 
would have been raised at the mere attempt to imitate that which 
all alike, both Christians and Jews, hold to be sacred. 


The twenty-seventh annual meeting of the above Association 
was held at Dewsbury — for the first time in that town — on 
Saturday, April 15th, and was very well attended. The meeting 
for play was held in the Minor Co-operative Hall, and the following 
is a list of the gentlemen present : — From Bradford: Messrs. H. 
Cassel, J. Brandt, A. Knoth, W. Glaser, E. Grimwald, R. Whitaker 
and John Berg ; Leeds : Messrs. D. Y. Mills, James White, Thomas 
Eddison, Alderman Gaunt, John Craven, E. B. Hussey, M. Wright, 
J, G. Cunningham, J. A. Birdsall, C. Bennett, Samuel Taylor, W. 
Trickett, and J. L. Bisbey ; Hudderspibld : Messrs. John Wat- 
kinson, T. S. Yates, A. Scheislin, D. Brearley, J. P. Roberton, 
Thomas HoUiday, J. C. Walker, and C. Hobson ; Wakefield : 
Messrs. E. H. Bays, J. C. Marks, H. Grace, C. M. Grace, R. W. 
Grace, William Ash, W. Rea, Samuel Day, and W. Crofts; 
Dewsburt: The Mayor (Alderman Machell), the Rev. M. E. 
Thorold, and Messrs. Seth Ward, Luke Howgate, W. W. Fox, J. 
Woodhead, M. Wilkinson, Henry Conyers, W. J. Eggleston (hon. 
sec), James Podmore, John Ingram, F. Knowles, W. W. Yates, 


and J. Whitehead; together with Mr. Hunter, of Ossett, Mr. 
William Cook, of Birmingham, Mr. B. M. Hood of Ilkley, Mr. 
James Jordan, of Sheffield, Mr. Alfred Rowley, of Bamsley, and 
Mr. P. Whitley, Halifax. 

Play commenced in four tourneys, and was continued — with an 
interval for tea — until late in the evening. 


First Round — Mr. Mills, Leeds, beat Mr. Knoth, Bradford ; 
Mr. Cassell, Bradford, beat Mr. White, Leeds ; Mr. Cunningham, 
Leeds, beat Mr. Bennett, Leeds ; Mr Whi taker, Bradford, drew 
twice with Mr. Hussey, Leeds. 

Second Round.— Mr. Mills beat Mr. Cunningham; Mr. Cassell 
had no opponent in consequence of Mr. Hussey and Mr. Whitaker 
having drawn. 

Result. — Mr. Mills took half the first and second prizes ; Mr. 
Cassell took one fourth and Messrs. Whitaker and Hussey one* 
eighth each. 

Tournament B. 

First Round. — Mr. Roberton, Huddersfield, drew twice with 
Mr. Rhodes, Dewsbury ; Mr. Wright, Leeds, boat Mr. Bays, Wake- 
field ; Mr. Ash, Wakefield, beat Mr. Glaser, Bradford ; Mr. Wood- 
head, Dewsbury, beat Mr. Thorold, Dewsbury. 

Second Round — Mr. Wright beat Mr. Ash, Mr. Woodhead had 
no opponent in consequence of Mr. Roberton and Mr. Rhodes 
having drawn. 

Result. — Mr. Wright took half the first and second prizes ; Mr. 
Woodhead took one-fourth and Messrs. Rhodes and Roberton one 

eighth each. 

Tournament C. 

First Round. — Mr. Jordan, Sheffield, beat Mr. Yates, Hudders- 
field; Mr. Rowley, Barnsley, beat Mr. Whitley, Halifax; Mr. 
Eddison, Leeds, beat Mr. Brandt, Bradford ; Mr. Berg, Bradford, 
beat Mr. Howgate, Dewsbury. 

Second Round. — Mr. Eddison beat Mr. Berg ; Mr. Jordan beat 
Mr. Rowley. 

Third Round. — Mr. Jordan beat Mr. Eddison and won the 
first prize, his opponent taking the second. 

Tournament D. 

First Round. — Mr. Walker, Huddersfield, beat Mr. Rea, Wake- 
field ; Mr. Hobson, Huddersfield, beat Mr. Conyers, Dewsbury ; 
Mr. Crofts, Wakefield, beat Mr. Craven, Leeds; Mr. BirdsaJl, 
Leeds, beat Mr. Brearley, Huddersfield. 

Second Round. — Mr. Crofts beat Mr. Walker ; Mr. Birdsall 
beat Mr. Hobson. 

F 2 


Third Round. — ^Mr. Birdsall beat Mr. Crofts and won the first 
prize, Mr. Crofts taking the second. 

Tea was provided at the Wellington Hotel, by Mr. M. Burnley, 
and was attended by over fifty players and friends. 

After tea, Mr. Seth Ward, president of the Association, said 
the members would be anxious to continue play, and therefore 
it was necessary to commence business at once. In the first 
place he had to submit to the meeting two letters notifying the 
intention of two clubs to withdraw from the West Yorkshire 
Association. The letter from the Halifax club was to the effect 
that they very much regretted the state of their funds and small- 
ness of members would not allow them to have the annual meet- 
ing in that town so far as they could see at present. The letter 
from the Sheffield Club stated that their notice of resignation was 
owing to Saturday being an inconvenient day. They all regretted 
that these clubs felt it incumbent to withdraw from the Asso- 
ciation. The members of the Dewsbury Club were glad to see the 
gentlemen assembled. It was the first meeting of the kind which 
had been held in Dewsbury, and he hoped it would not be the last. 
The Dewsbury Club had only been in existence some three or four 
years ; and the representatives from the various clubs had shown 
their sympathy by attending in such large numbers that day. 

Mr. S. Day, Wakefield, said he thought it was hardly the thing 
to accept the resignation of the Halifax Club. If they were not 
in a position to entertain the clubs, they might retain their name 
in the Association. 

Mr. W. W. Yates, Dewsbury, said in order to put the matter 
into proper shape he would move that Mr. Eggleston write to the 
secretaries of the Halifax and Sheffield clubs, requesting them to 
remain members of the Association. Although Sheffield was an 
inconvenient town to get to, yet it would be a benefit to the Asso- 
ciation to have the moral support of the town as a town, and he 
thought, if the matter was fairly laid before them, both clubs 
would consent to remain in the Association. 

Mr. Tbigeett, Leeds, had great pleasure in seconding the 

The resolution was put and carried. 

The Chairman said it was now for the Association to decide as 
to where the next annual meeting should take place. According 
to order, Bradford was the next town on the list, if Halifax decided 
definitely to withdraw. 

Mr. Glasbr said the Bradford club would be glad to see the 
members of the Association in their town next year, failing an in- 
vitation from Halifax. 

Mr. Whitakbr said, on behalf of the Bradford Club, he could 
predict a cordial welcome to the members of the West Yorkshire 


Chess Association, on the occasion of the annual meeting being 
held in that town. 

It was then decided that the next annual meeting should be 
held at Bradford. 

Mr, CuvNiNOHAM, Leeds, in proposing that the best thanks of 
the meeting be given to the Dewsbury friends for the kind 
manner in which they had entertained the members of the Asso- 
ciation, said that although the Dewsbury Club had only been in 
existence a few years, it was a growing club, and if they were 
small in numbers they were not wanting in generosity of soul so 
well displayed in welcoming the representatiyes of the West 
Yorkshire Chess Association among them. 

Mr. T. S. Yatbs, Huddersfield, said he had pleasure in 
seconding the resolution. He had come to Dewsbury on several 
occasions, and always found the members of the Chess club to be 
a most hospitable set of fellows. 

The proposition was carried. 

The Presidbnt acknowledged the compliment. 

Mr. Yates, Dewsbury, then said he was sorry that a match 
between Lancashire and Yorkshire had not been arranged, and 
under the circumstances be thought it would be as well for the 
Association to pass a sort of declaratory resolution to the effect — 
" That this Association, as an Association, would be glad to see a 
match arranged for next year between Lancashire and Yorkshire, 
on the basis that not less than seventy-five players should represent 
each county." The passing of a resolution of that character, with 
a request that three representatives, from Bradford and Leeds be 
appointed a committee to send a challenge to their Lancashire 
friends, might do some good, and eventually lead to a match being 

After some further remarks, the resolution was put and carried. 
The members then adjourned to the Minor Co-operative Hall, 
where play was resumed. 

VIENNA, MAY, 1882. 

Absorbing game of Chess ! replete with sense. 
Enchanting more than minstrel's sweetest lay. 
As lover cannot with his love dispense. 
So not thy rapt enthusiast with his play ; 
The Chess world now seems stirred up for the fray. 
May buffets be exchanged of matchless skill. 
And valiant knights their doughtiest deeds display, 
Yet sworn to prove, through good repute and ill 
As were brave knights of old right courteous champions stilL 




Under the above title, Mr. Long of Dublin, the author of a book 
on the Openings, has published what we presume to be the first of 
a series of brochures, each devoted to one particular opening, in 
which, descending from a diagram of the root position of the 
Philidor Defence, is given " a bird's eye view in a pedigree form of 
its principal branches or variations." The tables, which are printed 
very clearly on paper of foolscap size in the algebraical or shortened 
notation, consist of a main branch, or as it might better be called, 
a parent stem, occupying the centre of the sheet, with its offshoots 
carefully arranged on each side of it, and beyond these on both 
sides appear the other branches large and smalL the whole for the 
sake of reference being lettered from A up to X. At the foot of 
the page are analytical and explanatory notes after the manner of 
Cook's Synopsis, which together with the pedigree tables appear 
to embody all the latest additions to the family of this somewhat 
uninteresting debut. We do not see the sense of expressing a 
simple move like P to Q 3 by the representations of two Chess 
pieces combined with a diminutive figure, but with this exception 
we are well pleased with the execution of Mr. Long's ingenious 
plan, which we think will prove a moat useful compilation both to 
beginners and proficients. 


Chess in Brighton. 

Although the season is now almost over Chess in Brighton 
still retains its vitality, and there seems to be no prospect of an 
ebb. An interesting handicap Tournament for a silver cup has 
just been concluded. The winner was Mr. W. T. Pierce who made 
the fine score of 7J out of 8 games played. This is the second 
time Mr. Pierce has been victorious, and although three of the 
best players did not contend in the last Tournament, the result is 
most creditable. Two circulating correspondence games are now 
in progress, and excite considerable interest. Efforts are being 
made to establish a Sussex Chess Association, and there is every 
reason to believe the attempt will be successful. The game is now 
more extensively practised at the Working Men's Clubs in the 
town, and on one or two occasions Mr. H. W. Butler has played 
simultaneously against some of their members, a few of whom 
show very good form. 

On Friday and Saturday, 21st and 22nd ult, Mr. Blaokburne 
gave exhibitions of " blindfold " and simultaneous play at the 
Banqueting Room, Royal Pavilion. " Blindfold " play occupied the 


first evening and the following gentlemen were Mr. Blackbume's 
opponents. No. 1 Mr. A. Bowley, No. 2 Mr. H. Erskine, No. 3 
Mr. A. Smith, No. 4 Mr. W. Mead, No. 5 Mr. D. Thomas, No. 6 
Mr. H. Andrews, No. 7 Mr. 11. Stuckey, No. 8 Rev. L. Bartleet. 
The games were stubbornly contested with the following result : 
Mr. Blackbume won with Messrs. Bowley, Mead and Stuckey ; 
drew with Messrs. Andrews, Erskine and Smith, and lost to Rev. 
L. Bartleet and Mr. D. Thomas. On the following evening he 
encountered nineteen opponents, and was successful with all except 
Mr. Councillor Booth and Mr. W. Andrews who drew their games. 
On each occasion there was a goodly attendance, and the pro- 
ceedings were watched with considerable interest by an appreciative 
and select company. The entertainments proved a great success. 


We regret to hear of the death of M. Paul Journoud, for more 
than 20 years Chess editor of the Monde Illustre, at the age of 61. 
M. Journoud was one of the best French players, but he was 
better known to the last than to the present generation of Caissa's 
disciples, for, owing to certain peculiarities of character, he had 
long retired from practice, and ever since 1866 had broken oiF all 
intercourse with his old companions in arms. In Chess literature 
M. Journoud distinguished himself as much as over the board ; ia 
1860 he published a little volume containing all the problems of 
a tourney in connection with the magazine La Regence, and from 
1860 to 1866 he successively edited the following Chess journals, 
in which are found a great number of his games contested with 
the strongest players of that period: — "La Regence" in 1860; 
"La Nouvelle Regence" 1861 to 1864; " Le Palam^de Fran9ais" 
during its first six months; "Le Sphinx" 1866-67. Amateurs 
who possess a collection of these magazines, almost impossible to 
obtain now, will appreciate the real analytical and editorial talent 
which M. Journoud displayed in these different publications, and 
one can only explain the indifference of Chess-players at that time 
in subscribing to them when one recollects the constant irregularity 
of their appearance, each number being often two or three months 
late. M. Journoud's successor in the Monde Illustre is M. Feistha- 
mel of the Siecte. We are indebted to the Strategie for the above 


Rev. W. Wayte, 50/-, being the first prize in the St. George's 
Club Handicap, generously contributed to this fund. 




Played by Correspondenoe in Mr. Nash's Tourney. 

(Scotch Opening.) 


(Mr. Kanken.) (Mr. Rebbeck.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Et to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt takes P 

5 B to K 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
BtoB 4 
Q to B3 
K Kt to K 2 

7 P to K B 4 (a) P to Q 4 (6) 

8 P to K 5 Q to R 3 (c) 

9 Q to Q 2 

10 P takes B 

11 BtoB 2 

12 Kt to B 3 

13 Castles (e) 

15 P to K Kt 4 

16 P to K R 4 

17 P to R 5 

18 P to Kt 5 

19 P to R 6 

20 R to R 3 

B tks Kt (d) 
Kt to B 4 
B toK3 
PtoR 3 
Castles Q R 
P to K Kt 3 
K Kt to K 2 
Q to B sq 
P to B 4 (/) 
Q to K sq 
P to Kt 4 {h) 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Rebbeck) 

21PtoR3 QtoB3 

22 K to Kt sq Q to Kt 3 

23 Kt to R 2 K to Q 2 (i) 

24 R to Q Kt 3 K to K sq 

25 Kt to B 3 Q to R 4 
26PtoR4(y) PtoB3 
27BtoKsq KtoB2 

28 Q to K 3 Q to B 2 

29 R to Q B sq Q to R 2 

30 P takes P K P takes P 

31 B takes P (A;) K R to K sq 

32 B to K 2 Kt to Q 2 

33 Kt to R 4. (I) At this point 
Mr. Rebbeck, being annoyed at 
the remonstrances addressed to 
him by his opponent for his 
frequent tremsgressions of the 
time limit, declined to continue 
the game. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

('a) Either this or B to Q Kt 5 is now the usual and preferable 
mode of continuing the attack. 

(bj It seems uncertain whether the Pawn should go to Q 3 
or Q 4 here. P to Q 3 has the advantage of hindering the develop- 
ment of White's Q Kt for a time, while P to Q 4, as it were, 
forces White's hand, and obliges him to make some defensive 

(cj Better than checking at R 5, which should be held in 
reserve. If Q to Kt 3 instead, White wins a piece by P to 


(d) This only serves to strengthen White's centre, and gives 
him an egress for his Kt. The correct play appears to be B to 
Q 2, for White could not then advantageously play P to B 6, on 
account of the check of the Q at R 5. 

(e) If B to K 2, Black might reply with Kt to R 5, compelling 
White to Castle on the K side, which he did not want. 

(f) Injudicious, because it gives the adversary an important 
passed Pawn, and enables him to push his Pawn to Kt 6 without 
the fear of a Kt or B occupying Black's K B 4. 

(g) Important to protect his Q R P, on which White threat- 
ened to make a strong attack presently by Kt to R 4 and B 5. 
Nevertheless we doubt if this could not have been better accom- 
plished by K to Kt sq, B to B sq, &q. 

(h) This looks risky after White's last move, but Black is so 
shut up on the King's side that he must try to do something on 
the other. 

(i) Essaying to put his K out of danger before bringing up 
his forces for an assault on the Queen's wing. 

(j) Quite safe, for if the P be taken, R to R 3 speedily wins 
it back, and if 26 P to Kt 5, then 27 Kt to R 2, Q Kt to B 3, 
[if P to Q B 4, P may safely take P) 28 Kt takes P, Q. takes P, 
;R to Q Kt sq is no better) 29 Kt takes Kt, Q takes R, 30 Kt 
takes R, &c. 

(k) A perfectly sound sacrifice, as the following pretty varia- 
tions we think will show ; for suppose now 3 1 P takes B, 32 Kt 
takes Kt P, Q to R 3, (if Q to R sq, R 5, or Q 2, White still 
checks with the Kt) 33 Kt to Q 6 ch, R takes Kt, (if K moves, R 
to R 3 wins the Q. or R) 34 P takes R, K Kt to B 3 best, (if Q 
takes P, then B to Kt 4, and Q to K 5) 35 R takes Q Kt, R takes R, 
36 R takes Kt, Q takes R, 37 Q to K 5. Black cannot now obtain 
perpetual check by taking P with R, as the W K will eventually 
work round to his K R 4, and find shelter, after receiving his last 
check from the Q at Black's Q 6. If Black play 37 Q to Q 2 
White wins the R by Q to Kt 7 ch ; he must therefore play 37 R 
to Kt 2 to avoid the mate, whereupon; 38 B to Kt 4, Q to Q 2, 
(there is nothing better) 39 Q to Kt 7 ch, K to K sq, 40 Q to R 8 
ch, K to B 2, 41 Q takes P ch, K to B sq best, 42 Q to R 8 ch, 
B to Kt sq, 43 P to R 7, Q takes P, 44 P to Q 7 dis ch, and wins. 
To facilitate reference, we give a diagram on the next page of 
the position after White's 31st move. 

(I) It is a pity the game was not fought out, but White 
leaves off with a P ahead and a marked advantage of position, 
which ought to enable him to win with anything like ordinary 
care. Black would of course lose his Q, were he now to take the 


Black (Mr. Rebbeck.) 

White (Mr. Kabken.) 



PUyed at Brigbton, July, 1881. 






(Mr.H.Erakine.) (Mr.O. Erakiue.) 

(Mr. H. Erskiue.) (Mr.O. Erskine.) 

1 Kt to K B 3 

P to K 3 (a) 

16 P takes P P takes P 


Kt to K B 3 

17 P to 1) 4 Kt to B 2 

3 P to Q B 4 

P to Q Kt 3 

18 D to Kt aq (/) Kt to B 4 (j?) 


B to Kt 2 

19PtoQKt4 QKttoR3 

6 P to Q R 3 (6) B to K 2 

20 Q to li 5 P to Kt 3 

6 Kt to Q B 3 


21QtoR6 PtoB3 

7 B to Q 3 


22 P takes P Q takes B P 

8 P to Q Kt 3 


23 Kt tka P (h) Q takes B 

9 Castles 

P to Q B 4 

White mated in 

10 B to Kt 2 

P takes Q P 

five moves thus: 

11 KP takes P 

R to Q B sq 

24 Kt to K 7 ch K to R sq 

12 R to Q B sq 


25 Kt takes P ch K to Kt sq 

13 R to K BG 

Q to K 2 (rf) 

20 Kt to K 7 ch K to B 2 

U Kt to K 5 

B takes Kt (e) 

27 B to Kt 6 ch K to B 3 

U P takes E 

Kt to K Bq 

28 B to K 8 Mate. 



Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) Either this or P to Q 4 is correct play, but not Kt to 

fbj Unnecessary, the K B should be developed at once. 

(c) It has often been repeated that B 3 is the best square for 
the Q Kt in these openings, but not until P to Q B 4 has first been 

(dj This, on the face of it, cannot be good ; Black's game is 
somewhat cramped, but he might obtain more freedom, and a 
better position for his Q Kt, by R to K sq, followed by Kt to B sq, 
and Kt to Kt 3. 

(ej An imprudent capture ; taking the R P was of course 
useless, on account of B takes B, and R to R sq, but K R to Q sq 
might, we believe, have turned out profitably. 

(fj White has conducted his attack with great judgment ; 
here, however, we should have been disposed to try the effect of 
Q to R 5. 

(9 J Quite unavailing to stay the progress of the assault ; 
again, K R to Q sq with the object of defending the K R P by Kt 
to B sq, was the proper course. 

(hj Finely played, and entirely conclusive, whether the piece 
be taken or not. 

Played recently by Correspondence. 

(Steinitz Gambit.) 


<Mr. W.T.Pierce.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to B 4 

4 P to Q 4 

5 K to K 2 

6 Q to Q 2 

7 Kt to Q 5 

8 Kt to K B 3 

9 K to Q sq 

10 B to K 2 

11 P to K R 4 

12 Kt to B 3 

13 Q takes Q 
U Kt takes P 



(Mr. J. Pierce. ) (Mr. W. T. Pierce.) 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
Q to R 5 ch 
P to Q Kt 3 (a) 
K to Q sq 
Q toR 4 
B to Q Kt 2 (c) 
Q to Kt 3 
Q takes P 
Q toK 6 
P takes Q 
Kt to R 3 

15 B takes P 

16 Kt to B 3 

17 B to B 2 

18 P to R 3 

19 Kt takes Kt 

20 P to B 4 

21 R to K Kt sq 

22 P to K Kt 4 

23 Kt to Q 2 

24 P to R 5 

25 B to B 3 

26 R to Q B sq 

27 B to R 4 

28 B takes B 


(Mr. J. Pierce.) 
P to B3 
Kt to B 4 
Kt to Kt 5 
Kt to Q 4 
B takes Kt 
Bto K 5 
Pto Q4 
Kt to K 2 
B to Kt 3 
B toB2 
P toB3 
B toR 3 
B to Kt 4 
P takes B 



29 R to E sq (d) 

30 R to K 6 

31 P takes P 

32 R to B 7 (/) 

33 R takes R P 

34 B to K 2 (g) 

35 R to R 8 ch 

36 Kt to B 3 

37 E:t to K sq 

38 Kt to B 2 

P to K R 3 
P takes P 
R to K sq 
R to Q B sq 
Rto B 2 
Kt to B sq 
BtoK 3 
KtoK 2 
R toBsq 

39 Kt to K 3 

40 B to Q 3 

41 B to B 5 (A) 

42 B takes B 

43 Kt takes P 

44 Kt takes R 

45 R takes Kt 

46 R takes R 

47 P to R 4 

K toQ 3 
Rto K B 3 
Kt to R 2 (t) 
R takes B 
R takes R 
R takes Kt 
K takes R 

Notes by W. T. Pierob. 

(a) This is not now considered so satisfactory a defence as 
6 P to Q 4. After 6 Kt takes P (Mr. Steinitz, we believe, recom- 
mends P takes P), B to Kt 5 ch, 7 Kt to B 3, Castles, 8 B takes 
P and White soon gets into difficulties. Perhaps, however, 8 K 
to Q 3 is a stronger move. Here are two possible continuations : 
(1) 8 Kt to K 4 ch, 9 K to B 3, B takes Kt, 10 P takes B, 
Kt to K Kt 3, 11 Q to Q 2, B to Q 3, 12 K to Kt 3, P to Q B 3, 
13 Kt to B 3, K Kt to K 2 ; 14 R to K Kt sq, B to K 4, 15 P to 
Q 5, Q to R 4, 16 R to Kt 4, R to Q 2, 17 Q to B 2, K to Kt sq, 
18 P takes P, Kt takes P, 19 P to Q R 3, &c. (2) 8 P to B 4, 
9 Kt takes Q, P takes P ch, 10 K takes P, B takes Q, 11 P to 
B 4, Kt to B 3 ch, 12 K takes P, Kt takes Kt, 13 P takes Kt, 
R takes P, 14 B to K 3, B to Q B 7, 15 R to Q B sq, 
P to K Kt 4 ch, 16 K to B 3, Kt takes P ch, 17 B takes Kt, 
<kc. If 8 Q to R 4, White's best move is apparently 9 P to 
Q B 4. . 

Best. B to R 3 ch would only serve to develop White's 



B to K Kt 2 is also good. 

The R has taken two steps to this square when one 
would have done. 

(e) 29 R to Q B sq is perhaps preferable. 

(f) Black clearly overlooked the strength of this move when 
he played 29 R to Q Kt sq. 

(g) Here White might have won by 34 R to Kt 7, for 
if R to B 3 in reply, 35 R to Kt 8 ch, R to B sq best, 36 R takes P, 


^h) White has deployed his Kt to good purpose. 

\i) Has he any defence ] If Kt to K 2, 42 R to Q 8 ch, 
R to Q 2, 43 R takes R ch, B takes R, 44 B takes B, K takes B, 
45 Kt takes F winning. 



Played by Correspondence some time ago. 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Mr. Vincent.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 
6 P to Q B 3 

6 Castles 

7 P to Q 4 

8 Kt takes P 

9 B to R 3 (a) 

10 Kt takes Kt 

11 Q to R 4 

12 Kt takes B 

13 Q takes B P 

14 B tks P ch (b) 

15 Q takes Kt 

16 K R to K sq 

17 P to K B 3 

18 B to Q Kt 2 

19 Q to Q Kt 4 

20 P to Q 5 

21 B to Q 4 (e) 

22 Q to B 3 

23 R to K 4 

24 R to K Kt 4 


(Mr. Bourn.) 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B takes P 
B to Q R 4 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt takes K P 
P takes Kt 
B takes P 
Kt takes Kt 
B to Q 2 
R takes B 
B to Q Kt 4 
Q to K B 3 
P to Q B 4 (c) 
PtoQB5 (d) 
R to Q Kt 2 
Q to Q sq 
P to Q R 4 
R to Q B sq 
B to K sq 


(Mr. Vincent.) 

25 P to K R 4 

26 R to Kt 5 

27 Q to K sq (g) 

29 P to K R 5 

30 R tks B ch (J) 

31 Q to Kt 7 ch 

32 Q to Kt 8 ch 

33 Q takes P ch 

34 Q takes P ch 

35 K to B sq (k) 

36 Q to Q Kt sq 

37 Q to B sq 

38 Q to B 3 

39 Q takes B P 

40 Q to Q Kt 5 ch 

41 R to Q Kt sq 

42 R takes R 

43 K takes R 

44 K to K 2 

45 K to K 3 

46 K to K 4 

47 Q to Q 3 


(Mr. Bourn.) 

BtoQ 2 
B to K B 4 
R toK 2 
Kto B 2 
R to K 7 {i) 
P takes R 
K to K sq 
Kto Q 2 
QtoK 2 
KtoB 2 
R to K sq 
K to B sq 
K to Kt 2 (Z) 
Q to K R 2 
Q to Q B 7 
K to B sq 
R to K 8 ch 
R takes R ch 
Q to B 8 ch 
Q to B 7 ch 
Q to B 8 ch 
Q to B 7 ch 

Notes BY C. E. Raneen. 

(a) The usual move is Kt takes K B P, but White conducts 
the attack in quite an original manner. 

(bj This equalises the forces, and Bishops being on different 
colours, the legitimate issue looks like a draw. 

(cj Well played ; securing to himself an important passed 

(d) But this advance is premature ; it was safer to exchange 


(e) R to K 4 seems a more telling move, threateaiog to 
double the Rooks, as well aa to play R to K Kt 4. 

(/) Aa error of judgment ; the correct course apparently was 
to play the R from B sq to B 2. If then 25 Q takes R P, R to 
Kt 4, 26 Q to B 3, B to Kt 3, 27 Q to K 3, B to B 4, 28 R to 
Kt 5, B takes P, 29 P to Kt 4, R takes B, 30 R takes B, E to Q 6, 
and ought to win. 

(gj To protect his K R P, should the Rook be forced to 

(h) We prefer Q to B 2, menacing to win either a Pawn or 
the eichange. 

(ij The object of this ia obscure, unless it were with the 
intention of pushing on the Pawn, for which, however, there waa 
not time. He should have played Q to Q 2. 

(j) Good ; he obtains hereby more than an equivalent for the 

fkj B to B 2 appears stronger. 

(IJ K to Q sq looks better. The situation here is so critical 
that we give it a diagram. 

Black (Mb. Bourn.) 

White (Mr. Vincent.) 




Played in the First class Tourney of the West Yorkshire Meeting 

held at Dewsbury, April 15th, 1882. 



(Mr. Cunningham.) (Mr. D.Mills.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 P takes P 

5 Kt to K B 3 

6 B to Q 3 

7 Castles 

PtoK 3 
P toQ 4 
Kt to K B 3 
P takes P 
Bto Q 3 
B to K Kt 5 



(Mr. Cunningham.) (Mr. D. Mills.) 

22 P to Q B 3 Kt to B 5 

23 Q R to Kt 3 P to K R 4 (e) 

24 R to Kt 5 (/) P to R 5 

25 Q R to Kt 4 Kt takes P 

26 R takes Kt P Kt takes P ch 

27 K to Kt 2 Kt takes R 

8 P to K R 3 
9BtoKKt5(a) P to Q B 3 

10 Kt to K 2 B takes Kt 

11 P takes B 

12 Q to Q 2 (c) 

13 B to K B 4 

14 Kt takes B 

15 K to R sq 

Q to B 2 (b) 
Q Kt to Q 2 
B takes B 
K R to K sq 
Kt to K B sq 

16 R to K Kt sq Kt to Kt 3 

17 Kt tks Kt (cT) B P takes Kt 

18 R to Kt 2 Kt to R 4 

19 R to Kt 4 R to K B sq 

20 B to K 2 R to B 3 

21 Q R to K Kt sq Q R to KB sq 

28 R takes Kt 

29 K takes P 

30 P to K B 4 

31 K to Kt 3 

32 B to B sq 

33 K to B 3 

P to R 6 ch 
K toB 2 
Q R to R sq ch 
K R to R 3 
QtoQ 3 
Q to K 3 

34 P to K B 5 ((/) Q to Q 3 

35 Q to K B 4 (A) Q takes Q ch 

36 R takes Q R to R 5 (i) 

37 R takes R 

38 K to Kt 3 

39 K to B 3 

40 P to Kt 3 

41 K to Kt 3 

R takes R 
Rto K 5 
KtoB 3 
R toR 5 
K to Kt 4 

And White resigns. 


(a J P to K Kt 4 followed by P to Kt 5 wins a Pawn for 

(b) Q to B sq first is better. 

(cj B takes Kt followed by Q to Q 2 would give White the 
better game. 

(d) B takes Kt is much better ; Black's remaining Kt can 
then be kept from going to K B 5. 

(e) Winning the exchange and the game. 

(fj If R to R 4 Black plays Q to K 2 followed by R to 
B 4. 

(g) An ingenious move ; the Pawn evidently cannot be 

(hj Surely Q to Kt 5 is better than this. 

(i) Black goes in for simplification. 



Played in 1851 between Messrs. Anderssen and Zjtogorsky. 

King's Gambit. 


(Herr Anderssen.) (Herr Zytogorsky. ) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K B 4 

3 B to Q B 4 

4 K to B sq 

5 Kt to K B 3 

6 P to Q 4 

7 B to K 2 

PtoK 4 
P takes P 
Q to R 6 ch 
P toQ 3 
Q to R 4 
P to Q Kt 4 
P to Q B 3 
P to K B 3 

8 Q B takes P 

9 Kt to K Kt 5 Q to R 5 

10 P to K Kt 3 Q to R 3 

1 1 B to R 5 ch P to Kt 3 

12 B to Kt 4 P takes Kt 

13 B takes B P takes B 

14 B to Kt 7 (a) P takes P 

15 K to Kt 2 

16 R takes P 

17 Kt to Q 2 

P takes P 
Q to B5 
B to Kt 2 


(Herr Anderssen. ) (Herr Zytogorsky. ) 
18KttoKB3 KttoKB3(&) 

19 B takes R 

20 Q to Q 3 

21 Kt takes Kt 

22 K to R sq 

23 R to K sq 

24 P to Q R 4 

25 P to Q 6 

26 P takes P 

27 Q takes P 

28 B to B 6 

29 Q to K 2 

Kt to Kt 5 
Kt takes R 
R to K sq 
P to K Kt 4 
P to Q R 3 
P to Q B 4 
P takes P 
R to K B sq 
Q toR 6 

30 R to K Kt sq R to B 7 

31 RtksPch (c) KtoRsq 

32 R to R 6 Q to B 5 

And White resigned. 


(a) White must fetch out the Rook at all hazards, but the 
time lost in so doing enables Black to obtain a great advantage in 

(b) If Black had captured the K P, White would have been 
able to force the exchange of Queens. 

(c) A mere flash in the pan. Black waits for the smoke to 
clear away, and — finds he isn't hurt. 


B. C. M. Verse Tourney. The following entries have been re- 
ceived. " Good my lord, will you see the players well bestowed 1 " 
" Conamur tenues grandia." " Parvulus Ludus." Mr. Miles has 
generously oflFered two handsome prizes for an Acrostic Tourney. 
We will add a third prize ourselves, and announce the conditions 
next month. We have pleasure also in stating that a very power- 
ful sketch by M. Delannoy entitled " A Last Lesson in Chess," 


being a pendant to the Prize article which appeared in our 
January number, will be published in June R C. M.. Also the 
first portion of an analysis of the AUgaier Gambit, by Mr. W. 
Timbrell Pierce. 

We have received a copy of Mr. Meyer's " Complete Guide to 
the Game of Chess," a review of which will appear in our next 

Several of our American and Australian exchanges appear to 
be oblivious of the fact that the Huddersfield Oollege Magazine is 
a thing of the past. Newspapers, &c., not directed in accordance 
with the instructions on our cover are liable to be wrongly 

Our readers will observe by an advertisement on the inside of 
our cover that Brentano*8 Chess Monthly is to be published for 
another year. We shall be glad to receive subscriptions on the terms 
stated. Now that the continued existence of Brentano is assured 
we would put in a plea for our own magazine. We are doing our 
best as regards both quantity and quality to deserve the support 
of the Chess public, but our efiforts, and those of our co-operators 
and contributors, do not meet with the appreciation to which we 
think they are fairly entitled. We would ask our readers to do 
their best to extend the circulation of the magazine. The sub- 
scription is a mere bagatelle, and we say now very decidedly that 
unless things alter, the present year will, so far as we are con- 
cerned, see the last of the British Chess Magazine. 

A Chess Club has just been started at Baldock called the North 
Herts, under the presidency of Abel Smith, Esq., M.P. The first 
meeting was held in the Rector's Room at Baldock on Wednesday, 
April 12th, and the Club will meet in the same room in future on 
the first Thursday in the month. The Rev. H. W. Hodgson is the 
Hon. Secretary. 

On March 27th, Mr. Ranken paid a visit to the Bournemouth 
Chess Club, and played simultaneously with six of the members, 
the result being that he won five games, and one was drawn. 

Twickenham Chess Club. — On Wednesday evening, 12th 
April, Mr. Blackbume gave an exhibition of his marvellous blind- 
fold play at the Town Hall, under the auspices of the above Club. 
There was a fair attendance of members and others interested in 
the game, who were highly entertained. Mr. Blackbume contested 
simultaneously eight games against the strongest players of the 
Club, viz., Messrs. Ryan, W. Britten, Young, Skelton, Ledger, B. 
Britten, Drinan, and Jones. The contest commenced at 8 o'clock, 
and Mr. Ledger's game was declared a draw at 10-40 ; Mr. Black- 
bume, however, acknowledged it would be a long fight under any 
circumstances. Mr. Jones was checkmated at 10-50, and five 
minutes later Mr. Ryan was offered a draw, which he accepted, the 


game being declared equal. At 11-5 Mr. Drinan was "mated;" 
Messrs. Young and Skelton immediately afterwards resigned, their 
positions being critical. At 11-15 Mr. B. Britten was defeated, 
and then Mr. W. Britten at once collapsed. Mr. Blackburne was 
loudly cheered at the close. 

The Wallington Chess Club, although established only in the 
autumn of 1881, under the presidency of Sir Hy. Peck, Bart., 
bids fair to take high rank among local Chess Clubs. Being 
desirous of testing its strength in actual match play, it boldly 
challenged the Croydon Chess Club (one of our oldest and 
strongest Clubs), with the following result : — Wallington, 6 ; 
Croydon, 4. Mr. Genge and Mr. Davis were only able, through 
lack of time, to play one game each with their respective opponents. 
The second game between Messrs. Jacobi and Steele was exceedingly 
well fought on both sides and for some time promised to be a draw, 
but an unlucky move on Mr. Jacobi's part enabled Mr. Steele to 
force the exchange of Queens and win with his pawns. In the 
first game between Mr. Ledger and Mr. Newcombe, Mr. Ledger — 
who at the time had somewhat the worst game — by a brilliant 
combination (apparently entailing the loss of a piece) captured his 
antagonist's Queen and won in a few moves. Mr. Willcox won 
his two games rather easily ; and Mr. Bishop held his own against 
a strong enemy. 

Oxford University v. Oxford City. — This, the return 
match, was played on Friday, March 3rd, and after a very close 
fight ended once more in a victory for the City Club by one game. 
It is only fair to say, however, that Mr. C. W. Thompson, who 
played 11th for the University, is a newly-elected member, and 
only consented to play to fill the gap left by the absence of the 
proper person. Score : — Oxford University, 12 ; Oxford City, 13. 

A match between Oxford University and Witney was played on 
Monday, March 6th, and resulted in an easy win for the Univer- 
sity which, however, it may be said, was playing nearly its 
strongest team. The score was as follows : — Oxford University, 17 J ; 
Witney, 5J. 

On Tuesday, March 28th, the Oxford University Chess Club 
played its return match with the City of London (Class IV). 
Both Clubs were strongly represented, but in spite of this the 
University proved successful after a close and exciting contest by 
one game only. It is noticeable that the city of London scored 5 
out of its 10 games on the 3 last boards. Score : — Oxford Univer- 
sity, 11 ; City of London, 10. 

The score in the B. C. M. Correspondence Tourney is Mr. 
Bridgwater, 2, won of Messrs. Pierce and Millaxd, and one drawn 
between Messrs. Vincent and Balson. No others yet finished, but 
Messrs. Coates, Erskine, and Isaac are playing 3 games each at 


The return match between the Birmingham and Clifton Clubs 
was played on the 17th ult. at the rooms of the former, when 
Clifton, though handicapped by the 94 miles journey, and by the 
absence of Messrs. Thorold and Burt, unexpectedly even to them- 
selves proved the victors by 12 J games to 10 J of their opponents. 
Birmingham were also deprived of one of their strongest players, 
Mr. Bridgwater, but they had, nevertheless, a very good team, who 
ought certainly to have made a better show, and though they 
clearly did not do themselves justice on this occasion, the Clifton 
men deserve great credit for beating them. After the match the 
winners were entertained at dinner by the losers, the chair being 
taken by the Rev. W. Grundy, and a very harmonious evening in 
every sense of the word was spent. 

A Four-handed Chess match has been played at Aylesbury 
between Messrs. H. Gunn and W. H. Filby, of that place, and 
Capt. G. H. Veruey and Mr. P. Meadows Martineau, of Esher. 
The balance of advantage was in favour of the local players, they 
winning three games out of five. 

The prizes in the St. George's Club Handicap are now all deci- 
ded ; and the finish has been an exceedingly close one. First, Mr. 
Wayte, net score 10^ ; second and third prizes equally divided 
between Messrs. Burroughs, Gattie and Salmond, net score 10. 
Mr. Wayte's gross score was 13^, Mr. Gattie's 12, out of a total of 

During a fortnight's stay at Eastbourne, Mr. Wayte was present 
on three Club nights at the Eastbourne C. C, and played against 
all comers. For the credit of the Metropolitan Club, the visitor 
succeeded in winning all his simultaneous games and a majority of 
those in which he gave odds. 

On April 19th Mr. Wayte played simultaneous games at the 
Bath C. C. Only seven boards were taken against him, instead of 
ten or twelve as had been anticipated ; and two rounds were played. 
In the result, Mr. Wayte won 13 games out of 14, the Vice-Presi- 
dent Mr. S. Highfield, who also made the only breach in Mr. 
Thorold's clean score a month previously, having won one game 
and lost the other. The remaining players were Messrs. John 
Pollock (Hon. Secretary), F. A. Hill, W. E. Hill, Cadbury, Capel, 
Brown, and Dobson. 

Since the opening of the Brora Chess Club, considerable 
interest has been taken in the noble game in the North. In a 
number of the Highland towns Mr. John D. Chambers, of the 
Glasgow Chess Club, has been introducing the game, and next 
winter there will likely be clubs formed in Dingwall, Canon, Wick, 
and several other places. 

We are glad in being able to announce that Mr. Miles is pre- 
paring for publication a volume containing 50 of his own problems 

F 3 


and a selection of Chess poems, &c., contribated by him at differ- 
ent times to the Chess journals. 

Up to the date of our going to press Mr. Loyd*s " Chess 
Strategy " has not put in an appearance. We have a fair stock of 
patience but we must confess it is in this instance almost exhausted, 
and if we do not shortly receive the copies so long ordered we shall 
return the money to our subscribers, and decline to have anything 
more to do with the publisher of the book in question. 

The award in the Epigram tourney will be given in our next 


A. T., Newport. — Thanks for note about the prize and the 
trouble you have taken. 

L., Marseilles. — ^We have every reason to hope the book has 
reached you ere this. 

F. F. B., Matlock. — Please use the observations as you pro- 
pose. We trust your own two-mover will prove amenable to 
reason in time for our next number. 

W. M., Brighton. — In your three-mover after 1 P one, cannot 
White also play 2 R to Q B 7 ch, 3 Kt mates 1 

A. L. S., Bedford. — No. 2, as amended, is cooked by 1 R takes 
R P, &c. The others seem correct. 

J. R., Leeds. — " The Twins " are marked for insertion next 

M. C. R, Hythe. — The problems are too easy for our columns. 
In two-movers especially, the first move should not be so restrictive 
and therefore obvious. Your solutions are amply sufl&cient. 

L. C, Malta, and E. C, Rathmines. — Solutions correct. 

C. W., Aden. — Thanks for further note about the five-er of 
doubtful origin. We fancy, however, that it is of even nobler 
descent than at first supposed, but reserve the genealogical tree 
until your return ! 

Zeus. — As the object of every straightforward author in 
writing out a solution should be to inform and not — possibly — to 
mislead, the mainplay should always be indicated, and this is best 
done by following the example of all the books and placing it in 
the van. In your three-mover there is no mate if Black play 1 Q 

J. J. Glynn. — ^Your four-mover can be solved in three by 
1 R ch, 2 P to Kt 6, 3 R mates, or by 1 P to Kt 6, &c. 

Problems thankfully acknowledged from G. J. Slater, W. A. 
Shinkman, A. L. S., Clevedon, W. F. Wills, J. P. Lea, J. A. Miles, 
J. J. Glynn, W. Mead and J. Pierce. 



Problem 99, by E. Pradignat.— 1 Q to Q 8, K takes Kt (a), 
2 B to Q R sq, (kc., (a) 1 K to Kt 3, 2 Q to B 6 ch, &c. 

Problem 100, by J. P. Taylor.— 1 R to B 6. 

Problem 101, by F. af Geijersstam.— 1 P takes P, Kt takes R 
or K to Q 3 (a), 2 K B P Knights, Any, 3 Q B P Knights' mate. 

(a) 1 Any, 2 Q B P Queens, ch, <ko. 

Problem 102, by C. Callander.— 1 B to R 6, K to K 7 (a), 2 Kt 
to K 3, K to B 6, 3 Kt to B 2, &c. If 2 K to Q 7, 3 R to Q sq 
ch, &c. (a) 1 B to K 8 (b), 2 Kt to K 3, B to B 7, 3 Kt to B 2, &o. 

(b) 1 B to Kt 8, 2 R (Kt 2) takes B, P to Kt 7, 3 R to R 3 ch, &c. 
If 2 K to K 7, 3 B to K 4 or R to K B sq, &c. 

Problem 103, by G. J. Slater.— 1 Q to B sq. 

Problem 104, by J. A. Miles.— 1 Kt to B 6 dis ch, K to Kt 4, 
2 Q to B 4, R to K Kt 5 (a), 3 Q to K 6 ch, &c. (a) 2 K takes 
Kt, 3 Q to K 4 ch, &c. 

W. Jay, T. B. Rowland, A. L. S., Locke Holt, J. P. Lea, W. E. H., 
R. Worters, H. Blanchard, P. L. P., and E. Haigh have solved 
Nos. 99 to 104 ; J. 0. Allfrey all but 102, and Peru all but 102 
and 104. 

J. P. Lea, wrong in 99 if 1 K to Kt 3 and 101 if 1 K takes 
Kt; key move only in 103. J. 0. Allfrey and Peru, wrong in 
101 if 1 K to Q 3. R. Worters, 1 Kt to B 2 omitted in 103. P. L. P. 
We regret that your double solution of 98 though duly credited 
was not acknowledged in our last. W. R. B. 


By H. J. C. Andrews. 

The second of the three solution competitions announced in our 
January impression commences with the present number, termi- 
nating in July next. The prizes offered are : 

1st, The German Handbuch, First Edition, 1843. 

2nd, J. P. Taylor's Elementary Problems. 

3rd, Cook's Synopsis of the Openings. First Edition. 

We take this opportunity of reminding competitors that by 
occasionally favouring us with problems of their own composition 
they will not only ensure a proportionate addition to their scores, 
but will do good service by adding to our at present somewhat 
scanty stock of stratagems on hand. In order that these tourneys 


may be kept up to the standard in respect both of quality and 
accuracy it is yery desirable that a fair reserve of stratagems in 
from two to four moves should be at command. Latterly, owing 
not only to the paucity of the supply but also to the prevalence 
of those hStes noira y'clept " cooks," we have now and then been 
compelled to insert positions received at the eleventh hour, after but 
a hasty preliminary examination. Whilst apologizing to our readers 
for a few errors which have thus escaped notice, we trust also that 
our composing friends will come to the rescue and, by more fre- 
quent contributionsi enable us to remedy the above drawback in 

In the current competition, as in that just concluded, we re- 
serve to ourselves the option of occasionally giving a problem in 
more than four moves, but the bulk of those included in the con- 
test will not exceed that length, nor will they be more than six in 
number per month. 

Orh dity that Mr. Samuel Loyd may shortly be expected to visit 
this country. 

The following is from Tw?/, Fieldy and Farm : — " By the 
sudden death of Mr. Charles H. Waterbury, of Elizabeth, the 
game of Chess has lost one of its most ardent devotees, and one of 
its most brilliant lights. His death, which occurred on the 23rd 
of March, has cast a gloom upon his wide circle of friends, and 
upon all Chess-players. Mr. Waterbury had been long subject to 
the premonitory symptoms of apoplexy, and this fact of late years 
had caused him to abate somewhat of his activity in Chess matters, 
but he retained his old enthusiasm to the moment of the fell 
Stroke of the dread disease." Perhaps this justly-lamented com- 
poser was better known in England by virtue of his high reputa- 
tion as a tourney judge and analyst than from familiarity with his 
problems, yery few of which have found their way into home peri- 
odicals. The best known of his works is the Nine Kings' Problem 
published some years since in the Westminster Papers and remark- 
able as a capn'ccio of great ingenuity and difl&culty. About 25 of 
his stratagems are to be found in American Chess Nuts. We shall 
take an early opportunity of quoting, in memoriam, specimens of 
Mr. Waterbury "s skill, as also that of the late Mr. Boden who in 
the early part of his career displayed a promising talent for com- 
position which — like Anderssen — he speedily abandoned in favour 
of the more practical department of the game. 

It has never yet fallen to our lot to chronicle the successful 
carrying-out of an End-game Tourney. It is, thei^efore, a novel, 
pleasure to quote this month the two positions pronounced by Mr. 
Potter, the judge, to stand at the head of the poll in the contest 
promoted some time since by Mr. J. Crake, of Hull, and brought 
to a conclusion in the columns of Society. 


frize poBition ia Mr. J. Crake's End- 
game Tourney, from Soeieli/; the Placed aooond by Mr. Potter; the 
composition of Mr. C. H. Coster. coippoaition of Herr Horwitz. 

Motto. — " Bell the Cat, " Motto. — " Ludimm." 

White to move and n 

R to Q B 5 

K to Kt 4 
R takes R 
K toB 5 

IP toB7 

2 R to R Bq oh 

3 R to Q B sq 

4 Kt to K 4 ch 

5 Kt to B 3 and ' 
For if 5 R to B 7 oh 

6 K to Q sq R to Q 7 ch 

7 K to K sq, 4c. 

With other variations. 

White to move and win. 

Kt fiq ch K to Q 7 
2 Kt(Ksq)toB3chKtoB6 

3 R to Kt 3 

4 Kt to K 5 ch 

5 R to Q 3 ch 

6 Kt to B 3 

7 R to Q 4 ch 

8 Kt to Kt 5 Mate. 
(a) if 4 K to B 4, 5 R to Q 3, 4c. 

K tka Kt (a) 
BtoB 3 
B takes R 

We believe that Mr. E. Marks, the Chess editor of Society, has 
it io contemplation to open another contest of a similar kind ere 
long, and we trust that his venture may be more numerously sup- 
ported than its predecessors. 

In the Oroydon Guardian Local Tourney the judge, Mr. A. E. 
Studd, has awarded the first prize to Captain A. Beaumont, South 
Norwood, and the second to Mr. W. Waring, M.A., Norwood. 
Another problem by Captain Beaumont is honourably mentioned. 

The Vienna Allgemeine SpoHzeitung Tourney. The judge, M. 
Ehrenstein, has awarded the prizes thus : — 1st, G. Chocholous ; 
2nd, H. Leprettel; 3rd, Dubbe and Noack. There were 17 
competitors, amongst vhom appear the names of Bayer, Kauders, 
(md Leprettek 


No. 105.— Br J. A. MILES. 

White to piny and mate in four m 

No. 106.— Br W. F. WILLS. No. 107.— Br G. LIBERALL 

White to play nnd mate in three more*. 


No. 108.— By E. PRADIGNAT. 


White to play and mate ia fire morea. 

No. 109.— By a. L. S., Clevcdon. No. 110.— Bt Db. S. GOLD. 

^t« to pUj and mate in three move*. Whit« to pUy and sni-nute in four moTM. 



(Condition :— Mainplay to be 1 Kt to Q R 5, 2 Kt to K Kt 5, 3 Q mates : 

or first two moves reversed.) 


WMte to plaj and mate in three movea. White to pk; and mate in three m 


White U> play and mitte in tlirea morea. White to plajr and mata in three a 

JUNE, 1882. 

1 Th 





























Last number of the British Chess Review issued, 1854. 

First number of the Amateur Chess Afagaaine issued, 1872. 
Rev. H. Bolton born, 1793. 

H. F. L. Meyer bom, 1839. V. Portilla bom, 1849. 
N. Marache bora, 1818. H. J. C. Andrews bom, 1828. 

The first Staunton Medal, 1881-2, presented to Mr. T. J. 
Beardsell, 1881. 

Opening Meeting of the Chess Congress, 1862, in St. James's 
HaU, London. 

Mat<5h between Messrs. Potter and Mason commenced, 1879. 

C. A. Gilberg bom, 1835. 

B. L. Oliver died, 1843, aged 54. 

Allgaier born, 1763. 

Paul Morphy bom, 1837. Howard Staunton died, 1874. 
Von Kempelen (inventor of Automaton) bom, 1734, 

Match between Messrs. Zukertort and Rosenthal finished, 
1880. Score- Zukertort, 7 ; Kosenthal, 1 j Drawn, 11. 

Match between Messrs. Blackburne and Zukertort com- 
menced, 1877. Second ditto between ditto began, 1881. 

F. W. von Mauvillon died, 1851, aged 77. 

■ fc H .! ! ! 


f Dedicated to and translated by the Rev. C E, Eanken,J 

Le tr^pas vient tout gu^rir, 

Mais, ne bougeons d'oti nous sommes ; 

Plutdt souflFrir que mourir, 

Cost la devise des homines. — Lafontaine, 

Everything in this world has a compensation, a moralist has said. 
If Chess has its delights and its joys, it has also its abuses and its 
penalties ; if it appeases self-love, consoles, and even causes 
oblivion of the miseries of life, it puts out of patience the mistress 
of the house who is wearied with waiting for her husband, the cook 
whose sauces are spoiling and roasts drying up, the coachmen who 
are being chilled by the wind, the cold, and the snow, and their 
horses also eager to go back to their stable, the children whose games 
and noise it forbids, and even the porter of the great house who 
is disturbed at his game of piquet by a tremendous " Gate, if you 
please," when he thought the master had returned. In fact, if the 
reminiscences of the Chess-board have their charms and their 
intoxication, by carrying us back to our youthful days, to the 
memorable contests of the great Masters, to the pleasant sittings 
with our old companions in arms, where science, laying aside for 
a while the majesty of its attributes, its- sceptre, and its crown, 
used carelessly to put on the fooFs dress, adding thereto the bells, 
and holding by the hand on one side Noah who planted the vine, 
and on the other Bacchus, who knew so well how to appreciate its 
products, — these reminiscences, too, dear reader, have equally 
their bitterness, their regrets, and their tears, leaving sensations 
all the more painful in proportion as the loss of those whom we 
loved was sudden and unexpected, and consequently more felt. 

These sensations, how many times have I not experienced them 
since the death of Labourdonnais, taken away while still young 
from our affection, of St. Am ant, whom the love of gain had 
dragged into the midst of the sands of Algeria where he found 
only fevers and death, of that poor Sasias dying away in loneliness, 
of that old frequenter of the E^ence, M. Senechal, seized in the 
midst of his combinations with an attack of apoplexy and 
sinking down upon the Chess-board to rise no more, of the most 
eminent literary man of our age, Alfred de Musset, likewise bowing 
down upon the table, — a fainting, it is true, brought on by de- 
plorable habits, — and whom we never saw again I However as 
all these losses have been ordained by the will of Providence, we 


have been obliged to accept them with resignation, confining our- 
selves to lamenting their victims, but when death has been the 
result of an aberration, of a delirium, of a suicide ! you experience 
one "of those deep afflictions which reproduce constantly before 
you the unfortunate ones who have not been able to bear the 
trials of life ; their image pursues you incessantly, especially if 
you have known them intimately, and have been able to appreciate 
the elevation of their thoughts and the nobility of their sentiments. 
The following story, whose accuracy, in order to silence all 
criticism, several amateurs of the R^ence could if necessary 
attest, gives an idea of the painful emotions that I experienced in 
learning the catastrophe to which one of the most ardent disciples 
of the R^gence succumbed. As there are still living several mem- 
bers of this amateur's family, regard for them for"bids me to 
mention his name. The necessity of my discretion will be under- 
stood. I shall describe then under the title of Gabriel X. the 
principal personage of this drama. At the period when he 
entered on his 15th year, his father, who was the possessor of a 
fine fortune acquired by toil, and composed of investments in 
Government securities, and of lands in Normandy, had just lost 
his wife. Gabriel, whom this father idolised as being an only son, 
had been brought up under his supervision and that of his mother, 
but, as often enough happens, when the fondness of parents closes 
their eyes to the whims and self-will of their children, accepts as 
witty answers what is nothing but impertinence, as tricks what is 
pure mischief, as weaknesses, unwillingness and idleness, as mere 
tastes natural to youth the pursuit of unlawful and dangerous 
pleasures, they allowed the child to do everything he wished. In 
spite of his imperfections and the extreme liberty which seemed to 
authorise them, Gabriel had remarkable intelligence, a steady 
appearance, and an excellent heart. After the death of his mother, 
the young man, set free from all surveillance and all control, and 
drawing at will upon his father's cash-box, gave himself up with- 
out reserve to his inclinations. At races, at fencing and shooting 
saloons, at the ride in the Bois, no one was more seen than he. 
It was already a long time since at 18 years he had said adieu to 
Greek, to Latin, to Mathematics, and to History, in order to 
occupy himself only with horses, with fencing, and with taking 
aim. Thus he passed as an accomplished cavalier and as first-rate 
at the sabre, the sword, the carbine, and the pistol. His father 
was fond of good literature, and was a constant frequenter of the 
Commie Fran9aise, where he had a box. When the performance 
consisted of pieces which he had often seen, or which presented to 
him only a moderate interest, he used to install himself in the green- 
room of the actors, and found charming diversion in the society of 
Baptiste, Talma, Mars, Duchesnoy, Paradol,' and Mademoiselle 


Qeorges. Thinking in this way to perfect the education of his son^ 
he used often to bring him with him. Still too young to appreci- 
ate the merit of the eminent ones in tragic art and their disserta- 
tions on the beauties of our language, Gabriel, while his father 
remained in the green-room, preferred to be present at the juggling 
of Scapin, at the lessons of the Bourgeois Gentilhomme, at the 
fencing of Sganarelle, and to ogle Dorinne, Liselle, and Margot. 

In this manner five or six years were spent, when Mons. 
X. senior was seized with typhoid fever which in a few days 
snatched him away from the affection of his friends and his son. 
The latter had reached his majority, and was consequently entire 
master of his own actions and of his father's fortune. In the 
first period of his independence, whether it were that the loss of 
his poor father had moderated the heat of his impulses, or reason 
made him understand the necessity of curbing them, he was never 
seen anywhere save in the green-room of the Com^die Fran^aise, 
where the waiting women, the pages, the forsaken sweethearts, and 
the young orphan girls at length gained an absolute sway over his 
senses. Being incapable of an intellectual contest with this 
Pleiad of seductive sirens, he made up for the poverty of his 
inspirations with avalanches of bonbons, with delicate flowers, 
with wreaths, with fashionable trinkets, and even with jewels ; 
thus was he fondled, complimented, assailed by the glances and 
smiles of these ladies ; it was my darling, my pet, my kind one, 
my love, my angel Gabriel. Who could have resisted such en- 
chantments ] It would be useless here to enter into the details 
of these mysterious amours, which every reader is perfectly 
acquainted with, because he has had more or less to experience 
their effects. 

However, you know, reader, that the senses do not take the 
place of the heart. In the whirl of these more or less frivolous 
-adventures Gabriel understood that happiness was not there, for 
soon he grew weary of all ; he then became dull, melancholy, 
almost gloomy. In vain Lisette and Gothon enticed him with 
their most passionate looks, addressed to him some of those hints 
which speak volumes, even passed their hands through his hair, or 
under his chin. Gabriel smiled not, answered not ; the reservoir 
of the burnt almonds and the spangles was dried up. Whence 
came this mysterious change 1 One day he arrived a little later 
.than usual at the green-room of the Com^die Fran9aise, and found 
there Provost, the inimitable comedian, engaged in playing a game 
of Chess. This game appears to have had a lively interest for our 
young man, who ventured to ask Provost if he would not teach 
him it. " Willingly, my friend," replied the latter. " Stay, you 
are dull, Chess will restore you ; there is nothing like it to drive 
away eimui. Come to-morrow at six o'clock.'' Gabriel was 


punctual. He soon experienced a real passion for the game, and 
began to frequent the R^gence, where unfortunately he long re- 
mained the victim of his different opponents. Annoyed with 
being constantly beaten, he bethought himself of a means of re- 
sistance. He bought an immense quantity of Chess books, the 
treatises of Philidor, of LoUi, of Ruy Lopez, of the Calabrian, of 
the anonymous author of Modena, of Lewis, and of Ponziani, and 
set himself to learn by heart, before returning to the Regence, the 
openings analysed in these works, but only up to the 12th or 13th 
move. He was more particularly fond of the Muzio Gambit. 
Fortified with these precious studies, to which he had devoted 
more than six months of toil, while depriving himself of every 
diversion, even that of the badinages of the theatrical green-room, 
he re-appeared at the Regence, but was not more successful there 
than before. Only now he avenged himself for his defeats by 
launching at his antagonist, as M. Leduc did to M. De Beigue, 
this phenomenal apostrophe, " You have beaten me because you 
do not know how to play." " What 1" "Yes, if you had replied 
to my attack as the authors who have a longer acquaintance with 
it than you point out, you would have lost, but you have played 
irregularly, one could make nothing of it, it is this which has led 
me astray and blinded me." Losing affected him ; his vanity, 
however, alone was wounded, for noble, generous, sympathising, 
and charniing, when he happened to win he used to offer to his 
victim either a neat little dinner, or a stall in the orchestra of the 
Com^die Frangaise. I was one of his privileged opponents ; my 
cheerfulness, my rapidity, as well as my bluntness and my 
passionateness amused him. Well, reader, I must here make a 
confession, like the author of the Social Contract ; extremes meet, 
a scribbler on paper then may figure alongside of a Jean Jacques 
Rousseau, one of the grandest geniuses of French literature. 
This confession reveals a deed not very nice ; when I took a fancy 
to see an interesting piece, I used to lose on purpose one or two 
games, taking care to keep in the opening to the moves recom- ' 
mended in the books, — and I had my stall. 

Chess had indeed somewhat elevated the character of Gabriel, 
but decidedly he needed something more. Wooden Queens do not 
suffice a man ; the heart requires to feel the beatings of another 
heart. He looked, he waited for the advent of the wondrous 
being his imagination had created. She came not. His kind- 
hearted father had been intimately connected with a nobleman of 
ancient family, the Baron de Z whom the first French revo- 
lution had almost completely ruined. He died, leaving his widow 
nearly without resources. Mons. X. senior came to her assistance, 
secured to her a pension for life sufficient for her wants, and at the 
request of the old Baroness established her at Abbaye aux Bois, 


that retreat, half conyentual, half secular, peopled with old rem- 
nants of nobility, with ruined marchionesses, and faded oountessesy 
and sorrowful duchesses, — ^Abbaye aux Bois ! the resort of regrets 
for past grandeur, of platonic or ended loves, of women generaUy 
clever but excessively given to backbiting and jealousy, and 
retaining in the simplicity of this abode under a religious exterior, 
all the humbug, the coquetry, and the manners of the fashionable 

Gabriel X. out of respect for the memory of his father used 
to go every New Year's day to pay a visit to the Baroness. On the 

first of January 18 he met there a young girl related to that 

lady, Mdlle. Aline de B . This young person was one of those 

charming beauties that realise all the poetry of the portrait which 
the immortal Milton has drawn of the mother of the human race* 
Flaxen and luxuriant hair, eyes of azure and velvet with pupils 
whose slightest glance thrilled the soul, elegant figure, waist thin 
and slender, fairy hands, and voice which was like an echo from 
heaven ; such were the perfections of this lovely maiden. Hei* 
moral qualities corresponded with her physical attractions. At 
the sight of this young lady Gabriel felt his soul becoming detached 
from himself and being absorbed in that of her whom he was be- 
holding ; his ideal was found. I shall not retrace the various steps 
which were the result of this -first interview. Suffice it to say 
that, master of his fortune and his actions, Gabriel, notwithstand- 
ing the advice and observations of those who took an interest in 
him (Mdlle. Aline de B. not possessing anything), declared his 
sentiments, which were accepted, and the marriage took place 
some months afterwards. 

To the graces of her person and the distinction of her manners 
Madame Aline X. joined a rare intelligence, a subtle mind, a right 
judgment, and a kind, sympathising, and devoted heart. It may- 
be imagined what was the happiness of the young couple, whose 
tastes and feelings agreed so perfectly. A pledge of their mutual 
fondness came to crown their felicity, Jeanne was indeed a lovely 
little girl. And who shall paint the sensations which this happy- 
family experienced in looking at their child asleep. See them, in 
the middle of the day, with light footsteps drawing near the cradle 
of the cherished being, softly raising the covering in order to fill 
their gaze with the features of the infant, almost drinking in its 
very breath, and then as the purest element of their joy, feeling 
drop from their eyes one of those tears of fondness, the true pearls 
of a loving and parental heart. 

Gabriel, proud of the beauty of his wife, liked to launch her 
into the best society, was amused with the marked attention and 
homage of the admirers who eddied around her, and accustomed 
to luxury, he drew blindly upon his purse to add to the attractions 


of his fashionable companion, to the elegance of her most ezpen^ 
sive toilettes, and the brilliancy of her jewels. Ah ! how happy 
they were I Everything smiled then on this delightful home; but, 
alas ! is there upon earth a lasting and perfect happiness ) 

In examining his accounts Gabriel for the first time perceived 
that in the course of some years he had made a frightful breach in 
his fortune. His wife, indeed, had several times addressed to him 
certain remarks upon this subject, but, accustomed to luxury and 
extravagance, her husband had paid no attention to them. Facts, 
however, became more eloquent than the wife's remonstrances. 
Gabriel was obliged to submit to evidence, to restrict the expenses 
of his house, and greatly to reduce the receptions, the balls, and 
the occasions which diminished his substance. They put down 
part of their servants and their horses. Instead of going into 
society they staid at home. Gabriel had taught his wif^ the 
tnoves of Chess ; Madame played the game rather out of love to 
him than any attraction for it ; but peace of mind had returned, 
everything smiled again, when poor little Jeanne, with regard to 
whom her parents delighted to form a thousand plans for the 
future, was one night seized with a terrible attack of croup, and in 
the morning the child was no more. 

One must be a father or mother to describe the grief which 
these kind parents felt in being present at the last convulsions of 
the darling who was the joy of their joys, the treasure of their 
existence, the idol of their heart, and their supreme good. 

For whole months the silence of the grave took the place of 
former noisy diversions ; the Chess-board itself, with its pieces 
scattered on the table or lying on the ground, remained unused, 
and in real amateurs this neglect tells all. The health of M. and 
Mme. X. was compromised. Of an excellent constitution, Gabriel 
at length overcame his malady. It was not so with his wife. Her 
appetite, her sleep, and her strength wonderfully decreased; hectic 
spots began to trace themselves on her cheeks, her breathing 
became oppressed and laboured. Her husband alarmed took 
medical advice. Among the doctors of note there was one who 
was one of his most intimate friends. He called him in. After a 
long examination, this doctor did not conceal from the unhappy 
husband that the symptoms which he had observed made him fear 
disease of the chest, a disease which seldom spares when it arises 
from painful emotions, from persistent grief and melancholy 
thoughts. He advised a sojourn at Nice, adding that all hope was 
not yet lost, that the mildness of the climate, and especially diver- 
sions might lead to a happy change, and save the invalid. '* But 
will she bear the journey ] " "I think so, if we take every precau- 
tion,*' " Well then, doctor, make a sacrifice, come with us," The 
doctor consented. 


Od the morrow an elegant equipage bears away the interesting 
trio. They arrive at Nice, and Madauie seems to have borne the 
journey well enough. During the first days there is no aggravation 
of the mischief, even the breathing seems easier ; but by degrees 
the situation again becomes alarming, the more so that Madame 
has fancies, expensive and eccentric cravings, hallucinations not 
\mcommon in this kind of diseases. At length, one morning, the 
doctor takes Gabriel aside into a little boudoir adjoining his wife's 
bedroom, and there, assuming an air of unusual gravity, and 
taking Gabriel's two hands in his own, he says to him ; '' Listen, 
my dear friend, we must no longer prolong illusions, Madame X. 
is doomed ; consult, if you wish it, the most skilful practitioners ; 
you will see that my prediction is only too true. Madame X. can 
only live from five to six months more, with minute care, by 
observing a regimen which I will prescribe, and by satisfying all 
her fancies, however expensive they may be. I am going to send 
for three Paris doctors, in order to convince you of the true con- 
dition in which your unfortunate wife is." Gabriel bursts into 
tears, and throws himself into the arms of the doctor, giving 
himself up entirely to him. He breathes, but no longer feels, 
or sees, or lives ! henceforth all is over with him ! From that 
moment a terrible scheme is resolved in his mind. If the final 
consultation which is to take place confirms the sad presentiments 
of his old friend, this scheme he will carry out. The resolution is 
irrevocable. Some days afterwards the men of science arrive, and 
after the most serious examination declare that there is no hope 
of a cure, that the existence of the condemned one can only be 
prolonged three or four mouths. What does Gabriel do 1 Urging 
imperious obligations he returns to Paris with the doctors, leaving 
his wife in charge of his friend, whose time and devotion he amply 
rewards. He immediately realises his whole fortune, turns into 
money lands, property, farms, shares, in fact everything, at the 
request of his friend sends considerable sums to satisfy the wishes 
of his wife, and to stifle th^ poignant anguish which besets him 
day and night, gives himself up to all the pleasures, all the worldly 
extravagances' which come into his mind, and in short at the end 
of four months finds himself nearly ruined. Up to that time the 
news from Nice announced no change in the condition of the 
invalid, who was apparently wasting away. 

Ten days elapse ; on the eleventh day, as he was just sitting 
down to table, the postman appears with a registered letter. 
"Registered," he exclaims, "why this precaution?" Is it the 
news of the dreadful calamity with which he has so long been 
threatened ? He takes the letter, but dares not open it. He hesi- 
tates, he trembles, he is afraid At last he resolves to break 

the seal of this mysterious missive. Oh what a surprise ! The 


good doctor annouuced that, after a terrible crisis, a complete 
change had been wrought in the state of Madame X., that, before 
communicating to him this happy event, he had wished to wait for 
the positive proofs of the future and entire restoration of the 
invalid, and that, assured now of her return to health, he was very 
happy to impart to him this certainty. 

It is here, reader, that the story is complicated with all the 
horrors of the most frightful drama. Upon reading this letter, 
Gabriel, instead of experiencing an unspeakable feeling of joy, felt 
a thick cloud enwrapping his brow. One thought of dark despair 
invaded his whole being. He was ruined ! He had believed the 
prognostics of Science. He could not bear the prospect of a future 
of toil, of privations, perhaps of misery, and above all for his 
wife, accustomed so long to the sweets of a rich existence, to the 
luxuries of refined society. 

He was at that point of his reflections when the servant 
announced the visit of one of his friends, a Chess amateur whom 
he used to meet sometimes at the K^gence, and who came now and 
then to play a game with him at the hotel. This amateur was a 
very weak player, but witty and very lively. He used to laugh at 
Gabriel for his defeats, and made sport of his pretensions,' 
especially that of knowing perfectly the Muzio Gambit. It was 
glorious weather, a spring- tide sun was illuminating the earth, the 
birds were piercing the air with their most ringing notes, every- 
thing allured one to go and breathe the perfume of the flowers and 
the woods. This friend comes in and seeing him sad, pale, and 
stupefied, proposes to take a tilbury and to go and breakfast at St. 
Germains, where may be descried one of the finest panoramas iu 
the world : Paris in the distance with its domes, its palaces, its 
spires, and its temples, and the fantastic windings of the Seine 
meandering through magnificent gardens, and smiling fields, and 
the verdure of splendid forests. Gabriel consents ; asks only for 
time to finish his toilette, slips into his room, opens a little drawer, 
takes from it a six-barrelled revolver, hides it under his overcoat, 
and re-appears, saying, " Here I am, I am ready." They set out, 
they arrive, they take up their quarters at the hotel on the 
terrace, the best, and the best situated of the restaurants of the 
place. To cheer up his companion, the friend, who was good at 
the knife and fork, arranges a menu composed in a masterly style 
of elegant and dainty dishes, and being naturally lively does his 
utmost to arouse Gabriel from his dreadful melancholy. He spares 
Beither jests, nor hons mofs, nor recollections of juvenile frolics, nor 
pleasantry, nor criticisms upon the passers-by, nor even upon the 
temporary widowhood of his companion. Gabriel remains silent 
^nd morose, he scarcely touches the delicacies with which the 
table is covered. An idea then occurs to his friend : he knows his 


fondness for Chess, he knows also that he will wish to pay the bill ^ 
as it is he who has invited Gabriel he must resist that act of 
generosity. Now, certain of losing, he proposes to him a game of 
Chess after breakfast. He is going, he says, to beat his master-, 
for he too for some days past has been studying the gambits, the 
Muzio gambit, he is sure of his moves, he has made immense pro- 
gress ; they will play for the breakfast. This noble friend had hit 
the nail on the head ; if there be an influence which is able if not 
to prevail over a fatal hallucination yet at least to lessen its 
effects, it is surely that of Chess, especially in him who believes 
himself certain of victory. Self-love is so weak. A Chess-board, 
then is sent for, the pieces are arranged, and the game begins. 
The friend opens fire from all his batteries of jokes and merri- 
ment, — " Thousand portholes ! what an attack 1 Muzio, my dear 
fellow, I am going to show you something cruel. Ah, there is the 
Knight in front. Gee up then, Rosinante, to the rear with you. 
No 1 Killed then, seized, caught, my dear fellow ; get ready your 
louis, you are done for." Thus the game goes on amid an incessant 
fire of jokes and remarks more or less witty, when Gabriel, doubt- 
less stupefied by the volubility of our original friend, or absorbed 
by the sinister resolution which came back to his mind, makes a 
gross blunder.* He had a checkmate in three moves, he does not 
see it, he becomes oblivious, loses his Queen and the game. By 
chance the friend had perceived the move which his opponent 
should have played to win. He therefore says to him " My dear 
fellow, the scholar is going to give a lesson to the master ; what a 
hash you have made. In a clever man like you it is incredible. 
See, you had only to play your Knight there first, then your 
Bishop here, and I was checkmated by the Queen at the third 
move. Ha ! ha I ha ! I have escaped finely, as the young lady 
said to her grandmamma. But laugh then, you do not laugh. Do 
you want your revenge 1 Yes, is it not so 1 Come, let us begin 
again. I am going to give you yet another new and final lesson," 
Gabriel rises, makes some excuse, and directs his steps across 
the terrace towards a little grove at the end of the garden. 
During his absence the friend again puts up the pieces, settles 
them in their position, and like the king Louis Philippe whose 
greatest eloquence used to consist in a thump of the fist, he fondles 
them with the ends of his fingers, addressing them with a char- 
acteristic proclamation. He has done ; all is ready, he waits, he 
rises in his turn, looks out, and sees nothing, he is just going to 
call, when a terrible report is heard. The unhappy Gabriel has 

blown out his brains! It is nearly thirty years since these 

events happened. Madame X., I believe, is still alive. 

Enghien, January, 1882. Alph. Dblannot. 







P to K4 
•^ P to K 4 
Kt to Kt 5 

P to K B 4 
^ P takes P ^ 

KttoKB 3 P to K R 4 
P to K Kt 4 ^ P to Kt 5 

This opening, known to the authors Salvio, Greco, Cozio, and 
Lolli, was deemed by AUgaier to be invincible. Like most of the 
Gambits it has passed through several epochs of favour and com- 
parative neglect. Until very lately the Kieseritzky form, where 
White plays 5 Kt to K 5, has been considered a far stronger move, 
but whilst the defences to this line of attack have been consider- 
ably strengthened, the attack in the Allgaier proper has also been 
found to admit of several hitherto latent resources. Mr. Staunton 
in his posthumous work on the openings states "so many improve- 
ments have been discovered in the defence of late, that the dis- 
carded form of the opening (Kt to Kt 5) will probably supersede 
its Bupplanter." (Kt to K 6) 


P to K4 
^ P to K 4 
Kt to Kt 5 

P to K R 3 1 




^PtoKB4 „ KttoKB 3 PtoKR4 
2 ^. . _ T. 3 ^ . r^ T.. . 4 

P takes P 

P to K Kt 4 ' P to Kt 5 

Kt takes P B to B 4 ch 
K takes Kt ' 



y P to Q 4 

n Q takes P 

Game 1. 
Game 2. 

Game 3. 


P to Q 4 ! 

Game 4. 

Game I. 
5 Kt to Kt 5 5 P to K R 3 (best) 

Besides this move Black may also P to Q 4, P to K R 4 and P to 
K B 3 : for the first see Game 4, the other two are certainly weak 

and may be at once dismissed. In the first place 5 , P to 

K R 4 ; 6 B to B 4, Kt to K R 3 j 7 P to Q 4, P to K B 3 ; 

8 B takes P, P takes Kt ; 9 P takes P, Kt to B 2 (if 9 , Kt 

to Kt sq ; 10 B to K 5 wins) ; 10 P to Kt 6 with a winning 


Secondly 5 , P to K B 3 ; 6 Q takes P, P to K R 4 ; 

7 Q to B 5, P takes Kt ; 8 Q to Kt 6 ch, K to K 2 ; 9 Q takes 
P ch, K to K sq ; 10 Q to K 5 oh, Q to K 2 ; 11 Q takes R and 
must win. 

6 Kt takes P 6 K takes Kt 

7 B to B 4 ch 

White may also play P to Q 4, Mr. Thorold's new move, and 
Q takes P, for the consequences of which see Games 2 and 3. 

7 P to Q 4 (best) 

8 B takes P ch 8 K to Kt 2 
For the effects of 8 , K to K sq see Variation (D) 

9 P to Q 4 

White may here play for a " draw " by 9 B takes P, B takes B 

best [if 9 , P to B 6 ; 10 B takes B best (10 B takes R is 

not good, e.g. P takes P ; 11 R to Kt sq, Q takes P ch ; 12 K to 
K 2, P to Kt 6 ; 13 K to K 3, Q to Kt 4 ch ; 14 K to Q 3, B to 

R 6 &c.) 10 , Q takes B ; 11 P takes P, B to Q 3 ; 12 R to 

Kt sq, P to Kt 6 ; 13 P to Q 4, Q to R 6 best ; 14 P to K 5, 
B to K 2 ; 15 B to K 3, Kt to Q B 3 ; 16 Q to K 2, R to Kt sq ; 
17 P to Kt 3, B takes R P ; 18 Kt to Q B 3, K Kt to K 2 ; 
19 Castles, with the better game] 10 Q takes P ch, K to B 2 ; 11 Q 
to R 5 ch, K to Kt 2 best, and White can draw by perpetual check. 

9 Q to B 3 

This has the sanction of all the authorities. 9 , P to B 6, 

however, seems quite as potent ; thus 9 , P to B 6 ; 10 P 

takes P, B to K 2 ; 11 B to K 3, B takes P ch ; 12 K to Q 2, 
P to Kt 6 ; 13 P to K B 4, P to K R 4 ; 14 P to B 5 &c. Also 

9 , Kt to K B 3 ; 10 Kt to Q B 3, Kt to R 4 ; 11 Kt to K 2 

&c. Both these variations require further attention and analysis. 

10 P to K 5 (best) 

This appears to be best ; but he can also try 10 Castles, P to B 6 ; 

11 P takes P, P to Kt 6 ; 12 K to Kt 2, Q takes R P ; 13 R to 
R sq, Q to Q sq ; 14 B to K B 4, Kt to K B 3 ; 16 B to B 4 &c., 
with a good game. 

10 Q to B 4 
Mr. Zukertort gives Q to K Kt 3 as better, but in view of the 
new attack suggested in the following analysis, this is inferior to 
Q to B 4. In a game between Steinitz and Zukertort played 24th 

August, 1872, the latter here played 10 , Q to K Kt 3 and 

the game proceeded thus, 11 P to R 5 (manifestly if 11 B takes 
K B P Black will win a piece by Kt to K 2 &c.), Q to B 4 ; 

12 Castles, P to B 6 ; 13 Kt to Q 2, and Black ultimately won. I 
fancy, however, at this point White might have ventured B takes 
K B ]P, and this with a better chance of success with the P at R 5 
than in the actual game under consideration. 

11 Castles 11 P to B 6 


White to plaj his 12tb move. 
The " Handbuoh " now continues the game by 12 P takes P, P to 
Kt 6 ; 13 Q to K 2, Q to R 6, and Black has the advantage. 
"White, however, may perhapa, instead of blocking up his game 
by playing 12 P takes P, boldly venture the sacrifice of another 
piece and play B takes K B P. I give the following variatioDH io 
support of thia suggestion. 

12 B takes EBP! 12 P takes B 

13 R takes P 13 Q to- Kt 3 

Black can also play Q to Kt 6 or K 5, Q to E 4, and Q to K .^, which 
shall be examined under Variations (A), (B) and (C). He can hardly 
ftlTord to take R with Q as a little examination will show. Had Black 

played 10 , Q to K Kt 3 and White had played 11 P to R 5, 

Q to B 4 &c., White's position would be evidently stronger. 

14 P to R 5 14 Q to K sq 

If u , Q takes R P; IB R to Kt 3 ch will win. 

15 R to Kt 3 ch 15 K to B 2 

16 Q to B 3 ch 16 K to K 2 (beat) 

17 Kt to B 3 17 P to B 3 

18 P to Q 5 18 P takes P 

19 Kt takes P ch 19 K to Q sq (best) 

20 B to K 3 

Black's pieces are all in, and White's are all free and attacking. It 
seems a great question whether White's position and three pawns 
are not a sufficient compensation for the two pieces sacrificed. 


Variation (A.) 

13 Q to Kt 5 or K 5 

14 Q to B sq 14 Q takes Q P eh 

15 B to K 3 15 Q takes K P 

This seems best, for if Q takes Kt P White mates in three moves ; 

if 15 , Q to K Kt 5 then will follow, 16 R to B 7 ch, K to 

Kt 3 ; 17 R takes B, B to B 4 ; 18 Kt to B 3, P to B 3 ; 19 R to 
Q sq &o. ; and if 15 , Q takes R P ; 16 R takes B &c. 

16 Q to B 2 16 Q to K sq 
Has he anything better? 

17 B to Q 4 ch 17 K to R 2 

18 R to B 7 ch 18 K to Kt 3 

19 R takes B and White must win. 

Variation (B.) 

13 Q to R 4 

14 R to Kt 3 ch 14 Q to Kt 3 (best) 

15 R takes Q ch 15 K takes R 

16 Kt to B 3 &c. 

Variation (C.) 

13 Q to K 3 
This is probably his best defence. 

14 Q to B sq 

14 P to Q 5 would be answered by B to B 4 ch &c. 

14 B to K 2 

This seems best ; 14 , Kt to Q 2 would lead to 15 R to 

Kt 3 ch,,K to R 2 ; 16 Q to Q 3 ch, mating next move, and 14 Kt 
to K 2, to 15 R to B 6, Q to Q 4 ; 16 Q to Q 3 with an irresistible 

15 RtoKt3ch 15 KtoR2 

16 P to R 5 16 Q to B 4 

Black cannot very well allow White to play R to Kt 6, for then if 
QtoKB4;Qto Q B 4 threatening P to K Kt 4 becomes a 
strong attack. 

17 R to K B 3 17 Q takes R P (best) 

18 RtoB7ch 18 KtoKt3 ^ 

19 R takes B ch 19 Kt takes R 

20 Q to B 6 ch 20 K to R 2 

21 Q takes Ktch 21 K to Kt sq 

22 Q to Q 8 ch 

White can at least draw, but I think he may play to win ; suppose 

22 , K to Kt 2 ; 23 Q takes P ch, Q to B 2 ; 24 Q to B 3, 

Kt to B 3 ; 25 P to K 6, Q to B 3 best ; 26 Q to Kt 3 ch, Q to 
Kt 3 ; 27 Q to B 7 ch, and White has the best of it. W. T. Pierce. 

(To be continued,) 



By H. F. L. Meter.* 

When a book bearing the above ambitious title is launched 
into the Chess world, one naturally examines it with some curiosity 
to see if it at all bears out its pretensions, and at any rate to dis- 
cover its raison d'etre. At first sight the main object, of its 
production would certainly appear to be the bringing into more 
extended notice the author's particular crotchet, namely his so- 
called Universal Notation, which consists in the employment of 
the letters K, L, M, N, 0, P, to describe the Pieces and Pawns, 
while the German method (a 1 &c) is used to denote the squares 
of the Chess-board. We think we are justified in saying that 
advertisement of his pet scheme would certainly appear to an 
impartial critic to be at least one chief purpose of Mr. Meyer in 
publishing his book, for, at the very outset of the work, without 
any explanation or apology for the discarding of other systems of 
notation which have grown venerable by time, and become 
engrained into the practice of the countries to which they belong, 
we find this new system quietly introduced and adopted through- 
out as if it were either the only one in existence, or at any rate 
the only one worthy of notice. It is true that at the end of the 
book, on p. 267, a comparison is instituted between the various 
systems of notation, the author's of course included, but surely 
this ought to have preceded and not followed the general contents 
of the work. Mr. Meyer of course had a perfect right, in publishing 
a guide to Chess, to use any notation he pleased, and it argues a 
great confidence in the merits and ultimate prevalence of the K, 
L, M, N, 0, P system that he should have chosen to employ his 
own and no other, but as Mr. Meyer is we believe as yet the only 
author who uses this notation, the experiment was rather a bold 
one, and we can but hope that it will not interfere with the suc- 
cess of his undertaking. 

The book itself is divided into four parts, the first of which, 
containing 35 pages, is devoted to an elucidation of the elements 
of the game, and in this section beginners will find much useful 
information, neatly illustrated by diagrams. Following this, under 
the heading of '' Games," we have a miscellaneous collection of mat- 
ter somewhat difficult to classify, consisting of definitions of the 
various kinds of games, (correspondence, blindfold, <fec.) and of some 
technical terms used in games ; then come the laws of Chess, a 
few preliminary remarks and hints for playing, a preliminary 
game with explanatory notes, the names of the various openings, 
together with a very brief analysis of four of them ; next 17 games 

* Griffith and Farran, St Paul's Churchyard, London. 


actually played, accompanied with notes and diagrams, and finally 
a short dissertation on end-games, with illustrative specimens 
which either occurred in play or were composed by various 
authors. The third section of the book is consecrated to Problems, 
of which there are no less than 96, clearly printed on large full- 
paged diagrams. We have not been able to examine these in 
detail, but they seem to be, as might be expected from Mr. Meyer's 
ability in this branch of Chess science, a very good collection. 
They are of course followed by solutions, and some useful hints to 
solvers of problems are also appended, together with a Knight's 
tour, and a computation as to the relative values of the Kt and B. 
" Historical Notes " occupy the remaining portion of the work, 
but here, as before, the title of the section is misleading, the notes 
themselves extending to less than two pages out of the 24 ; the 
rest is a curious medley containing a list of the best books of 
problems and other Chess works, an article on the Promotion of 
the Pawn, in which Mr. Meyer pronounces in favour of dummy 
and against a plurality of pieces, dissertations on Castling in 
Problems, on the systems of notation, and on the value of Chess, 
and finally a brief appendix and index of authors. 

We cannot think that an omnium gatherum like this, wherein 
the subjects must necessarily be very cursorily treated, will prove 
of much service even to beginners. Every page of the book is 
headed " The Alphabet of Chess,'* and yet the title page indicates 
that it is a " Complete Guide " to the game. It seems to us that 
this duality of description is inconsistent, and that the first named 
title only should have been adopted, and its idea steadily worked 
out. In endeavouring to make his book a Complete Guide Mr. 
Meyer has attempted too much ; instead of trying to say a little 
about all manner of subjects, he would have done wisely to confine 
himself to fewer, and their treatment should have been more com- 
prehensive. We are very far from asserting that amateurs who 
have mastered the peculiar notation may not pick up a good deal of 
what is valuable and instructive in Mr. Meyer's pages, but we never- 
theless venture to think that his book as a whole will never take its 
place -among the standard literature of the Chess world. Q. R. S. 



I. — Contributions to be written in English ; the lines to rhyme 
in pairs and where the number is odd the last three lines to 
rhyme together. Metre ad libitum, but length of line not to 
exceed ten syllables. One entry only allowed to each contributor. 


II. — Acrostics to be selected from the following list, and to 
have reference to the life or character of the player : — A. Anders- 
sen, H. J. C. Andrews, Conrad Bayer, Blackburne, J. H. Finlinson, 
C. A. Gilberg, W. Grimshaw, Frank Healey, J. Lowenthal, Samuel 
Loyd, Macdonnell, Paul Morphy, H. Staunton, W. Steinitz, 
A. Townsend, J. Watkinson, R. Willmers, J^ H. Zukertort. 

III. — Contributions to be received by Mr. John Watkinson, 
Fairfield, Huddersfield, on or before August 1st, 1882. Each 
acrostic to be headed with a motto or device, and accompanied by 
a sealed envelope enclosing the author's name and address, such 
envelope not to be opened until after the judge's award. 

IV. — The prize acrostics, and selections from the remainder, to 
be published in the B. C. M. 


I. — ^Any scientific or poetical work, at the winner's 
choice ; price not to exceed five shillings ; 
given by ... ... ... ...Mr. J. A. Miles. 

II. — A book of similar description, price 3/6 ; 

given by ... ... ... ... do. 

III.— Do. do. price 2/6 ; given by ... The Editor. 

Judge, Mr. J. A. Miles. 


The Vienna iNTERNATioNAii Tourney, — This great event has 
naturally absorbed the interest of the whole Chess world for the 
last three weeks, and will continue to do so for at least three 
weeks to come. As our space this month is limited, we must 
plunge at once in viedias res, by giving our readers without further 
preface a succinct review of the contest as far as it has already 
progressed. According to the official list sent us from Vienna 
there were originally 23 entries, but these did not include the 
name of Mr. Ware of Boston, U.S.A., as, on account of his implica- 
tion in the notorious Grundy scandal of the last American Tourney, 
there was at first some doubt whether he would be allowed to 
compete. This difficulty, however, appears to have been satisfac- 
torily got over by the acknowledgment on the part of Mr. Ware of 
his past errors, and by the special powers and provisions in the 
rules of this tourney being, found likely to prevent any repetition 
of such dishonourable practices. Every man at Vienna has the 
strongest inducement to do his very best, especially when fighting 
with the best players, in order to have a chance of the prize offered 



for the highest scores with the winners. Under these conditions 
therefore Mr. Ware was permitted to become a competitor. 
Although by this decision of the committee the original number of 
entries was increased to 24, the list was afterwards diminished 
to 18 by the withdrawal for various reasons of the following names. 
Max Judd of St. Louis, U.S.A., Focazeno of Athens, Lefifman and 
Pitschel of Germany, and Porges and Dr. Fleissig of Vienna. 

On May 9th the combatants were paired by lot, and some 
amusement was caused by the accident that No. 1 was drawn by 
Zukertort, the winner of the Paris Tourney, while Steinitz obtained 
possession of No. 2. If this augury should hereafter be realised, 
it will certainly be very remarkable, but as the winner of the 
former Vienna Tourney is now evidently by his long abstinence 
from match play greatly out of practice for these contests, such 
a result is of course extremely doubtful. Messrs. Tschigorin and 
Bird, who had entered their names, were absent at the drawing, 
and also at the commencement of the tourney, but as they had 
telegraphed to the Committee that they were coming, their entries 
were not struck out. We are glad to find that the self-styled 
English amateur champion has not resJly carried out his announced 
intention of withdrawing altogether from Chess, and we hope that 
in the final issue he will have obtained a better position than the 
present state of the score allots to him. 

On the evening of the 9th, Baron Rothschild, the President of 
the Vienna Club, handsomely entertained the competitors, as well 
as several foreign visitors, and the chief local players, at a banquet 
given at the hotel Metropoli, and next morning the tourney itself 
began in earnest. . It had been made known at the banquet that 
the Emperor of Austria had most kindly and liberally contributed 
the sum of 2,000 florins to augment the prizes, which will there- 
fore be proportionately increased, and the interest shewn in such 
high quarters will no doubt render the competition for them still 
more severe. It will be remembered that, as in other important 
contests of like character, the entrants are paired for the various 
rounds of each day by a pre-arranged formula, and that in this 
tourney, as was the case at Paris, they have to play two games 
with every other competitor. These two games, however, are not, 
as at Paris, to be played consecutively, but one round must be 
finished with every other player before the second is commenced. 
Undoubtedly this plan is a great improvement, and taken in con- 
nection with the power vested in the Committee to change the 
order of the rounds, it will eflfectually tend to prevent any collu- 
sion, as well as lessen the chances of that objectionable practice, 
playing to the score. 

Our space, as we before intimated, will not permit of our giving 
anything like a detailed account of each day^s proceedings : we can 


therefore only indicate a few particulars, and must leave our 
readers to gather both the complete list of the combatants, aod 
their several chances of success, from the latest aspect of the score 
which we are able to present at the time of publication. On the 
first day the chief interest was concentrated on the game between 
Steinitz and Blackbume, which was won by the former after a 
hard struggle, and on that between Mackenzie and Winawer, which 
was lost by a slip of the latter after being two Pawns ahead. 

The second day, May Ilth, witnessed the defeat of Blackburne 
by Winawer, which boded ill for the prospects of the Englishmau, 
but as he nearly always begins badly, and was not well, this, per- 
haps, is no criterion. Mackenzie was again lucky in drawing his 
game with Zukertort, aud Steinitz; beat Dr. Noa. In the third 
round Blackbume scored an easily drawn game with Hmby, 
owing to the young Bohemian playing to win, Engliach defeated 
Bird, Mason beat Paulsen, and Zukertort lost a game which he 
ought to have won with Winawer, but the sensation of the day 
was Mackenzie's repeated good fortune in drawing a clearly lost 
game with Steinitz. We give a diagram of the position, which we 
take ftyim the Field, as it is a very interesting and remarkable one. 

Black (Steinitz.) 

White (Mackenzie.) 



It was Black's move, and P to K B 4 would have won easily, 
for nothing could save the Q P on the next move. If White then 
played R to Q sq, Black could still take, for the R could not re- 
take on account of R to K 8 ch ; however, Black played B takes 
P, and White drew in the following ingenious manner : 


Q takes P ch K to R sq 

B to E 4 Q takes B 

B to B 6 ch, and draws by perpetual check. 

On the fourth day, May 13th, Blackbume won in fine style of 

Wittek, Steinitz played a risky opening with Zukertort and lost, 

(the game will be found in our present issue) and Mason in his 

game with Bird was alleged to have exceeded the time limit Bird, 

however, thinking he could win anyhow, did not daim the game, 

and ultimately lost it, upon which an appeal was made to the 

Committee, who decided that it must be scored to him. 

The following was the state of the score up to the date of our 

latest information. 


Englisch ... 













Winawer ... 












• • • 




• l-l 



• • • 

• • ■ 




• I-* 

■ f-l 







t • • 


• • • 




I • • 









» • • 





• • 




> • • 




















• • • 










> • • 


• 1-4 

■ • ■ 









» • • 









■ • I 



• l-H 


■ • • 









B • • 






• • • 







I • • 


t • • 










6 J 


On the 18th there was no play, the competitors being enter- 
tained at a banquet by Baron Kolisch. 


Fbancb. — The winners of the great annual handicap tourney 
at the Caf6 de la B^ence are, First prize, M. Clerc (1st Class), 
Second do. M. Girod (2nd Class), Third do. M. de Riviere (3rd 
Class), Fourth do. M. Najotte (1st Class). M. Clerc also obtained 
the special prize offered by the Vice-President of the Cercle des 
Echecs, having won every game he played in the handicap tourney 
of that Society. On his way to Vienna Mr. Steinitz paid a visit at 
Paris to the Cercle des Echecs, and played a friendly game with 
Messrs. de Riviere and Clerc in consultation, which terminated in 
a draw. 

Austria. — Herr Hruby, the victor of the late Masters' Tourney 
at Vienna, was lately challenged to a match of three games up by 
Herr Englisch, the former champion of the Vienna Club, and at the 
finish the score of the match stood thus : — Hruby 3, Englisch 1, 
Drawn 1. At Vienna, Mr. Steinitz, before the commencement of the 
great tourney, engaged in a blindfold match with Dr. Meitner, receiv- 
ing in exchange the odds of the drawn games counting as won to the 
blindfold master. The issue was to be determined by the majority 
of five games, and the contest was apparently broken off after Mr. 
Steinitz had won two games to his opponent's none. 

Italy. — The result of the handicap tourney of the Padua 
Club, referred to in our April number, is as follows : — ^First prize, 
Sig. Egidio (3rd Class), Second do., Sig. Zannoni (1st Class), Third 
do., Sig. Maluta (1st Class). (The two latter, having tied with 
equal scores in the tourney, had to play off). Fourth prize, Sig. 
Palazzi (2nd Class), Fifth do., Sig. Lorigiola (2nd Class). The 
book of the Milan tourney of 1881 is just about to be published. 

Mexico. — Mexico has met Cuba over the Chess-board, and, 
after an exciting struggle of 18 games, a decisive victory rested 
with the " Queen of the Antilles." Mr. Vazquez, the Mexican 
champion, first encountered Mr. Celso Golmayo, the leading player 
of Cuba, with the result : Golmayo, 7 ; Vazquez, 4. With Mr. 
Martinez Carvajal, another Cuban leader, Vazquez was also unfor- 
tunate, scoring but two games of the seven played. The result, 
therefore, stands : Cuba, 12 ; Mexico, 6. — Pittsburg Telegraph, 


St George's Chess Club. 

The Annual General Meeting was held according to rule on 
the first Saturday in May, when the list of members and the 
finances of the Club, notwithstanding the heavy expenses of the 
recent removal, were found to be in a most flourishing condition. 


On the following Monday, May 8th, the Lowenthal Cup 
matches commenced, and are now just concluded. The entries 
were three in number, Messrs. Lee, Minchin, and Wayte, and ^yb 
games had to be played between each pair of combatants, draws 
counting half. Mr. Lee is now decidedly stronger than when he 
last entered for the Cup in 1879, but he has not succeeded in 
winning a game against either of his opponents. The scores in 
the first two matches were Minchin 3^ v, Lee 1| (3 draws), Wayte 
4 V, Lee 1 (2 draws.) The remaining match between Messrs. 
Minchin and Wayte was stubbornly contested; the result gave 
one to each and three draws. Mr. Wayte, therefore, becomes the 
winner of the Cup by the half game scored against Mr. Lee. 
Totals, Wayte 65, Minchin 6, Lee 2^. 

A little match of five games up, Mr. Minchin giving Pawn and 
move to Mr. Gattie, was brought to a conclusion just before the 
Cup matches began. Mr. Gattie was the winner by 5 to 1, no 
draws. A match on the same conditions is arranged between 
Messrs. Wayte and Gattie to come off when the Lbwenthal Cup is 
decided ; and the latter will also play a short match on even 
terms with Mr. Salter, one of the strongest players of the Club. 
Whatever may be the result of these two encounters, Mr. Gattie's 
promotion from Class II. A to L B may be confidently predicted 
after his fine score in the late Handicap. W. W. 

Chess in Briqhton. 

A most pleasing event took place on the 13th ult. when a 
presentation was made to Mr. Councillor Edwin Booth, as a token 
of the appreciation in which his great services on behalf of Chess 
in this locality are held. Always ready to assist, both with his 
genial presence and with his purse, * in any movement tending to 
the benefit of the Chess-players of the town, he had become 
endeared to every member of the community, and it was universally 
felt that some recognition of his kindness and liberality should be 
made. The gift was a handsome board and set of fine ivoiy Chess- 
men (Staunton) in a silk-lined mahogany box, the lid of which 
bore a prettily-designed silver shield with a suitable inscription, 
and was accompanied by an illuminated card bearing the signatures 
of the subscribers. The meeting was held at the Pavilion, Mr. 
Alderman E. Martin presiding, and the presentation was made by 
Mr. George White, who gave an admirable address. Almost the 
entire Chess strength of Brighton was present on this occasion. 

A match of 7 games is in progress between Messrs.. W. T. 
Pierce and H. Erskine ; the score at present is 6 and 5 respectively, 
and 3 drawn games. M. 




Chess in Scotland. 
The Match between the East and West of Scotland came off in 
the Balmoral Hotel, Edinburgh, on Saturday, 6th May. Play be- 
gan at 12 o'clock, and concluded about 6. The teams consisted 
of 20 players on each side. The noteworthy feature of the match 
was the defection at the eleventh hour of the Dundee representar 
tives of the East team, consisting of Messrs. G. B. Eraser, C. R. 
Baxter, and W. N. Walker. On former occasions the Dundee 
players have been among the most active promoters of the match, 
and their action on the present occasion has not been satisfactorily 
explained. As a consequence three of the strongest West players, 
Messrs. Spens, Mills, and Jenkin, were withdrawn by the West 
committee. The deifeat of the East was not, as on the last 
occasion, overwhelming. Probably the smaller teams, as compared 
with the large teams of last year, operated slightly in favour of 
the East. The following is the score : — 

West (Glasgow.) 












G. Beckett J. A. Lake Gloag, Edinburgh 

A. Berwick C. Matthew, do . 

W. Bryden Dr. G. H. Smith, do. 

D. Chirrey J. Mellis, do. 

J. Court J. Eraser, do. 

J. Crum C. Meikle, do. 

P. Fyfe A. Baxter, Blairgowrie 2 — 

J. Gilchrist G. Ballingall, do 

R Gourlay D. M. Latta, Edinburgh ... 

N. Kennedy J. S. Pagan, Crieff 

R. Livingstone ...Dr. J. C. Rattray, Edinburgh 

J. Mavor R. Miller, do. 

W. F. Murray J. Macfie, do. 

A, L. M. Prev6t...Rev. G. M* Arthur, do. 

A. Robertson C. Macfie, do. 

J. Russell Rev. F . W. Davis, Blairgowrie 

W. Tait J. Greig, Edinburgh 

G. A. Thomson ...Dr. J. Cappie, Edinburgh ... 
J. L. Whiteley ...J. R. Torry, Coupar- Angus .. 
J. Young J. G. Thomson, Edinburgh .. 

East. Drawn 

— 1 

1 — 

1 — 

1 — 

1 — 




2 — — 

19 14 7 
Majority for the West of Scotland, 5. T. 


A. Bums, Melbourne, £6, W. E. Hill, 10/-, W. T. Pierce, 4/-, 
a Subscriber's Mite, 1/6. 




We are indebted to the courtesy of the committee of the Vienna 
Congress for the two following very interesting games. They 
were both plajed May 19th in the 8th round of the Tourney. 


(Sicilian Defence.) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 P to Q 4 

5 Kt takes P 

6 B to K 2 

7 Castles 

8 P takes P 

9 Q Kt takes Kt 

10 B to B 3 

11 R to K sq 

12 B takes P (a) 

13 Kt takes Kt 

14 B takes B 
16 B to B 4 

16 Q to K 2 

17 R to Q B 7 


(Mr. Bird.) 

P to Q B 4 
PtoK 3 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
P to Q R 3 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt takes P 
P takes Kt 
BtoK 2 
Q takes B 
Q takes Kt 
BtoK 3 
K R to Q sq 
Q toK B3 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

18 Q to K 6 

19 P to Q B 4 

20 Q to K B 5 


(Mr. Bird.) 

Q to Q Kt 3 


Q takes Kt P 


21 R to Kt sq 

22 P to K R 4 (&) R to K B sq 

23 Q R to K sq Q takes Q B P 

24 R to K 3 Q R to K sq 

25 R to K Kt 3 R to K 3 

26 P to K R 5 

27 B to K 6 

28 P to K B 4 

29 K to R 2 

30 P takes P 

31 Q to R 3 (c) 

32 P takes Q 

P to K Kt 3 
Q to Q 8 ch 
R P takes P 
Q takes B 
K to Kt 2 

33 Q takes R and wins. 


(a) A very simple combination for a player of White's 

(b) Q takes B P ch would not be wise here. 

(c) Quite decisive, compelling the sacrifice of the Q to save 
the mate. 


(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Herr Fleissig.) (Capt. Mackenzie.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 P to Q R 3 

4 B to R 4 Kt to B 3 

(Herr Fleissig.) 

5 Castles 

6 P to Q 4 

7 B to Kt 3 

8 P takes P 

(Capt. MackeDzie.) 
Kt takes P 
P to Q Kt 4 
BtoK 3 



9 P to Q B 3 
10 Q Kt to Q 2 

12 Kt to Kt 3 

13 Q Kt to Q 4 

14 Kt takes Kt 

15 B to Kt 3 

16 P takes B 

17 P to B 3 

18 P takes Kt 

19 R to K sq 

20 B to K 3 

21 K to B sq 

22 B to Kt sq 

23 R to K 3 

24 Q to K sq 

B to Q B 4 
PtoK B4 
Kt takes Kt 
B takes Kt 
Kt to Kt 6 (a) 
P takes P 
Q to R 7 eh 
Q to R 8 oh 
P to K R 4 (6) 
P to K R 5 
P to K Kt 4 

25 R to B sq 

26 B to Q sq 

27 B takes P 

28 Q R to B 3 

29 R to Kt 3 

30 P to Q R 3 

31 P takes P 

32 Q to K 2 

33 Q to Q sq 

34 Q R to B 3 

35 R takes R 

36 Q to Q 2 

37 P takes P 

38 Q to K 3 

39 K to K sq 

P to K Kt 5 
P takes P 
B to Kt 5 
P to Q Kt 5 
Q R to K sq 
Rto K3 
B toR4 
R to Q B 3 
B to Kt 5 
R takes R 
B takes B 
Q to Kt 7 ch 
B to Kt 5 (e) 

And White resigns. 


(a J A totally unexpected move, we should say, to nine out of 
ten players. 

(h) A long struggle now ensues between force and position. 

(c) And position wins. Black has conducted the end-game 
with great skill and precision. 


Played May 13th, in the fourth round of the Vienna Tournament. 

Game and Notes from Land and Water, 

(Kieseritzky Gambit.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Dr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K B 4 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 P to K R 4 

5 Kt to K 5 

6 B to B 4 

7 P takes P 

PtoK 4 
P takes P 
P to K Kt 4 
P to Kt 5 
Kt to K B 3 
B to Kt 2 

8 Kt to Q B 3 (a) Castles 

9 P to Q 4 Kt to R 4 (5) 

10 Kt to K 2 

11 P to B 3 {d) 

12 P takes P 

13 Kt takes Kt 

14 Q to Q 3 (6) 

15 Kt takes P 

P to Q B 4 (c) 
P takes P 
Kt to Q 2 
B takes Kt 
R to K sq ch 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

16 K to Q sq 

17 Kt takes Kt 

18 Q to Q R 3 

19 B to Q 2 

20 B to B 3 

21 R to K sq 

22 P takes B 

23 K takes R 

24 K to Q 2 

25 K to K 3 

26 K to Q 4 

27 K to B 5 

28 P to Q 6 

29 K takes P 

30 K to Kt 3 


(Dr. Zukertort.) 
P to Kt 4 {g) 
P takes B 
B takes P 
Q to Kt 3 
Rto K 6 
B takes B 
R takes R ch 
Q to Kt 8 ch 
Q takes P ch 
R to K sq ch 
Q to K 5 ch 
Q to K 2 ch 
Q to K 4 ch 
Q to K 5 ch 
R to Kt sq ch 
and wins. 




(a) This is the same thing as 8 P to Q 4, Castles, 9 Kt to 
Q B 3, which is a continuation to be desired by Black. It may 
be taken for granted that White has nothing better than 8 P to 
Q 4, Castles, 9 Castles. Presumably Mr. Steinitz thought the 
text line worth venturing, but it was a great risk. 

ib) Doubtless an improvement on 9 P to Q B 4. 
c) This has a wholesome look, and in all probability it is 
stronger than 10 Q to B 3, though the last-named move appears to 
yield Black an advantage. 

(d) So inauspicious does this continuation appear that we 
would sooner risk P takes P en passant. 

(e) That he has nothing better bodes him exceeding ill. 

(f) Which sound and strong move puts an end to any chance 
of White Castling on Q side, and has also other highly material 

{g) This remarkably pretty and very fine conception wins. 
It will be perceived that White cannot retire, the Bishop, on 
account of R takes B ch, followed by Kt takes Kt. Further notes 
are not called for. It will be found that Black pursues his advan- 
tage with energy. 


Played in the first round of the Vienna International Tourney, 

10th May, 1882. 
Game and Notes from the C. P. Chronicle, 



(Capt. Mackenzie.} (Herr Winawer.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 P to Q 4 

5 Castles 

6 P to K 5 

7 R to K sq 

8 Kt takes P 

9 Q takes Kt 

10 Kt to B 3 

11 Q to K 4 

12 B to Q 3 

13 B to R 6 

14 Q R to Q sq 

15 Q to B 3 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to B 3 
P takes P 
BtoK 2 
Kt to K 5 
Kt to B 4 
Kt takes Kt 
Kt to K 3 
P to Q B 3 
P to K Kt 3 
R to K sq 
P to K B 4 



(Capt. Mackenzie.) (Herr Winawer.) 

17BtoQB4(a) B takes P ch 

18 K to B sq Q to R 5 

19 B to Kt 3 (h) Q takes B 

20 P to Kt 3 (c) (See Diagram 
next page.) Q to B sq (d) 

21 K to Kt 2 B takes P 

22 Q takes B K to R sq 

23 R to K R sq R to K 2 

24 R to Q 6 P to B 5 

25 Q to Q 3 P to B 6 ch 

26 K to B sq Q to B 4 

27 R to Q 8 ch K to Kt 2 

16 P tks P en pass B takes P 

28 Q to Q 6 (e) 

29 R to Kt sq 

30 RtoKt8ch(^) K takes R 

31 Q takes Q Resigns. 

Q to Kt 4 


Position after White's 20th move. 


(aj Overlooking the palpable rejoinder of Black ; a waiting 
move, such as P to K R 3, would have done good Bervice to White. 

fbj In case White should have made an effort to retrieve his 
lost fortuuBS by B takes Kt, B takes B and then retire hia Bishop, 
Black would have a winning check with his B on B 5, but through 
the move in the text White also loses two Pawns, which defence 
tuTDcd out more fortunate for White than could be expected. 

(e) White relied upon this move to regain the piece. 

(d) Surely Blajik had a straight road to victory by Q to R 6 ch 
nnd on Queen interposing exchanging. K to K 2 would have been 
too dangerous for White to venture on ; after eichanging Queens, 
and Bishop takes Pawn, Blaok would be two Pawns ahead. 

(ej White is playing well, and makes the utmost of his 
attack, while Black is evidently playing carelessly. 

(/) This loses the Queen, he might have played Q to R 5. 
White could not then have played B takes Kt, on account of 
Black's reply of B takes B, threatening B to B 5 ch. 

(g) Highly ingenious. Black has no choice. If E. to B 3, Et to 
K 4 wins, or if K to R 3, R to R sq ch, followed by Kt to K 4 oh. 



GAME cm. 

Fine Game played by correspondence between the clubs of Moscow 
and Warsaw. Score and Notes' from La, Strategie. 

(Four Knights' Opening.) 



1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 

4 B to Kt 5 

5 Kt to Q 5 

6 P takes Kt 

7 Kt takes Kt 

8 Q to Kt 4 

9 P to K B 4 (6) 

10 Castles 

11 QtoKR4((2) 

12 P to Q R 3 

13 P to Q Kt 4 

14 B to Q 3 

16 B to Kt 2 (/) 

16 Q R to K sq 

17 Kt P takes P 

18 Q to R 3 (g) 

19 P to Q B 3 


PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to B 3 
BtoKt 5 
Kt takes Kt 
Kt to Q 5 
P takes Kt 
Q to B 3 (a) 
Castles (c) 
Q to K Kt 3 
P to K B 4 (e) 
B toR4 
P to Q R 3 
B to Kt 3 
PtoQ 3 
P to Q B 4 
B to Q sq 
P takes P 
Q to Q 3 {h) 



20 P takes P 

21 RtoQBsq(^) 

22 B takes B 

23 R takes B 

24 B takes B P 

25 Q takes R 

26 Q to R 5 

27 R to K sq (Q 

28 Q to Kt 5 . 

30 Q to K 5 

31 P to Q 6 

32 K to B 2 

33 K to Kt 3 

34 R takes P 

35 P to Q 7 

36 R to Q B 3 

37 P to K R 3 


B to B 3 (t) 
B takes P ch 
P takes B 
Q R takes R 
R takes B {k) K sq 
R to Q sq 
P to K Kt 3 
PtoQ 6! 
Q takes R P 
Q to B 8 ch 
Q tks P ch (o) 
Q to Q R 7 
Q toB 2 
R to Q sq 
PtoK R4 


(a) If Black play Q to K 2 ch, then 9 K to Q sq, Castles, 
10 Q takes Q P, and if now P to Q B 3, 11 B to Q 3. 

(h) This is necessary to prevent Q to K 4 ch. 

(c) The best move. If Q to K 2 ch. White would reply 
with K to B 2, and if, instead, Black played 9 P to B 3, there 
would follow 10 B to Q 3, P to Q 3, 11 P to B 5. 

Cd) This excellent move is perhaps the most important in 
the whole game. 

(e) Black cannot take the Q B P, for then 12 P to B 5, P to 
K B 3 (compulsory to prevent P to B 6), 13 P to Q 3, P to Q R 3, 
14 B to B 4, P to Kt 4, 15 B to Kt 3, Q takes Q P, 16 P to Q 6 
dis ch, K to R sq, 17 R to B 3 ! &c. 

(f) If P to Q 6, Black could safely take it with the Q, fol- 
lowed by Q to Q B 3 and P to Q 3. 


(g) Again very good play, and much better than retiring to 

(h) This and the following move of Black are weak enough 
to decide the fate of the gatne ; Q to Kt 3 was certunlj stronger. 

(i) If they took the Q P, the reply would atill be R to Q B sq, 
and if they played 20 P takes P, then 31 Q B takes P, Q takes 
Q P, 22 B to B 3, threatening B to Kt 4 and R to K 5, with a^ 
fine game. 

(j) The commencement of a fine combiaation ; we give a 
diagram of the position here. 

Black (Moscow.) 

White ( W Altai w.) 
Position after White's 2 1 at move. 

(h) Had they tried to defend themselves without giving ap 
the exchange, they would have lost in a few moves, i.g., 24 R to 
Q B 2 (or A), 25 B takes P ch, K to B 2, 26 R to K sq, Q to B 3, 
27 P to Q 6 ! Q takes Q P, 28 Q to B 5 ch and mates in two more 

{A) 24 Q R to K sq, 25 Q takes P ch, K to B 2, 26 B to 
Kt aq, Q takes Q P (if P to Q Kt 4, then R to Q B sq.) [This 
appears to ua inconclusive, as Black can continue with R to K Esq,] 
27 B to Kt 6 ch, K to B 3, 28 R to Kt 6 ch, R to K 3, 29 B to 
K 4, 4c. 



fl) This move is very pretty, and very difficult ; in order to 
decide on playing it, it was necessary to calculate all the conse- 
quences of Black's taking the Q R P and the K B P. [Mr. 
Rosenthal here gives the variations, which are too long to repro- 
duce, so we must leave our readers to work them out for them- 

(mj All these moves seem to be the best on both sides. 

(n) If 29 Q to Kt 3, White replies with Q to K 5, and if Q 
to B 2, with P to K R 4. 

(o) If 32 Q to Q B 3, 30 R takes P, R to B 4, 31 Q to K 6 
ch, R to B 2, 32 R to Q B 3, Q to Kt 3 ch, 33 K to Kt 3, and 


Played at Vienna March 5th, 1882, by the victor and third prize 
winner in the Masters' tourney of the club. 

(English Opening.) 


(Herr Hruby.) 

1 P to Q B 4 

2 P to K 3 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 P takes P 

5 Kt to B 3 

6 B to B 4 


P to K 4 (a) 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt takes P 
P to K B 3 (&) 
Kt tks Kt (e) 

7 Kt P takes Kt B to Q 3 

8 P to Q 4 

9 B P takes P 

10 Q to Kt 3 

11 BtoQ 2 

12 Castles K R 

P takes P 
Q toK 2 
Kt to B 3 (d) 
Kt to Q sq 
Kt to B 2 


(Herr Hruby.) (Herr Scbwarz.) 
13PtoK4! PtoQB3 (e) 

14 P to K 5 P takes P 

15 P takes P B to Q B 4 

16 P to K 6 Kt to Q 3 

17 B to K Kt 5 Q to Q B 2 

18 Q R to Q sq P to K R 3 (/) 

19 B to R 4 P to K Kt 4 

20 B to Kt 3 Q to K 2 

21 Q to Q 3 ! (^r) P to Kt 4 

22 Q to Kt 6 ch K to Q sq 

23 R tks Ktch (h) B takes R 

24 R to Q sq, and after some 

moves Black resigned. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) P to K 3 is a much safer defence ; the adoption of the 
Sicilian au second is justly condemned by nearly all the best 

(bj Unnecessarily weakening his already inferior position ; 
Kt takes Kt, followed by B to Q 3, was the only correct course. 

fcj This, as Mr. Steinitz remarks, is contrary to the principle 
of hindering as long as possible the formation of the adverse centre. 
Kt to Kt 3 attacking the Bp would gain important time now. 


(dj We prefer Kt to Q 2, and afterwards Kt to Kt 3 or B sq, 
accor(Ung to circumstances. 

(ej There seems to be no escape from the force of the attack 
initiated by White's last move ; P to Q B 4 would not break it, 
for the answer would in that case, as well as if Black Castled, 
still be P to K 5. 

(fj Herr Schwarz's play throughout this game is much below 
his usual standard ; he now weakens his K's flank, and drives the 
opponent's Bp where he wants to go, but his position is so bad 
that it offers little resource. Mr. Steinitz here suggests the des- 
perate expedient of giving up the Q by Kt takes B. 

(gj This is decisive, for if Kt takes B now, White mates in 
three moves. 

(hj The capital style exhibited by Herr Hruby, the winner 
of the first prize in this tourney, gives promise of great future 

January to April. 

TwBNTT-POUR solvers have taken part in our first four-monthly 
competition of whom seven only have mastered every problem. 
These come in the following order : — E. Haigh, W. Jay, W. E. 
Hill, J. P. Lea, R. Worters, Locke Holt and H. Blanchard. Mr. 
Haigh and Mr. Jay have cooked also Problems 81, 92 and 98 and 
have gained the further distinction of a fine of 2^ marks each for 
omission of variations. Mr. Hill and Mr. Lea have cooked Nos. 
81 and 98 and are fined 3 and 10 points respectively. Mr. Worters 
has cooked No. 92 and omitted 3 points worth of variations, 
while Mr. Blanchard brings up the rear of the leading seven with 
a fine of 2^ points only but nothing to his credit in the way of 

This competition has proved especially interesting owing to the 
fact that a tie for first place between Mr. Haigh and Mr. Jay has 
called into operation the novel regulation laid down on page 33. 
As one of the above heptarchy, Mr. Worters, has not appraised the 
merits of the various problems it has been necessary to take the 
vote of six only. Details are appended. The heavy figures show 
the seven problems highest on the list and the average of their 
totals constitutes the standard by which the tie has been decided. 

Mr. E. Haigh, Huddersfield, takes first prize — Loyd's Chess 
Strategy ; Mr. W. Jay, London, second — F. C. CoUins's Collection ; 
and Mr. W. E. Hill, Bath, third— J. P. Taylor's Elementary Chess 









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Problem 105, by J. A. Miles.— 1 Q to B sq, R to B sq, (a) 2 Q 
takes B ch, R takes Q, 3 B to Q 4 ch, &c. If 2 P covers, 3 Q takes 
P ch, &c. (a) 1 B to B 6 ch, 2 K takes B, R to B 3 ch, 3 Kt takes 
R ch, &c. If 2 P to Q 4, 3 Q to B 5 ch, &c. 

Problem 106, by W. F. Wills.— 1 Kt to K B 2. 

Problem 107, by G. LiberalL— 1 B to B 6, R takes R, (a) 2 R 
takes R, &c. (a) 1 Kt to K B 5, (&) 2 B to K 7 dis ch, &c. 
(b) 1 R to R 6, 2 P chs, &c. 

Problem 108, by E. Pradignat.— 1 Q to Kt 6, P takes R, 2 Kt 
takes P ch, K to Q 4, 3 Kt to K B 4 ch, K to K 4, 4 Kt to 
Q B 4 ch, K moves, 5 Q to K 6 mate. 

Problem 109, by A. L. S. The author's intention is 1 R to B 6, 
<ko. There is a cook by 1 Kt takes P. 

Problem 110, by Dr. Gold.— 1 K to Q 3 dis ch, K to Q 3, 2 K 
to B 4 dis ch, K takes P, 3 Q takes K R ch, Q to Q 3, 4 P checks, 

J. P. Lea, W. Jay, A. L. S., P. L. P., and W. F. Wills have solved 
Nos 105 to 1 10 ; Locke Holt, H. Blanchard, East Marden, and W. F. 
Payne, 105, 6, 7, 9, and 110; T. B. Rowland, 105, 6, 7, and 9 ; 
R. Worters, 105, 6, 7, and 110; J. 0. Allfrey, 106, 7, and 9. 
The two solutions of No. 109 by J. P. Lea, author's solution by 
A. L. S., East Marden, and J. 0. Allfrey ; the cook by W. Jay, Locke 
Holt, H. Blanchard, W. F. Wills, T: B. Rowland, P. L. P., and W. F. 
Payne. A. L. S. 1 R to R 6 omitted in 107. H. Blanchard. 1 R to 
B sq omitted in 105 and 1 R to R 6 in 107, R. Worters, main 
play only of 107. In mainplay of proposed solution of 108, if 
4 Q takes R ch, B to K 5, no mate follows next move. Mr. Jay 
will also note this. W. R. B. 


The Award. 

Although unwilling to seem over-critical in so light a matter, 
I cannot but feel that some of the intended fun in the " Epigrams 
and Epitaphs" is forced, and that many of the metaphors are 
mixed. Some of the attempts are themselves "cooked." The 
author of No. 1 1 speaks of his four lines as two ; the author of 
No. 24 seems to have forgotten that " Problema " is of the Neuter 
gender ; and the author of No. 27 fails both in rhyme and reason. 

Upon the whole No. 29 pleases me the best, though the Knight 
who gains entrance throueh a " loophole " must be of slender 
build ! 


No. 2 also deserves notice, as the play upon words in it is 
simple and direct, and the idea is well carried through. — I shall 
be happy, therefore, to send a copy of my " 100 Chess Problems " 
to the author of each of these so soon as I learn their names and 
addresses. A. Ctril Pbabson. 

No. I. (XXIX.) 

By Mr. W. F. Payne, Abingdon. 

Behold, disastrous fate, a Problem cooked 1 
'Tis like some Castle safe from front attack. 

To which, a little loophole overlooked, 
A Knight gains fatal entrance at the back. 

No. II. (II.) 
By Ma J. A. Milbs, Fakenham. 

Like new-laid eggs Chess Problems are. 
Though very good, they may be beaten ; 

And yet, though like, they're dififerent far, 
They may be cooked, but never eaten. 


J. G. C, Finsbury Park. — ^Your four-mover with 14 pieces can, 
unfortunately, be demolished thus : — 1 Q to Q R 8, 1 P to K 3, 
2 K to Kt 6, 2 P takes Kt or aught else, 3 Q to K B 8, or Kt 
moves dis ch, &c. If 1 B moves, 2 K to Kt 6, &c. The other 
problem is under examination. We shall be glad to receive an 
amended version of the former. 

F. B. Phelps, U. S. A. — Second edition of problems safely to 
hand and under consideration. 

C. E. T., Clifton. — Books of the kind you require can be ob- 
tained, we believe, of Mr. G. C. Heywood, High Road, Lee, Kent. 
Of the four problems Nos. 39 and 40 seem sound. The latter is 
very neat and shall appear next month. Na 41 is cooked by 1 Kt 
takes Kt, B moves, (a) 2 Kt to K 7 ch, 3 Q mates, (a) B takes Kt, 
2 Q takes Kt P ch, &c. In No. 42, after 1 P moves, White can 
also play 2 B takes Kt and mate in three ways ! 

F. C. C, London. — The greatest number of flight squares for 
Black K — a/ifer Whitens Ist move — thus far achieved, is undoubtedly 
six. Thanks for information and corrected version of your No. 16. 

A. D., Marseilles. — ^Much obliged by your note. 

Problems thankfully acknowledged from Miss Beechey, Messrs. 
Abbott, Chancellor, Collins, Laws, Lea, Mead, Morsch, Miles, 
Phelps, Rowland, G. Liberali, and Tuckett. 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 


List of Competitors. 

1. — Gang Warily. J. Pierce, Bedford. 

2. — Humility and Modesty. A. Euchler, Gotha. 

3. — Ubique. W. McArthur, Chichester. 

4. — Maida. J, Scott, Chichester. 

5._Wheel of Fortune. G. J. Slater, Hull. 

6. — For Trial. J. G. Finch, Ramsgate. 

7. — Pus Monin. J. Jordan, Sheffield. 

8. — Rose, Thistle and Shamrock. J. Stonehouse, Sunderland. 

9. — Blierear breith oirbh. J. B. Macdonald, London. 
10. — ^Avizandum. George Shiel, Sunderland. 
IL — Peep Beneath. (1st Prize, £5.) S. H. Thomas, Ham- 

12. — Limse labor ac mora. W. Coates, Cheltenham. 
13. — To be well shaken before taken. F. F. Pott, Birkenhead. 
14. — Too many Cooks. (2lld Prize, £3.) J. H. Finlinson, 
1 5. — Pax in bello. B. G. Laws, London. [Huddersfield. 

16. — Knights of the chequered table. F. C. Collins, London. 
17. — Unde i lupta sunt si'en. P. Scheie tti, Roumania. 
18. — Wintonians. A P. Barnes, New York. 
19* — Fare ye well. F. af Geijersstam, Sweden. 
20.— Victoria. (3rd Prize, £2.) J. A. Carlborg. (1) 
21. — A Kingdom for a Horse. J. Elson, Philadelphia. 
22.— Kerderf. F. W. Blehr, Norway, 
23. — Good Speed. R. Braune, Gottschee, Austria. 
24. — It's your move. J. G. Nix, Tennessee. 
25. — Quidam. H. von Duben, Christianstad. 
26. — ^A la memoire de Lowenthal. E. A. Kunkel, New York. 

The above diflfers in some particulars from the official list for- 
warded to us in which No. 7 is attributed to " J. Gordon," 10 to 
" G. Shield," 14 (2nd Prize) to " J. Henry, Finland," and 20 to 
"J. A. Carboog ud Statens Jeonragar" ! 1 Although enabled unhesi- 
tatingly to correct three of these and other minor slips we confess 
that the authorship of No. 20 is enveloped in a certain degree of 
doubt. We therefore merely draw our bow at a venture in assign- 
ing it to J. A. Carlborg, the Scandinavian Composer. Mr. Finlin- 
son is to be congratulated upon his continued success. We hope, 
however, that his well-earned prize is not lying Poste restante in 
Finland, to be left till called for ! 


A perusal of the foregoing mottoes suggests the desirability of 
a new tourney rule or instruction forbidding the use of absolute 
gibberish, or, at any rate, phrases that must be altogether unin- 
telligible even to an expert linguist in the chief European tongues 
and in Latin 1 

The page of sui-mates printed in the present number will not be 
included in the current solution competition. We purpose with- 
holding the keys of these fine stratagems for two months so that 
solvers who admire this style of composition may have leisure to 
unravel them. Short reviews will be welcome if sent in prior to 
August 1st. 

For the first correct solution of problem 114 sent to Mr. J. A. 
Miles, Prospect House, Fakenham, Norfolk, he will give a copy of 
J. Paul Taylor's Chess Problems, or of Bland's Chess Player's 
Annual, at the option of the winner ; and for the second and third 
such solutions, he will give, to each, a copy of The Supplement to 
Chess Gems. The solution to contain every variation leading to 
a mate in four or five moves. The problem is also included in the 
current competition. 


The handicap correspondence tourney, which has been in 
progress during the last 2^ years in connection with the late series 
of the Chets Flayer's Chronicle, is at last ended. There were 
originally 15 entrants, but four of these, Messrs. Monck, Clothier, 
Earnshaw, and Pettit, having retired without playing out their 
games, the scores of the remainder had, according to the rules, to 
be determined by the proportion of games each had won to the 
number which he actually played. The result gave to Mr. J. W. 
Snelgrove 9| won out of 12 played, to Mr. Halford (since dead) 
10 out of 13 played, and to the Rev. W. H. Gunston 9 out of 12 
played. These three were therefore the prize winners in the order 
named. The remaining scores were, Mr. Vincent 8 out of 12, 
Mr. Lambert 8 out of 13, Mr. Fisher 7 out of 12, Serjt.-Mc 
Arthur 8 out of U, Mr. Blake 7 out of 13, Rev. J. Bell 6 out of 
14, Mr. Nash 4 out of 10, and Mr. Stevens 2 out of 11. The 
players were divided into three classes, class 1 having to give to 
class 2, and class 2 to class 3, the odds of drawn games counting 
as won, class 1 to class 3 the exchange or P and move at the 
option of the odds receiver. Of the prize winners, Mr. Snelgrove 
was in class 3, and the other two in class 1. 


The chief prize winner was evidently too lightly handicapped, 
and it is only fair to add that he gained some additional advantages 
by the slackness with which the time limit was enforced by his 
opponents. Had it not been for this the tourney would have been 
over long ago, and perhaps with a different result. 

We have been requested to draw attention to the Belsize Chess 
Club, which meets on Wednesday evenings from October to May 
at the Princess of Wales Hotel, Abbey Road, St. John's Wood, 
London. The subscription is very moderate and we trust that 
those of our readers who reside in the neighbourhood of the Club 
will at once enrol themselves as members. Mr. G. H. Mc Lennan, 
the Hon. Sec, will doubtless be glad to introduce such to the 
privileges of the Club. 

Mr. Collins, Chess Editor of the defunct Week's News, assumes 
the directorship of a Chess department in a new weekly journal 
•ntitled The Family Newspaper, The price of the publication is 
twopence weekly — publisher's address, 11, Southampton Street, 

St. GBORaE's (Birmingham) v, Stourbridge. — This match 
was played at Stourbridge, April 24th, and resulted in a decisive 
victory for the visitors. This makes the seventh successive vic- 
tory of the St. George's Club since last autumn. Score : St. 
George's, 20 games : Stourbridge, 10. 

The return match between the Birmingham and Nottingham 
Clubs came off on May 19th, at the Exchange Hall, Nottingham. 
There were thirteen pairs of combatants, and each club put forth 
its full strength. The visitors were somewhat handicapped of 
course by their journey, but the home team made a much better 
fight than in the former match, and Mr. A. Marriott scored his 
game with Mr. Cook. The final issue gave to Birmingham 11^ 
games, and to Nottingham 8|. After the match the visitors were 
very hospitably entertained at supper by their antagonists in the 
banqueting hall of the Mayor, who at the last moment was unfor- 
tunately prevented from presiding, and his place was therefore 
taken by Mr. Hamel. We would suggest that in future a time 
limit should be adopted in these contests, as in the more serious 
ones, for it is rather annoying (as we are told it happened to one 
of the players) to travel 90 miles and back, and then only to get 
through 20 moves of a single game (which had to be unsatisfactorily 
adjudged as a draw), owing to the lateness and slowness of your 

The present state of the B. C. M. Correspondence Tourney is 
Bridgwater 2, Millard 1, Gates 1, Balson and Vincent drawn. 
Coates and Erskine are playing four games each at once, and 
Bridgwater, Balson, and Isaac three games. 


White to pla; and m 

No. 113.— By Mi38 P. F. BEECHEY. No. 113.— By J. W. ABBOTT. 

White to pla; and mate in two more*. White to pla; and m&te in four in 


No, 114. — Bt J. A, MILES, from his forthcoming bcwk. 

(See Problem World.) 

WUte to pla; and mate in five movea. 
So. 115.— Br J. PIERCE, M.A. No. 116.— By A. L. S., Bedford. 

y^llte to play and mate in Hiree moves. WMte to plaj and piate in tluee movee. 


Ho. 117— By W. A. SHINKMAN. No. 118.— Bt G. J. SLATER. 

White to play and Bui-mate in eight movBs. Whita to play and aui-mata in seven moTes, 

!o. 119.— By J. PIERCE. No. 120.— Br L. W. STANTON. 


White to play and auimits in eight moTes. White to play and sni-mate in five a 


wbX Jbt JjOl xV. JM .ix w X 

JULY, 1882. 
















James Pierce born, 1833. 

Paulsen played 10 blindfold games at St. James's Hall, 

[London, 1862. 
Blackburne played 10 blindfold games at St. James's Hall, 

Herr Anderssen bom, 18 18, 

Gianutio's Work published at Turin, 1597. 
Dinner of the British Chess Association at Willis's Rooms, 
London, 1862. 












Ponziani died, 1796, aged 76. 

Chess column in Detroit Free Press commenced, 1875. 

Count Arnold Pongracz bom, 1810. 

First number of Kling and Horwitz's Chess Player issued, 

1851. Match between Messrs. Morphy and Lowenthal 

commenced, 1858. 
Herr Lowenthal died, 1876, aged QQ, 
Play commenced at the Vienna Congress, 1873, 

Visit of the Yorkshire Chess Association to Nottingham, 

Saul's "Famous Game of Chess Play" published, 1614. 

Bledow bom, 1795. 

Match between Messrs. Blackburne and Zukertort ended, 
1881. Score — Zukertort, 7 ; Blackburne, 2 ; Drawn, 5. 
J. A. Potter died, 1859, aged 21. 



(Continued from page 210._J 

Tariatiom (D) couuencinq at Black's Eiohth hotk 

8 E to E sq 
9 P to Q 4 9 Kt to K B 3 

Black may also play 9 , PtoB6orQtoKB3 (see Variations 

E and F) or Kt to K 2. If the last White's best plan seems to be 
to reply with 10 B takes K B P then if Kt takea B ; 11 P takes 
Kt, Q takes F; 12 Castles and Black's King is somewhat exposed ; 

and if 10 , B to Kt 2 ; 11 Castles with a similar result 10 Kt 

to B 3 as given in the Handhuch leads to the following, 10 , 

BtoKt2;llBtakesP, Pto B3; 12QtoQ3, RtoBsq; 13 Q 
to Kt 3, P takes B and Black has the advantage. 

The student will note that Black cannot without loss take the 
Bishop at move 12, for instance, 12 - - ■■■, P takes B; 13 Kt to 
Kt 6, Kt to R 3 ; 14 Castles K R, P takes P ; 15 Q takes P, Q to 
Q 4 ; 16 Q to K 2, K to Q sq ; 17 Q R to K sq, Kt to B 3 ; 
18 P to B 4, Q to Q 2 ; 19 Q to Q 2, B takes F ch ; 20 K to B sq. 


P to Kt 3 ; 21 B to Kt 5 ch, P takes B ; 22 Q takes P eh, Kt to 
K 2 ; 23 R to B 7, R to K sq; 24 Q R takes Et, Q takes R ; 

25 R takes Q, R takes R ; 26 Q to E Kt 8 eh with the advantage. 

(For this variation we are indebted to Mr. Gossip's Ckees-Flayer'a 

10 Et to Q B 3 10 Et to E R 4 

11 Q to Q 3 11 P to B 3 

12 P to E 5 12 P takes B 

13 Q to Et 6 ch 13 E to E 2 

14 Q takes Et 14 B to E 3 

15 B takes P 15 Q to E sq 

16 B to Et 6 ch 16 E to Q 2 

17 Q takes Q ch 17 E takes Q 

18 B to B 6 18 R to R 2 

19 Et to E 2 

Black has the advantage slightly. 

Variation (E.) 

9 P to B 6 

10 P takes P 10 B to E 2 

11 B to E 3 

Much stronger than 11 Castles. 

11 B takes P ch 

12 E to Q 2 12 P to E R 4 
IS Et to B 3 13 P to B 3 

Black ought to win with care. 

Variation (F.) 

9 Q to B 3 

10 P to E 5 10 Q to B 4 

11 Castles 11 P to B 6 

12 Et to B 3 

If 12 P takes P Black gets the better game> by P to Et 6; 
13 Q to E 2, Q to R 6, &c. 

12 Et to Q B 3 

Has he anything better? 

13 B to E 4 13 Q to R 4 

14 Q to Q 3 14 Q takes R P 

15 B to E B 4 15 P to Et 6 

16 B takes P 16 Q takes B 

17 R takes P 17 Q to R 5 

18 Q R to E B sq 

And White although two pieces to the bad has a fine attacking 


Gamb IL 


The first six moves same as in Game I. 

7 P to Q 4 

This move is favoured by Mr. Thorold ; its real merits have yet 
to be tested, but so far as I can judge it does not seem to yield so 
strong an attack as B to B 4 ch. The only analysis yet attempted 
is one published in the Chess Playet^s Chronicle, YoL lY. (1880) 
page 266, by Mr. G. B. Eraser. 

7 PtoQ4 
Black may also play 7 , P to B 6, see Variation (D.) 

8 B takes P 

If 8 P takes P, Black replies B to Q 3 ; and if 8 P to E 5, 
B to E B 4, <bc. 

8 P takes P 

8 Et to E B 3 may also be safely played, see Variation (C.) 

9 BtoB4ch 9 EtoEt2 

9 , E to E sq and E to Et 3 also require examination, see 

Variations (A) and (B.) 

10 B to E 5 

I prefer this move to Et to Q B 3 given by Mr. Eraser as best. 

10 Et to E B 3 

11 Castles 11 B to E 2 

Mr. Eraser now continues 12 Et to B 3, Et to Q B 3 ; 13 Et to 
Q 5, Et takes B and White's resources are exhausted. Instead of 
12 Et to B 3, however, I think 12 P to Q 6 looks more promising, 
followed by 13 Q to Q 4 or Et to Q B 3. Thus, 

12 P to Q 5 12 R to E B sq 

13 QtoQ4 13 EtoR2 

If 13 , P to B 4, White simply retreats the Q to E 3 or B 3. 

14 Et to Q B 3 

And White has a strong position. 

Variation (A.) 

9 E to E sq 

10 Et to B 3 10 B to Q 3 

11 Castles 

I prefer White's game. 

Variation (B.) 

9 E to Et 3 

10 P to R 5 ch 10 E to R 2 

11 B to B 7 11 B to E B 4 
If 11 , Et to E 2 ; 12 Castles looks a good move. 

12 B to Et 6 ch 12 B takes B 

13 . P takes B ch 13 E to Et 2 


If 13 , K takes P; 14 ( 

B5ch, KtoKt 2; 16Bto] 

Et to B 3 ; 18 Castles (Q B) with an excellent game. 

14 Q to R 5 
And again I think White should win. 

Variation at Black's Eiqhth hove. 

8 Kt to K B 3 
9 B to K 2 9 P takes P 

10 B to E. 5 10 B to Kt 2 

11 Castles 11 P to E B 4 

12 Kt to B 3 12 K to Kt 3 
And Black has the advantage. 

Variation (D.) 

7 P to B 6 
8 P takes F 8 B to K 2 

9BtoB4ch 9PtoQ4 

10 B takes P ch 10 K to Et 2 

11 BtoKS 11 B takes P ch 

12 K to Q 2 12 Kt to Q B 3 
13PtoKB4 13Pto£R4 
14 P to B 3 

White's centre Pawns are very strong, but I think Kack ought to 
win with due care. 


Gamb IIL 

First six moves same as Game I. 

7 Q takes P 

This move long considered to be invincible by AUgaier has been 
long since completely demolished and may now be considered 

7 Et to K B 3 

This is Black's best For the consequences of 7 , Q to B 3 

see Variation (A.) 

8 Q takes B P 

Also 8BtoB4ch, PtoQ4;9Q takes B P, B to Q 3 ; 
10 B takes P ch, K to Et 2 ; 11 Q to B 3, Et takes B, and Black 
mnst win. 

8 B to Q 3 

This move, the invention of Homy, completely paralyses White's 

9 B to B 4 ch 9 E to Et 2 

10 Q to B 3 10 Et to B 3 

11 P to B 3 11 Et to E 4 

12 Q to Et 3 ch 12 Q Et to Et 5 
13QtoB3 13QtoE2 

With the advantage. 

Vaeiation (A.) 

7 Q to B 3 

8 P to Q 4 8 Q takes P 

8 , Et to E 2 ; 9 P to E 5, Q to B 4 ; 10 B to B 4 ch, 

E to E sq; 11 Q to B 3, Et to B 3] 12 P to B 3, P to Q 3 ; 
13 P takes P, P takes P ; 14 B takes P, P to Q 4 ; 15 B to Q 3, 
Q to B 2. White has two pawns and a better position for the 
piece sacrificed. 

9 Q takes BPch 9QtoB3 

If 9, , Et to B 3; 10 Et to B 3, B to Et 6 ; 11 B to Q 3, 

B takes Et ch ; 12 P takes B, Q takes B P ch ; 13 E to E 2, 
Q takes Rj 14 P to E 5, Q takes Q R P; 16 Q takes Et ch, 
E to Et sq ; 16 R to E B sq and wins. 

10 QtoEt4 10 QtoEEt3 

11 BtoB4ch 11 EtoEt2 

12 QtoB3ch 12 QtoEB3 

13 PtoE5 13 QtoQEt3 

14 P to E 6 ch 14 Et to B 3 

15 Q to Et 3 ch winning. 


Game IV. 

5 Kt to Kt 5 6 P to Q 4 

This defence may be played with apparent safety if followed by 
P to K R 3 next move in case P takes P. 

6 P takes P 

If 6 P to Q 4, P to K R 3 ; 7 Kt takes B P, K takes Kt > 
8 B takes P, P takes P; and we arrive at a position already 
examined in Game 2. 

6 P to K R 3 

Black can here try Kt to K B 3. 6 , Q takes P leads to 

7 Kt to Q B 3, Q to K 4 ch ; 8 Q to K 2, P to K B 3 ; 9 Q takes 
Q ch, P takes Q; 10 B to B 4, Kt to K R 3 ; 11 P to Q 4, 
P takes P; 12 Kt to Kt 5, Kt to R 3; 13 Q B takes P, B to Kt 5 ch; 
14 P to B 3, P takes P ; 15 P takes P, B to R 4 ; 16 Castles Q R 
with the better game. 

7KttoK4 7PtoKB4 

8 K Kt to B 3 8 B to Q 3 

9 PtoQ4 9 KttoKB3 

And Black has the advantage. In this defence, it would appear 
that White's only chance is to pursue the attack by 6 P to Q 4: 
and so arrive at the Thorold-Allgaier game. 


King and Queen against King and Pawn. 
Contributed by Mr. W. Mitcheson, at the request of Mr. Watte. 

1. Pawn at Sixth of K, Q, B, or Kt. Before proceeding to^ 
consider the class of positions in which King and Queent 
manoeuvre against King and Pawn at its seventh square it may be 
useful to examine the most direct manner of winning when the 
Pawn is advanced no further than the sixth rank. A sufficient, if 
not a satisfactory reason will appear in the course of this paper for 
our adopting this plan of treatment. Meanwhile, it may be stated,, 
as all players know quite well, that in an end-game each step for- 
ward made by a pawn increases its actual and potential value in a 
manner truly startling. It is well, therefore, to consider the 
methods by which its career in the positions imder notice may be 
arrested as early as possible : because at the supreme moment,, 
when theoretically the game affords an easy victory for the stronger 
force, a momentary remissness or an over-weening confidence (such 
mental pranks are on record) may throw it to the winds. In the 


illustrations given below uo lengttieaed excuse is required for placing; 
the Kings so widely apart on the board. If tbe conclusions to 
whicb we arrive ia any of the given diagrams hold good vben the 
Kings have taken up distant poBifions they will with much greater 
reason hold good when the Kings are in close neighbourhood. 
Moreover it is easily conceivable that tbe respective pawns (one of 
which is supposed to have qneened at its last move) have been 
escorted on thar march by other pieces and pawns which have beea 
so mutually exchanged as to leave the contending forces in the 
thinned condition in which they are here represented. 

2. In diagram No. I. the Black Pawn is placed upon a 
Knight's file ; because the stopping of that Pawn with a view to its 
capture (if necessary) and the ultimate success of the White is a 
shade more difficult than the stopping of Pawns ou the files of 
King and Queen. Moreover, there is a special danger of giving 
stalemate when the Kt P standing at its sixth is taken, as we shall 
presently see. 

White's object in I., as indeed in all the diagrams in this paper, 
is to gain time so as to bring his King back into the field of useful 
action. There are three ways in which this object may be efiecteil. 
(a) By checking the adverse King in front of his pawn so aa to 
prevent its moving for the time being — briefly, by iiocking, 
\b) by pinning the pawn, and (c) by threatened capture if it 
be moved. 

I. II. 

It is obvious in I. that if Q can be pliinted on Q Kt sq, tbe 
White King may advance as he pleases. 1. Q to Kt 8 (pinnittg). 


K to R 6 (A\ 2 Q to Kt 6, K to R 7, [If K to Kt 7, White 
brings back his K one step ; and if he adopt any other line of 
play Q at once goes to Q Kt sq and the game is virtually over.] 

3 Q to R 6 ch, K to Kt 8, 4 Q to-B sq eh, K to R 7, 5 Q to Q B 4, 
K to R 6, [If Black play 5 K to R 8, White must not take P, 
because of the stalemate ; he would play Q to R 4 ch ; always the 
most important step towards planting her on Q Kt sq.] 6 Q to 
Q R 6 ch, K to Kt 7, [If 6 K to Kt 5, then 7 Q to Q R sq, 
effectually stopping the Pawn.] 7 Q to Q R 4, K to B 6, 8 K to 

K 7, P to Kt 7, 9 Q to Q sq and then to Q Kt sq, winning 

Var. (A.) 1 K to R 8, 2 Q to Kt sq ch, K to R 7, 3 Q to R 2 ch, 
K to Kt 8, 4 Q to R 7 ch, K to R 7 (J5), 5 Q to K B 7, K to R 8, 
6 Q to B sq ch, K to R 7, 7 Q to Q B 4, and the game is as it stood 
at the end of White's fifth move in the leading play (B). 

4 K to R 8, 5 Q to R sq ch, K to R 7, 6 Q to Q 5, K to R 8, 7 Q 
to Q R 8 ch, K to Kt 8, 8 Q to K 4 ch, K toB8, 9 QtoQ B4 ch, 

3. P AT R 6. In the great majority of cases belonging to the 
class of positions immediately under notice the P at the 6th can be 
stopped and eventually won (if so desired) in the way just indicated. 
There are, however, exceptions to this general rule. Such 
exceptions will therefore fall under the category of positions in 
which the P stands in the seventh rank, and as such will be 
examined shortly. But to clear the ground as we go on : let us 
see how a R P at its 6th may be stopped under ordinary conditions. 
At the outset this much is clear, it cannot be pinned. To gain time 
recourse must therefore be had to (a) blocking and (c) threatened 
capture. See Diagram II. 1 Q to Kt 8 ch, K to B 7, 2 Q to B 7 ch, 
K to Kt 7, [Black must keep near his pawn lest he lose it by a 
divergent check from the Q, as in the present instance, where, if 
K enters on the Q's file, White Q checks at Q 6 winning the Pawn 
out of hand.] 3 Q to Kt 6 ch, K to R 8, 4 Q to Q 4 ch, K to 
Kt 8 (evidently best), 5 Q to Kt 4 ch, K to R 7, 6 K to K 4, and 
wins. If in Diagram II. the White King stood at say, K R 4 so as 
that the diagonal bearing on Black Q R 8 was clear, White could 
win the game by a different line of play : e.g., 1 Q to Kt 7 ch, 
K to Kt 8, [Best : for if 1 K to R 7, then 2 Q to Q B 3, and 
the Pawn is won next move, and if 1 K to any other available 
square, then Q to Q R sq.] 2 Q to Kt sq ch, K to R 7, 3 Q to K 3, 
K to Kt 7, 4 Q to Q 4 ch, K to Kt 8, 25 Q to Kt 4 ch, and the 
position is the same as in the leading play. 

4. P AT 7th op K, Q or Kt. It next awaits us to show the 
manner of procedure when the Pawn is advanced to the seventh 
square of K, Q, or Kt's file ; and we cannot do better than adopt 
a position by PhUidor (Ed. 1825.) 


m. lQtoKBSoh,KtoKt7, 2QtoKt4ch,KtoB7,3Q 
to B 1 cb, E to Et 7, 4 Q to E 3 (a recurrence of this move enables 
White to via because Black is forced to play his King in front of 
his Pawn), 4 K to B 8, 6 Q to B 3 ch, K to K 8, 6 K to B 6, (As 
often as the Pawn is blocked, White employs the iDterral in 
bringing back hia King.) 6 K to Q 7, 7 Q to Q 5 ch, K to Q B 2, 
8QtoQB4ch, KtoQ7, 9QtoQ4ch, Kto Q B2, 10 Qto 
K 3, K to Q 8, 11 Q to Q 3 ch, K to K 8, 12 K to Q 6, and by 
pursuing a aimilar mode of play the Pawn falls and the game is 
over. Kote here that the Black King, when the Pawn is blocked, 
is played alternately to B 7 and Q 7. It is generally supposed 
that a Fawn adTanced to the seventh square except on a Book or 
Bishop's file can always be captured as in Diagram III. The 
edition of Philidor, from which Diagram III. is taken, statea that the 
" Kings or Queen's Pawn, or the Pawn of either Knight advanced 
BO far (i.e. to the seventh) loaes." The verdict of the German 
Handbueh and the English Handbook is to the same effect. Such, 
however, is not the fact. Diagram TV. does not present features 
that strike one as very uulikely to occur in a game ; and yet White 
cannot win. Nor could he win if the position were shunted one 
or two files to the left, The reason is because the Black Pawn 
cannot be prevented from queening by any of the three courses 
of blocking, pinning, or advantageous capture. 

Other examplea might be given where the K and Q do not win 
against K and P at the seventh on K, Q, and Kt's file. But 
enough has been adduced to show that the general dictum must be 
modified so as to make allowance for those cases where the Pawn 



cannot be prevented from queening till the White King has been 
brought to co-operate with his own Queen, In the interesting part 
of the subject about to be handled many instances will be met 
with where the Black Pawn obtains royal honours, although for a 
very brief space. 

(To be continued,) 


By W. C. a, Rugby. 

Quse distincta patet bicoloribus area quadris, 
Hanc septem novies saltibus ambit eques. 
































































onab 1 

For the first correct solution received by the Editor a number 
of " Brentano " -will be given, and a newspaper exchange to 
subsequent solvers. 




Played in the St. George's Chess Club on the opening day of the 

new rooms, Dec 20th, 1881. 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 

5 P to B 3 

6 Castles 

7 P to Q 4 (6) 

8 Q to Kt 3 

9 B takes P ch 

(Mr. E. S.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B takes Kt P 
P to Q 3 (a) 
B takes P 
B takes R 
K to B sq (c) 

Notes by 

(Remove White's Q Kt.) 


(Mr. Wayte.) (Mr. E. S.) 
10 B takes Kt R takes B 
llKttoKt5 P to Q 4(d) 
12QtoKB3ch KtoK2 

13 Q to B 7 oh K to Q 3 

14 B to R 3 ch Kt to Kt 5 

15 QtksQPch(e)KtoK2 

16 Q tks K P ch K to B sq 

17 B tks Kt ch 

Black resigns. 

W. Watte. 
(a) Kt to B 3 is the best defence. 

(h) A fair risk at the odds : Black, in reply, should rather 
have taken P with P. 

(c) An opponent of Staunton's played here K to K 2, and 
Staunton notes ''This is not quite so bad as K to B sq.^ 
(Companion, p. 33.) It appears to us, however, that Black's game 
is not yet desperate. 

(d) Overlooking the fact that he cannot interpose Q at K B 3 
on account of Kt ts^es R P ch. A better move was Q to K sq, 
which we illustrate by a variation from a game actually played i 

Position after White's 11th move. 


mm ^ mm 




Q to K sq (!) 
KtoQ 2 
Q to Kt 3 

From a game at the St. George's Chess Club, odds of Q Kt, 

January 17th, 1882. 

White (Mr. Wayte.) Black (Mr. E. I. C.) 


12 Kt takes R P ch 12 

13 B to Kt 5 ch 13 

14 PtoQ5 14 
(Seeing the threatened mate by Q to R 3 ch, Black loses his 
presence of mind. He should have played 14 Kt to Q 5, 15 Q to 
R 3 ch, 15 Kt to K 3, 16 R takes B, 16 P to B 3 (1), and though 
Black loses two pieces for the Rook, his King escapes into safe 
quarters with a prospect of ultimately developing.) 

15 P takes Kt ch 15 P takes P 

16 Q takes R 16 B to Kt 2 

17 Q takes R 17 Q takes Kt 

18 Q takes B, and Black shortly resigned. 

(e) Much more conclusive than taking the Kt immediately. 

We have again to acknowledge the courtesy of the Vienna Tourney 
Committee in sending us the four following fine games. 


This and the next game were played in the 11th round 

on May 23rd. 


(Herr Hruby.) 

1 P to Q B 4 

2 P to K 3 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

6 B to Q 3 (a) 

6 Kt to R 3 

7 Castles 

8 P to B 3 

10 P to Q Kt 4 

11 Q R to R 2 

12 P to Kt 5 

13 P to K 4 (c) 

14 P takes P 

15 P to Q 5 

(English Opening.) 


(Mr. Mason.) 
P to K B 4 
Kt to K B 3 
PtoK 3 
BtoK 2 
P to Q Kt 3 
B to Kt 2 
Kt to B 3 (b) 
K to R sq 
Q to K sq 
P to Q R 4 
Kt to Q sq 
P takes P 
PtoK 4 
B to B 4 ch 


(Herr Hruby.) 

16 K to R sq 

17 Kt to R 4 

18 Kt takes B 

19 P takes B 

20 Q R to K B 2 

21 Q to R 5 (e) 

22 R takes R ch 

23 Q takes Q ch 

24 R to B 7 

25 P to Kt 6 

26 R takes B P 

27 B to Q 2 

28 B to B 2 

29 B tks Q R P 

30 R tks Kt (g) 


(Mr. Mason.) 
B to B sq (d) 
B takes Kt 
Kt P takes Kt 
Kt to Q 2 
Kt to Kt 2 
Kt takes R 
R takes Q 
R to B sq 
R to Kt sq 
Kt to Q sq 
Kt to Kt 2 
R takes R 


31BtoB4 RtoEB2 

33BtoB6 EttoQ2 

33 P to Kt 7 Kt to Kt aq 

34 B to Et 6 Et to R 3 

3SBtoR7 RtoBeq 

36 B to Et 5 Et to Et sq ' 

37 P to Q R i Resigns. 

NoTBB B< G. K Raheeit. 

(a) In practice we have found P to E Et 3 and B to Et 2 a 
better mode of developing the E B in this opening ; it also pre- 
vents Black &om obtaining the long diagonal for his Q B, which 
has then no satie&ctory outlet. 

(h) P to Q B 4 should have been played here, even thongh 
White apparently coold safely reply with P to Q 6. 

(c) White has now an incomparahle superiority of poaition, 
owing partly to the vicious character of Black's opening, and partly 
to his neglecting to play P to Q B 4 at his 8th move. 

(d) If B to Q 6, then Et to Et 5 and B 3 ; Black, however, 
does ill presently in escbanging his other B for a Et. 

(e) The following is the situation after this fine move, to 
which Black has no good answer ; P to Et 3 perhaps was his best, 
the move of the Et lets in White's Rook, and loses an important 

Blaoe (Hr. Uasok.) 

■Whitb (Hebb Hrbbt.) 



(f) If Kt to Q sq, then 26 R takes B P, R to Kt sq, 27 B to 
Q 2, and Black oannot take the Pawn without losmg a piece. The 
two Bishops now tell forcibly against the two Kts, and gradually 
work their way on to victory. 

(g) A sound sacrifice, leading to a speedy finish. 


(Four Knights' Game.) 


(HerrSchwarz.) (Capt. Mackenzie. 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 

4 B to Kt 5 

5 Castles 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Kt takes P 

8 Kt takes Kt 

9 B to Q 3 

10 Kt to R 4 

11 Kt takes B 

12 P to K B 4 

13 R to K sq 

14 P takes P (6) 

15 B to K 3 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to B 3 
B to B 4 (a) 
P takes P 
BtoQ 2 
P takes Kt 
B to Kt 3 
R P takes Kt 
QtoK 2 
Q to B 4 ch 
Q takes Q P 
QtoQ 3 


) (HerrSchwarz.)(Capt. Mackenzie.) 

19 Q R to Q sq Q to B 3 

20 P to Q Kt 3 

21 B to B 2 


17 P to K R 3 (c) P to B' 4 

18 Q to B 2 K R to K sq 

22 B takes R 

23 B to B 3 

24 B to Kt 2 

25 Q to B 3 

26 B to K B sq 

27 P to K Kt 4 

28 P to Kt 5 

29 P takes Kt 

Q R to Q sq 
R takes R ch 
R to K sq 
P to Kt 3 (d) 
B to B sq (tf) 
K to Kt 2 (/) 
Q to K 3 (g) 
K to B sq i]i) 
QtoK 5 

30 Q to Kt 3 

31 R to K sq {%) R to K 5 

32 R takes R Q takes R 

33 B to K 5 P to K R 4 

34 K to B 2 Q to B 7 ch 

35 B to K 2 Resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) The double Ruy Lopez, though dull enough, is considered 
a safer defence. At his next move Black should Castle, as White 
cannot win a Pawn by B takes Kt. 

(h) If P to K 5, the Kt of course goes to Kt 5, threatening 
the dangerous check at B 4. 

• {c) We could not have resisted the temptation of playing 
P to Q B 5 here, followed, if P took P, by Q to B 2 and Q R to 

(d) A weak move, and the incipient cause of the loss of the 
game, which was the first scored against Capt. Mackenzie in this 
tourney. He could not of course play Kt to K 5 without losing a 
piece, and P to K R 3 would obviously not be good. He might. 


however, have retired the B to B sq, in which case, if White 
attempted to win a Pawn, he must lose another in return, e.g., 
22 B to 6 sq, 23 B takes Et, Q takes B, 24 B takes P ch, K to 
R sq, 26 B to Q 3, Q takes P, Ac. If, instead of B to Q 3, White 
played 25 R to K B aq, then P to Kt 3, 26 P to B 5, B takes P, 
27 E takes B (he has nothing better, for if 27 P to K Kt 4, Q to 
Q G ch, 28 Q to B 2, B to K 3), Q takes R, 29 Q takes Q, P takes 
Q, 30 B takes P, R to E 7 and wins. We give a diagram of the 
position after White's 23rd move. 

Blaok (Capt. Uaokenzib.) 

White (Herb Sohwarz.) 

(e) Et to R 4 was his best resource now, followed by P to 
B 3 if White continued with 25 Q to B 3, and by Et to B 6 if he 
played 25 P to B 5 ; if instead White moved the R to K B sq, 
Blaok would seem to escape by P to B 4, 36 Q to B 3, K to B 2. 

(/) We see do objection to R to K 3, which promises a much 
better line of defence. 

(g) R to K 3 would still avert the loss of a piece, for if 
White then advanced the Et P the answer would be B to Et 2. 

(h) Ingenious, bat unavailing ; of course if Q takes Kt, Block 
mates in three moves. 

(i) All this is very finely calculated by Herr Schwans ; if now 
Q takes B, White, by exchanging Rooks and checking at £ 3, 
either wins the Q or mates. 



Played on the 34th May, in the twelfth round of 

the tourney. 

(Centre Gambit) 





1 P to g 4 


11 BtoB3 

B takes B 

2 P to Q 4 

P takes P 

12 Q takes B 

Kt to Q Kt 

3 Q takes P 

Kt to Q B 3 

sq (d) 

4 Q to K 3 (a) 



B takes Kt 

6 B to Q 2 


U P takes B 

QtoB 4 

6 Kt to Q B 3 


15 P toKKtS 

Kt takes P 


K Kt to K 2 

16 Kt to Q 4 

Q toQ2 

8 Castles 

BtoK 3 

17 KttoKt5(e) P to Q B 3 

9 Kt to B 3 


ISKttksRPohEtoB 2 

10 Kt to Q 5 (c) 

Castles Q R 

Black (Caft 


White (Mr. Tsohiqoein.) 
Position after Black's I8th move. 

JB R takes Kt (/) P takes R 
aOBtoKtS QtoK3 
21 Q to B 3 ch K to Kt 3 
S2 E R to K sq K tks Kt (^) 

23 R takes Q F takes R 

24 Q to K 3 ch K to R sq 

25 Q to R 3 ch Kt to R 3 

26 B takes Kt P takes B 



27 Q takes P ch K to Et sq 

28 Q to Et 6 ch E to B sq 
29PtoQEt4 ERtoEBq(A) 

30QtoR7 PtoE4 

31 P to Et 5 Black resigns, (i) 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(a) It has been repeatedly stated, eyen by so accurate a 
writer as Zakertort {Ghesa-Mcmthlyy III. 84), that this opening 
was first played by W. Paulsen against Winawer in the Berlin 
tournament last autumn. As a matter of fact, the leading moves 
have been in the Handhuch since 1864, and taken thence in C. P. (7. 
1870-1, 11. 227. The most that can be claimed for Herr W. 
Paulsen is that he saw there was more in the attack than had pre- 
yiouslv been imamned. Now that its novelty is worn off, there is 
no re<^on for tU^ng it particularly strong/ 

'{h) There are two leading cases for this opening ; a consulta- 
tion game between L. Paulsen, Riemann, and Schallopp v. Black- 
bume, Minckwitz, and Schwarz, where the defence as played in the 
text wins ((7. P, C, Oct. 4th, 1881, following Schachzeitung for 
Oct. p. 307) ; and Winawer v. Riemann, noted by Zukertort as 
above and by Steinitz in Field, Oct. 1st, 1881, where the attack 
wins against the old book defence 4 B to Et 5 ch, 5 P to B 3, B to 
R 4, 6 Q to Et 3, Q to B 3. An examination of the notes to 
these games will show that the result of either variation ought to 
have been equality. (In B. C. M., I. 354, the notes are rather too 
favourable to the attack.) 

(ej In the consultation game just referred to, this move was 
played earlier. It seems more effective now that White is more 
fully developed. 

(d) Black must provide against the strangulation of his 
*Queen by Et to B 6 ; and it makes little difference whether he re- 
treats the Et at once or first takes off Et with B, necessitating Et 
to Et sq. 

(eJ White has judiciously refrained from taking R P with 
Queen. He now threatens the same happy despatch upon the 
adverse Eing which the other Et had previously offered to the 
Queen. Mr« Tschigorin, like Othello, is evidently partial to 
'** smothered mate." 

(fj A fine and perfectly sound sacrifice, admirably followed up. 

(g) Had the Queen gone to any available square, White won 
easily by 23 Q to Q 4 ch, 23 E to R 4, 24 R to E 3, or if 23 E to 
B 2, 24 R to E 7 ch, &c. 

(hj The copying-press here leaves us in some uncertainty as 
to which Rook was played. If it was Q R to E sq, White could 
of course have won the Q P with a check, but in all probability 
would have continued as in the text. 

(ij The mate by P to Et 6 and Q to B 7 cannot be stopped 
but at the cost of the Eing's Rook, if R to Q 2. 


Played on the 30th May, ia the Bixteanth rsund of the tourney. 

(Mr. SteinitB.) { 

3 P to K 6 (a) 

4 Kt to K B 3 
B P to K Kt 3 
6 B to Kt 2 
7P toQ3 

8 P takes P 

9 Caatles 

10 P to B 3 

11 Kt to R 3 

12 Et to B 2 

13 Kt to K 3 

14 Kt to Et 4 
16 Et tks B ch 






(Hot Sehian) 

(Mr.Stemlts.) (Herr Sohwarj.> 


16 Kt to E 4 



17 P takes P 


Kt to Q B 3 

18 Q to Kt 4 ch 





BtoK 3 

20 P to Q 4 



21 E to K sq 

B P take. P 


22 P Ukes P 

P to K 6 {«) 

B takes? 

23 B to B 4 



24 Q E to B sq 


B to Et sq (c) 

25 B to B 7 


P to Q Kt 3 

26 Q to Kt 6 cb 

Kt (E sq) to 


Kt 3 


27 B takes E P 



28 B to Q B sq 



Black (Hebr Sohw&be.) 

White (Mr. Steihitz.) 
Position after Black's 28th more. 



29 RtksKRP(^) R tks B (h) 
30RtoR6 RtoQ3 

31 Kt tks Kt and Black resigns. 

Notes by W. Wattb. 

(aj An interesting novelty, first tried by Steinitz against 
Fleissig in the seventh round. The intention is to capture which- 
ever Pawn Black advances, and to open the K file : for the Pawn 
if left here would be weak, as is well known. 

(bj Fleissig played 2 P to Q 4, and on White taking en p, 
retook with B. This, though it failed against a superior player, 
seems to us decidedly the right course : Black is first in the field, 
and the move has passed to the other side ; White of course re- 
taining the advantage of the open file, whatever that may be 

fcj A lost move and leading to further loss of time later on : 
see move 23. But it is not easy to develop the Q B without 
weakening the centre Pawns : P to Q 4, followed by B to Q 2, is 
perhaps best. 

(d) Black preserves his centre, but at the cost of exposing" 
the King to a direct attack. Of course, if Q takes Kt, 16 Kt 
takes P wins a Pawn or the exchange. 

(ej P takes P was out of the question, on account of R takes 

(fj R to B sq was perhaps not free from objections, but was 
at any rate better than letting in the Rook. 

fgj How fine all this is I We have hitherto made no remarks 
on Steinitz's play, not wishing to " gild refined gold " or " paint 
the lily " : but we say this once for all. 

(h) He might as well have resigned here. If 29 K takes R, 
30 Q to R 6 ch and 31 Kt takes Kt : and then just look at his 

GAME ex. 
Played in the second round of the Vienna Tourney. 

The moves are taken from the Chess Player's Chronicle. 

(Giuoco Piano.) 


(Mr. Bird.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to B 3 


(Herr Fleissig.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B toB4 
P to Q 3 


(Mr. Bird.) 

5 P to Q Kt 4 

6 Q to Kt 3 

7 P to Q R 4 

8 P to Kt 5 


(Herr Fleissig.) 
B to Kt 3 
Q'to K 2 
P to Q R 4 (a) 
Kt to Q sq 



9 P to Q 3 

10 Q Kt to Q 2 

11 Kt to B sq 

12 Q to B 2 

13 Kt to K 3 

14 B takes B 

15 Kt to B 4 

16 Kt takes B 

17 Q to Kt 3 

18 B to K 3 

19 Castles K R 

20 Q R to K sq 

21 P to Q 4 

22 B to B sq (d) 

23 P takes P 

24 B to Kt 2 

25 P to Kt 3 

26 R to K 3 

27 Kt takes P 

28 Q to B 2 

29 Kt to B 5 

30 K R to K sq 

31 P to B 4 (h) 

32 R takes Kt 

Kt to K B 3 
Kt to K 3 
Kt to B 4 (b) 
BtoK 3 
Castles K R 
P takes B 
Q Kt to Q 2 
Kt takes Kt 
Q Kt to Q 2 
P to Q Kt 3 (c) 
K to R sq 
Kt to R 4 
Q R to K sq 
P takes P 
PtoK 4 
Kt to B 5 
Kt to Kt 3 (e) 
P takes P 
Kt to B 4 
RtoB 2 
Kt to K 4 (g) 
Kt to B 6 ch 
R takes Kt 

34 Q to B 4 
36 P to K 5 (i) 

36 Q to Q 4 

37 Q to Q sq 

38 R to Q 3 

39 P to B 5 (j) 

40 P to R 4 

41 K to R 2 

42 Q to B 3 

43 R takes Q 

44 K to Kt 2 

45 R to B 4 (A:) 

46 R takes R 

47 P takes Kt 

48 B takes P 

49 B to K 5 

50 B takes B P 

51 K to B 3 

52 B takes P 

53 B to B 7 

54 B to K 5 

55 P takes R 

RtoB 2 
PtoQ 4 
Kt to K 3 
PtoQ 5 
Kt to Kt 4 
Kt to R 6 ch 
Kt to B 7 
Q takes Q 
Kt to Kt 5 ch 
Kt takes P 
Kt to Q 6 
Kt takes R ch 
R takes R 
Rto K 5 
R takes R P 
R to Kt 5 
K to Kt sq 
R takes Kt P 
PtoR 5 
R takes B 
PtoR 6 

Notes by C. E. Ranebn. 

(a J Best probably in this position, as the Kt can proceed 
via Q sq to K 3 ; usually, however, it is safer to move the 
P to R 3. 

(b) The Kt is badly placed here, and only drives the Q to a 
more useful square. Kt to R 4, threatening to go to B 5, looks 

('cj Here again we favour Kt to R 4, as the Kt cannot then 
be prevented from coming to B 5. 

fd) Much stronger than doubling the Pawns ; we now prefer 
White's game. 

(ej If Kt to R 6 ch, 26 K to Kt 2, Kt to Kt 4, 27 Kt to 
R 4, &c. 

(f) Q to Q 2 or B sq is better, threatening to take the K P 
with Kt. 

(g) The best move, for he could not of course now take the 
K P, and Kt to K 2 would be answered by Kt to R 6, winning the 
exchange. The position has become interesting and difficult for 
both sides, so we present a diagram of it after Black's 30th 

Bl&ok (HntB Fuuseio.) 

White (Mb. Bibd.) 

(h) This allows of an ingenious exdiange of Kts to the 
enemy's advantage ; he should first have withdrawn his own Kt 

(i) An imprudent advanoe ;BtoQlorE to B 2 was, we 
think, the right play. 

(j) This also is weak, but evidently he was unprepared for 
what follows ; his best course, perhaps, vaa to offer the exchange 
of Queens. 

(k) Which loses the exchange. White seems demoralised, 
he should have played R to Kt 3, but anyhow we do not think he 
oould save the game. 


The following fine game was played in the sixth round of the 
Vienna Tourney. (From the Field.) 

(Centre Gambit) 



lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 P to Q 1 F takes P 

3 Q takes P Q to B 3 (a) 

4QtoK3 KttoQBS 

6 Kt to Q B 3 Kt to Q 6 

6BtoQ3 BtoQB4 



7 Q to K Kt 3 

8 B to K B 4 

9 B to K 3 

10 Q takes B 

11 B to B sq 

12 P to K Kt 3 

13 Castles 

U P to K B 4 

15 P to K R 4 

16 Q Kt to K 2 

17 P to K R 5 

18 P to K R 6 ((i) 

19 Q to Q B 5 

20 Q takes Kt P 

K Kt to K 2 
Kt to K 3 
B takes B 

P to Q R 3 
P to Q Kt 4 
QtoK 3 
Kt to R sq 
Kt to B 4 
Kt tks R P (e) 
P to Q R 4 

21 Q to Q 4 

22 Kt to Q B 3 

23 Q to B 5 

24 Kt to B 3 

25 P to R 3 {g) 

26 K takes R 

27 B to Kt 5 {h) 

28 Q takes B P 

29 K R to K sq 

30 R takes Q P 

31 R to Q 8 

32 R takes R ch 

33 R to K 8 oh 

R to Q Kt 5 
B to Q Kt 2 
R takes Kt P 
B takes Kt 
R to K B sq 
Q to K Kt 5 
Q tks K Kt P 
P to Kt 3 (t) 
K takes R 

Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) If this was played to tempt White to advance the K P, 
it was too shallow a device for such a contest^ for of course the 
reply would have been Kt to Q B 3. We can hardly suppose that 
Black had this intention, but in any case the sally of the Queen 
to a square where she is a mark for attack is not to be com- 

(h) At his last move Black should have played P to Q 3 
instead of exchanging Bishops, and now either Q to B 5 or P to 
B 3 seems the best course. 

(cj Premature, before pursuing his own attack further he 
ought to provide a good retreat for his Kt by R to K sq. 

(d) The infantry man pursues too far. White would do well 
to make good first the safety of his own quarters by K to Kt sq ; 
if then Black played B to Kt 2, P to Q 4, or P to K B 4, the 
reply would be B to Kt 2, followed by Kt to Q 4. 

(e) Q takes K P was the correct move here. 

(f) Mr. Steinitz says that Herr Winawer pointed out to him 
the following fine combination in case Black took the R P. Sup- 
pose, 21 Q takes R P, 22 Kt to Q B 3, Q to R 8 ch (if Q to K 3, 
then B to B 4) [Kt to Q 5 is better still. C. E. RJ 23 K to Q 2, 
Q takes P, 24 R to Kt sq, Q to R 6, 25 Kt to Kt 5, Q takes P, 
(if Q to R 7, the answer is R to R sq, and if Q to K 2, Kt takes P, 
winning a piece) 26 Kt to K 2, Q to Kt 3, 27 R to K Kt sq and 
wins the Queen. 

(g) The combat thickens, and its complexities are not small; 
for those who may wish to unravel them we give a diagram of the 
position after White's 25th move, which must have cost him much 
calculation in view of what Black threatened. 


Black (Mr. TscHiaoRitr.) 

White (Hi!BR Winawbe.) 

Ck) K to B sq would lead only to equality, whereas this wins. 
Obrioosly Black cannot now play P to Q B 3 on account of Et to 

fi) Leaving himaelf open to a mate. Et to Et 3 would have 
prolonged tbe game, but White of course must win, barring 


Played in the nineteenth round at Vienna, and as pretty an 

example of Blackbume's genius as could be desired. Tbe score is 

taken from Land and Water. 

(Three Enights' Game.) 


(HeirWinawer.) (Mr. Blackbume.) 
IPtoEi PtoKi 

2EttoQB3 EttoEBS 

3 Kt to B 3 P to Q 3 (a) 

4 P to Q 1 P takes P 


{Herr Winitwar.) (Mr. Blackbime.) 

5 Q takes P B to K 2 

6 B to E Kt 5 Castles 

7 Castles Et to B 3 
8QtoQ2 BtoE3 



9 P to Q R 3 (&) 

10 P to R 3 

11 B takes Et 

12 Kt to Q 5 

13 P takes B 

15 P to K R 4 

16 P to R 5 

17 Kt to Q 4 

18 Q takes P 

19 Q to R 4 

20 Kt to Kt 3 

21 B to Q 3 (/) 

P to Q R 3 
P to Q Kt 4 
B takes B 
B takes Kt 
Kt to K 2 
Kt to Kt 3 
R to K sq 
P to Kt 5 (d) 
R to Kt sq 
Kt to B 6 (e) 
QtoK 2 
R to Kt 3 

22 P 

23 B 

24 K 

25 K 

26 R 

27 R 

28 B 

29 B 

30 K 

31 Q 

32 K 

33 Q 

toB 3 
R to B sq 
to Kt sq 
takes Kt 
to Q sq 
takes R 
toB 2 
to B sq 
to K 4 (h) 
takes R 

K R to Kt sq 
Q to K 7 (g) 
B to Kt 4 ch 
Kt to Q 7 ch 
B takes R 
R takes Kt 
B takes P 
R takes P ch 
R to Kt sq 
R to Kt 8 ch 
Q to Kt 4 ch 
B takes Q and 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Safe, and promising dulness, but no fear of that with Mr. 

(b) This move is weak, and his two next weaker still, he had, 
however, already compromised his position by not bringing out 
his K B, and by Castling too early on the Q side. 

(c) Not like Winawer's usual style ; this P should surely go 
to Kt 4 if anywhere, but we prefer B to Q 3. 

(d) We agree with Mr. Steinitz in doubting the soundness of 
this had White taken with the P. 

(e) Beautifully played ; if the Kt takes, then B takes P ch, 
and Q to B 3 wins. 

(/) B to Kt 2, to get rid of the hostile Kt, looks more like 
gaining time for resisting the coming attack. 

(g) White is in the toils now ; yet in no commonplace way, as 
the next few brilliant strokes testify, is he demolished by his skil- 
ful opponent. 

(h) Fatal ! but of course in such a position nothing could be 
of any avail. The game was continued for more than twenty 
moves further, and eventually Black won by advancing his Pawns. 


Ye amateurs of England, 
Who play at home at ease. 
How little do ye think upon 
Chess labours Viennese. 

And so the great struggle is over at last. How thankful the com- 
batants must be ! This is the first thought which naturally occurs 
to us on on reflecting upon all that they have had to go through. 



To play a game like Chess in a crowded and heated room for four, 
six, or eight hours at a stretch, and that almost daily for a period 
of six weeks, would in itself be a great achievement, but to play 
such a game with the first masters of it as your opponents, and 
where so much depended on the issue, must tax to the utmost the 
mental powers and bodily frame of the strongest No wonder 
then that we should hear of some of the competitors breaking 
down, no wonder that some who began well, and who seemed in a 
fair way to repeat their former victories, should afterwards fall 
back, and have to be content with a lower place. It is of course 
a great pity that a contest like this should become to so consider- 
able an extent a -trial of physical endurance, but we suppose it 
could not be helped ; and in saying this we do not for a moment 
wish to detract from the credit of the conquerors. All honour to 
their skill, and steady perseverance. All honour especially to Mr. 
Steinitz, who, malgrS his bad beginning, and the encumbrance of 
his editorial labours, gradually worked his way up to the position 
he now holds. But none the less honour to Mr. Blackbume for 
his pluck in fighting on though oppressed with real illness. 

The Vienna tourney of 1882 will be ever memorable for the 
exceeding closeness and exciting finish of the contest, which had 
become some time before its conclusion a neck and neck race 
between several of the foremost competitors. It was evident in 
the few last days of the conflict that, barring unexpected eventu- 
alities, the chief honours would lie among seven, or at the most 
eight of the combatants, but few perhaps anticipated how very 
uncertain it was even to the last which six would be the actusd 
prize winners. The result as all our readers by this time already 
know, was that Messrs. Steinitz and Winawer tied for the highest 
place with a score of 24 won games each, Mr. Mason came next 
with 23 games, Messrs. Mackenzie and Zukertort stood equal for 
4th and 5th prizes with 22^ games each, and Mr. Blackbume 
obtained the 6th prize with the score of 21^ games. We heartily 
congratulate both M. Winawer and our American cousins on their 
most well deserved success. From the very first all three took a 
good position, and steadily maintained it to the end, and the issue 
will of course place them in the highest rank of first class tourney 
players. To those, however, who, like Messrs. Steinitz and Zuker- 
tort, began with inferior expectations, and afterwards recovered 
their lost ground, even greater praise is, we think, due. 

We cannot help feeling sorry that, as at Berlin, none of the 
native players obtained a place in' the prize list, for it must be 
mortifying that those who inaugurated the tourney, and provided 
the funds, should not be thus represented. However, we cannot all 
be winners, and from the excellence of their play there is no room 
to doubt that the Austrian competitors will be foremost by and by 


in some future oonteat The special priae of £32 for making the 
beat score with the three chief winners fell to the lot of Mr. Zuker- 
tort. The following is a table of the complete acorea in the 
actual tourney. 

Br. Noa retired from the tourney after complating half his 
games, and Herr Fleissig soon followed him. On playing off the 
ties, each of the four equals won one game, by which result they 
were confirmed in their previous position, so that the first and 
second prizes, worth respectively £240 and £100, were divided 
between Messrs. Steinitz and Winawer, while the fourth and fifth 
prizes (i:32 and £24) were shai'ed by Messrs. Mackenzie and 
Zukcrtort. The third prize was valued at .£4S, and the sixth at 

We shall recur next month to the final proceedings of the 
Congress, and insert such further particulars as now, owing to 
vant of space, we are compelled to omit Meanwhile, we desire to 
record our grateful sense of the courtesy of the Committee in 
aending us some of the games played, and we hope that this 
vbolesome example will be a precedent to be followed in all futurs 


B. C. M. Acrostic Tourney. — Receiyed — " Lindenhurst " ; 
" Morphy versus Mammon " ; " Drawn unto a host." 

Present state of score in B. C. M. Tourney — Coates, 2, Bridg- 
water 3, Balson, 1|, Dorrington, Millard, and Gates, 1 each, 
Vincent J. Mr. Lambert and Mr. Fisher are the only players who 
have not yet finished a game, but the former is conducting four at 
once, and Messrs. Coates, Erskine, Bridgwater, and Balson three 

We have received the two opening numbers of the " Wood- 
bridgian," a new school magazine containing a Chess department. 
With many pleasant recollections of our own modest beginnings, 
we have much gratification in holding out the right hand of fellow- 
ship and recommending the youngster to our readers for their 
patronage. The general contents of the periodical are very varied 
and eminently readable, and the Chess columns open in an 
interesting and amusing manner. The magazine will be published 
six times a year and the subscription, including postage, is only 
1/9. Address— Editors of "The Woodbridgian," The School 
House, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 

We are authorised by Miss F. F. Beechey, who is always to the 
fore in all good things likely to benefit and amuse, to offer 
a copy of Bland's Chess Player's Annual for the best essay on 
" Does a faculty for Chess indicate other high intellectual powers]*' 
The articles to be sent to Miss F. F. Beechey, Dovedale House, 
Matlock Bath, by Oct. 1st, with mottoes only. Corresponding 
mottoes, with names and addresses of competitors, to John Wat- 
kinson, Fairfield, Huddersfield, in sealed envelopes. The winning 
essay, if worthy, to be published in B. C. M. No limit to the 
length of the essays. 

We have pleasure in informing our readers that we have at 
length obtained a supply of Samuel Loyd*s treatise on "Chess 
Strategy.*' So far as our examination has gone it is the most 
interesting book in its line we have ever met with. It contains an 
exposition of the author's views on all phases of the problem art, 
and is illustrated by 535 of Mr. Loyd's best problems on diagrams. 
The solutions accompany the problems, so the reader has not to 
tax his powers in solving, nor to trouble himself in looking for the 
keys in another part of the work. We shall be glad to furnish 
intending purchasers with copies at 12/- each, post free. 

We have been favoured by Mr. Miles with advanced proof- 
sheets of a portion of his new volume, and are most favourably 
impressed with their contents. As a proof of this we hereby 
authorise the gifted author to double the number of copies we had 
previously ordered of the work. This we think will raise the total 
to eight. We hope that all our readers will at least enter their 
names for one copy. They will not regret the small outlay. 


Chess in Brighton. ^ ^ 

The match between Messrs. W. T. Pieroe and H. Erskine has been 
won by the former with a score of 7 to 5 ; 3 games being drawn. 
The victor has arranged a match of 7 games with Mr. A. A. 
Bowley, which will, no dOubt, prove to be interesting, as the latter, 
some time since, also vanquished Mr. Erskine in a match. The 
score at present^stands : — Bowley 4, Pierce 1, drawn 2. 

A new club, under the patronage of Sir R. Dacres, G.C.B., 
and other distinguished gentlemen, has been formed at the Hove 
(the West end of Brighton) Reading Rooms, Grand Avenue. 
The Committee consists of Major General Russell (President), Mr. 
W. T. Pierce (Hon. Sec), Lieut. Col. Larkins- Walker, Mr. H. 
Erskine, and Dr. Barnes. The inaugural meeting was held on the 
24th ult., when Mr. H. W. Butler (Chess Editor of the Brighton 
Guardian) played " blindfold " and simultaneously against three 
of the members, losing to Major General Mercer and Mr. H. J^ 
Lanchester, and drawing with Mens. J. C. F. Riviere. M. 

Chess in Scotland. 

The new West of Scotland Cup is the trophy now being competed 
for in a Tourney now drawing to a close at the Glasgow Chesa 
Club. There were ten entrants, including Sheriff Spens, Mr. Crum, 
Mr. Gilchrist, of the above Club, and Mr. James Young of the 
Central Club. The possible winners are reduced to two — Mr. 
Crum and Mr. Young. The latter player has been showing 
excellent " form." 

The championship of the Glasgow Club has now been decided 
in favour of Mr. Crum. In the Tourney Mr. Crum and Mr. 
Gilchrist had equal scores, and in the tie match the former has 
come out winner. 

A few strong players of the Central Club have seceded, and 
are now playing in more comfortable quarters at the Athensaumj 
where now a good game may be had any afternoon or evening. T. 

Award of the Judge, Miss F. F. Beechey. 

Ist Prize, "Good, my lord, &c." — Mr. J. Pierce, M.A., Birkenhead. 

C " Conamur tenues grandia." — Rev. Henry Hodgson^ 
2nd Prize, I Ashwell. 

( " X. Q. Smee." — Mr. John Russell, Glasgow. 
We publish No. I. in this number and in our next the two 
bracketed equal will see the light. Two others have been received 
with the mottoes " Parvulus Ludus " and " One more," the compo- 
sitions respectively of Mr. Robert Bennett, Wisbech, and Mr. J. P. 
Taylor, London. These we shall probably print in a later issue. 


IsT Prizb: Mb. J. Pueroe, M.A. 
Motto : " Good, my lord, will you see the players well bestowedl ^ 


Hayb we no voice to sing thy praise, sublime 

Calssa 1 Who from depths of distant time 

Hast with thy steady light the wise allur'd 

And made life new. What pains have been endur'd 

Unfelt beneath thy smile 1 Melpomene 

The noblest verse hath fired ; and strains there be 

Deathless of battle and the god of arms ; 

Thou too art worthy ; thine unfading charms 

Still own their ancient power ; yea and to those 

Who know thee, more and more dost thou disclose 

Those depths serene of thought which, like the blue 

Of heaven above us, deepen as we view. 

Thy victories are bloodless, yet how keen 
The rapture of the strife ; for then is seen 
The strategy, the sacrifice, the blow 
Sudden but strong that lays the victim low 
And paralyses all his boasted power. 
So 'mid dread hush, two mighty storm-clouds lower 
In act to meet ; how grim the space between ! 
At length the. fierce encounter ; then the sheen 
Of lightning leaps from forth the cavernous glooms, 
Above the trembling earth the thunder booms 
And echoes to the hills : the hissing rain 
Downsweeps ; and then again and yet again 
Glares the red flame that kills ; and in the strife 
The tempest revels, till its awful life 
Ebbs out and all is peace. 

Such joy they know 
Who o'er thy chequered board meet, foe to foe. 

Nor this thy sole delight : true poesy 
Lives in the contest rare that fancy free 
Creates and perfects with an artist's power. 
Only the patient seeker can the dower 
Of thy full beauty here successful find. 
So have I seen in rough, forbidding rind 
Of hardest flint the richest agate cas'd ; 
When polished o'er, what veins cerulean trac'd 
Thro* its translucent depths, what gorgeous hues 
Of amber moss and green ! Such lights transfuse 
The Problem : such to thine immortal fame, 
The fiery joy that fills thy stem-set Game. 




7th June, 1882. 
Dear Sir, 

I am sorry to find that Problem No. 114 is unsoimd. 
I received cooks of it in the following order : — On the 3rd inst. 
from Mr. W. F. Wills of Houghton-le-Spring ; on the 4:th from Mr. 
T. B. Rowland of Clontarf, Dublin ; on the 5th from Mr. Meyer 
of Sydenham, Mr. C. E. Hobson of Huddersfield, and Mr. Locke 
Holt of Wrexham. I have since received one from W. of St. 
Philip's Club, Finsbury, and an anonymous one from Sudbury. 
Mr. Rowland alone sent my solution as well as the cook. I there- 
fore give one of the books named as 1st prize to him, and one to 
Mr. Wills ; and to each of the three whose letters arrived on the 
5th, I give a copy of the Supplement to Chess Gems. I have sent 
to all a corrected copy of the Problem. 

I am. Dear Sir, 

Yours truly, 
J. Watkinbon, Esq. J. A. MILES. 


A. L. S., Bedford. — We destroyed diagram alluded to in our 
May number. Possibly the problem may have been wrongly 
transcribed. That is the case with your later version as well as 
the two-mover No. 5, both of which are impossible of solution as 
they stand, although remediable by a proper distribution of rings ! 

T. B. R., Clontarf. — Thanks for problems. In the three-mover 
with 24 pieces. White can simplify matters by 1 R takes B ch, 
2 Q to Q B 8, which cuts out much of your solution. 

One of Them. — We agree with you that the line is faulty, 
while a second mark of elision would have made it correct but 
conspicuously ugly. But, de giMhus, ^e. We wish you " better 
luck next time." 

F. B. Phelps, U.S.A. — ^Your three-mover is defective. On 
move 2 White can also play Kt to B 7. 

Brerdands Monthly. — ^Thanks for problem by 0. F. J., New 
York. The author has probably overlooked that, if Black play 
1 E to K 3, White can also proceed via 2 B to B 3, 3 Kt mates. 

C. E. T., Clifton. — Problems to hand and welcome. 

W. F. Payne, if-. 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 

B. C. M. TouRNBY No. I. — In consequence of protracted 
absence abroad and the pressure of other and more important 
work, G. W. of Sunbury has been reluctantly compelled to resign 
the office of judge in this tourney, which owes its existence to his 
suggestions and liberality. The competitors will doubtless unite 
with us in regretting our friend's retirement. As, however, Mr. 
W. T. Pierce has kindly placed his services at our disposal, we feel 
assured that satisfaction will be ultimately given to all concerned. 
Mr. Pierce having only commenced judicial operations at the 
eleventh hour, without any previous knowledge of the competing 
problems, some delay became inevitable, but the award will 
probably appear in our next. 

Brentano's Chess Magazine 4-movb Tourney. — The April 
number reached us so late in May that we were unable to announce 
particulars of the award in this contest in our last. We now 
learn that the result has been modified by the unexpected collapse 
of Mr. J. G. Nix*s problem to which the second prize had 
been assigned. So far, therefore, as is at present known, the 
following is the prize list. 1. J. Dobrusky, Prague; 2. F. Schrii- 
fer, Bamberg, Bavaria ; 3. J. W. Abbott,* London ; 4. F. Schindler, 
Brunn, Bavaria ; 5. M. Jordan,* Sheffield ; 6. R. Sahlberg, Stock- 
holm. Out of 49 entries in the tourney only 22 survived analysis. 
Amongst the latter were 5 from this country out of 7 sent in, and 
Messrs. Abbott and Jordan have reason to rejoice at their position, 
considering that — among their foreign rivals either defeated or 
demolished by preliminary examination — were the distinguished 
names of Bayer, Chocholous, Hubert, Kauders, Pradignat, Lepret- 
tel, Lamouroux, Liberali, Nix, and Hawkins, with some others of 
no mean repute. It is curious, indeed, that — owing to the 
unlocked for downfall of Mr. Nix — ^American competitors find their 
share of the prizes reduced to nix, an altogether novel position for 
our cousins to occupy in an International Tourney of such impor- 
tance. We have small doubt they will reverse this result in the 
Brentano 3-move Competition, the award in which — ^now, like our 
contemporary's May number — considerably in arrear — has not 
reached us up to the time of writing this article. 

Brentano's Chess Monthly Frontispiece Competition No 2. 
— The contest in connection with Vol. I. having resulted in favour 
of Mr. J. C. J. Wain Wright, a second tourney on similar lines is 
announced to run through Vol. II. The prize offered is to the 
amount of 20 dollars in gold for the best 4-mover occupying the 

* We have pleasure in printing these problems on page 272, 


post of honour* Each month the best of those on hand, if 
marked by their authors as designed for the competition, will be 
selected by Mr. Babson who will ultimately award the prize. The 
competition is open to the world. Problems not securing a place 
as a frontispiece will be considered as general contributions unless 
the authors otherwise request. If desired, the unsuccessful ones 
will be returned. 

Allgembinb Spobt-Zeitung Problem Tourney. — The set contri- 
buted by Herr Salminger of Berlin, having been by mistake put out 
of competition as demolished, has now not only been reinstated by 
the judge, but actually awarded an equal share of the second prize. 

La Nuova Rivista degli Scacchi Fifth Problem Tourney. — 
The following are the conditions, condensed from our Italian con- 
temporary : — 

1. — Each competitor must contribute a direct problem in two 
moves, in which a separate and distinct mate can be given by the 
White Queen, both Books and Knights, one of the Bishops and 
one Pawn. As only one mate in each variation will be permissible, 
it follows that duals will essentially vitiate a composition. 

2. — The tourney is open to the world. 

3. — The usual sealed envelope and motto plan is to be observed. 
Competitors may send in more than one problem, ad libitum, but 
each composition must, in such cases, be accompanied by a diflferent 
motto and forwarded not later than the end of August for Italy, 
and the end of September next for other countries, addressed alia 
direzione della Nuova Rivista degli Scacchi^ via dei Floridi N. 1, 
Livomo, Tuscany. 

4. — The following prizes are offered : 1st, 50 lire, 2nd, 25 lire, 
3rd, The British Chess Magazine for one year, together with 
E. Orsini^s two collections of prize problems in tourneys from 
1877 to 1881. Diplomas of honour will be granted to the above 
and also to competitors who are honourably mentioned by the 
judge. Signer Carlo Salvioli, of Venice, whose award will be con- 
sidered final one month after its promulgation. 

Our contemporary issues special warnings against the use of a 
pseudonym or false name in the sealed envelope. Unless the true 
name and address is enclosed, disqualification will necessarily fol- 
low however worthy of a prize the problem may be. 

After the result of the tourney is published no competitor will be 
allowed to withdraw his set or to require that his name be kept secret. 

The Sui-mates by Messrs. Kayner and Wills in the present 
number have risen, phcenix like, from the fiery demolitions so 
scathingly prevalent in the late suicidal tourney of the Leeds 
Mercury. Mr. Rayner's phoenix has, however, surpassed the most 
fabulous exploits of the mythological bird by reproducing a brace 
from the ashes of one of the defunct. We hope all three may now 
stand fire. Solvers are invited to put them to the test. 


Bbb5Tano's Chess Uagazinb 4-hovb Tourhbt. 
3rd Prize Problem. By J. W. Abbott. 6th Prize Problem. By M. Jordan, 

WUte to pl»y and inata in torn mores. White to play tni mate in fonr jhotm. 


Problem III, by J. P. Lea.— I R to B 6, E takes R (a), 2 Kt 
to Q 9, B takes Et, 3 B to Q 2, ^ If 2 K takes Kt, 3 R takes 
B P ob, &C. (6) I R to R 4, 2 B takes R, B takes R, 3 B takes P, 
Jeo. If 2 B takes B, 3 P takes B, ko. 

Problem 112, by Miss F. F. Beechey.— I Q to Kt 3. 

Problem 113, by J, W, Abbott — The author's intention is 

1 Q to K sq, &0., but there are other solutions. 

Problem 114, by J. A. Miles. — Also faulty. Author's intention 
is Kt to Q 8, &a. 

Problem 115, by J. Pierce.— 1 Q to Q B sq, K to K 5 (a), 

2 B takes P ch, &o. (a) 1 Any, 2 Q to Q B 4, ch, &o. 

Problem 116, by A. L. S.— 1 Kt to R 4, B to Q 4 (a), 2 Q to 
Q B 7 ch, &C. (a) 1 B to B 5 oh, (b) 2 P takes B ch, &o. 
^) 1 Kt to K 6, (c) 2 P to Q 4 ch, &c. (c) 1 Any, 2 Kt to 
K B 3 ch, &c 

J. P. Lea, W. Jay, Looke Holt, A. L. S,, H. Blanchard, P. L. P., 
W. F. Wills have solved Nos. Ill to 116; J. 0. Allfrey 112, 113, and 
115, and 116; W. P.Payne 111, 112, and 116 ; and W. P. Tumbull 
113. Two solutions of No. 113 by J. P. Lea, A. L. S., Locke Holt, 
and W. P. Tumbull, and two solutions of No. 114 by J. P. Lea, 
Looke Holt, H. Blanchard, W. Jay, P. L. P., and W. F. Wills. 


A. L. S., TTODg in 112, if 1 E to E 6. The composer of an 
unsound problem competing in Solution Toumey loses points if 
he faila to Bend in the cook. J. 0. Allfrey. The fifth move 
in 108 is Q to Et 6. Thanks for noting same. W. F. Wills, 
1 Bto Q4 omitted in 116. 

The two book prizes offered for the disoovety of the greatest 
number of cooks in B. C. M. Problem Tourney No. 1 have been 
won by Messrs. H. Blauchard and J. O. Allfrey, with totals of 30 
and 21 respectively. Mr. Blancfiard discovered two solutions of 
No. 1, four of No. 4, eight of No. 8, four of No. 9, sii of No; 12, 
two of No. 13, and four of No. li. W. E. B. 

Note. — If a problem admits of solution in lets than the stipu- 
lated number of moves solvers will receive credit as for two 
solutions if the cook only be sent in. 


:©tl)icBttli to ©. J, Slsitt, E«I-. 
Br B. G. LiWB. 


White to play and sui-mate in six moves. 
For the first correct solution of the above forwarded to the 
ProbUm Editor, Mr, Laws will give a copy of Bland's Chess Annual. 



No. 121.— Bt R G. laws. 

White to pU; and mate in two moves. 

No. 122.— Br C. E. TUCKETT. 

No. 123.— By G. MORSCH. 

White to plaj and mate in three moves. White to pk; and mate in four moTes, 

Ko. 124.— By J. G. CHANCELLOR, M.A. 

White to play and mate in foor moTCB, 
No. 125.— Bt W. MEAD. Ko. 126.— By F. B. PHELPS, U.S.A. 


ites on this page are dedicated to H. 3. C. Anskits, 
by the Authors. 
No. 127.— Bt W. F. wills. 


White U> pUy snd sai'mate ic 

" The Twinb," bt JAMES RAYNER. 

Tliite to pl»f and sai-nwt« in «ight m 


A Ll M A N A 6< 

AUGUST, 1882. 


























First number of the Dtibuque Chess Journal issued, 1870. 

Max Be22el died, 1871, a^ed 47. 
Paul Loquin died, 1877, aged 77. 

Hanstein bom, 1811. Loyd's Chess column in Scientific 
[American Supplement diacontiiined, 1878.] [1857. 

First Meeting of the British Chess Association at Manchester, 
Bledow died, 1846, aged 51. Captain Evans died, 1872, 
Max Lange born, 1832. [aged 81. 







Mayetbom, 1810. Loyd's Chess column in S. A, Supple- 

[ment commenced, 1877. 
Paul Loquin born, 1799. 

Kev. H. Bolton died, 1873, aged 80. 
Last (double) number of the Hudderafield College Magazine 

[issued, 1880. 

T. W. Barnes died, 1874, aged 49. Design and Work 

[Chess column discontinued, 1881. 

Match between Messrs. Morphy and Lowenthal finished, 

1868. Score — Morphy, 9 ; Lowenthal, 8 ; Drawn, 2. W. Lewis 

died, 1870, aged 83. Chess colnmn in Boston Weekly Olobe 

[discontinued, 1877. 

Philidor died, 1795, aged 69. 

Mendheim died, 1836. 

Rudolph Willmers died, 1878, aged 56. 

Paul Morphy played 8 blindfold simultaneous games at the 

Birmingham meeting of the British Chess Association, 1858. 

Morphy won 6 ; lost 1 (with Mr. EJpphig) ; and drew 1 (with 

Mr. Avery). W. N. Potter bom, 1840. 

[Mr. Blackbume. 
The Berlin Congress opened, 1881. Winner of first prize, 
J. C. Romeyn bom, 1844. Match between Messrs. Potter 

andMason finished, 1879. Score — Potter, 5 ; Mason, 5 ; Drawn, 11. 
W. Bone born, 1810. 


- u. 



























































First number of the Nuova Rivista degli Scacchi (Leghorn) 
issued, 1875. First number of the London CJiess-MoTUhly issued, 

St. Amant bom, 1800. M. Grosdemange died, 1878, aged 85. 

Rev. W. Wayte bom, 1829. 

Philidor bom, 1726. Earl of Dartrey bora, 1817. Herr 
Zukertort bom, 1842. Chess column in the ffuU Bellman com- 
menced, 1878. 

H. Pollmacher bom, 1826. 

Match between Messrs. Barnes and Delmar commenced at 

[New York, 1879. 

Elias Stein died, 1812, aged 64. 

B. L. Oliver bom, 1788. Alexander Macdonnell died, 1835, 

[aged 37. 
Bilguer died, 1840, aged 24. 

Bilguer bom, 1815. 

[discontinued, 1880. 
T. M. Brown died, 1876. Chess column in the Hull Bellman 
Match between Messrs. Harrwitz and Lowenthal commenced, 

Morphy played 8 blindfold simultaneous games at the GafS 

de la Regence, Paris, 1858, Morphy winning 6, and drawing 2. 

Leeds Mercury Weekly Supplement Chess column commenced, 




King and Qdbbn against Kino and Pawn. 

Contributed by Mr, W, Mitchbbon, at the request of Mr. Waytb, 

(Concluded from page 2i7.J 
5. P AT B 7. Aa ia well known, a Bishop's Pawn advanced to 
the seventh rank and protected by its Kiag, caa only be prevented 
from queening advantageously under certain conditioce. What 
these condiciona are the authorities leave the atudent to gather for 
himself. The Edition of Philidor to which reference has been 
made states : " the Pawn of either Biahop or either Rook at one 
square from promotion supported by its King, makes a drawn game 
against a Queen, unless the adverse K fie close tu it, or in such a 
relation as may effect a mate with the Queen." Similar vague 
judgments are emitted by other and later authorities. The follow- 
ing dii^rama will help more than much explanation to place the 
matter in a clear and striking light. It will be observed that the 
figure is a gnomon : the K and Q'a fourth squares being required to 
complete the rectangle. 

V. VL 

White can win when his King is within this gnomon ; beyond 
it be can only draw. The key-squares within the figure are two :-— 
Q Kt 3, and Q 3, and it will be further remarked that the Whits 
King within the cordon is only one remove from these squares, and 
again that the Black King is on the near side of his fortress Q R 8 


Diagram V.— 1 Q to K B fi, K to Kt 7, [If K to R 8, White 
voold not take P bat play 2 K to Kt 3 and upon Black 3 queening, 
Q to R G ch, and mate followa easily in three mores.] 2 Q to 
Q to K B 2 (placing the Q somewhere on the second rank — not on 
K 2, fearing a fork — is the normal way of plajing this ending), 
2 K to B 6, 3 K to K 3 ch, K to Kt 7, 4 Q to Q 3, K to Kt 8, 
6 K to Kt 3, and White mates in two moves. Black may play P to 
B 8 and claim a Kt ch but it is of no use. 

Another way is open to White winning, I Q to Kt 4 ch, K to 
fi 7, 2 Q to Kt 3 ch, (If Q to B 3 Black queens the Pawn and 
draws,) 2 K to R S, 3 Q to B 3 ch, K to Kt 6, 4 K to Et 3, 
P queens, 5 Q to Q 3 ch, K to R 8, 6 Q to R 6 ch, ^. 

Such is the way of winning when the K is near the key of Kt 3. 
Let UH look at the bearings of the other key — Diagram VI. — 1 Q to 
Q Kt 8 ch, K to R 7 or 8, 2 K to Q 2 and wins. If Black play 
1 K to B 6, White rejoins 2 Q to K 5 ch, 3 Q to Q R sq, and 4 Q 
to Q B sq. 


6. Having disposed of the positions in which White oan win 
when the Black King is close to his refuge of R 6, we shall simi- 
larly proceed with the examination of those arising from his being 
remote from that refuge. A comparison of the two sets of gnomons 
brings to light a peculiar circumstance. In order to win, the 
White King may in Diagrams VII. and VIII. be two squares 
distant from the key square of Kt 3, while he may be four squares 
distant (out of a possible seven) from the key square of Q 2 — or 
to put it more concisely he may be three squares distant from the 
key square of K 2. The reason in the former case consists in the 


ftMt that the Block King in his progress towards the Q R square — 
his refuge — must block his Pawn one move, thus giving White an 
opportunity of bringing his King forward ; for it is to be observed 
that the Black Pawn at the seventh is specifically valuable to- 
Black only so far as it treated in conjunction with the King's- 
opportune retirement to Q R 8. Diagram VII., 1 Q to B aq oh, 
KtoQT, 2QtoB4:ch,Kto Q8 (otherwise 3 Q to Q B sq), 

3 Q to Q i ch, K to K 7, 4 Q to B 3, K to Q 8, 6 Q to Q 3, 
K to B 8, 6 K to B 4 and White wins. Diagram VIII., I Q to 
B aq ch, K to Q 7, 2 Q to B 4 ch, K to Q 8, 3 Q to R-4, K to Q 7, 

4 Q to Q 2, K to Q 8, 5 Q to Kt 3, Q to Q 7, 6 Q to Kt 2, Q to 
Q 8, 7 K to B 3, P queens, 8 Q mates. 

White's scope of play when the Pawn is at the seventh on the 
Bishop's file is restricted solely because of Black's resource of 
retreating his King to the Rook's square. Nor as has just been 
shown can the White Queen prevent him going in that direction. 
In the case of the Pawn at the seventh of K, Q, and Et, the Black 
is forced in front of his Pawn, first from one side of it and then 
from the other. In the case of the B P this course is not available. 

If the Black King in Diagrams VII. and VIII. stood at Q B 8 
blocking the Pawn, and the White Queen commanded the Queen's 
Knight's file, then the cordon within which the White King must 
be in order to reach the key squares would include thirteen more 

IX. X. 

7. Pawn at Rook's setknth. Diagrams IX. and X. show 
the cordon within which his King must be placed for White to 
secure the game. It is observed that in all oases White must not 


more his King till he has brought his Qaeen to bear on Q B 2, 
Two cases arise, (a) White wins when King can be played t^ 
Q ly 2, or 3 before adyerse Pawn queens. Diagram IX. 
1 Q to E Kt 7 ch, K to Q Kt 8 (best). (If to anj other square 
White Queen goes to Q R square.) 2 Q to K Kt sq di, K to Kt 7, 
3 Q to Q 4 ch, K to Kt 8, 4 Q to Q sq ch, K to Kt 7, 5 Q to Q 2 ch, 
K to Kt 8 (If to R sq, Q mates at cmce; and if to any other square 
then 6QtoQBsqorQ4, and7QtoQ Rsq winning), 6 K to 
Q sq and wins. 

(b) White wins when King can be played to Kt 3 immediately 
after the adverse Pawn has queened. Diagram X. 1 Q to 
K R 8 ch, K to Kt 8, 2 Q to K R sq ch, K to Kt 7, 3 Q te 
K Kt 2 ch, K to Kt 8. The Queen now commands Q B 2, so 
White moves 4 K to B 4, P queens, 5 K to Kt 3 and wins. 


2nd Prize: Rev. Henbt Hodgson, Ashwelu 
Motto : " Conamur tenues grandia.** 

The pedant king traduced the royal gam^ 
A " philosophic folly " styling Chess, 
Say was not rather his own wit to blame, 
To find therein no deeper seriousness, 
Than what mere scientific schemes impress. 
In its material forms of wood or bone, 
No soul of sense or wisdom to confess. 
Nor in the plot a mystic meaning own, 
Reason to seat secure on her assaulted throna 

Had but his son, himself a devotee 

Of fair Caissa, learnt what she could teach. 

Learnt like the monarch of the board to be. 

Nor his allotted bounds to overreach. 

His wisdom would not History impeach, 

Charles had not then been forced to seal the fate 

Of Wentworth spared not for his piteous speech, 

He had not heard himself, alas, too late 

To save his crown, his life, the dreadful sound checkmate. 

Upon a lonely isle, where beats the tide 
With everlasting chime on rocky shore 
Th*imperial captive, checked in flush of pride. 
Beguiled time's weary march with mimic war. 


Far better ao than 'mid load cannons' roar, 

To lash the nations with the conqueror's scourge, 

In real strife to wade thro' sea of gore, 

O'er cultured fields the trampling hoof to urge, 

Where on foe's weakest point his flashing lines converge. 

In dungeon dark, on pensive Chess intent, 
John Frederick heard his sentence— doomed to die — 
On with his game all-unconcerned he went, 
Naught could disturb his pleasing reverie. 
For life he heaved not forth one suppliant sigh. 
For him the headsman's axe displayed in vain. 
In vain the dread decree proclaimed ! — and why 1 
Profounder thoughts engrossed the prisoner's brain. 
To bind round Ernest *s king an ever tightening chain. 

Chess is a serious game, our very life 

From childhood's dawn to age's evening hours 

Is like the pastime fraught with dubious strife, 

'Tis manfully to cope with adverse powers, 

Then keep brave heart — ^this battling life of ours 

But stimulates the toil that wins success, 

And, like the thorn in Sharon's scented bowers, 

Combines some little pain with pleasantness, 

Life has its chequered squares, the light and shade of Chess. 

2nd Prize: Mb. John Russell, Glasoow. 
Motto : " X. Q. Smee." 

Entrancing game, what joys thou hast in store 
For him who deigns thy mysteries to explore. 
What pleasing raptures and what stern delight 
Are his, who enters on the mimic fight. 
Who, on the chequered field the troops doth range, 
And marks their combinations deep and strange. 

In front the Pawns press onward to the field. 
On flank they form the monarch's trusty shield, 
Into the fray the ready Knights do spring, 
The mark for each, the opposing player's King, 
Forward the Rooks and Bishops boldly press, 
The various points of 'vantage to possess. 
From square to square with warlike ardour keen 
And force resistless, glides the stately Queen, 
At length, unable to restrain his might 
The Monarch arms and rushes to the fight. 


Awhile in deadly strife the warriors meet, 

They headlong charge or warily retreat, 

All eager at the call of duty run, 

Till Mats 1 proclaims the well-fought field is won. 

But words would fail thy virtues to proclaim, 

Or fitly sound thy praise, enchanting game. 

When Fortune frowned and friends were false and few, 

From thee I never-failing solace drew : 

Absorbed in thee, a truce to anxious thought, 

My loves and cares and griefs were all forgot. 

A refuge thou, from faithless maidens' vows. 

From dunning creditors and scolding spouse. 

Thou ever wert and shalt be to the end, 

My constant guide, philosopher, and friend. 

Oh, charming game ! I ask no better lot 

Than thy sweet presence in some quiet spot, 

Some shady valley, or sequestered glen, 

My constant company, my board and men. 

To ponder o'er a problem marked by fame, 


Deeply engrossed in thy alluring play. 

To sit and wile the tranquil hours away, 

Muse on thy beauties, in thy service wait, 

Till Death administers the last checkmate ! 


Collections of essays and sketches, fugitive or otherwise, seem to 
be, just at present, very much in vogue. Reviewers^-quarterly, 
monthly, or even weekly — are fond of presenting us with their 
collective views of books ; and magazine-writers on men, on man- 
ners, or on things in general, feel a natural desire to rescue their 
productions from remaining buried in the repositories of ephemeral 
dreariness wherein they first appeared. Now this practice, though 
sometimes open to the charges of a waste of type in printing, and 
a trial of patience in reading, has, it must be confessed, certain 
advantages ; inasmuch as a writer will be sure to take more pains, 
and therefore give us better work, if he keep in view the ultimate 
appearance of his articles in a permanent form. 

* Poems and Chess Problems : by John Augustus Miles, 
Fakenham : Published by the Author, 1882. Price four shillings, 
Post free. pp. VL + IH. 


Of the groups of subjects tJiiat lend themselyes to collective 
treatment, few surpass in interest and variety those that gather 
round the game of Chess, whereon an admirable series of sketches 
exists — ^and is, in many respects worthy to be taken as an exemplar 
— in the ever-fresh essays by Gboboe Walkeb. The volume before 
us is an acceptable addition to this, at present, small body of such 
Chess-Literature. Though not wholly devoted to Chess — as most 
readers will, probably, wish it had been — it is mainly so, the make- 
weight additions being tolerably easy to put up with. Tastes pro- 
verbially differ : thus, as Mr. Miles's taste clearly prefers verse to 
prose, the whole of the book, with such trifling exceptions as the 
dedication and the List of Subscribers, is written in verse. As a 
specimen of Mr. Miles's powers we give the following acrostic — 
of well-nigh exact sonnet length — on 

The Vienna Chess Tourney. 

'^ W ake, wake again harp with tuneful string ! 
I n joyous strains Caissa's Knights to sing. 
L oudly, in by-gone days, old Homer sung 
H eroic deeds : Anacreon's lyre was strung 
E ros alone to chant My harp I tune, 
L caving these ancient themes, to sing in June 
M ore modem feats of arms in Yien done. 
S TEiNiTZ a hero shines, with tropics won ; 
T hough with him Winawbr divides the spoil 
E am'd by long days of unremitting toil, 
I n sooth we call it toil — this play so grave. 
N ext Mason comes across th' Atlantic wave, 
I n honour of the Stars and Stripes to fight : 
T hen Mackenzie ; and with French honours dight 
Z UEERTORT j and Blaoeburne, Berlin's Champion Knight. 

In verses whereof the above form a fair specimen — ^save that, 
as he nowhere else meets with such crabbed names for his iambics 
as Mackenzie and Zukertort, none of his other lines halt like the 
last two of the acrostic — Mr. Miles presents us with anagrams and 
acrostics, charades and conundrums, graceful versions from French 
and Latin poems, and original pieces, the best of which, entitled 
" Charles XII. at Bender," contains three pretty connected Chess- 
problems, in three, four, and five moves respectively. One of the 
translations is a version of Horace's Ode to Pyrrha, rendered as 
Milton had previously done it, in the same number of lines as the 
original : the two versions, in fact, beginning as follows : — 

" What slender youth, bedewed with liquid odours." (Milton). 

** What slender youth, with liquid scents bedewed." (Miles). 


Besides the verses, the yolume contains 50 Chess-problems, to the 
composition of which Mr. Miles states that he was incited chiefly 
by his admiration of the masterpieces of the late Rev. H. Bolton. 

Altogether, the book before us forms a pleasant addition to our 
Chess-Literature, and as such it is to be hoped it will receive from 
Chessists a hearty welcome. And having made his debut in what 
philosophers assure us was the earliest form of all composition, verse, 
Mr. Miles may, with advantage, hereafter try his powers in the 
other form, prose ; and if so, his next attempt will be likely to 
prove more worthy of success than the one which we now heartily 
commend to the notice of the readers of this Magazine. 

One feature of the book deserves a passing mention. To those 
who know with what patient skill and unwearied assiduity the 
Editor of this Magazine has laboured — and will, we hope, long con- 
tinue to labour — in the cause of Chess, it will be a matter for 
great satisfaction that Mr. Miles has shown his graceful recognition 
of this labour of love by dedicating his work to John Watkinson. 

W. J. C. Miller. 


The annual meeting of this body of amateurs was held at Man- 
chester in the week commencing with July 31st. By the kind 
permission of the directors the large room of the Manchester 
Athenaeum was lent for the purposes of the meeting, and a more 
spacious and convenient locality it would have been hard to find. 
The room was well lighted, and well provided with every requisite 
for Chess-playing, and the only drawbacks were a somewhat dis- 
turbing amount of noise, owing to the tramp of feet on the 
wooden floor, and the chipping of stone by workmen who were 
mending the staircase, and also a little superfluity of warmth in 
the evenings. A gift horse, however, must not be too closely 
examined, and we do not think these slight defects at all seriously 
interfered with the character of the play. The Manchester Com- 
mittee did their very best to promote the success of the meeting, 
and a success it certainly was. For Class I. there were the fol- 
lowing entries, Messrs. Blake, Coker, Fisher, Lord, Mills, Owen, 
Ranken, Skipworth, Spens, and Thorold. It was of course to be 
regretted that this list included only one representative of the 
strong body of Manchester players, namely Mr. Lord, and that no 
champions came, as had been expected, from Birmingham, Notting- 
ham, or Bristol, and one only, viz. Mr. Owen, from the neighbour- 
ing club of Liverpool. Business reasons, however, prevented the 
bulk of the Manchester men from taking part in any but the 
evening tourneys, and there were causes of a domestic and una- 
voidable nature which kept others away. Had there been more 



entries too, it is probable the players would have had to be divided 
into two sections — an arrangement which, though sometimes 
necessary, is always unsatisfactory. As it was, each entrant had 
full time to play out all his games, and the result proved that 
there has never been a closer contest, as will be seen from the 
appended score. Mr. Fisher and Mr. Thorold tied for the highest 
honours with a total of 6, and agreed to divide the two prizes, con- 
sisting of £20 and £10, between them. Messrs. Mills and Ran- 
ken were also equal with 5^ games each, but as, according to the 
rules, one point had to be deducted from Mr. Ranken^s score, owing 
to his being the first prizeman last year, the third prize of £5 fell 
to Mr. Mills. Mr. Blake, having won the first prize last year in 
Glass 2, was by the rules obliged to enter Class 1, and he is to be 
congratulated on the very creditable position he attained. 
Mr. Owen was evidently a good deal out of condition, which will 
account for his name appearing so low down on the list. 

Class I. 














































































For the second class there were originally 14 entries, but 12 
only came to the starting post, namely Messrs. Bowley, Fish, Harris, 
Hooke, Huntsman, Lambert, Leather, May, Newham, Pilkington, 
Wainwright, and Miss Thorold. Mr. May, after winning one game 
and losing three, retired from the tourney, and after a tough contest 
the prizes, valued at JBIO, X5 and £2 10s., were adjudged to 
Messrs. Bowley, Fish, and Lambert, who came out with an equal 
total of 8J each. The evening tourneys consisted of two handi- 
cap and one even tourney, which were all conducted on the pairing 
and putting out principle. In the first round of the even tourney 
Mr. Wilson (the Hon. Sec. of the Athenseum Club) won with Mr. 
Coker, Mr. Leather with Mr. Blake, Mr. Von Zabern with Mr. 
Schiffmann, and Mr. Fish with Mr. Skipworth. In the second 


round Mr. Leather beat Mr. Wilson, and Mr. Yon Zabem beat Mr. 
Fish. The third round was not played out, and Mr. Yon Zabem 
and Mr. Leather divided the two prizes of £5 and £3. For the 
first handicap tourney there were 16 entries, and it was arranged 
that Class 1 should give P and move to Class 2, P and 2 moves to 
Class 3, Kt to Class 4, and B to Class 5, the other classes in the 
same ratio. In the first round Mr. Wainwright (CL 2.) won with 
Mr. Gow (CL 3), Rev. G. Sumner (CL 3) with Mr. D'Andrea (CL 6), 
Rev. C. E. Ranken (CL 1) with Mr. Wright (CL 4), Dr. Hewitt 
(CL 4) with Mr. Hamel (CL 3), Mr. Wagner (CL 6) with Mr. Cross- 
dale (CL 6), Mr. Lewis (CL 3) with Mr. Riddell (CL 2), Mr. 
Thorold (CL 1) with Mr. Blackstock (CL 3), and Mr. Hopwood. 
(CL 2) with Sheriff Spens (CL 1). In the second round Mr. 
Thorold beat Dr. Hewitt, Mr. Sumner beat Mr. Hopwood, Mr. 
Wagner beat Mr. Lewis, and Mr. Ranken Mr. Wainwright. In 
the third round Mr. Ranken beat Mr. Wagner, and Mr. Thorold 
Mr. Sunmer, Messrs. Ranken and Thorold dividing the final 
honours. For the second handicap tourney there were eight 
entries, and after the first round there were left in Messrs. Mills, 
Wainwright, Hooke, and Riddell. In the second round Mr. Wain- 
wright beat Mr. Hooke and Mr. Mills beat Mr. Riddell. In the 
final Mr. Mills beat Mr. Wainwright who took first and second 
prizes respectively. 

Numerous distinguished visitors, including some ladies, were 
present during the meeting. Mr. Blackburne, who was staying 
with friends in Manchester, was a frequent attendant, but after 
his severe labours at Yienna was doubtless glad to take a complete 
holiday. Mr. Macdonnell, however, though he did not, as last 
year, enter the handicap, played each evening a series of simulta- 
neous games with varied success. We noticed also Mr. Hamel of 
Nottingham, and Mr. W. W. Morgan, jun., of the Chess Flayer^s 
Chronicle among the visitors. On Friday the 4th the usual 
business meeting of the Association took place at 3-30 p.m., at 
which the only important transactions were the rescinding of the 
rule deducting points from the scores of winners, and the accept- 
ance of an invite to the Association from the Birmingham Club to 
hold the annual meeting there next year. A list of Committee to 
carry out this object was proposed and adopted. The meeting was 
followed by a banquet, at which the customary toasts were drank, 
and some good speeches were made. We cannot conclude, thin 
account without praising in the warmest manner the general 
excellence of the arrangements made by the Manchester players, 
and the liberality of their subscriptions, as well as the kindness 
and hospitality which were extended by all of them, from Mr. 
Bateson Wood the President downwards, to those who came from 
a distance. 



Mostly in beferbnob to '' Bland's Chess Annual and 


The attendance at the St. George's Club is, as usual, at its best 
daring the London season ; but since the Lowenthal Cup matches 
the play has been mostly of a light and skittling character. 
Nothing has occurred worthy of public notice ; the little matches 
announced in June having made no appreciable progress. To 
say the truth, busy men during a London June have pleasanter 
ways of spending their limited leisure than to play tough match 
games — ^not being thereto compelled ; and the matches in question 
stand oyer by mutual consent to a more convenient, that is a 
duller season. They will certainly be played out ; there is no 
intention on either side of abandoning them. In the absence of 
news, I here put down a few notes suggested by Mr. Bland's useful 

In his "Statistics" at p. 61, the Editor gives the following 
figures as to the Laws of Chess adopted by the 210 clubs in the 
United Kingdom : — Handbook 73, Praxis 46, British Chess Associa- 
tion 25, not reported 66. The preference thus shown for the 
Handbook rules is ascribed by the Editor to the abiding influence 
of Mr. Staunton's great name. Were this the case, Staunton's 
later work, the Praxis, would naturally claim the preference over his 
earlier views as embodied in the Handbook. A simpler explanation 
is, I think, to be found in the probable condition of the Club 
libraries. Almost all clubs must possess a copy of the Handbook ; 
fewer will have the Praxis, fewer still the Games of the Congress 
of 1862, the only work in which, prior to the appearance of Mr. 
Bland's own book, the B. C. A. rules were to be found. I shall be 
much surprised if the " Directory " does not bring about a com- 
plete revolution in this respect : all clubs will surely have hastened 
to procure a work so useful to their members when away from 
home, and no club, I should hope, will deliberately choose to be 
guided by any other than the latest and best rules. Authorities, 
we are often told, are to be weighed and not numbered ; and it is 
worth notice that the most influential clubs in general follow the 
B. C. A. rules. Among these are the two great Metropolitan Clubs, 
and those of Bath, Birmingham, Bristol and Clifton, and Man- 
chester ; the most conspicuous exceptions being Liverpool, 
Manchester Athenseum, and the two Universities. Scotland and 
Ireland seem on this point, contrary to their usual politics, to be 
more conservative than England. 


I take this opportunity of correcting an erroneous statement in 
my own contribution to Mr. Bland's book, pp. 22-23, that the Pawn 
mate cannot be given with two Rooks only. I have since dis- 
covered that this is not the case : though the mate is much more 
obvious if a Kt, or a B of the colour to command the eighth 
square of the Pawn, be substituted for one of the Rooks. Place 
the White K and two Rooks each at their own squares, with a 
Pawn at K Kt 2 or Q Kt 2 indifferently, the Black K alone at his 
square ; and, according to my experiments, mate can be given 
with the Pawn in 17 moves. This, I think, is the irreducible 
minimum, but I invite young players to ** cook " it if they can. 
The mating position must first be discovered ; and the order of the 
moves can then be varied in some particulars. 

I am much obliged to Mr. Miller, the reviewer of the " Chess 
Directory," for his acuteness in discovering that I was not the 
author of the " tail-piece " of two lines, on the pronunciation of 
Caissa, appended to my article. I no sooner saw the book than I 
wished that a broader line of demarcation had been inserted, to 
make this clear. Sir William Jones, the eminent Indian judge and 
Sanskrit scholar, was the author of " Caissa, a Poem " ; and was 
followed by Alexander d' Arblay in his " Caissa Rediviva." In all 
probability Sir W. Jones coined the name himself, Latinising the 
English form ; it is not like the word for Chess in any foreign 
language. On its pronunciation I do not feel called upon to offer 
any opinion. W. W. 


The Father op the House of Commons, — Among the 
" fathers " of the St. George's Chess Club was mentioned, a few 
months ago, the name of Mr. C. R. M. Talbot, M.P. It has since 
been stated, on the occasion of the jubilee of the Reform Bill of 
1832, that Mr. Talbot is now the undoubted "father" of the 
House of Commons, and the only member who dates from the 
unreformed Parliament, having sat for the county of Glamorgan 
continuously since 1830. Mr. Talbot lately gave a remarkable 
proof of his physical vigour at an advanced age. At the recent 
thirty-six hours' sitting of the House, it was noticed in one of the 
daily papers that he was absent only during the dinner hour and 
for a brief period of repose, having assisted nearly the whole time 
in " making a House " for the Government — he is a staunch 
Liberal — and at the close looked none the worse for his exertions. 


Mr. Wisker and the " Fortnightly Review." — Mr. Wisker, 
who before he left for Australia was known as a rapid and brilliant 
writer of " Editorials," has since his departure contributed two 
articles to the Fortnightly Review, In his first contribution, soon 
after his arrival in the colonies, he discussed the Labour Question 
in Australia, mostly in reference to the antipathy excited among 
the working classes by Chinese competition. More recently, in 
the June number for the present year, he has exposed the iniquities 
practised on the coolies imported into Queensland from the islands 
of the Pacific, amounting to a scarcely disguised form of slavery. 
This last article has attracted a good deal of attention in the Eng- 
lish press. It is not unlikely that action may be taken in conse- 
quence of it ; and Mr. Wisker now stands forward as a recognised 
champion of the rights of the coloured labourer against the " nigger- 
driving " tendencies of the Queensland planters. 

The late Mr. W. G. Ward. — Mr. William George Ward, J.P., 
of Northwood House and Weston Manor, Isle of Wight, died at 
his residence in Hampstead on the 6 th of July, aged 70. He 
deserves a passing notice as one of those who, distinguished in 
other walks of life, have been enthusiastic if not very strong 
Chess-players. He was formerly well known at Oxford as " Ideal 
Ward," in consequence of his book on the " Ideal of a Christian 
Church " j afterwards as a prominent controversialist in the Church 
of Rome. Many of the obituary notices of him since his death 
have alluded to his partiality for the game of Chess. His principal 
opponent was Lowenthal, who for a long time went regularly once 
a week to play with him at his house in the country. The usual 
odds appear to have been the Rook. The four volumes of the 
Chess Player's Magazine edited by Lowenthal, 1864-7, contain a 
game at those odds won by Mr. Ward, and several ingenious end- 
games won by Lowenthal. W. W. 

(To he continued. J 


Chess in Brighton. 

The match between Messrs. A. Bowley and W. T. Pierce has 
ended in favour of the former with a score of 7 to 4, 3 games being 
drawn. The result still further increases Mr. Rowley's reputation 
gained by his victories over Messrs. H. W. Butler and H. Erskine. 
Although the above is the only item of news worth recording this 
month, play is none the less actively carried on, and visitors to 
this favourite watering place will always be sure of a welcome at 
the Pavilion Chess Room. M. 


Chess in Scotland. 

Thb Toumej for the West of Scotland Cup though still unfinished 
is practically decided in favour of Mr. Crum. Mr. Young of the 
Central Club and Mr. Whiteley of the Glasgow Club have both 
played well in this Tourney. The Cup forming the prize cost £15, 
and is very handsome. The winner must maintain the Cup for 
two years against all West of Scotland players who may challenge 
in terms of rules framed for the regulation of the matches. €^ 
maintaining it for this period the Cup becomes his absolute pro- 

Mr. Crum, I may add, was successful in his tie match with Mr* 
Gilchrist for the championship of the Glasgow Club. T. 


The Vienna International Tourney. — We promised in our 
last issue to give an account of the final proceedings of this 
Congress, but there is, we find, very little further to relate. We 
have, however, to correct a statement which we made as to the 
4th and 5 th prizes ; it appears that the appointed tie matches in 
this instance were not carried out, the Committee having resolved 
that these prizes might be divided between Messrs. Mackenzie and 
Zukertort without further play. On the 26th June the prizes 
were distributed in due form at the mansion of Baron Kolisch on 
the Kahlenberg near Vienna, and he subsequently entertained the 
Committee and competitors in the most handsome and sumptuous 
manner at a farewell banquet, ^hich was enlivened with the 
strains of a military band, and with the vocal harmonies of some 
Vienna glee singers. The hospitality extended to the players, 
especially by Baron Kolisch, contributed in some measure to 
relieve the strain of their hard six weeks toil, and the excellence 
of the arrangements made by the Committee, and the impartiality 
of their decisions, caused nearly everything to work smoothly, and 
prevented the outbreak of any of those disputes which seem 
unfortunately to be the usual concomitants of almost every impor- 
tant Chess meeting. There were indeed at Vienna some slight 
desagrSmenis in connection with the perhaps too rigid enforcement 
of the time limit regulation, but these were partly owing to the 
inefficiency of the clocks, of which the hands appear to have been 
in some cases loose, and hence naturally there arose a difference of 
opinion, which, however, did not seriously affect the final result of 
the tourney. We therefore congratulate the promoters of this 
international gathering on the great success which has attended 


their undertaking, and we fervently re-echo the hope, already 
expressed in some of our own Chess publications, that at no dis- 
tant date another international tourney will be held in London, not 
so much for ascertaining the pre-eminence of any particular 
players, as for returning in some measure the hospitality that has 
been shown to our own competitors abroad, and for promoting 
that good fellowship which should invariably accompany the know- 
ledge and practice of our noble game. The results of cross-play 
in tourneys like that of Vienna are constantly misleading, but if, 
as the consequence of this, challenges are issued and accepted for 
matches between our first-rates whose respective claims have never 
been properly decided, no one will rejoice more than we that the 
closeness of the contest at Vienna has led to such most important 
and interesting trials of strength. The tourney gauges were wit- 
nessed daily by a large number of spectators from far and near ; 
among the visitors were Sir H. Elliot, British Ambassador, Baron 
Von Heydebrandt und Der Lasa, M. Rosenthal, Mr. Max Judd, 
and Mr. Steele. A collection of end-games played in the tourney 
will shortly be published ; the book will be edited by Baron 
Kolisch, and will probably have a large sale. Our readers will bo 
able to judge for themselves of its interest from the specimens of 
end-games in our present number. 

Canada. — Mr. Ryall has brought to a successful termination the 
Hamilton Chess' Club correspondence tourney, of which he was 
the conductor. There were 19 entrants originally, but Messrs. 
Judd and Mohle withdrew before the play began, and their games 
were adjudged as lost, an arrangement which added two without 
any trouble to the score of each competitor. The first prize con- 
sisting of 45 dols. was won by Mr. J. Henderson of Montreal 
with a total of 15| games including the two presented; Mr. 
Braithwaite of Unionville obtained the second prize (20 dols.) 
with 15 games, and the third, fourth and fifth prizes, amounting 
together to 30 dols. were divided equally between Mr. Shaw of 
Montreal, Mr. Narraway of St. John, N.B., and Mr. Forster of 
Lancing, Mich., U.S., each having scored 11 games in addition to 
the two gained by the walk over. A special prize, consisting of a 
book of problems, presented by Mr. Shaw to the player who first 
completed his games, was awarded to the Rev. F. X. Burque, of St. 
Hyacinthe, P.Q. 

France. — In accordance with the request of Messrs. Bethmont 
and Clerc, M. Grevy, the President of the French Republic, has 
kindly promised to give some new and handsome prizes for the 
organisation of National Tourneys during two consecutive years. 
The first of these will probably commence in November next. 
At the late annual meeting of the Cercle des Echecs M. Vi^ 

I 2 


remgned the offioe of Secretary, which for the last two years 
he has so ably filled, on account of his frequent enforced 
absence from the club. M. Tamisier has been appointed his 

GssiCAif T. — The Berg-Mark Chess Union held a very successful 
meeting on May 18th in the Floragarten at Dtlsseldor£ For the 
principal tourney there were 20, and for the lower one 12 entries ; 
the play in these was by rounds on the putting out principle, and 
in the first-named the five prizes all fell to representatives of 
Diisseldorf and Crefeld, while in the other Elberfeld and Dusseldorf 
were victorious. There were also Free and Tombola tourneys^ 
and as usual at these gatherings, a considerable amount of 

We have received an interesting letter from Mr. A. Michael of 
Kimberley, Griqua Land West, South Africa, giving an account of 
the progress which Chess has made in that colony. Mr. Michael, 
who is for the present settled out there, says that he was quite 
astonished to find in such distant parts so many good Chess 
players, though very few of them have learnt much from books of 
the theory of the game. Their principal delight appears to be the 
solving of problems, but as Mr. Michael has now established a club 
at Kimberley already numbering 28 members, and has written to 
procure Chess works from England, and has also started a Chess 
column in the Diamond Field newspaper, we may expect to find 
shortly that the practice of the game will be largely extended in 
the neighbourhood, and that the infection of Mr. M's enthusiasm 
will ultimately spread to more distant provinces of South Africa so 
that, as in New Zealand and Canada, correspondence and telegraph 
matches at any rate may take place between clubs and private 
individuals who owing to their wide separation, may never have 
>the chance of meeting for play over the board. 


Mr. Erskine has unfortunately been obliged by illness to retire 
from the B. C. M. Correspondence Tourney. As he had only 
finished one game, a drawn one with Mr. Coates, the four others 
which he was playing had, according to the rules, to be scored to 
his opponents, Messrs. Lambert, Millard, Bridgwater, and Isaac, 
and his games not begun to be reckoned as drawn. A retirement 
in the course of a tourney necessarily inflicts some amount of un- 
fairness on somebody, and there appears to be no means by which 


it can be altogether obviated. In this instance it is certainly 
unfortunate for Mr. Coates that he had finished his game and lucky 
for Messrs. Millard, Lambert, and Isaac, whose games in progress 
seemed likely to be drawn, but if Mr. Erskine's score had been 
cancelled, it would have been manifestly unjust to Mr. Bridgwater 
whose game was already practically won. The scores at present 
stand thus : — Coates 1 1, Lambert 1 and 1 lost, Vincent 2 and 1 
lost, Balson 4 and 1 lost, Cates 1^ and 1 lost, Pierce ^ and 3^ lost, 
Bridgwater 4 and 1 lost, Millard 2 and 1 lost, Fisher 1^ and 1^ 
lost, Dorrington 2 J, Isaac 1 and 3 lost. We hope soon to give a 
table showing the result of every game hitherto played, and as 
there is nearly yet another year for the tourney to run, we trust 
that each competitor will at any rate have the opportunity of 
beginning all his games if not of finishing them before the time 
of closing the tourney arrives. 

A Chess match between Mr. Gossip and Mr. Donisthorpe has 
recently been played at the London Chess Divan. The stakes 
were £22, and the first winner of seven games was to be declared 
the victor. The score at the conclusion was Mr. Gossip, 7 games ; 
Mr. Donisthorpe, 5 games ; Drawn, 7. Of the first three parties 
Mr. Donisthorpe won two and drew the other ; but of the last 
sixteen Mr. Gossip won seven to three, the other six being 

We have great pleasure in announcing that " C. W. of Sunbury " 
has very generously offered £2 2s. Od. towards a Problem Tourney 
in connection with the British Chess Magazine. We will our- 
selves add a similar sum to the Prize fund, Mr. W. T. Pierce 
kindly gives £1 Is. Od. and a copy of " English Chess Problems," 
and Mr. Ranken and Mr. Andrews promise donations of Chess 
books. If any of our friends feel liberally inclined we shall 
be glad to hear from them. Detailed conditions of the Tourney, 
list of Prizes, &c., will appear in our next issue, and the 
publicati(m of the problems will probably commence in the 
opening number of our next volume. 

St. George's, Birmingham, v. Rugby. — This return match 
was played on Saturday, June 10th, at the rooms of the former, 
and the St. George's Club continued their course of uninterrupted 
success with another substantial victory, Mr. Wildman scoring the 
chief honours. Score : — St. George's, 13 J ; Rugby, 7 J. 

St. George's, Birmingham, v. Rbdditch. — This match was 
played at Redditch on Saturday, June 1 7th, and resulted 
favourably for the visitors. The match was played and the 
players were hospitably entertained at the residence of the 
Secretary, Mr. A. G. Baylis. Score : — St. George's, 17 J ; 
Redditch, 8^. 


For the following End-Gamw, all of which ocourred in the oourae 
of the Vienna Toumey, we are indebted to the Field. 
Ko. I. No. H. 

Buck (Stainits.) 

Whitk (Zukflrtort.) Black to moTe. 

Steinitz here checked with the R at R 7, Hrnb; pUyeil here K to R 2 instead of 
followed by B 10 R *, and the game wm the proper move, Q to K sq. The eame 
soon, on the 88th move, abandoned aa proceeded R to B 3, R to K aq, when Win- 
drawn. It was pointed ont by aeveral ^.^^r answered with the ingenioua B take* 
wimpetitors that he would have won here p ch, and Blaofc immediately resimed. 

No. m. No. IV. 

Black (Haokenzie.) 

White {Weiss. ) 
BIdck here played the ingeniona move Black here won with the brilliant eacri- 
Q to E S, and the ^ame proceeded thus : fice B takes R P. White took with the P 
R to Esq, R takes B ; R takes Q, R to B S whereupon Mackenzie replied R to K EtS, 
ch ; R to K sq, and Black resigned. forcing the mate in a few moves. 


No. V. 
BL40K (Haarm.) 

Znkertort won hero with the fine move 
P to E B 4, and the game proceeded : 
PtoKB4, BtoR7chiKtoQ3,Rtc 
E 6 ch; K to B 3. P takes P ; P to B 7, 
PtoBS; KtoQSaud wins. 

No. VTL 

■Whitb (Winawer.) 
Black had here the worst of the gamc^ 
and hit on the foUowini; eurioua device : 
B to Q 5, R takes P ; Q to It 6 ch, K to 
Kt sq ; Q to Q 6 ch, Q to B 2 ; R takes B, 
Q takes Q ; E Ukea Q, R to B 8 oh ; R takes 
R, R takes R eh ; K to B 2, R to Q 8 ; and 
recovers the piece. Winawer ultimately woo. 

No. -vrn 

Buck (Blackb 









ooee, and, afterthe pawns were exchanged, White (Steinita.) 

Whitsoaniein time to block in the adverse The game proceeded: RtoB4, KttksB; 
K, Ihns preTenting the passed Q R P from Kt to B8 ch, KtoBsq; RtkeKt,RtksR; 

on— i— i>_.W. ij w ^ by KtPtksB,KttoKtS;PtoB7,KtkiBP; 

P to Q e, Et to £ 4 i R to K J, and wins. 


it ftbsDn could hare w 





Played in the tenth round of the Vienna Tourney. 

(Salvio Gambit.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Tschigorin.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 P to K B 4 P takes P 
3KttoKB3 PtoKKt4 
4BtoB4 PtoKt5 

6 Kt to K 5 (a) Q to R 5 ch 

6 K to B sq Kt to R 3 ! 

7 P to Q 4 P to B 6 ! (6) 

8 Kt to Q B 3 (c) Kt to B 3 [d) 
9BtoB4 PtoQ3 

10 Kt takes Kt P takes P ch 

11 K takes P P takes Kt 

12 R to K B sq B to Q 2 (e) 

13 Q to Q 2 (/) B to Kt 2 

14 Q R to K sq Castles K R 

15 R to K 3 , K to R sq 

16 Kt to K 2 P to Q 4 {g) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Tschigorin.) 

17 P takes P 

18 R to Q 3 

19 K to Kt sq 

20 Kt to Kt 3 

21 Q to R 5 

22 K to R sq 

23 P to Q 6 

24 Q tks Q B P 

25 R to K 3 (i) 

26 Kt to K 2 

27 R to K 7 

28 B takes Kt 

29 B to B 3 {j) 

30 P takes P 

31 K to Kt 2 

32 B to K 6 ch 

Kt to B 4 
Q to R 4 
Kt to R 5 
Q to Kt 3 
Kt to B 6 ch 
P toR4 
P to KB 4 {h) 
Q R to Q sq 
PtoR 5 
Kt takes Q P 
Kt takes Kt 
P to Kt 6 
R to K Kt sq 
P takes P 
B to R 3 
Black resigns. 

Notes by W. Waytb. 

(a) In selecting games from the Tourney we are naturally 
attracted by the rare examples of the Gambit. This Salvio takes 
us back to the Anderssen-Steinitz match of 1866, when the latter 
played the attack three times. 

(h) The inferiority of 7 P to Q 3 was shown a hundred years 
ago by the Paris amateurs and Ponziani, and in all modern treatises 
great and small. Yet Anderssen played it every time with his eyes 
open, and, as might be expected, lost two games out of the three at 
this opening. 

(c) This move, and 8 B to K B 4, alike fail to equalise the 
game against the best play. 

(d) 8 P to Q 3 is here the usual and best continuation. 
Black gains important time by first driving back the Kt, and then 
attacking the Q P by B to Kt 2. The following is from the Hand- 
huch : 8 P to Q 3, 9 Kt to Q 3, P takes P ch, (9 B to Kt 2 may 
also be played, but we prefer the exchange of Pawns first) 10 K 
takes P, B to Kt 2, 11 Kt to B 4, Kt to B 3, 12 B to K 3, Castles, 


13 Q to Q 2, K to R sq. Black has a Pavrn more, and a good 
game ; he threatens P to K B 4 with effect. 

(e) A deeply laid stratagem. White would gain nothing by 
taking the Kt, e,g, 13 B takes Rt, P to Kt 6 (threatening to win 
the Queen by Q to R 6 ch and B to Kt 5 ch), 14 B takes P ch, 
K to Q sq, 15 P takes P best, Q to R 6 ch, 16 K to B 2, Q to 
B 7 ch, 17 E to K sq, Q takes P ch, 18 R to B 2, B takes B, 
19 Q to B 3, Q to R 5, with an excellent game. If now 20 Q to 
B 6 ch. Black wins the Q P by B to Kt 2 after the exchange of 
Queens : and against other moves he has the forcible rejoinders 
R to K B sq and B to K Kt 5. 

(f) Diamond cut diamond. In three simple moves White 
brings every piece into a commanding position. 

(g) Giving up a Pawn for the sake of the attack. The com- 
plications ensuing are by no means easy for White. 

Ch) Black rightly, in our opinion, feels that his best chance 
is to shut out the adverse Queen. Both the Schachzeitung and 
the Chess Players Chronicle recommend 23 P to R 5 ; but 24 Q to 
R 5 ch, Q takes Q, 25 Kt takes Q would enable White to exchange 
his Kt for the Bishop with a decided superiority in Pawns, since of 
courae the Q P cannot be taken by either piece. The German 
periodical, indeed, thinks that P to R 5 would "decisively 
strengthen Black's attack " : but then it gives the astounding con- 
tinuation 24 Q to R 5 ch (marked as bad), K to Kt sq, 25 Q takes 
Q, P takes Q, overlooking the pin 1 On the other hand, 24 Kt to 
R 5 would obviously lose the exchange by B to B 4. 

(i) He does not mind giving up the Q P, having the strong 
move R to K 7 in store. 

(jj P takes P, and on Pretaking, K to Kt 2, strikes us as better. 
Mr. Steinitz has observed in the Field that towards the 30th move 
both players made mistakes under pressure of the time limit : and 
this is probably the variation he refers to. Nothing could well be 
worse than Black's reply, but no skill could have saved the game 
at this point. 


Played in the twenty-fifth round of the Vienna Tourney. 
The moves are taken from the CTiess Player's Chronicle, 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(HerrL. Paulsen) (HerrWinawer)(HerrL. Paulsen) (HerrWinawer) 

lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to Q 4 P takes P 


4 Kt takes P Q to R 5 

5 Kt to Kt 5 B to Kt 5 ch 

6 P to B 3 (a) B to B 4 {b) 



7 Q to K 2 (c) 
9 B takes B 

10 P to K Kt 3 

11 BtoKt2 

12 Kt to Q 2 

13 Kt to B 3 

14 P to K R 3 

15 B takes B 

16 P takes P 

18 Castles K R 

19 B to Kt 2 

20 Q R to Q sq 

21 K to R 2 

22 Q to Q 2 

23 Kt to Q 4 

24 P to K B 4 

25 Q to K 2 

26 E R to K sq 

27 Kt to B 3 

28 Kt to K 5 (g) 

29 Kt to Kt 4 

30 R takes P {h) 

31 B takes Q 

32 Kt to K 3 

33 Kt to B 4 

34 Q takes R (J) 

35 Kt takes R 

BtoKt 3 
Q to Q sq (d) 
RP takes B 
PtoQ 3 
K Kt to K 2 
B to Kt 5 
B takes Kt 
R takes P (e) 
R to B 3 (/) 
Q R to K B sq 
K to R sq 
R toK 3 
Kt to K 4 
RtoR 3 
Kt to B 5 
PtoQ 4 
R to K sq 
Kt to Q 3 
Q toB4 
R to R 4 
Q takes R {{) 
R takes B 
R to Q R 4 
Kt to Kt sq 
Kt takes Q 
Kt to Q 3 

36 Kt to Kt 3 

37 Kt to Q 4 

38 Kt to K 6 

39 R to Q sq 

40 P to Kt 3 

41 R to Q 3 

42 R to Q 7 

43 R takes P 

44 P to K Kt 4 

45 R takes P 

46 Kt takes P 

47 R takes P 

48 P to B 5 

49 Kt to K 4 

50 Kt to B 6 eh 

51 R takes Kt 

52 K to Kt sq 

53 P to Kt 4 

54 K to Kt 2 

55 R to Q 6 

66 P to Q Kt 5 

57 K to B 3 

58 R to K 6 

59 P to Kt 6 

60 P takes P 

61 P to Kt 5 (0 

62 R to K 7 

63 P to B 6 

64 R to Q B 7 

Kt to Q B 5 
Kt to K 6 
Kt to B 4 
Kt to B 3 
Kt to K 5 
Kt takes B P 
Kt takes R P 
Kt to Kt 5 
Kt takes Kt 
Kt to Q 7 
Kt to B 6 oh 
Kt to Q 5 
Kt to B 7 
Kt to K 6 oh 
Kt to B 5 
Pto R 4 
P takes P cb 
Kt to R 4 
K to Kt sq 
K to B sq 
Kt to B 3 
Black resigns. 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(a) We are glad to see Herr L. Paulsen endorsing this move 
with approval. The Handhuch, as we have pointed out elsewhere, 
does not sufficiently appreciate its merits. 

(b) If 6 Q takes K P ch, our latest lights are 7 B to K 3, 
B to R 4, 8 Kt to Q 2, Q to Kt 3 ! This last move hails from Mr. 
Ranken, and is better than Q to K 2 ; but we still prefer White's 
game. Black's present venture was pronounced unsatisfactory by 
Staunton when played a move earlier, without giving the check ; 
it is not likely to be better now, when the continuation Kt to Q 5 
is no longer available. The P at Q B 3 does no harm to White's 

(c) Staunton's move 7 Q to B 3 would have been doubly 
potent here, as would his continuation 8 Kt takes P ch, K to Q sq, 
9 Q to B 4, in case Black had replied 7 Kt to K 4. But Black no 


doubt would haye played 7 B to Kt 3, as in the text : and L. 
Paulsen is partial to the development by P to K Kt 3 and B to 
£t 2y even in the open game. 

(dj Nothing better is left ; and in our judgment the whole 
opening from 4 Q to R 5 stands condemned. Black begins by an 
attack on the adverse K P ; if he has not the courage of his 
opinions, he had better have brought out other pieces by 4 B to 
B 4 or Kt to B 3. 

(e) The breach with the K B P is well thought of ; but Black 
should have retaken with the Kt He perhaps expected, in 
answer to B to K 4, to play R to K 4 and hamper White's advanca 

CfJ But he now sees that R to R 4 would not do at all, on 
account of P to K B 4. 

(g) White's attack is capitally sustained throughout, and 
this and the two following moves are especially admirable. The 
C. P. C well remarks that ** the R at K R 3 forms a convenient 
object for attack by the nimble Kt." 

(h) One of the prettiest combinations we have seen in the 
Toximey. It is obvious that Kt cannot take R because of the mate ; 
and it soon appears that the sacrifice of the Q is forced. 

(i) 30 Q to Kt 3 or B 2 would both be met by 31 Kt to K 5, 
and then 31 R takes Kt would lose more than the exchange, as 
White would retake with R, and the Kt at K 2 could not be saved. 
Again, if 30 Q to Kt 3, 31 Kt to K 5, Q to R 3, 32 R takes Kt, 

(i) ^ g<^^^ investment of his previous gains. 

(k) We admire tenacity, but courtesy counts for something 
as well. Surely Black might have resigned here to a first-rate 

(I) As if to show that he is in no hurry. P to Kt 7 
might have induced even his present opponent to resign. 


We are indebted to Land and Water for the moves of the follow- 
ing game, which is justly regarded as one of the finest in the Vienna 
Tourney. It was played in the 27th round. 

(Giuoco Piano.) 


(Mr. Mason.) (Herr Winawer.) 

lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3BtoB4 BtoB4 


(Mr. Mason.) (Herr Winawer.) 
4PtoQ3 PtoQ3 

5 B to K 3 B to Kt 3 

6 Q Kt to Q 2 P to K R 3 



7 Et to B sq 
9 Kt to £t 3 

10 B to Kt 3 

11 P takes B 

13 P to B 3 

14 B to Q sq 

15 Castles 

16 Kt to R 4 (e) 

17 B to B 2 

18 Q Kt to B 5 

19 Kt takes B 

20 R takes Kt 

21 Q R to K B sq 

22 B to Q sq 

23 B to R 5 eh 

24 P to Q Kt 3 

25 K R to B 3 

26 R to Kt 3 

27 B to Kt 4 

28 B to K 2 

29 P to Q 4 

30 R to Kt sq (/) 

31 P takes B P P takes B P 

Kt to B 3 
KttoK 2 
B takes B (a) 
Q to Kt 3 (b) 
P toR 5 
Qto B2 
P to Q Kt 4 
B takes Kt 
Kt takes Kt 
Kt to Q 2 (d) 
PtoB 3 
Kto K2 
K R to K B 

sq (e) 
Kt to Kt 3 
K to Q sq 
QtoK 2 
KtoB 2 
PtoB 5 
P to K Kt 4 

32 R to Q Kt 4 

33 P to Q 5 

34 B takes P 

35 B to Kt 5 

36 Q to K 2 

37 P takes P 

38 B to B 6 

39 Q to R 5 

Q to K 3 (^) 
KttoR 5 
PtoB 4 
P to K 5 (h) 
R to Q Kt sq 
RtoK B3 

40 R tks Kt P (i) P takes R 

41 Q to R 7 ch Kt to Q 2 

42 B takes Kt QtoKKtsq {fj 

43 RtoKt7ch {k) K takes R 

44 B to B 8 dis ch K to R sq (Q 

45 Q takes Q 

46 Q to Q 8 

47 Q to Q 7 

48 K to R 2 

49 Q to B 6 ch 

R takes P 
R takes P 
R to Kt 8 ch 
Rto Q 7 
K to Kt sq 

50 Q takes K P R(Kt8)toKt7 

51 B to K 6 K to B 2 

52 Q to B 4 ch 
63 B to Q 5 

54 P takes P 

55 Q to B 6 ch 

56 Q to B 7 ch 

Kto Kt 3 
P to Kt 5 
RtoK B7 
KtoR 2 

Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) We agree with Mr, Potter in disapproving this move, and 
in preferring Kt to Kt 3. 

(b) The sort of attack here initiated does not generally 
answer in the long run ; it weakens the Q's wing, and puts the 
Queen herself too much out of play. 

^cj Naturally, but Black could have prevented the Kt from 
getting in by either Kt to Q 2 or R 2 at his last move ; which 
would have enabled him now to play P to K Kt 3. 

(d) White has the best position here, but Black retains a Kt 
against a B for the end-game, and had he only Castled K R at 
this pointy or even at his next move, he might have secured perfect 

(ej The object of this is not apparent, Kt to B sq looks more 

("f) This and White's last move go far to demonstrate the 
weakness of his opponent's position, which is owing mainly to the 
too far advanced Pawns. 


(g) He could not save the Q B P, bat his beet resource, as 
Mr. Potter says, laj in couater attack by Q to R 3 ; the game 
might then have proceeded, 32 Q to R 2, 33 Q to Q B 2, P to Q 4, 
34 Q to Et sq, Q R to Kt aq, 35 P takes Q P, Q takes Q cb, 
36 R takes Q, K to Q 3, &c. 

(h) Very ingenious, but unavailing against a player of Mr. 
Mason's calibre. 

(i) Beautifully played ; from this point the game abounds in 
the most interestiog positions. (See diagram.) 

Position after White's 40th mov 
Black (Hbibr Winaweb.) 

White (Mr. Masom.) 

(j) It Q takes B, then 43 R to B 4 cb, K, to Q sq, 44 Q to 
K 8 ch, Q to K sq (if K to K 2, then of course 45 R takes P ch 
and 46 Q to R 7 ch, wins the Q), 45 Q takes R ch, Q to K 2 (beat), 
46 Q to R 8 eh, Q to K sq, 47 Q to Kt 7, Q to K 2, 48 Q to 
Kt 8 cb, Q to Kt sq, 49 Q takes P eh, and wins. To foresee all 
this line of play was, we need not say, most creditable to Mr, 

(kj Another splendid stroka This too, doubtless formed 
part of White's conception in making bis 40th move. 

CI) If K takes B, be must obviomly lose one of bis Rooks, as 
well as his Queen, 




Played at Vienna in the 32nd round. Score taken from Land 

and Water, 

(Sicilian Defence.) 


(Mr. Blackbame.) (Capt. Mackenzie.) 
lPtoK4 - - 

2 Et to Q B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 

5 Kt takes P 

7 Castles 

8 Et takes Et 

9 P to E 5 
10 P takes B 

12 B to R 3 

13 Q R to Et sq 

14 R to Et 3 

Et to Q B 3 
PtoE 3 
P takes P 
P to Q R 3 (a) 
Et to B 3 {b) 
B to Et 5 (c) 
Et P takes Et 
B takes Et {d) 
EttoQ 4 
Castles (e) 
R to E sq 
P to E B 4 
P to Q R 4 


(Mr. Blackbame.) (Capt. Mackenzie.) 

16 P to Q B 4 Et to Kt 5 
16BtoR5(/) PtoEt3 

17 R to E Et 3 E to B 2 {g) 

18 Q to B 4 R to R sq 

19 P to Q B 3 Q to B sq Qi) 

20 Q to Et 5 

21 P takes Et 

22 P to Kt 6 

23 Q to R 6 

24 R to Et 7 

25 P takes P 

26 Q to Q 2 

P takes B 
E to E sq 
Q to B2 
E to Q sq 
Q to E sq 
EtoB 2 

27PtoB7ch(2) E takes P 
28 Q to Q 6 ch Resigns. 

NoTBS BY C. E. Ranebn. 

(a) This, perhaps, is advisable, in view of the possible con- 
tinuation, if Et to B 3 be played now, of 6 E Et to Et 5, B to 
Et 5, 7 P to Q R 3, which seems to compel Black to exchange his 
B for the Q Kt, or else to submit to a powerful attack. 

(h) We prefer 6 B to B 4, and if 7 Kt to Kt 3, B to R 2, or 
if 6 B to K 3, Q to B 3. 

(c) The Bishop is useless here ; we favour Q to B 2, 
threatening Kt takes Kt, and B to B 4. 

(d) Black has not a good game now, but this makes matters 
worse, surely it was better to play the Kt to Q 4 at once. 

(e) If 11 Q to R 4, White can continue with 12 P to Q B 4, 
and if 12 Q to B 6, with 13 Q to B 5, followed by 14 B to R 3 if 
Q takes R or either of the Pawns. 

(f) Bold, and apparently sound, for, as Mr. Potter has shown, 
if now 16 Kt takes B P, 17 Q to B 3, Kt takes B, 18 B takes R, 
Kt takes P, 19 B to R 5, Kt to Kt 3, &c. Nevertheless we should 
rather have played 16 Q to Q 2, still threatening the attack 
actually adopted. 

(g) Necessary, for if 17^Kt takes B P, then 18 Q to Q 2, Kt 
takes B, 19 B takes P and wins. 



(h) At bis last move Black dared not take the B on account 
of the reply Q to E 6, and Q to B 6 would now be fatal if he 
removed his Kt. 

(i) This game is a good specimen of Mr. Blackbume's elegant 
and attacking style, and of the crushing manner in which he takes 
advantage of an opponent's faulty opening, for since his 9th move 
Black has had no chance. 

First Game in playing off the ties. 

(French Game.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (H 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K 6 (a) 

3 P to Q 4 (c) 

4 P takes P 

5 Kt to Q B 3 

6 B to K B 4 ((?) 

7 Q to Q 2 

8 Q takes B 

9 K to Q 2 (e) 

10 Kt to Kt 5 

11 Kt to Q 6 ch 

12 B takes Kt 

13 Q to B 5 

14 Kt to K 2 {g) 


err Winawer.) 
P to K B 3 (6) 
P to Q B 4 
B takes P 
Q toB 2 
Q to Kt 3 
B takes P ch 
Q takes P 
Q takes R 
K to B sq 
P takes B 
Kt to K 2 
Q takes R 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Herr Winawer.) 

15 P takes P P takes P 

16 B to R 6 ch {h) K to Kt sq 

17 Q to Q 4 {i) Q takes R P 

18 B to B 4 {j) 

19 Q takes B P 

20 Q to Q 8 ch 

21 Q to R 5 

22 Q to B 3 ch 

23 Kt takes Kt 

24 P to K Kt 3 R to B sq 

25 Kt to K 4 Q to K 2 

26 Kt to Q 5 Q to K 3 

27 Kt to B 7 Q to R 3 ch 
White resigns. 

Qto R 4 
Kt to Q 4 
K to Kt 2 
Kt takes B 
Q to Kt 4 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(a) Refreshing as any new move must be in the close 
openings, we cannot but think this variation already played out. 

(b) See p. 256, note (6), in the July number. If 2 P to Q 4 
was good, the text move is probably still better : it equally wrests 
the move from White, and opens a more important file. 

(c) The safe course was to accept the situation, and change 
off the weak Pawn. But Steinitz's play throughout this game 
shows that he was prepared to risk a good deal in order to '^ win or 
lose it al].'' 

(d) Staking everything on the chance of the reply 6 P takes 
P, when 7 Q to R 5 ch would give him a winning game. Winawer, 
however, answers with a home thrust, attacking two Pawns. 



(e) And by this time bold play is White's only chance. 
Moving the Rook would clearly give him a forlorn game. 

(/J The complications here defy analysis, at least within 
reasonable limits. The text move was certainly one to be avoided 
if possible ; and the move suggested by Mr. Hoffer, Kt to B 3 
giving up the Rook and trusting to his Pawns and the probable 
recovery of the Et, was most likely the best. 

fgj Another stroke of happy audacity, which ought at least to 
have secured the draw. Steinitz thinks he should first have taken 
P with P ; but Black would doubtless have retaken with P and 
kept the Rook imprisoned. 

(h) Draw Number One could here have been forced by 16 Q to 
E R 5, Kt to Et 3, 17 Q to R 6 ch, E to Et sq (if E to E 2 he is 
clearly mated in a few moves beginning with 18 Q to Kt 7 ch), 
18 Et to E 8, E to B 2, 19 Et to Q 6 ch, E to Et sq, 20 Et to 
E 8, <fec. 

(ij Draw Number Two arises after 17 Kt to E 4, E to B 2 
(best) 18 Et to Q 6 ch and Black must return to Kt sq, as E to 
Et 3 would lose. Mr. Winawer afterwards declared that he 
would have accepted the draw thus offered : the alternatives 

17 , Q takes R P and , 17 Et to Et 3 would both be too 


(j) Draw Number Three is, alas ! non-existent, and Black 
must now carry all before him. If 18 Q takes K B P, Q takes 
Kt ch followed by Kt to B 4 makes all safe. 

Second Game in playing off the ties. 

(Three Knights' Game.) 


(Herr Winawer.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 

4 P to Q 4 

5 Kt takes P 

6 Kt tks Kt (6) 

7 B to Q 3 

8 Castles 

9 Q to K sq (c) 
10 P to B 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
B to Kt 2 
Kt P tks Kt 
Kt to K 2 
PtoQ 3 
P to K R 3 
KtoR 2 


(Herr Winawer.) 

12 Q to Q 2 

13 Q R to K sq 

14 P takes P 

15 R takes R 

16 Kt to K 2 

17 Kt to B 4 

18 P to Q Kt 3 

19 R to B 3 

20 R to R 3 

21 Kt to Q 5 

22 Kt takes Kt 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P to K B 4 
P takes P (d) 
R takes R ch 
BtoK 3 
B to Kt sq 
QtoQ 2 
R to K B sq 
B to B 2 (e) 
PtoKR4 (/) 
Q takes Kt 



23 R to B 3 

24 B to K Et 5 

25 B to R 6 

26 B takes B 

27 Q to B 4 (h) 

28 R takes Q 

29 P takes P 

30 R to B sq 

31 E to B 2 

32 E to E 3 

33 R to Q Et sq 

34 P to Q R 3 

35 R to Q R sq 

36 P to R 3 0") 

37 P to B 3 

38 B to B 2 

39 P to Et 4 (k) 

40 P to R 4 

41 RtoQEtsq (Q 

42 B takes R 

43 E to B 3 

44 B to R 2 

E to Et sq 

45 B to B 7 


QtoE 4 

46 E to B 2 (n) 

EtoB 5 

R to E sq (0) 

47 P to R 5 

B takes P 

E takes B 

48 B to B 4 


Q tAkes Q 

49 B to R 6 


P to B 5 (0 

50 B to B 8 

P to B 5 (0) 

RtoE 4 

61 PtoR6 


R to Q B 4 

62 B to Q 7 


B takes P 

53 P takes P oh 

E takes P 

BtoE 3 

64 E to E 2 

B to Q 6 ch 


65 E to E sq 


R toR4 

56 B to B 8 



57 K to Q sq 

EtoB 7 

RtoR 5 

68 B to B 5 

B takes P 


59 E to B 2 


RtoR 3 

60 E takes P 

B takes P 

P to R5 

61 E to Q 4 

B to Et 7 ( 

R to Et 3 

62 E to E 5 


R takes R 

63 E to B 6 



64 E takes P 

P queens 

P to Et 4 

65 E to Et 6 

EtoB 6 

P to B 3 (771) 

66 P to Et 5 

EtoB 5 
and wins. 

Notes by W. Wattk 

(a J As the result of his unfortunate tactics in the last game, 
Steinitz has now to force the win against a consummate master 
of position, playing with the advantage of the move and content 
to draw. We do not like his present move, which had already lost 
him a game to Wittek ; but the Four Enights' Game was probably 
rejected as too drawish under the circumstances. 

(b) If playing to win, White should continue with B to E 3, 
Q to Q 2, and Castles Q R, afterwards aiming at making a breach 
with his E R P. These moves occur in a match game of Paulsen's 
against Anderssen, C, F. C. 1877 p. 63 ; and we have found them 
in practice effective against strong opponents. 

(ej The Field condemns this move : but White after all gets 
a strong attack, requiring the greatest nicety in the defence, and 
from which he could have retired with a perfectly even game. 

fdj He isolates the adverse P, and risks the attack which 

(e) Anticipating White's meditated sacrifice of the Et; if 
now 21 Et takes P, Et takes Et, 22 B takes R P, R to E R sq, 
and should win. 

ff) The only move ; if 21 Et to Et sq, 22 B takes R P, B 
takes B, 23 R takes B ch and wins : or if 22 E takes B, 23 Et to 
B 6 ch forces mate in a few moves. 


(gj Not 25 Q to R 8 ch, 26 R to B sq, Q takes P, becaase <^ 
27 B takes B, K takes B, 23 Q to B 3 ch, and 29 R to Q R sq with 
an excellent game. 

(h) The exchanges hitherto have forwarded White's Tiews as 
expressed in note (c). The Field condemns this move on account 
of Blacks rejoinder at move 28, but indicates no alternative ; we 
suggest Q to B 2, as Black threatened P to Q 4 and also Q to 
R 8 ch , in either case winning a P. 

(ij A fine move, disintegrating the adverse Pawns ; if the 
B retired instead of taking, Black equally followed up with R to E 4, 
threatening P to E Kt 4 and also to attack the Q R P. 

(j) The Pawns on the Q side, though weak, are still defensible ; 
but now White begins to place his united Pawns on the wrong 
colour. The Field suggests P to Q B 3 ; we prefer P to E Kt 3. 

(k) Completing the blunder; P to Et 3, we believe, might 
yet have drawn the game. 

(Q He cannot afford to let the R come in at Et 7. The B can 
no longer be defended by E to Q 2, as the opponent's E is let in at 
B 5 ; and if R protected at B sq, B to Et 6 forcing the exchange 
of Bishops would afterwards enable the R to rampetge at his will 
among the Pawns. 

(m) Black's two last moves are very judicious, shutting out 
the B from defensive positions. Had he taken the R P, his own 
B would have been imprisoned by B to Q 3 or B 4. 

(n) The P can no longer be defended ; 46 B to Et 6 would be 
met by 46 P to Q 4. 

{o) This is far better than the more obvious P to Q 5. 

(p) E to Et 6, followed by B takes P, would have hastened 
White's approaching resignation. 


Cara Caissa, tibi hoc condo breve carmen amatae, 

Qua non nobilior vindicat uUa modos : 
Debita pro docto solvens tibi munera ludo, 

Qua comite ah quoties molliter bora fluit. 

Nee paucos quos fidus amor mihi junxit amioos 

Tu magica vinctos compede, diva, tenes. 
Felix his, opto, te non absente, December, 

Felix non sine te totus et annus est. 

This is a translation of the " Enight's Tour *• by F. F. B., on 
p. 75, B. C. M. The first solution was received on the morning of 
July 3rd from W. S. Brook, Rugby, to whom a copy of Brentano 
has been forwarded. The second post of the same day brought a 
solution from J. A. Miles, Fakenham ; and afterwards solutions 
were received from J, 0. AUfrey, J. G. Chancellor, H. V. Plum, 
C. D. Locock, and W. H. E. Pollock. 



Revista de Ajedrez. — Will you oblige us with a copy of your 
magazine for January 15th, 1881 1 (Vol II. No. 1). We have 
every number except that, and are wishful to possess your valuable 
journal complete. 

Max Ktlrschner, Nuremberg. — Your favour to hand and shall 
have due notice in our next number. 

%* If any of our subscribers have a copy of " J. B. of Brid- 
port's " Problems to dispose of, we shall be glad to hear from them 
with price annexed. 

Pboblbh Dkpabtmbnt. 

E. Pradignat. — ^Many thanks for your welcome contributions. 
You will see we have availed ourselves of two in this number. 

G. Hume. — Glad to hear from you again. Cannot your 
4-moYer be cooked by 1 Q to K 5 ch, 2 Et to B 2 dis oh, 3 Q to 
Q B 5 ch, Q in, 4 Kt to K sq or R 3, Q takes Q mate 1 

C. E. Tuckett— Does not No. U require a Black P at K R 7 1 
Else, after the defence 1 P to E 4, White can continue dually by 
2 E to Et 2, &o. 45 is not yet cured. White can still play 
2 B to Et 4 ch, Et takes B, 3 P mates ! 

E. C, Rathmines.— In 126, if Black play 1 R to Q 5 (the only 
defence you have failed to meet), 2 Et to E 3 mates. The Black 
Et at Q Et 8 prevents a dual mate in that case and also stops 
mate in one move by Et to Q B 3 1 Solution of 121 correct. 

A. L. S., Bedford. — Corrected diagrams are to hand and shall 
be examined. 


(Condition :— Mainplay to be 1 Et to Q R 5, 2 Et to E Et 5, 
3 Q mates : or first two moves reversed.) 

The condition the competitors had to observe appears to have 
exercised a most baneful influence, as out of the 16 competing 
problems Nos. 1, 4, 8, 9, 12, 13 and 14 admit of second solutions. 
There remain, therefore, only Nos. 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15 and 
16 to place. 

No. 2 has some pleasing mates, but the first move is absolutely 
forced, and neither of Black's two pieces contribute to a single 
variation. No. 3 is simply beneath criticism. No. 5 possesses no 
feature of interest. No. 6 on the contrary is very pleasing, the 
double sacrifice is well conceived, and the construction most able. 
No. 7. It is pretty evident which Et is to move first ; in other 
respects this problem is not without merit; the several mates with 

I 3 


the Q are ingeniously contrived. No. 10 is correct but altogether 
too slight and simple to rank high. No. 11 is much better, al- ~ 
though easy, it is neat and it is not so patent which Kt moves 
first. No. 15 is evidently a problem composed with great care or 
rather labour ; a second solution by P queens is cleverly avoided. 
The position, however, is very cumbersome, and there is no element 
of surprise or interest in the solution. White with all his force 
can only succeed in mainplay by slaughtering the Black Knight. 
No. 16. This, although last, is without question a long way the 
best of the lot. The construction is most elegant, and the solution 
is almost entirely free from duals (perfectly so, in fact, in reply 
to every move worthy the name of defence). The Et on K 4 
traverses its whole circuit of moves except one, according as Black 
plays. It is this feature which prodnces a kind of Loyd-like charm 
and enhances the general beauty of the composition. * 

I place No. 16 first and No. 6 second. I have found it difficult 
to know to which to assign the third place, as none seem worthy 
80 high a rank. No. 13 would undoubtedly have taken this place 
but unfortunately it can be cooked by 1 Kt to Q 2. On the whole 
I believe No. 7 to be the most deserving. Nos. 2 and 111 bracket 
for fourth ; then comes No. 15, then Nos. 10 and 5, and last No. 3, 
which well deserves the wooden spoon. 

I cannot consider this Tourney a decided success, but infer 
that the conditions tended rather to cramp the powers of the 
composers than the reverse. 

The following are the second solutions of the faulty problems. 
No. 1 (Two solutions). Cooked by 1 Kt to Q R 5, K moves ; 2 Kt to 

Kt 5, Any; 3 Q to K 4 mate. 
1 Ptk8KtorPtoKt4;2Rtks 

P ch, K to K 6 ; 3 B mates. 
No. 4 (Four solutions). Cooked by 1 Kt to Q 2 dis ch, K to K 3 ; 

2 Kt to Q 8 ch. Any; Q mates. 
No. 8 (Eight solutions). Three mates in one by Kt to Kt 6, 

Kt (K 4) to Q 2 or tks P. 
No. 9 (Four solutions). Cooked by 1 Q or P to K 5 ch, Any ; 

2 B or Q mates. 
No. 12 (Six solutions). Cooked by 1 Kt to Q 8 ch, K to B 4 ; 

2 Kt to Kt 7 ch, K to B 3 ; 

3 Kt to K 5 mate. 

No. 13 (Two solutions). Cooked by 1 Kt to Q 2, Kt to B sq, P to Q 5 ; 

2 Kt tks B, Any ; 3 Q mates. 
1 Any other, 2 Q takes K P ch, 
K moves, 3 Q to K 3 mate. 
No. 14 (Four solutions.) Cooked by 1 Kt to Q 4, Any ; 2 Q to 

B 3 mate. 
The usual two months will be allowed before this award is 
confirmed. W. Timbrell Pierce. 


List of Comfbiitobs. 

Problem L, L. W. Stanton, Wareham. 
„ II., H. Blanchard, LaDcaster. 

„ HI., Jas. E. Scott, Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.A. 
„ IV., W. Atkinson, Montreal. 

„ v., W. Greenwood, Keigbley. 

„ VL, G. J. Slater, Bolton. 

VII., H. F. L. Meyer, London. 
„ VIIL, T. Randell, Hull. 
„ IX., J. A. Miles, Fakenham. 

„ X,, J. P. Lea, Handaworth. 

XL, F. W. Markwiok, Brighton. 
„ XII., Jabez Stringer, London. 
„ XIIL, X. HawkinB, Kentucky. 
„ XIV., W. Haste, Rawdon. 
„ XV., E. J. Cfttlow, Yankalilla, South Australia. 
„ XVI., W. A. Shiukman, America. 

Ist Prize, J31 lis. 6d., given by C.W. of Sunbury, W. A. Shinkman. 
2nd „ lOa. 6d., given by C. W., of Sunbary, G. J. Slatbe. 
3rd „ B.C.M.forl882,giveQbyH.J.C.Andrews,H.F.L.MBYBB. 
,., f H. Blanchard, 

*ttt „ I p_ yf Makkwick. 

1st Prize, W. A. Shihkhan. 2hd Pbizb, G. J. Slater. 


White to play and innU in three moves. White to play and mat« in three move«. 



No. 130.— By O. LIBERALI. No. 131.— By C. A. GILBERG. 


□ moTW. White to pikjr Uld mute in three laoTM, 

No. 132.— By B. G. LAWS. No. 133.— Bt E. PBADIGNAT. 


Wbite to plaj Hid mat* in font ihotm. 


No. 134.— Bt J. G. CHANCELLOR. No. 136.— Bt O. J. SLATER 

White to play ADd mate Id three moTes. White to play and mate io fbm moval 

No. 136,— Bt J. P. TAYLOR - 
AKD a J. C. ANDREWS. Na 137.— Bt B. G. LAWS. 


White to play and mate in tiaee moret. White to play and mute in four mavea. 



121, by B. G. Laws.— 1 R to R 3 ; cooked b j 1 R takes Kt 
Problem 122, by C. E. Tuokett.— 1 Q to R 8, K takes Q P (a), 

2 Q to Kt 8 ch, &o. (a) 1 K takes K B P, 2 Q to R 8 ch, &c. 

Problem 123, by G. Morsch.— 1 R to R 2, R to B sq (a), 2 R 
to K Kt 2, R to Kt sq, 3 Kt takes P ch, &c. If 2 Kt to K 3, 

3 Q or R takes R ch, <fec. (a) 1 Any other, 2 Kt to Kt 6 ch, and 
mates in two more moves. 

Problem 124, by J. G. Chancellor, M.A.— 1 Q to K B sq, Kt 
takes B (a), 2 Kt to B 6, Q takes Kt, 3 R chs, Sso. (a) R takes 
Kt, 2 B to R 4, Q to Q R 2, 3 Q to K R sq ch, &c. 

Problem 125, by W. Mead.— 1 Kt (B 5) to Kt 7 ; cooked by 
1 R to K B 7. 

Problem 126, by F. B. Phelps.— 1 K to B 2. 

J. P. Lea, W. Jay, Locke Holt, A. L. S., H. Blanchard, and 
P. L. P., have solved Nos. 121 to 126, and J. 0. AUfrey all but 
123 and 4. Two solutions of No. 121 by J. P. Lea, W. Jay, 
A. L. S., H. Blanchard, J. 0. Allfrey, and P. L. P. Two solutions 
of 125 by J. P. Lea and H. Blanchard. 

A. L. S. — R takes P omitted in No. 126. 

Mr. W. F. Wills points out that solvers partially failing to dis- 
cover the author's intention in any problem may wish to reconsider 
the number of points awarded by them to such problem, especially 
as small prizes are offered for the problems gaining the highest 
number of points in the yearly competition. We shall be glad to 
make any such rectification if sent with the solutions of the fol- 
lowing month or earlier if desired. W. R. B. 


Edited by H. J. C. Andrews. 

In the third of our Solution Tourneys the prizes offered will be 

Ist — Munoz's Alphabet of Chess Problems, 

2nd — ^Miles's Poems and CJiess Problems, 

3rd — Bland's Chess Annual, 

This tourney is inaugurated with the present number, and will 
continue to the end of the year. 

Challenge Problem No. V. — The prize offered by Mr. Laws 
has been won by M. A. Demonchy of Marseilles, who alone has 
been successful in mastering this beautiful stratagem. Mr. D. Y. 
Mills has forwarded what purports to be " another way," but, in 
reality, this proposed solution is itself cooked, as White can play 
7 K takes P at Kt 7, escaping the threatened mate. The 
following is author's solution. 1 R to K 5, B takes R (a), 2 Kt to 


Q 3, 6 moves, 3 Et at Q T to E 5 cb, B takes Kt, 4 Et takes P ch, 
B takea Et ch, 6 E takes B, P to E 4, 6 E to B sq, P to Et 7 
mate (a), 1 B to Et 2 ('>), 2 R to B 6 cb, E to Q 5, 3 R to Et 5 ch, 
E to B 5, 4 R takes B, P to E 4, 6 E takes P, &c (b). If B to 
B 3 White pla.78 2 R to B 6 ch, 3 R to B 5 ch, fto. 

We have not received a single solution of the page of sui- 
mates in our June namber and therefore withhold the respective 
keys for the present. 

Those of our readers who have Collins's Collection of Problems 
will be glad to see the atoended version of No. 16 which we have 
pleasure in inserting at the author's request. The companion 
2-moTer by M. E. Pnvdignat took lat prize in the recent tourney 
of the American Btmday Neva. 

By F. C. Collins. Bt K Pradionat. 

White to play and mate in two move*. White to plaj and mate in two move*. 
Brbktano's Chess Monthlt 3-iiovb Problbu Toubnbt. — The 
following is the award : 1st Prize, H. Leprettel, Marseilles ; 2nd, 
M. Ebrenstein, Prclleukircbeu ; 3rd, J. Obermann, Leipsic j 4th, 
Dr. A. Kauders, Vienna ; 6th, A. F. Mackenzie, JamEuca ; 6th, 
J. C. J. WaJDwright, U.S.A. Amongst the 42 remaining competi- 
tors were included the renowned veterans Dr. Conrad Bayer and 
Count Arnold Pongracz, who stand respectively eighth and ninth 
in order of merit— Dr. Melissinos preceding them as seventh. 
The English competitors were Messrs. M. Jordan, J, Pierce, and 
O. J. Slater. Many leading American composers seem to be 
resting on their oars at present, which circumstance no doubt 
accounts for the ^most complete triumph of the roving champions 
of France and Germany. The above award was to remain open 


ontil Uie Ist inat We pTeoent tbe firat two priss problema which 
we oonaidwed to poiseoa exoepticnutlly high merita. 

Ibt Pbizb PbobiiEM. 2in> Prizb Fboblbil 

Bt H. Lkfrbttkl. Bt Uoritk EuuinsTDir. 

WHTTft. WBI^t. 

WUto to play ud nute in thraa moral. WUtB to p1> j and mate in three moni. 

competitor must contribute at least two and not more than four 
direct 2-move problems, bearing a distinct motto. Sealed euTelopes 
not considered neoesBary. Of the problems entered eaoh candidate 
must post two on or before September 10th, but a month more 
will be allowed to make up the complement of four. Address, 
Mephisto, 96, Harbour St., Kingston, Jamaica. Prizes — 1st, £2, 
2nd, £1, 3rd, 10/-, 4th, 5/-, also 10/- for the best problem giving 
the Black King most liberty, and Bland's Cheea Annual for the 
most appropriate motto. Ko oompetitor to take more than one 
of tbe r^ular prizes. Judges : of the problems, Mr. F. G. Collins, 
of the mottoes. Miss Beeohey. The Chess editor of the J. F. J, 
very sensibly advises competitors to " bow with modesty, or 
cegTW antmo, to &o fortunes of war." Excellent maxim 1 which 
may advantageously be taken to heart by aspiring composers, not 
only in Jamaica, but all the world over 1 

We understand that the Chess editor of the Bag£ Newtpaper 
will continue his column in the pages of Ymdh, " a new weekly 
journal for the youth of all ages from the schoolboy to the under- 
graduate," which is about to supersede the B. N. and the Boytf 
lUuatrated Neies. " Youth will be served " is an old ade^ In 
the present case we venture to exprees an opinion that it will be 
served right well, at aaj rate in the Cheas department I 




A la M A N A e, 



OOTOBBB, 1882. 





























First number of the Hudderafield College Magazine issued, 
1872. Chess column in the Chichester Parochial Magaaine com- 
menced, 1878. Chess colnnin in Hull Packet commenced, 1880. 

Chess column in WcUter PelharrCs Journal commenced, 1879. 

Commencement of play in the first American Chess Congress, 
New York, 1857. 

Philip Richardson born, 1841. Chess column in Design 
and Work commenced, 1878. 

Hanstein died, 1850, aged 39. 

Der Lasa born, 1818. 

Last meeting of the Yorkshire Chess Association, at Hull, 

Capt. Kennedy died, 1878, aged 69. 

St. Amant died, 1872, aged 72. 
0. T. Malmqvist died, 1874, aged 26. 
Deschapelles died, 1847, aged 67. [1876. 

Chess column in Boston (America) WeeTdy Globe commenced. 
Match between Messrs. Barnes and Delmar finished, 1879. 
Score — Delmar, 7 ; Barnes, 4 ; Drawn, 2. 

Rudolph Willmers born, 1821. 



On entenng Langbem's room I find htm atanding irith hii back to 
the fire, and a long Qermaa pipe in his hand, attcDtively vatchicg 
a game between Oiglamps and Dryaedaat. The latter has the 
White men and it is hia turn to play. Afler two mores, which 
Chees adepta will see at a glance, GiglampB reaigas. Drjaadost 
Rets up the position once more and looks at it admiringly. 

" That has been a fine game and a good fioish," he sajs at 

"For the winner," drily adds Giglamps, as he relights bia 

" It exactly illustrates a pet maxim of my old schoolmaster's,'' 
■ays Dryasdust. 

"Some ages agol" interposes Giglamps, who has not quite 
recoTered his equanimity. 

Dryasdust is always literal. "Not more than forty-seven jeais," 
he replies. " It was ' win a pawn and keep it till it wins the 

" Capital 1 " says Giglamps. " But why a pawn only ) Why 
not a piece, a Rook, or a Queen t " 

I interpose, to keep the peace between them. " Where is the 
won pawp 1 " I ask. 


*' I sacrificed it to obtain that position," says Diyasdust ^* It 
was a fine stroke." 

" Very simple/' says Giglamps, still disposed for combat. " It 
was just an exchange of pieces with the loss of a pawn in order to 
throw the weight of his remaining pawns on the side away from 
TDj King. ^ Thou knowest his old ward ' — exchanges, repeated 

** But/' cries Langbein, '^ I have been looking on and I have 
admired the move, only our friend might easily have aypided it." 

" Lookers-on always win," grumbles Giglamps. 

"And he would have done worse," replies Dryasdust. "I 
know my game. I have proved it. It is sound, and simple." 

" Slow, selfish, and successful," adds Giglamps. 

Dryasdust is good tempered, and does not mind being abused. 

" Suppose we sit at the feet of Gamaliel," I say, " and learn 
something about this sound, simple, and successful style of play." 

" I have told you," says Dryasdust ^* There is no more to be 
said. * Win a pawn and keep it.' " 

" So it is always with you English ! " cries Langbein. " Wish 
yon thoroughly to understand the nature of things, so must you 
come to one of my countrymen. We alone analyse to the elements. 
Think you I have looked over so many games for nothing t Truly 
not ! Herr Diyasdust's style of play is to me as well known as it 
is to himsell I have studied it, as you say, all around. I have 
it all here in my head." 

" Bring it out, by all means," I say. 

" Nor his alone," he goes on. '' Know I not as well your 
own style, Herr Professor ) Tou say to me why look I on ) Why 
not play 1 I say to you there is a greater pleasura I suffer not 
defeat. White wins ; I am pleased. Black wins ; I equally re- 
joice. I invent theories as I watch." 

"Just what we want," I say, for if not stopped he would preach 
for an hour. " Now for the theory of Dryasdust's play," 

" It is this," he continues, '' and I shall give you the process at 
large, that you may see how I have studied it. The beginning is 
to double a pawn — ^that is easy." 

" You won't find it so easy if you try it on with me," says 
Dryasdust. " You young fellows are too careless." 

" This is, however, most often done by exchanging a Bishop for 
a Knight. The next step is to bring the Knight to bear upon 
either of the doubled pawns, when it cannot be defended l)y the 
adverse Bishop, and when the other pawn stands in the way of its 
defence by the Rooks or Queen." 

" All which is as easy as sinning," says Giglamps. 

" It is not soon done," says Langbein, *' but to the expert the 
end is sure, although the road may be long. It is quite simple. The 
ground must be cleared by exchanges, in which our friend excels." 


'' And spoils all the fun/' says Giglamps. 

" The fun, as you call it, is in winning/' puts in Dryasdust. 
" I play to win." 

** So it is/' continues Langbein. '' Herr Dryasdust directs his 
chief attention to exchanges. He succeeds against you attacking 
players because you are thinking of something else. You advance 
some piece into his game. He promptly opposes one of equal 
value. You must take it or lose time. Is it not so ) " 

" True enough/' says Giglamps. 

'' Also, I see/' says Langbein, ^' rarely a game in which you do 
not permit your Queen to be exchanged by force. This opens the 
way for the Knight — ^then swiftly fall the doubled pawns — ^then 
comes on the end-game — then wins our friend ! Am I not right, 
Herr Dryasdust 1 " 

Dryasdust nods his head. " It is a fine system," he says. 

" But," says Giglamps, " you don't consider what little pleasure 
a game of that description gives to the other player. All his 
challenges to complicate are refused, and every combination nipped 
in the bud just for the sake of playing an end-game." 

" Then," says Dryasdust, " you should take better care of your 

" Ach ! That is not it," cries Langbein. " He should keep to 
his own style, and play for the weak points of yours." 

" And where may they be 1 " enquires Dryasdust sarcastically. 

" Are they not obvious 1 " says Langbein. " In protecting 
yourself from doubled pawns you lose time. In doubling your 
opponent's pawns you put a useful piece of your own out of play. 
In avoiding complications you become less able to deal with them 
when forced upon you. Is it not also obvious that the whole 
programme rests upon superior skill in end-games % The principle 
then is to avoid them." 

" Right you are," says Giglamps. " It follows that the way to 
beat Dryasdust is to find out that part of the game where I am 
strongest and he weakest in the nature of our different styles, dash 
at him boldly and win. Is that it 1 " 

" So it is," says Langbein, " Try it. It is the true theory." 

" Try it, by all means," says Dryasdust. " I am not afraid." 

The board is set in a trice. Langbein plants himself once 
more on the hearthrug, as if he were the exhibitor and sole proprie- 
tor of the show, and the following tough game ensues, both players 
being prepared for the other's tactics. 

White (Dryasdust.) Black (Giglamps. ) 
lPtoK4 lPtoK4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 3 Kt to B 3 
4BtoB4 4BtoB4 


5 P to Q 3 

5 P to Q 3 

6 P to KB 3 

6 Kt to K 2 

7 Castles 

7 PtoB 3 

8 BtoKKt5 

8 B to K 3 

9 B takes Kt 

9 P takes B 

" Now see we," quoth Langbein, " how the two styles of play 
diverge. One plays for a doubled pawn, the other for an open file," 

10 KttoQR4 10 BtoQKt5 

"Otherwise," says Langbein, "should we have witnessed a 
grand exchange and simplification of the position." 

11 PtoQR3 11 BtoR4 

12 PtoQKt4 12 BtoB2 

13 B to Q R 2 13 P to Q Kt 4 

14 Kt to Q B 3 14 P to Q R 4 

" Now's my time, or never ! " says Giglamps. 

15 Kt to K 2 15 P takes P 

16 B takes B 16 P takes B 

17 P takes P 17 KtoQ2 

Langbein shakes his head at this move. 

18 P to Q 4 18 Kt to Kt 3 

19 P takes P 19 B P takes P 

20 Kt to R 2 20 R takes R 

21 Q takes R 21 Q to R 5 

" It goes well with the youth 1 " says Langbein* " Truly he 
has won the attack." 

22 PtoKB3 22 BtoKt3ch 

23 K to R sq 23 R to K B sq 

24 Q to R 6 24 B to B 2 

25 Q to R 3 25 Q to Kt 4 

26 Q to B sq 

" As usual ! " exclaims Giglamps. " I must exchange, or risk 
something. Bold play for ever ! " 

26 KttoB5 

27 Kt takes Kt 27 P takes Kt 

28 Q to Q 2 28 P to R 4 

29 Q to B 2 29 P to Q 4 

30 P takes P 30 K P takes P 

31 R to Q R sq 31 R to K sq 

32 R to K B sq 32 li to K Kt sq 

33 PtoQB3 33 B to Kt 3 

Giglamps is charmed to have the opportunity of making a 
m.ove like this. " Nothing in it," remarks Dryasdust, after a long 


34 PtoR4 34 QtoKte 

Giglamps is jubilant He begins to look upon it as a won 


35 Q to Q B 2 35 R to Et 2 

36 Q to B 5 ch 36 K to B 2 

37 Q to R 3 

We all laugh at the ingenuity displayed by Dryasdust in 

playing for an exchange. " I won't oblige him," says Giglamps, 

" rather die first." 

37 Q to Kt 3 

38 R to Esq 38 B to E 6 

39 EttoBsq 39 P to Q 5 

40 Et takes B 40 Q P takes Et 

" That must be right for me," says Giglamps. 

41 Q to R 2 

It is now Dryasdust's turn to look pleased. Giglamps does not 
quite realise the situation. 

41 Q to B 3 

42 R takes P 

^' So serves Chess those who throw away their chances," says 
Langbein. Giglamps shows symptoms of discomposura 

42 R to Q 2 

43 R to E sq 43 R to Q 7 

Dryasdust does not know what to make of this move. He 
looks at it long — ^too long. 

44 E to Et sq 44 R to Q B 7 

45 RtoE3 45 KtoEt3 

46 R to E sq 46 R takes P 

47 E to B sq 47 Q to Q 5 

48 Q to Et sq 

" Now is he caught 1 " cries Langbein. " Never ! " exclaims 

48 R to E 6 

49 R takes R 49 P takes R 

Dryasdust ponders sadly over the position. 

50 PtoEt3 50 P checks 

"And wins," says Giglamps. "Hurrah, for *t'owd Schulemaister' 
and his system." 

" I have mismanaged it this time," says Dryasdust, " but the 
system is sound all the same — perfectly sound. I have played too 
quickly — or the light is bad — or something." 




The title Chess Strategy has previously been affixed to a coUeotion 
of problems published by Mr. Miles in 1855, and forming a nucleus 
for the subsequent well-known work, Chess Gems, If Mr. Loyd 
has been anticipated in this respect, he can at any rate lay claim 
to having produced a volume perfectly unique in design and 
execution. It is at once an amply sufficient reproduction of his 
own problems and an elaborate treatise on construction and com- 
position. This twofold plan is consistently carried out, and every 
diagram furnishes the author with a text whereupon to base a 
strategic discourse. The usual arrangement of problems, according 
to length, is abandoned, and the solutions are all printed under 
the diagrams. This system, however objectionable in a mere col- 
lection, is of great utility in enabling the reader to follow uninter- 
ruptedly the thread of each argument and demonstration. It is 
therefore especially as a treatise, Chess Strategy invites attention. 
Among the opening remarks is the following tribute ig the British 
school : — " In striking contrast, we find the uniformly good, the 
well defined, clear cut of the Briton ; the conscientious finish and 
perfect polish of the skilled artisan ; the correct solution that 
works with machine-like precision, charming us with the display 
of inevitable results of mechanical laws; the perfection of economy 
of force, yet leaving on our own minds a vague idea that genius is 
being driven with too tight a rein." Mr. Loyd indulges in a few 
observations, partly appreciative and partly humorous, on the 
characteristics of other schools, but he altogether eschews person- 
alities. Throughout this book neither the names nor the problems 
of contemporary composers are once alluded to. When construc- 
tive or other defects have to be illustrated, the author draws 
upon some of the more weak-kneed of his own compositions. 
Invited into the master's workshop, the student finds him sur- 
rounded with the children of his brain, and chatting pleasantly 
and instructively alike upon their beauties and drawbacks. 

Among some useful notes upon mating positions and moves, 
we read the following, bearing upon a disputed point. '' I do not 
consider it an essential point of the purity of a mating position 
that all of the pieces employed in the construction of a problem 
should participate in the culminating mate. The purity of the 
mate depends upon having no squares needlessly or double guarded 
when the mate is given." 

In treating of "Old Style Problems," among much that is 
true and well put, we come across one of Mr. Loyd's predilections 


wherein he differs from the forms of practice now in vogue. " It 
is a great mistake to consider it a weakness for a problem to 
commence with a check. Some of the most brilliant and difGcult 
problems extant conaist of a series of checks, and in many positions 
we will find that a check is the most unpromising move that could 
be made and is therefore brilliant and difficult. I feel Tery much 
like hazarding the opinion that a checking move, judiciously em- 
ployed, is the most difficult move that a solver has to contend 
with. The cheeking and sacrificing of a piece that appears to be 
placed for the object of guarding one or more squares, as in No. 
21, make a very hidden key-move." 

Mr. Loyd then proceeds to condemn five-movers, on the ground 
that they are too difficult for the popular taste. We quote two 
problems in illustration pro and eon. No. 21 was ori^nally a 
five-mover, with three variatious in four. By cutting off one move 
all the variations are made equal in length. No. 20 forma a 
contrast to its companion. Originally the Black K stood at 6 6, 
White's Ist move being then Q to Kt 3 ch. By simply shifting 
E to B 6 the problem becomes, as the author states, " a very 
presentable one, with all the modem improvements." 

No. 20. No. 21. 


White to plaj aud mate In fonr moves. White to play *nd mate in four movea 

With respect to checking moves in problems, if Mr. Loyd's 
theory be correct, bow blind must have been the greatest com- 
posers—including himself^to theii- real interest in tourneys ! We 
can scarcely recall an instance of a prize problem beginning with 
a check, unless by going back a number of years. Outsido 
tourneys, some exceptional cases have occurred, and it is of course 


quite possible to compose a Bne stratEigem with & check for first 
move and a coup de repot to follow ; but, given an uDbroken series 
of checks, we are sceptical on the question of difficulty and should 
say such a solution would stand no chance whatever in competi- 
tion with hundreds of the quiet or waiting move style. Probably 
the most effective quality in an initiatory check is that it is the 
last thing a solver expects to meet with in a problem of the period, 
and is misleading on that account, if on no other. 

Under the head of "Problem Building," .occurs the following — 
" I look upon Three as the standard number of moves for a perfect 
Chess problem, and have seldom seen a theme that I thought 
could not be erpressed better in three than more moves. Positions 
in two moves are entirely too easy and those in four too difficult 
for the popular taste, &c." Without attempting to deny the popu- 
larity of three-movers, we consider that a first-rate four-mover 
approximates more closely to perfection. In still longer strata- 
gems, the difficulty of achieving striking excellence on the basis of 
a genuine theme is very great and, if effected, is likely to coat too 
much time and labour both in composition and solution. We 
should therefore vote for four as the standard, believing that a 
large bookful of problems in that number of moves could be com- 
piled, any of which would be utterly spoiled by the amputation 
of a move. Mr. Loyd is justly opposed to the common practice of 
adding a move to an already complete theme for the sole purpose 
of piling up the ^pny. Some of his illustrations, however, seem 
to us to be unintentional exceptions to a very good rule. We 
quote a couple of problems here bearing upon this subject. 
No. 24. No. 29. 

White to play nnd mate in two moves. White to play and m 


No. 24 (as also 25, which is of like character) the author 
thinks complete, neat, and satisfactory, therefore he would not 
add a moye leading up to White's opening check. 29 has been 
extended from three to four moves by the sacrifice of the Queen 
because too "simple" in the original form. Surely the same 
objection applies to 24 with additional force. Two-morers of thia 
loud check pattern are deservedly quite out of date and almost 
amount to a fraud upon the solver, therefore a quiet move leading 
up is, in our opinion, imperative to render them worth printing. 
It is quite natural that Mr. Loyd, having — ^like J. B. of Bridport — ^a 
special gift for the invention of three-move themes with very few 
pieces, should express a strong preference for that style of problem. 
Possibly too, prior to 1878, the date of his titlepage, the generality 
of solvers may have deserved the somewhat disparaging impression 
of their capacity and industry which the pages of Chess Strategy 
convey. The typical solver, for whose ease and amusement Mr. 
Loyd caters so tenderly, is a delicate being, prone to headaches, 
for whom the very sight of a three-mover of over ten pieces would 
be too much, and who was never known to look at a problem in 
four moves ! Whether the popularity resulting from the applause 
of such critics is worth much consideration, is a question of taste. 
From a composer's point of view we should certainly prefer the 
good opinion of the now — thanks to continuous solution tourneys — 
numerous amateurs who can solve and correctly analyse a three, 
four, or even a five-mover, without previously counting the pieces 
on the diagram. 

To very crowded stratagems, with 29 or 30 pieces — as quoted 
by the author from his earlier efforts — all must feel a natural 
sentiment of repulsion, but — according to our experience — such 
positions are seldom so hard to solve as problems with much less 
material, an open board and, therefore, wider range for the pieces 
employed. "Beauty and brevity will be the problems of the 
future." " Beauty of position and few pieces and not many moves 
or variations.^* The prophecy is Mr. Loyd's, the italics are ours. 
Considering the overworked character of the ground thus marked 
out for future use, how great will probably be the flood of " coin- 
cidences " following upon the fulfilment of that prediction ! 
But, credat Jvdceus! it is by the interweaving of themes and 
variations that the rising generation of composers can chiefly hope 
to steer clear of involuntary plagiarism. The invention of three- 
movers of the single shoot species, one stem and scarcely a 
branch, has been done almost to death as composers, experienced 
and newly fledged, have alike found to their cost, of late years. 
Moreover, the fewer the pieces and the less varied the solution, so 
much the greater danger ! A well diversified theme (a choicely 
variegated bouquet of strategic flowers !) may contain nothing 


ftbsolatelj new, jter se, yet may score highly for novelty and beauty 
of arratigeinent The following extract from Ckets Strategy under 
the heading, "The Standard of Exoellenoe," foreabadowB a worthier 
model for ^tore emulation. " We are compelled to establish a 
higher grade for those phenomenal prodactions, where we find 
boldness of themo combined with difBcnlty of solution and graceful 
posing ieilh sparkling variations. When we find a problem of this 
kind with correctness of detail and purity of solution running 
through the ramificalionn of a hrilliani theme, it seems as if it must 
have been accidentally discovered in all its perfeotion." 

If called upon to forecast the future, we should be inclined to 
look for a reaction from the escesaive overdoing of those short and 
sweet problemeta so much favoured by Mr. Loyd. With the rapid 
growth of cultivated intelligence among solvers, now so univeraally 
evident, not only may the four-move theme come gradually into 
higher favour than ever, but even problems of from five to ten 
moves may once again ensure a fair share of attention, provided 
they embody a train of play not explicable in a shorter compass 
and unembarrassed with cumbersome embroidery and consequent 
heaviness of construction. 

Hero is a dictum which we moat cordially endorse, " I do 
greatly admire a fine problem in two moves, but they are so 
scarce that it is quite a treat to meet with one among the mass of 
rubbish with which thoughtleaa problemists have swollen the num- 
ber of their own compositions, &c." " How much better to bml down 
a score or so of them into one fine problem, than in after years to 
have — as I confess to — a hundred or more which should never 
have seen the light of a diagram ! " 

No. 58. No. 68. 

White to play utd mate la tffo m 


A most aignificaat admiaaioQ, comiDg from auob a source I 
Editors who are deluged with two-movers, containing — except in 
rare instances — nothing but the same old, old story will certainly 
sympathise. On the preoodiog page, by way of refreshment, we 
quote B couple of two-movers ooosidered up to the mark by Mr. 

Under the heading " Variations," much instructive and inter- 
esting research is displayed. With respect to Noa. 86 and 87 
Mr. Loyd observes — 

No. 86. No. 87. 

White to pUf uid mats in three mores. White to plaj and mate in fonr more*. 

" These are both excellent problems and I do not see that 
tbe ideas or positions could be readily improved, yet they both 
possess the nafortunate weakness of having an easy variation 
resulting from the most obvious move of the defeiice. Tbe most 
apparent reply of the defence should lead to the most difficult 
line of play in a perfect problem." 

We fail to see that in No. 86 the defence, 1 K takes R is one 
whit more obvious than 1 Either F takes B. In fact this problem 
strikes us as a double two-mover, spoiled by the addition of a 
move oombining two inartistic features, a capture and a check I 

With respect to " Duals," the views set forth in Ohes» Strategy 
are of a highly lenient character, yet we find but little to criticise, 
except as regards two-movers. "If the objection to duals was 
rigidly enforced and all problems considered faulty wherein the 
attack bad a choice of moves, not only would many of the most 
beautiful and famous problems be condemned, but tbe art of 
solving would be reduced to mere machine-work, for, in solving a 


problem, the finding of the possibility of a dual would inform you 
that the move you were examining was not the correct one, &c.** 
"Some of the most fruitful and practical branches of Chess 
strategy would he lopped off, as many problems are built upon 
the idea of threatening two mates, only one of which can be 

All this is very true, as regards problems of three moves and 
upwards, but in two-movers the case is somewhat diflFerent. It is 
a patent fact that the latter, when dually affected, have almost 
invariably been beaten in first-class tourneys, because inferior also 
in the higher qualities. A bi-move problem, commencing with a 
threat of two or more checkmates, is likely to scote but lightly 
under the head of " dijficulty." Such a theme is — as a rule — 
more suitable to lengthier treatment. We disregard or condone 
minor duals in many stratagems, over two moves long, because 
therein they are necessary evils and any cure would be worse than 
the disease. Not so with their baby brothers ! The most perfect 
specimens and also the most beautiful and difficult of that kind 
we have seen, prove that complete and exquisite finish in detail 
leads up to rather than detracts from the sum total of merits. 
In his No. 113, sent in to the Paris Tourney of 1878, Mr. Loyd 
has purposely introduced 104 duak. He seems to be rather proud 
of this achievement, but to us it appears a monument of perverted 

There are innumerable hints and suggestions of the highest 
value to be gleaned from the wide field occupied under the 
headings, " Useless or Inactive Pieces,*' " Merits of Construction," 
" Themes," " Counter Attacks," " Classes and Styles," <fcc., &c. 
It would be easy indeed to fill an entire number of the Magazine 
with extracts sure to be generally admired on account of their 
shrewd sense — and the thorough mastery of his subject displayed 
by the author. H, J. C. A. 

(To he continued, J 


4th Entry, By Mr. R. Bennett, Wisbech. 
Motto; ^^ Farvulus Ludus" 


Sing heaven-born muse, in glowing words, the fame 
Of mimic warriors on Caissa's field ; 
Say whence each power, here met in battle, came ; 
And which, overthrown, did palm of victory yield. 



From sunny France the white-robed host came forth ; 
From Ethiop's plains the sable heroes sped ; 
And each was by a King, of priceless worth. 
Marshalled^ and by his Queen, as general, led. 

The scene of conflict, an extensive plain " 
Of eight times eight squares chequered black and white ; 
Where many a doughty champion had been slain, 
Tet rose unscathed and re-engaged in fight. 

On opposite sides, in middle line, each King 
Confronts his foe ; his consort by his side ; 
Two Bishops guard each royal pair ; each wing 
Is by a massive Tower fortified. 

The space between each Tower and Bishop bold, 
Armed cap-a-pie, in panoply arrayed, 
A mounted Knight of warlike mien doth hold ; 
And woe betide who dares that space invade. 

Eight pawns on each side, yeomen of their land, 
As brave, each one, as ever weapon drew. 
Before their noble leaders watchful stand. 
Prepared to meet the foe with courage true. 

Two squares forthright the white King's pawn steps out ; 

Alert, the black King's pawn achieves the same ; 

A wbite King's Bishop with exultant shout 

Bounds to Queen's Bishop's fourth square. Now the game 

Black Queen's pawn scans, and doth one square advance ; 
The white King's Knight to Bishop's third doth spring ; 
When black Queen's Knight leaps forth, defying France ; 
And white Queen's Knight doth timely succour bring. 

A sable Bishop rushes to Knight's file ; 
A white Knight cleaves the black ELing's pawn in twain ; 
The white Queen falls ; white Bishop checks, the while 
Slaying a pawn ; then black King flees amain 

His second square to occupy ; but here, 
Though shelter he had hoped to find from fate. 
White Queen's Knight's onslaught he observes with fear, 
And from him, helplessly, receives '^ Checkmate." 

The Game intended to be depicted in the accompanying lines 
is No. 306 in Walker's Chess Studies, and was played by M. de 
Legalle, the preceptor of Philidor, giving the Queen's Book. 



lPtoK4 lPtoK4 

2BtoQB4 2PtoQ3 

3 Kt to K B 3 3 Et to Q B 3 

4 Kt to Q B 3 4 B to K Kt 5 

5 Et takes E P 5 B takes Q 

6 B takes P (check) 6 E to E 2 

7 Q Et mates. 

5th Entry: By Mr. J. P. Taylor, London. 
Motto: "Once More,^^ 


A studious lad was LoveL Boyish playing, 
While in it he excelled, still pleased him less 
Than games which, only intellect obeying, 
A leader find in Chess. 

It was with him a passion. We are ever 
Eager if artists. He, an artist true, 
In Chess had found a sphere for his endeavour 
To strike some pathway new. 

Successes brilliant soon his efforts crowning, 
His fame difiused " from China to Peru," 
But retribution on him darkly frowning, 
A fearful shadow threw. 

He knew it not. But all could see approaching, 
A £itte more fearful even than the grave. 
On the reserves of nature still encroachiAg, 
Can aught his reason save 1 

One hope there is, among unhappy chances. 
To oust the demon while it dormant lies. 
One, and one only. Magic lurks in glances 
From lovely lady's eyes. 

His fate was near him ; though he distant thought her. 
Straying one evening in the meadows green, 
Eind fortune sent that way her sweetest daughter, 
The lovely Imogene. 

An evil genius, thinking still of thwarting 
His guardian angel's most angelic thought. 
Let loose a savage bull, that thus the courting 
Might haply come to naught. 


Vain the precaution ! Lovel, seeing " Taurus " 
In fury barring all the narrow way, 
Whispered " My darling, danger is before us, 
Retreat while here I stay ! " 

So Imogene, a soncy canny creature. 
Instead of screaming, just retraced her way ; 
While Lovel, stout of heart, with love for teacher, 
Kept the wild bull at bay. 

Our story here is ended. For in bringing 
The lovers side by side we've done our part. 
Why stay to tell how wedding bells were ringing 
Ab heart was joined to heart 1 


Mr. Blanchard having generously resigned his claim to a share 
of the 4th prize in the B. C. M. Tourney No. 1, it will now be 
awarded to Mr. Markwick. 

We have received a specimen of Mr. Hopwood's " Chess Dia- 
gram and Game Recorder," which will prove equally handy and 
valuable to player and problematist. At the very moderate price at 
which it is published it should obtain, as it well deserves, a large 

The conditions of the B. C. M. second Problem Tourney appear 
on another paga In addition to the donations already acknow- 
ledged Mr. A. E. Studd has, with his usual liberality, sent us 
£2 2s. Od, and Mr. Collins has also placed at our service a copy of 
his Problem collection, handsomely bound. 

We have received a circular from the Troicoupian Chess Club, 
London, inviting the co-operation of British Chess Clubs for the 
purpose of organising an International Tournament in England 
next year, and for other matters in connection with the game. 
Similar schemes have been tried before and have broken down with 
their own weight. Our experience of provincial clubs is that they 
care little for the interests of Chess outside their own circle, and 
in our opinion a very powerful galvanic battery would have to be 
applied to extract coin of the realm from the pockets of the 
majority of the Chess fraternity. We know of many exceptions to 
this, as our columns from time to time testify, but speaking gene- 
rally we adhere to the statements just advanced. Comparatively 
local Associations like the " West Yorkshire " — ^which this year held 
its twenty-seventh consecutive annual gathering — ^seem to possess 
more elements of vitality than those which have hitherto been 
attempted on a national basis. 


Mr. W. T. Pierce, not feeling satisfied with the result of his first 
match with Mr. Bowley, challenged him to a second encounter. 
This has terminated as follows ; Pierce, 5^ ; Bowley, 3^ ; thus 
justifying the defi. 

We are informed by the Rev. G. A. Macdonnell (" Mars ") that 
his forthcoming book will be published in the course of a very few 
days. The contents are (1) Biographical sketches of eminent 
foreign and English players. (2) Jokes and Anecdotes. (3) 
Character sketches and essays. The work will contain illustrations 
by Mr. Wallis Mackay, and will doubtless be a most racy and en- 
tertaining one. Every Chess-player should possess a copy. 

A match was to have taken place at Birmingham on the 23rd 
ult. between the Manchester Athenaeum and Birmingham Chess 
Clubs. At the appointed hour the Birmingham team assembled 
only to find that a telegram had been received from the Manches- 
ter Secretary regretting that at the last moment he could not get 
his team together, and that in consequence they could not come. 

We regret to announce the death of Herr Carl Wemmers, of 
Cologne, in the prime of life and in very distressing circumstances. 
Blood-poisoning came on after a very slight injury to the hand, a 
mere pin-prick ; and has terminated fatally after a lingering illness 
of several months. 

At the moment of going to press we have received the impor- 
tant intelligence from our London correspondent that a match is 
arranged between Messrs. Zukertort and Mason, stakes £100 a 
side. The contest will be fully reported in our columns. 


Our next number, completing the volume, will be pub- 
lished November 15th. As we have, including the "Enlarge- 
ment Fimd," only 40 pages now at our disposal, we have 
decided on this arrangement in preference to issuing two numbers 
each consisting of only 20 pages. We shall probably send out the 
magazine for January. 1883 before Christmas, so as to diminish 
the interval between the two volumes. We propose to adopt a 
new method in future, viz. : to amalgamate the eidargement fund 
and the subscription list, and to expend the whole amount on the 
magazine. This will guard us against actual loss, and as Editor 
and co-operators are willing to work heart and soul without any 
thought of reward other than giving pleasure and instruction to 
their readers, we think no one will see any unreasonableness in the 
proposed plan. We hope our friends will do all in their power to 
extend the circulation of the magazine, as this will enable us to 
enlarge our pages in a corresponding manner. 

L 2 




The renowned professor Luigi Mussini, director of the 
Academy of Fine Arts at Sienna, and painter of the very fine 
picture " The last day of Nero," which in 1881 adorned the Art 
Exhibition at the Royal Institution of Manchester and was bought 
by an English gentleman, is now engaged in painting another 
picture alike destined to be exhibited in England. We make this 
brief mention of the new work of the illustrious artist, because the 
subject has been suggested to him by the history of Chess. 

Leonardo da Cutri, better known under the cognomen of " II 
Puttino," went purposely to Madrid to play at Chess with the 
famous bishop Ruy Lopez, who in his time was considered as the 
chief of Chess-players. The contest took place at the royal palace 
in the presence of Philip the Second, and the Italian player 
triumphed over his formidable adversary, for which he received 
from that monarch valuable gifts. 

Professor Mussini has represented II Puttino in the act of 
rising and announcing the decisive checkmate. The work is exe- 
cuted with that wonderful mastery of design which distinguishes 
the productions of this excellent painter, and with much richness 
of accessories. The personages of the court of Madrid are formed 
into well devised groups. In short, we believe that this work will 
have a still greater success than that which his *^ Nero *' attained. 
The painter of this picture is besides an able Chess-player and 
has composed many fine problems, which increases the interest we 
ought to feel in the expected sending of his painting. We know 
that Sig. Mussini has sent two other valuable pictures to this 
year's exhibition of the Royal Institution. E. O. 


Italy. — ^From the August number of the Niiova Rivista degli 
Scacchi we learn that the fourth Italian Chess Congress, which 
was to be held at Bologna during this month, has for some unex- 
plained reason been indefinitely postponed. In reply to the state- 
ment in our May No. about the Italian paper EaganeOy we are 
glad to find in Nuova Rivista a list of no less than seven other 
Italian journals which either have or had Chess columns, the most 
notable of them apparently being the Illustrazione Italiafia, a copy 
of which was kindly sent us by the Chess editor of the Newark 
Sunday CalL 

Germany. — On his return from Vienna Mr. Zukertort paid a 
three days' visit to the Frankfort Chess Club, and though it was 
the holiday season, attracted a crowded attendance. On the first 


eYening he played ten simultaneous games, of whicli he won eight 
and lost two. On the second evening, though not at all well, he 
undertook a blindfold performance with six opponents, of j^hom 
he defeated two, losing three games, and drawing one. The third 
evening was occupied by a remarkably well played consultation 
game conducted by Mr. Zukertort alone against four of the CluVs 
strongest players, whom he caused to succumb after a three hours' 
fight. Mr. Zukertort also visited and played at the clubs of 
Mannheim, Cologne, and Rotterdam, and out of a total of 20 
blindfold games he won 14, drew 4, and lost 2. 

Bohemia. — ^We have received some slips of the humorous 
illustrated newspaper Palecek of Prague, in which a short time 
since a Chess column has been opened by Herr Moucka. Owing to 
the letterpress being in the Bohemian language, we are unfortu- 
nately not able to form any idea as to its merits ; we notice, how- 
ever, that our new contemporary quotes some of the Vienna games, 
and publishes some good problems, and we send him our best 
wishes for his success. 

France. — As usual during the dead season Paris is deserted 
by the followers of Caissa, and Trouville becomes the rendezvous of 
a large number of Chess exiles from the capital, who unite with 
the amusements of the Casino, and the other attractions of a 
fashionable watering place, the pursuit of their favourite game. 
Here on August 11th M. Rosenthal gave a blindfold stance for 
the benefit of the poor of the town, the proceeds of the charge for 
admission being handed over to the mayor on their behalf. The 
performance seems to have been in more than one sense successful, 
as there was a large attendance of the elite of Trouville, and M. 
Rosenthal, who had eight opponents, won all his games. 

America. — Mr. Max Judd has another match on hand at the 
odds of the Kt with the amateurs of St. Louis, and by the latest 
accounts the latter had scored 9J games to 5J won by the single 

The New Orleans Chess, Checker, and Whist Club offers four 
prizes of 40 dols., 30 dols., 20 dols., and 10 dols., for its annual 
tourney. There are, however — ^perhaps owing to the hot season — 
only thirteen entries. 

The tourney at the Manhattan Club for the championship of 
New York ended in the victory of Mr. Varrath, who scored 7 
games out of 10 played. Next to him came Mr. Doyle with 6J, 
Mr. Fitch with 6, Mr. Limbeck with 5J, Mr. Blome with 4, 
and Mr. Bassford with 1. 

In the second annual tourney at Spartanburg Mr. Thompson 
gained the first prize with the fine score of 19 out of 20 games, 
Mr. Orchard took the second prize with 18 games, and Professor 
Kirkland the third with 17. In last year's tourney Mr. Orchard 
won the first prize, and Mr. Thompson the second. 





Played by correspondence between Mr. J. W. Shaw, of Montreal, 
and Mr. J. E. Narraway, of Halifax (N.S.), accompanied with 

quotations from Shakespeare.* 

Whitb (Mr. Shaw.) 

1 PtoK4 

'' This is the day appointed 
for the combat, and ready are 
the appellant and defendant." 
Henry VI. pt 2. Act 2, Sc. 3. 

2 PtoKB4 

<< There is my honour's pawn ; 
engage it to the trial if thou 
dar'st." Rich. 11. 4, 1. 

3 B to B 4 

** I am of the church, and will 
be glad to do my benevolence 
to make atonements and com- 
promises between you." 

Merry Wives. 1, 1. 

4 K to B sq 

" Somewhat too sudden, Sirs, 
the warning is ; but we will 
presently provide for them." 

Henry VI. pt. 1. 6, 2. 

5 Kt to Q B 3 

" How fondly dost thou spur 
a forward horse ! " 

Rich. II. 4, 1. 

6 P to K Kt 3 

" Grow this to what adverse 
is£(ue it can, I will put it in 
Much Ado about Nothing. 2, 2. 

7 Q to B 3 

Black (Mr. Narraway.) 

1 PtoK4 

" Sound trumpets I let our 
bloody colours wave I and either 
victory or else a grave." 
Henry VI. pt. 3. Act 2, Sc. 2. 

2 P takes P 

"Yes, Warwick, Edward dares, 
and leads the way." 

Henry VI. pt. 3. 6, 1, 

3 Q to R 5 ch 

"It is his highness' pleasure 
that the Queen appear in person 
here in court." 

Winter's Tale. 3, 2. 

4 P to K Kt 4 

" I could not stay behind you ; 
my desire, more sharp than fil&d 
steel, did spur me forth." 

Twelfth-Night. 3, 3. 

5 B to Kt 2 

" This priest has no pride in 

Henry VIIT. 2, 2. 

6 P takes P 

" Slaying in the word ; it is a 
deed in fashion." 

Julius CsBsar. 5, 5. 

7 PtoKtTch 

* The quotations, which we believe are selected by the winner 
of the game, are so extremely clever and apropos, that in the 
matter of any additional notes it may well be said that "Othello's 
occupation's gone." — Editor. 



"Here comes the Queen, whose 
looks bewray her anger." 

Henry VI. pt. 3. 1, 1. 

8 K takes P 

" Chop off his head, man." 

Rich. III. 3, 1. 

9 Kt to Q 5 
"Knight, I will inflame thy 

noble liver." 

Henry IV. pt. 2. 6, 5. 

10 PtoQ4 

" Lend me wings to make my 
purpose swift, as thou hast lent 
me wit to plot this drift ! " 
Two Gentlemen of Verona. 2, 6. 

11 Q to K Kt 3 

" Most barbarous intimation." 
Love's Labour's Lost. 4, 2. 

12 P takes Q 
"Come, come and take a 


Antony and Cleopatra. 5, 2. 

13 Kt to K B 3 

" Strange things I have in 
head, that will to hand ; which 
must be acted ere they may be 
scann'd." Macbeth. 3, 4. 

14 K Kt takes P 

" Masking the business from 
the common eye, for sundry 
weighty reasons." Macbeth. 3,1. 

15 Kt takes P ch 
"As harbingers preceding still 

the fates, and prologue to the 
omen coming on." 

Hamlet. 1, 1. 

16 Kt takes R 

" How ofb the sight of means 
to do ill deeds make ill deeds 
done 1 " King John. 4, 2. 

17 R takes P ch 
"With much expedient march, 

have brought a countercheck 
before your gates." 

King John. 2, 1. 

" Methinks I could not die 
anywhere so contented as in the 
King's company." Henry V. 4,1, 

8 Kt to K R 3 

" Good people, bring a rescue 
or two." Henry IV. pt. 2. 2,1. 

9 K to Q sq 

" These injuries the King now 
bears will be revenged home." 
- King Lear. 3, 3. 

10 B takes P 

" Off with his head ! now by 
Saint Paul, I swear, I will not 
dine until I see the same." 

Rich. IIL 3, 4. 

11 Q takes Q ch 

" RenownM Queen, with pa- 
tience calm the storm." 

Henry VI. pt. 3. 3, 3. 

12 Kt to Kt 5 

" The King hath run bad 
humours on the Knight, that's 
the even of it." Henry V. 2,1. 

13 P to Q B 3 

"Our messenger to this paltry 

Merry Wives. 2, 1, 

14 P takes Kt 

" Let's kill him boldly but 
not wrathfuUy." 

Jidius Csesar. 2, 1. 

15 K to K 2 

"I must go and meet with 
danger there, or it will seek me 
in another place, and find me 
worse provided." 

Henry IV. pt. 2. 2, 3. 

16 P takes B 

" Thou fall'st a blessed mar- 
tyr I" 

Henry VIIL 3, 2. 

17 K to Q 3 

" For we are at the stake, 

and bay'd about with many 

Julius Csesar. 4, 1. 



18 B to B 4 ch 

" Swiftly and swiftly. Sir ; for 
the priest is ready." 

TamiDg of the Shrew. 6, 1. 

19 Kt to Kt 6 

'' Yond' Cassias has a lean and 
hungry look — such men are 

Julius Caesar. 1, 2. 

20 P to B 3 

'* Secretly into the bosom 
creep, of that same noble pre- 
late." Henry I v. pt. 1. 1, 3. 

21 KtoB3 

'' The King himself in person 
is set forth." 

Henry IV. pt. 1. 4, 1. 

22 Kt to E 5 ch 
"With what wing the stannyel 

checks at it 1 " 

Twelfth-Night. 2, 5. 

23 P to R 4 oh 
"An thou wilt needs thrust 

thy neck into a yoke, wear the 
print of it." 
Much Ado about Nothing. 1, 1. 

24 Kt takes B P 

" I strike quickly, being 

Romeo and Juliet. 1, 1. 

25 Kt to Q 2 

"Am I not protector, saucy 

Henry VI. pt. 1. 3, 1. 

26 P to Q Kt 4 

" There's mischief in this man." 
Henry VIII. 1, 2. 

27. White announced mate 
in four moves. 

18 K to B 3 

"The King, my old master, 
must be relieved." 

King Lear. 3, 3. 

19 P to Kt 3 

" In God's name and the 
King's, say who thou art, and 
why thou com'st thus knightly 
clad in arms." Rich. II. 1, 3. 

20 B to B 4 

" Thick, thick, spare not me." 
All's well that ends well. 2, 2. 

21 Kt to B 7 

" Saint Denis bless this happy 
stratagem 1 " 

Henry VI. pt. 1. 3, 2. 

22 KtoKt4 

" You waste the treasure of 

your time with a foolish Knight." 

Twelfth-Night. 2, 5. 

23 K to R 3 

" 'Tis but a man gone." 

Othello. 6, 1. 

24 B to Kt 2 
" I pray you, let me borrow 
my arms again." 

Love's Labour's Lost. 5, 2. 

26 P to Q 4 
" Food for powder, they'll fill 
a pit as well as better." 

Henry IV. pt. 1. 4, 2. 
26 P to Kt 4 
" Oh ! negligent and heedless 
discipline, how are we park'd 
and bounded in a pale." 
Henry VI. pt. 1. 


"And mark how well the sequel hangs together." 

Richard III. 3, 6. 

"The play's the thing, wherein I'll catch the King." 

Hamlet. 2, 2. 


Diagram of poeition at close. 

White to play and mate in four moves. 
SOLUTION. l(aj K to B 3 

1 P takes P ch 


2 R to R 5 cb K to Kt 3 (a) 

3 B to B 7 ch E moves 

4 R takes B mate. 

3 P to Kt 6 oh K moves 
K takes P (or 4 B to B 7 mate. 

('Aj K to Et 3 

2 B to B 7 ch K takes P 

3 R to R 5 ch E moves 

4 R takes B mate. 


Thb following game, played in the first round of the Vienna 

Tourney, is interesting both as an example of a new and peculiar 

opening, and also as a specimen of Mr. Ware's style. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. Ware.) (Herr Weiss.) 

1 P to Q 4 P to Q 4 

2 P to K B 4 (a) P I;? K 3 (6) 


(Mr. Ware.) (Herr Weiss.) 

3 Et to E B 3 Et to E B 3 

4PtoE3 BtoQ3 



5 B to Q 3 
« P to B 3 

7 Castles 

8 B to Q 2 

9 P to Q R 3 ((/) 

10 P to K R 3 

11 B to K sq 

12 Q Et to Q 2 

13 Q takes Kt 

14 R to Q sq 

15 Q to K 2 

16 B to K R 4 (p') 

17 Kt to Kt 5 

18 Q to R 5 

19 Kt tks K P (j) 

20 Q to Kt 6 

21 Q tks K P ch 

22 Q to K Kt 6 

P to Q B 4 
P to Q R 3 (c) 
P to Q Kt 3 
B to Kt 2 
Kt to K 5 
Kt tks Kt (e) 
Kt to R 4 
Kt to B 5 
Kt to R 4 (/) 
QtoB 2 
P to K R 3 (A) 
Kt to B 5 (i) 
P takes Kt 
R to B 2 (k) 
K to B sq 

23 Q to R 7 K to K sq 

24BtoKt6 BtoKBsq 

25 P to B 5 K to Q 2 (0 

26 B takes R Kt takes K P 

27 BtoK6ch(w) K to B 3 

28 Q to Kt 6 B to Q 3 

29 K R to K sq Kt takes R 

30 R takes Kt P to B 5 (n) 

31 B takes P ch K takes B 

32 Q to K 6 ch K to B 3 

33 Q takes P ch K to Q 2 

34 Q to K 6 ch K to B 3 

35 P to Q 5 ch K to Kt 4 

36 Q to K 2 ch K to R 5 (o) 

37 Q to B 2 ch K to Kt 4 

38 P to Q R 4 ch and mates in 
two or three moves. 

Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) This is what Mr. Ware has named his " Stonewall Open- 
ing," and he certainly exhibits great skill in the management of it 
in this game ; it is, however, contrary to the principles, and ought 
to beget an inferior position, though doubtless it is preferable to 
his former eccentricity 1 P to Q R 4, which he practised in the 
last American Congress. 

(b) We hardly think this stereotyped move the best way to 
meet White's novel debut; it would be better to leave the K P for 
the present, with the intention of breaking up the centre by P to 
K B 3 and P to K 4 after getting the K Kt to B 2 vi4 K R 3, or 
else to occupy the hole in the middle by B to K B 4 and Kt to 
K B 3, &o. 

fc) He should have Castled at once ; the text move is only 
justifiable on the supposition that it would be followed by the 
advance of the Q B P and Q Kt P, which never takes place. 

fd) Weak play, of which Black should have instantly taken 
advantage by P to B 5. 

(ej P to K B 4 appears to us greatly superior. 

(/J A needless retreat, the proper course was surely to sup- 
port the Kt by P to Kt 4. 

(g) This forcible manoauvre of the Q B seems to be part of 
Mr. Ware's programme in the present opening ; it ought now to 
have been met by either B to K 2 or P to B 3. 

(h) If 17 P to K Kt 3, 18 Kt takes R P, K takes Kt, 19 B 
to B 6, K to Kt sq, 20 Q to Kt 4, B to K 2, 21 B to K 5, B to Q 3, 


22 B takes Kt P, B takes B, 23 B takes P ch, K takes B, 24 P takes B 
die oh, K to K sq, 25 R takes R ch, K takes R, 26 R to B sq oh, 
K to K sq, 27 Q to Kt 6 ch, K to Q 2, 28 R to B 7 oh, K to B eq, 
29 Q Ukea P ob, K to Kt sq, 30 R Ukes Q, and wins. 

(i) All unconscious of danger ; his best defence, we believe, 
was IS Q B to K sq, advancing P to £ 4 if White pushed his P to 

(j) l&T. Ware now institutes a pretty and perfectly sound 
attack. We give a diagram of the position at this point. 
Position after White's nineteenth move. 

(k) Interposing the Queen was the correct play, for though 
White would then win the exchange and a Pawn he would not 
have obtained a &tal attack. 

(I) If Kt to Q 3, the reply would be P to B 6, equally win- 
ning the Rook. 

(m) As Mr. Sfeinitz points out, Q to Et 6 first was much 

(nj An error of which White avails himself in a masterly 
manner, but whatever he did Black could hardly have saved tha 
game ; K to Kt 1 was perhaps his best move. 

(o) If Q interposes, she is lost, and if K to R 4, White 
mates in a few moves. 




Played in Class I. at the Manchester Meeting of the Counties 

Chess Association. 

(French Opening.) 


(Mr. Ranken.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K 5 

3 P takes P 

4 P to Q 4 

5 B to K 3 

6 B takes P 

7 B to K 3 

8 Kt to K B 3 

9 P to K R 3 
10 P to B 3 

12 Q Kt to Q 2 

13 Castles 

14 B to R 4 

15 B to B 2 

16 Kt to Q 4 

17 B takes Kt 

18 P to B 3 

19 P takes P 

20 Q to K 2 

21 Kt to Kt 3 

22 Kt takes B 

23 Q to K 3 

24 Kt to B 6 

25 Q R to K sq 

26 Kt to Kt 3 

27 Q to K B 4 

28 Q to K 3 

29 R takes Q 

30 R to B 5 

31 Kt lakes R 

32 K to B 2 

33 K to Kt sq (/) 

34 R to K 2 


(Mr. Coker.) 

PtoK 3 
P to K B 3 (a) 
Kt takes P 
P to B 4 (b) 
P takes P 
Kt to B 3 
BtoK 2 
P to K 4 (c) 
QtoQ 3 
K to R sq 
P to Q R 3 
P to Q Kt 4 
P to K 5 (d) 
Kt takes Kt 
B to Kt 2 
Q to B 3 (e) 
P takes P 
B takes B ch 
Q R to K sq 
Q R to K 4 
K R to K sq 
Q to B 4 ch 
Q takes Q ch 
P to K R 3 
R takes R 
R to Q sq 
R to K B sq 
R to Q sq 


(Mr. Ranken.) 

35 B to Kt 3 

36 P takes B 

37 K to B 2 

38 Kt to Kt 3 

39 P to Q B 4 

40 K to K 3 

41 R to Q 2 

42 Kt to B sq 

43 P takes P 

44 R to Q B 2 

45 Kt to Q 2 


(Mr. Coker.) 

B takes B 
KtoR 2 
K to Kt 3 
KtoKt 4 
P to K R 4 
P takes P (g) 
R to Q B sq 
Pto R 4 

46 R to B 3 

47 R to Kt 3 (7^) R to B 4 

48 R to Kt 7 P to Kt 4 

49 R to K 7 ch 

50 Kt takes P 

51 R takes Kt 

52 K to Q 3 

53 K to Q 4 

54 P takes P 

55 R to Kt 4 

56 K to Q 6 

57 K to B 6 

58 K to Q 7 

59 K to Q 6 

60 P to B 5 

61 P to B 6 

62 K to B 7 

63 K to B 8 

64 P to B 7 

65 K to Q 7 

66 K to B 6 

Kto B4 
Kt takes Kt 
P toR6 
RtoR 4 
PtoR 6 
R takes P 
R to R sq 
R to Q sq ch. 
R to B sq ch 
RtoB 4 
R to B sq 
KtoB 3 
R to Q sq ch 
RtoQ 7 
RtoB 7 
RtoB 4 
R to Q 4 ch 
RtoQ 7 

67 R to Q B 4 and wins. 



Notes bt C. E. Raneen. 

(a) The beat mode of treating this form of the opening is, 
we think, to play P to Q 4 at once ; if White takes in passing, 
Black retakes with P, and maintains a good centre. 

(h) This has the eflfect of weakening his centre Pawns by and 





A premature advance, the Q P will now be diflGicult to 

This again is by no means good. 
He ought rather to take the P here. 
There seems no good reason for this retreat ; he 
might have played, as he intended, K to K sq or K 2 without 

(g) R to K 3 would give White more trouble. 
(h) This enables him to win the Pawn at last, and to force 
the game. 


(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. Thorold.) 

1 P to K B 4 

2 P to K 3 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 P to Q 4 (5) 

5 P to Q B 4 

6 Kt to B 3 


(Mr. Ranken.) 

B to Kt 2 
Kt to K B 3 
PtoK 3 
P to Q Kt 3 

7 Kt to K 5 
8PtoQKt3(c) BtoKt 2 
9BtoQR3 RtoKsq 

10 P to Q B 5 P to Q R 3 

11 B to K 2 Kt to B 3 

12 P to K R 4 (rf) P to Q Kt 4 

13 P to Q Kt 4 Kt takes Kt 

14 BP takes Kt Kt to K 6 

15 Kt takes Kt 

16 Q to B 2 

17 P to R 6 (e) 

18 K to Q 2 

19 P takes P 

P takes Kt 
Q to Kt 4 
Q R to Q sq 
R P takes P 


(Mr. Thorold.) (Mr. Ranken.) 

20 R to R 3 (/) B takes K P 

21 K to B 3 B to Kt 2 
22RtoQsq(^) Q takes P 

23 Q R to K R sq P to K 4 

24 K to Kt 2 i)i) P takes P 

25 P takes P B to K 3 

26 K R to R 2 R takes P 

27 R takes Q (t) R to Q 8 (dis 


28 Q to B 3 R takes R 

29 Q takes B ch K takes Q 
30KtoB2 PtoKB4 

31 BtoKt 2 ch KtoB 2 

32 B to K 5 P to B 3 

33 K to Kt 2 K R to Q sq 

34 B to Q 6 

35 P to Q R 4 

36 K to B 3 

K R to K R sq 
P to K Kt 4 
P to B 5 and 
Black won. 



Notes bt C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) Not a bad defence in this opening, as it prevents White 
from adopting with any profit the Q's Fianchetto attack. 

(hj If this be necessary, as sooner or later it seems to be, it 
shows the yicious character of the dSbui; White's K P is now weak, 
and his position resembles Mr. Ware's celebrated "Stonewall" 

(e) An ingenious plan to hinder the development of Black's 
Q's pieces ; yet it seems better to exchange Pawns and bring out 
the K B, with a view to Castling. 

(dj A tempting line of attack, but the next few moves go 
far to prove its unsoundness. White should rather have Castled. 

(ej Letting in the adverse Queen with powerful e£fect. Castles 
Q R was now the best play. 

(/J Had he moved his Q, Black could still have taken the 

(gj Self-preservation dictates P to Kt 4, which Pawn Black 
might have captured also at his last move. 

(h) The Q P cannot be saved. 

(i) This costs the exchange, but E to Kt sq would be little 
better, as White's game is clearly lost. 


(French Opening.) 


(Mr. W. Fisher.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 
a P takes P 

4 B to Q 3 

5 Kt to E B 3 

6 Castles 

7 B to K Et 5 

8 P to B 3 

9 Q Et to Q 2 

11 B to R 4 

12 P to E R 3 

13 QR to Esq 

14 B takes Et 

15 Et to R 4 


(Mr. Mills.) 
PtoE 3 
P takes P 
Et to E B 3 
BtoQ 3 
B to E Et 5 
Q Et to Q 2 
R to E sq 
P to E R 3 (a) 
B to E 3 (b) 
QtoB 2 
Et takes B 


(Mr. W. Fisher.) 

16 R to E 2 (d) 

17 B takes P 

18 Q takes P ch 

19 Q takes P 

20 Q to B 6 

21 Q to Et 6 

22 Q to Q 3 

23 Q takes B 

24 Q takes Q 

25 Et to Et 6 

26 E R to E sq 

27 R takes R 

28 Et to E 5 

29 E to R 2 

30 R to E 3 


(Mr. MUls.) 
Et to R 4 (e) 
P takes B 
Et to Et 2 
Q R to K sq 
B takes Et (g) 
QtoB 5 
R takes Q 
R takes R 
Eto R2 
Et to R 4 
Et to B 5 
R to E Kt sq 



31 P to K Kt 4 

32 K to Kt 3 

33 Kt to Q 3 

34 R takes Kt 

35 R to E 3 

36 R to K 5 (i) 

37 P to K B 4 

38 P to B 5 

39 K to B 4 

40 P takes P 

K to Kt 2 
Kt takes Kt 
B to Kt sq 
BtoK 5 
PtoR 4 
P to Kt 4 
P to Kt 5 ij) 
P takes P 

41 P to Kt 5 

42 R to K 7 ch 

43 R to Q Kt 7 

44 R takes P (k) 

45 P to Kt 6 

46 K to Kt 5 

47 R to Kt 7 

48 R to B 7 ch 

49 P to B 6 and 

R to Q R sq 
Kto Bsq 
B to Kt 8 
R to K sq 
B takes R P 
BtoB 5 
K to Kt sq 

Notes bt C. K Ranken. 

^aj We prefer leaving the K R P unmoyed, and playing 
instead Kt to B sq, with a view of going to Kt 3. 

(b) It would be better to take the Kt, and then play Q to B 2, 
threatening to win a Pawn by P to K Kt 4. 

(ej This weakens his position ; it was not necessary to 
prevent the Kt from going to B 5, as the B could always take it, 
and White could not play P to K B 4 at present 

(dj But now the K B P can be pushed on advantageously, 
for whether Black captured it, or played Kt to R 4, the reply 
would be B takes Kt P. 

(eJ An error ; P to K Kt. 4 is the right move, for if the Kt 
go to B 5, it can be taken with advantage. 

(fj B to B 2 is stronger, since White is then obliged to 
exchange Rooks, leaving Black in command of the open file. 

('g) Black now goes in for a series of exchanges which do not 
tend to benefit his game. 

(h) We like better K to R 3 ; if then White attacks the Kt 
with his K, Black can check off at R 4 and return to B 5. 

(i) In these end-games it is best for the player with the 
Pawns to keep on his Rook. White therefore judicio\isly does not 
check at K 7. 

CJ) Black has no time for this attempt to break up on the Q 
side as his pieces are wanted to stop the Pawns on the other wing. 

(k) K to K 5 is more decisive still, but White has played the 
whole game steadily and well. 


Played in the late Handicap at the St. George's Club, at the odds 
of Pawn and move. (Remove Black's K B P.) 


(Rev. L. W. Lewis.) (Rev. W. Wayte.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK3 

2 P to KB 4 (a) P to Q 4 


(Rev. L. W. Lewis.) (Rev. W. Wayte.) 

3 P to K 5 Kt to K R 3 

4PtoQ4 PtoB4 




6 Kt to B 3 

7 PtoQKt3(c) 

8 Et takes P ((f) 

9 B to E 3 («) 

10 B takes B 

11 Q takes Et 

12 P takes Q 

13 B to Et 5 ch 

14 B takes B ch 

15 Et to R 3 

16 K to Q sq 

17 R to Q 3 

18 Castles 

19 P to R 3 

20 E R to Q sq 

21 Et to Et 5 

22 Et to Q 6 (/) 

23 P to B 5 

24 R to E B 3 

25 Et takes Et 

26 R takes R 

27 R to Q 4 

Et to B 3 

Q to Et 3 (b) 
P takes P 
B takes Et 
Et takes B 
Q takes Q 
Et to B 4 
BtoQ 2 
E takes B 
Et takes P 
Et to B 4 
PtoE R4 
Q R to Q B sq 
PtoR 5 
E £ to B sq 
Et to Et 6 
R to Q B 2 
Et takes P 
P to E Et 3 
R takes Et 
Et P takes R 

28 R takes P 

29 R to Q R 4 

30 R to Q Et 4 

31 P to Q R 4 

32 P takes P ch 

33 R to E B 4 

34 P to R 4 (h) 

35 P to R 5 

RtoE 7 
E to B 3 fer) 
P takes P 
R takes P 
Rto E7 
R toR 7 

36 PtoEEt4(i)P takes P 

37 P to R 6 

38 R takes P 

39 R to Et 6 

40 E to B 2 

41 R to Et 7 

42 R to Q Et 7 

43 R takes P 

44 R to R 5 

45 E to Et sq 

46 R to R 4 ch 

47 P to Et 4 

48 R to R 5 

49 P to Et 5 

RtoR 2 
EtoQ 3 
E toE4 
R takes P 
PtoE 4 
R to R 7 ch 
R to Q Et 7 
PtoQ 5 
PtoE 5 
PtoQ 6 

White resigns. 

Notes by W. Watteu 

(a) When this move was played in a Pawn and two game 
Staunton remarked that it at once reduces the odds to P and 
move. Bj parity of reasoning, the odds are now reduced to Pawn 
and nothing ; the position shortly turns in favour of Black, who 
gets an excellent square for his Et at E R 3. 

(b) This is the accepted move in similar positions of the 
Sicilian Game, and seems best here. 

(c) He should rather have offered the exchange of Queens by 
Q to Et 3, or have played B to E 2. 

(d) If P takes P the B checks, and Black either wins the Q P 
or compels the E to move. 

(e) Losing the centre Pawn. But if Et takes Et, Black 
checks with B at B 7 before retaking; or if 9 B to Et 5, 9 Castles 
with a good game. 

(/) This and White's next move are ingeniously played in 
order to win the E R P in exchange for the B P, which cannot be 
saved. Et takes R P would evidently have lost the R P in return, 
and have improved Black's position. 

(g) Great care is here demanded on Black's part in order to 
preserve his advantage. If White replies by 32 P to R 6, the E 
must at once return in order to stop the R P. 


{h) An ezoiting run-down with bis passed Pawn. The object 
of White's previous move was to prevent Black from sacrificing 
the B P in order to play R to B 4. Had he now played 34 K to 
B 2 to shut out the Rook, after 34 R to K 5, 35 R takes R, 35 Q P 
takes R, the Black King is in time to stop the Pawn. 

(^) White examined 36 R to Q R 4, but found it would not 
do. 36 R to Q R 4, P takes R, 37 P to Q Kt 4, R to Kt 7, 38 P 
to R 6, and now Black has just time for 38 R takes P and R to 
Kt sq, or he may win by advancing his own Pawn : 38 P to R 6, 
39 P to R 7, P to R 7, 40 P queens, P queens ch, 41 K to R 2, 
B takes P ch, and then Q takes Q. 



Prospect House, 

Fakenham, 5th August, 1882. 
My dear Sir, 

I have carefully considered the four Acrostics sent in, and I 
award the first prize to that bearing the motto " The Light of 
other days,'* and the second prize to " Drawn unto a host." If 
the writers of these will inform me what books they wish for, I 
shall be happy to forward them. 

I am sorry to say that, of the other two Acrostics, the com- 
position is so faulty that I am not able to award a prize to either. 
I cannot help expressing my surprise and disappointment at 
finding so few competitors in the field. 

Believe me. My dear Sir, 

Yours very truly. 
To John Watkinson, Esq. J. A. Miles. 


Motto — " The Light of other Days" 
Fii-st Prize — Miss F. F. Beeohey, Matlock BatL 

P ast are thy victories. — Two worlds no more 
A pplaud their hero as in days of yore. 
U nfaded yet the. laurels on that brow, 
L istless, inert, no triumphs lure thee now. 

M en gazed and wondered at that brilliant star, 

utshining all its compeers near and far ; 

R esistless combinations charmed their eyes, 

P uzzled — spellbound, they stood in mute surprise. 

H ow would Caissa hail thee once again, 

Y et now her smiles for thee are all in vain. 


Motto—" Drawn unto a host,^'* 
Second Prize — ^Mb. Robert Bbicnett, Wisbech. 

H ence vain regrets ! though Staunton be no more. 

O his rich contributions to Chess lore 1 

W hat deep-felt interest once — ^long years ago — 

A rose Tvhen he, to grapple with the foe, 

R ight valiantly St. Amant sought in France, 

D etermined there to break with him a lance. 

S trained and intense was expectation then 
T learn the issue ; and when Englishmen 
A t length (for news went slower then than now), 
U uquestionably knew that Staunton's brow, 
N ot chivalrous St. Amant's, victory crowned, 
T hey thrilled with ecstasy. Now^ look around : 
n others rests the mantle of his might ; 
N or is, to-day, the galaxy less bright ! 


C K T., Clifton. — ^We have added the P as requested and the 
position is marked for early insertion. Problems should always 
be sent on diagrams, and in using red and black ink to denote 
colours of pieces, the former should stand for White. 

T. B. R. — Your last welcome batch, owing to a postal blunder, 
was delayed over a week in transit, too late for earlier acknowledg- 

G. H., Nottingham. — Much obliged. We have availed our- 
selves as much as possible of your budget this month. 

W. T. P., Brighton. — Thanks for amended four-mover which 
now passes muster as well as its progenitor. Both shall appear 
next month. 

J. G. C, Finsbury Park. — In the last version of your No. 49 
there is no Black Pawn at K 4. Is not this an oversight 9 

A. L. S., Bedford. — In the latest edition of your two-mover 
with Black P at Kt 5, White can play 1 R to K 4 ch, 2 R to K 5 
mate. We have therefore reverted to the original position of P 
and B. (See No. 139.) 

* This motto, it will be observed, is an anagram of " Howard 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 

We have the pleasure of announcing this month, particulars 
of our second tourney. Any idea we might have entertained of 
including five-movers in our programme has been subjected to a 
double check by discovery of the announcements made elsewhere 
in our pages by the German Chess Association and Brentano's 
Chess Monthly. It is evident that the conductors of these attrac- 
tive problem schemes are not of Mr. Loyd's opinion as expressed 
in his Chess Strategy — ^page 29 — namely that " the world has not 
produced half a dozen composers who possessed sufficient creative 
power to originate a perfect five-move problem with a strictly pure 
five-move theme, worked out in all its details as it should be and 
difficult and meritorious in the same ratio as a three or four-move 
problem would be." 

We sincerely hope our cousins and cousin Germans may be able 
to disprove the truth of this allegation. It will be highly inter- 
esting to note the number of entries of this particular length and, 
still more so, the proportion that ultimately survives the thumb- 
screws of such a test as the appointed and also the irresponsible 
Chess inquisitors are sure to apply. 

We cordially concur with the opinion expressed by the problem 
editor of Brentano that " to be able to construct a good problem 
in four or five moves is a better proof of the composer's skill than 
a dozen two-movers can show and one feels better paid for the time 
spent upon it. " If composers in general can only be induced to 
approximate to that view, no doubt solvers will be found to appre- 
ciate their exertions and meanwhile the former are offered, in 
America and Germany, plentiful rations of that solid pudding which 
is proverbially so much better than empty praise. Evidently, big 
prizes for two-movers are at the vanishing point and possibly the 
three-move regime is similarly doomed. Composers of the latter 
fathom had better look about them and pick up the plums while 
they are yet to be found. We afford another chance in our new 

German Chess Association International Tourney, 1883. — 
In connection with the third Congress of the above Association at 
Nuremberg next year, there will be a grand Problem Tourney 
under the management of Herren Kockelkorn, Kohtz, and 
Ktirschner as judges. The Committee of the Association invite 
composers of all nations to take part in the tourney. The following 
are the conditions. 

1. The Tourney will be divided into three separate sections. 
Entrants may compete in one or more of them, but only with a 
single problem in each section. l 3 


2. The prizes will be as follows ; — First section (Five-movers) 
120 and 80 marks. Second do. (Four-movers) 90 and 60 marks. 
Third do. (Three-movers) 60 and 40 marks. In addition to these, 
prizes erf 100 and 50 marks will be given respectively for the two 
best sets (each consisting of one five-mover, one four-mover, and 
one three-mover) to those who choose 'to take part in all three 
competitions^ and this notwithstanding that one or other problen^ 
of such set may have received a prize in its own section. 

3. Each problem must be a direct mate without conditions, a» 
well as original, and unpublished. 

4. The problems must be inscribed on diagrams, with full 
solutions, mottoes, and the names and exact addresses of their 
authors, and must be sent to the President of the German Chess 
Association, Herr A. Roegner of Nuremberg, before January 1st, 
1883, up to which time all alterations, corrections, &c., will be 
attended to. One motto will suffice for all three divisions. 

5. After January Ist, 1883, the problems become the property 
of the Association and must not be sent elsewhere without the 
judges' consent. 

6. Copies only, with mottoes, but not names of the authors, 
win be sent to the judges. The names will only be declared after 
the award. 

7. All defects found by the judges will be communicated to the 
authors through Herr Roegner. They may then either withdraw, 
correct, or replace the faulty problems within three weeks after 
receiving the notice. In the latter case a fine of 5 marks must be 
paid for each problem, or 10 marks if it is one of a set competing 
for all three sections. 

8. The judges reserve to themselves the right of altering the 
prizes conformably to the quality of the problems sent in. 

9. The decision of the tourney will be given during the Con- 
gress of the German Chess Association at the end of July, 1883. 

Brbntano's Chess Monthly Second Tourney. — Prizes are 
offered, as follows. 

Five-move direct mates, lat Prize, $25, 2nd $15, Zrd |10, 4<A 
$5, ^th Brentano or any other Chess magazine for one year. 

Four-mxyve direct mates, 5 prizes are offered, exactly the same 
as above. 

Five-move Suimates, Ist Prize, $15, 2nd $10, Zrd Brentano or 
any other Chess magazine for one year. 

Each composer can compete in any one or in all classes but 
with ouly one problem in each class. Joint compositions excluded. 

The usual tourney rules as to sealed envelopes, &c., are estab- 
lished. Each problem — original and unpublished — must have its 
distinct motto. Time for receiving European entries will expire 
March 1st, 1883. 


The Problem Editor of Brentano will select 12 problems in 
each class and these will be submitted to four judges, two American 
and two foreign, for final adjudication on the following bases. 
Beauty, 20 points. Difficulty, 15 points. Originality, 15 points. 
Economy, 10 points. Correctness, 10 points. The sum of the 
points allotted — without toiisultation — to each problem by the four 
judges will decide its standing. The names of the arbiters will be 
announced as soon as they are selected. 

All Competitions must be addressed to Editor Brentano^s Chess 
M&rdhly^ No. 5, Union Square, New York, U.S.A., and under no 
circumstances should the author's name appear, except in the 
sealed envelope which is to be opened after the award is made. 

Misfortunes to prize problems continue to crop up. On dit that 
Mr. Wainwright's three-mover in the last Brentano competition has 
been cooked by an English solver, also that two of the positions 
in " Victoria " — the 3rd prize set in the last Westminster Papers 
Lowenthal Tourney — have similarly fallen victims ! The last report 
comes from France, through M. Preti, we fear too late to be of 
any service to the judges. 

We understand that Miss F. F. Beechey has it in contemplation, 
should sufficient subscribers be obtained by the end of the year, 
to publish a little book entitled Chess Blossoms, containing 40 
two-move, and a few three-move Chess Problems, with hints on 
the solving and constructing of two-movers — poems, acrostics, &c., 
and (if space permits) the Prize Problems in British Tourneys of 1882. 
Price to Subscribers, 2s. 6d. After publication, 3s. 6d. 

In addition to the novelty of a problem collection by a lady, 
we think that the intrinsic merits of some of the problems we 
have seen are such as we look for in vain in many of the two-move 
compositions that pass through our hands. With the addition of 
some no less elegant verses, we have little doubt Chess Blossoms 
will form an agreeable accession to the lighter description of Chess 
literature now so much in vogue. 

We learn from Mr. F. C. Collins that the arrangements for 
elsewhere continuing his tourney in connection with the defunct 
Week^s News having unavoidably fallen through, he wishes the 
competitors to consider themselves free to use their problems in 
any way they may think fit. 

Liberty to the Black King. — A Problem Tourney open to 
the world is announced in the Jamaica Family Journal^ and 
among the prizes is a special one of 10/ offered by Miss Beechey 
** for the best problem giving the Black King most liberty." With- 
out prejudice to the many brilliant compositions which this prize 
is likely to elicit, it may safely be pronounced a foregone conclusion 
in favour of the present Government. In restoring Cetewayo to 
his throne they have furnished an example of "liberty to the 
Black King" on a magnificent scale, after which the poor problem- 
ists may toil panting in vain. 


The problem No. 81 of our series, which unfortunately proved 
unsound, has been ameuded by its author ia the form appended. 
The companion problem ia a clever two-mover by Mr. G. Hume, of 
Nottingham, wluch gained a prize in the Boy's Newspaper 3rd 
Amended version of No. 81 in B. C. M. 

Bt C. Callander. By G. Hdme. 

White to plaj and mnta in four in 



1. — The tourney will be international. 

2. — There will be two competitions, one for four, the other for 
three-moYB problems. Such problems to be direct and uncon- 

3. — Each competitor may enter one or both classes, with a 
single problem in each case, which must be original and unpub- 

4, — The primary positions must be such as would be possible 
in play. 

5. — Competing proljlems must be posted not later than March 
31st, 1883, accompanied with the names and full addresses of the 
composers, and directed to John Watkibson, Fairfield, Huddersfield, 
Yorkshire, who alone will be cognizant of the competitors' names 
prior to the confirmation of the award. No mottoes will be 
required but the problems must be clearly transcribed on diagrams 
bearing full solutions on the reverse. 


6, — No competitor will be allowed to chaDge, correct, or with- 
draw any problem after the date fixed for the closing of the list. 

7. — The problems received will be published in the British 
Chess Magazine at the rate of not less than three per month. 

8. — Prior publication, or divulgement of the composer's iden- 
tity in any other periodical, will involve the penalty of disqualifi- 

9. — Joint Compositions are ineligible. 

£ s. 


2 2 

1 1 



Prizes for Four-Movers. 

1st Prize, given by C. W. of Sunbury 

2nd „ „ W. T. Pierce, Esq 

3rd „ „ The Editor 

4th „ "English Chess Problems," given by 

W. T. Pierce, Esq. 
5th „ B. C. M. for 1883, given by H. J. C. 

Andrews, Esq. 
6th „ Miles*s " Poems and Chess Problems," 

given by H. J. C. Andrews, Esq. 

Prizes for Three-Movers. 

1st Prize, given by A. E. Studd, Esq 2 2 

2nd „ „ The Editor ... 110 

orcl „ ,, „ ,, ... ... ... U iO t> 

4th „ Collinses "Chess Problems," given by the Author. 

5th „ Book Prize, given by Kbv. C. E. Ranken. 

6th „ Bland's " Chess Annual," given by W. R. Bland, Esq. 

F. C. Collins, Esq., I Joint Judges 

W. Norwood Potter, Esq., j in both sections. 
W. Grimshaw, Esq., Umpire. 

The awards when published will remain open to challenge for 
a period of 60 days, at the expiration of which they will become 

*^* A Solution Competition in connection with the Tourney will 
be announced in due course. 

May to July. 

Of the twelve solvers who started in this competition four only 
solved every problem, viz : J. P. Lea, W. Jay, P. L. P., and A. L. S. 
Mr. Lea takes the first prize, Handbuch, first edition, with the 
highest possible score which includes the cooks of five unsound 
problems, and Mr. Jay and P. L. P. tie for second place, each 


having cooked Nos. 114 and 121. A. L. S. cooked Nos. 113 and 
121, and was fined two points for omission of variations. As the 
Icbst named solvers are so close together, Mr. Watkinson offers to 
duplicate the second prize, so that a copy each of Elementary Cfiess 
Problems will be sent to the second and third prize-winners, and 
the original third prize to A. L. S. 

August to December. 

Problem 130, by G. Liberali.— 1 R to K 3. 

Problem 131, by C. A. Gilberg.— 1 P to Q 6, B takes Q or Kt 
(a J, 2 Kt to Q 6 ch, &c. (a J 1 B to Kt sq (d), 2 Q to B 6 ch, 
&c. (bj I Kt to Kt 5 (cj, 2 Q takes B ch, &c. (cj 1 K to K 5, 
2 P to Q 6 ch, &c. 

Problem 132, by B. G. Laws.— 1 B to R 2, R moves (aj, 2 Q 
to R 5 ch, Kt takes Q, 3 Kt to Kt 3 ch, Kt takes Kt mate, fa) 1 B 
moves, 2 Kt to Q 6 ch, P takes Kt, 3 B to Kt sq ch, R takes B mate. 

Problem 133, by K Pradignat.— 1 Kt to K 4, K takes Kt (a), 
2 Q to B 5, P takes Q, 3 B to Q 4 ch, &c. faj 1 K takes P, 2 Q to 
R 3, K to B 8, 3 Q takes P, <kc. 

Problem 134, by J. G. Chancellor.— 1 Q to K 2, P takes Q (a), 
2 R to R 4, (fee. (a J 1 P takes R, 2 B to Q 7 ch, &c. 

Problem 135, by G. J. Slater. — Author's solution, 1 Q to R 4, 
&c ; cooked by 1 Q to Q B sq, <fec. (Mr. Slater informs us that a 
Black P at Q 7 (cf 2) makes the problem sound.) 

Problem 136, by J. P. Taylor and H. J. C. Andrews.- 1 P to 
K B 3, K to K 3 (a), 2 R to R 5, &c. fa) B takes P ch ("b), 2 Kt 
takes B, &c. f"6; 1 B to K 4, 2 R to K 2, <fec. 

Problem 137, by B. G. Laws.— 1 K to Kt 7, B to Q sq or B 2 
(a), 2 R to Q B 6, R takes R, 3 Kt to K B 6 dis ch <fec. If 2 P 
to B 5, 3 R to B 5 ch, &c. (^a) 1 R to Kt 3 (&), 2 Kt to B 3 ch, 
P takes Kt, 3 K to Kt 6, &c. (b) 1 P to B 6, or P takes P, or B 
to Kt 5, 2 B takes P, R takes R, 3 Kt to K B 6 ch, &c. 

W. Jay, Locke Holt, A. L. S., H. Blanchard, P. L. P., and W. 
Bridgwater have solved Nos. 130 to 137, J. 0. Allfrey 130, 131, 
132 and 134, and J. P. Lea all but 136. Two solutions of No. 135 
by W. Jay and H. Blanchard. 

J. P. Lea. You fail in No. 136, for if 1 R to R 5, B takes P ch, 
2 Kt takes B ch, P to K 4, there is no mate next move. A. L. S. 
P to Q B 4 is not a sound reply to Black's move of 1 B to K 4 in 
No. 136. J. 0. Allfrey. See answer to J. P. Lea. P. L. P. IK 
takes P omitted in No. 133, and 1 B to K 4 in No. 136. 1 R to R 
5 will not solve the latter. No. 113 can be solved in three moves 
by 1 B to R 4 and in four by 1 K to Kt 8. W. Bridgwater. Kt to 
Kt 6 omitted in No. 131. Have you not overlooked Black's check 
in No. 136 when 1 B takes P? W. R. B. 



No. 138.— By T. B. ROWLAND. 

WMtB to play and mate in two movea. 

No. 139.— By A. L. S. op Bbdpord. So. UO.— Bi J. G. CHANCELLOR. 

White to play and mate in two n: 


No. 141.— Bt E. PRADIGNAT. 


White t« play and mate id fire m 

No. 142.— Bt G. HUMK No. 143.— By G. J. SLATEE. 

White to pUy anil sai-niate in foar moves. White to pla; and mate in three tc 







A Ll M A N A C 



NOVHMBBR, 1882. 





























































Frank Norton bom, 1866. 

Chess column in Olasgow Weekly Herald commenced, 1872. 

Jonathan Ward (Problemist) bom, 1845. 

W. M. de Visser bom, 1856. 

G. Keichhelm bom, 1839. 

"C. W. of Sunbury" bom, 1840. 

B. I. Eaphael bom, 1818. Chess column in English Mechanic 

commenced, 1872. 
Ponziani bom, 1719. 
Conrad Bayer bom, 1828. 
First American Chess Congress closed, 1857. First prize 

won by Paul Morphy. Second by Loais Paulsen. 
Chess column in Preston Guardian commenced, 1879. 
Miron J. Hazeltine bom, 1824. 
Yan der Linde born, 1833. K Sardotsch bora, 1837. 

Match between Messrs. Staunton and St. Amant commenced, 1843. 

First match at Chess by telegraph played in America, 1844, 
between Baltimore and Washington. 

Oettinger bom, 1808. C. H. Waterbury bom, 1816. 
M. Devinck died, 1878. 

Ernest Morphy bom, 1807. 

H. T. Buckle bom, 1821. 

H. R. Agnel bom, 1799. J. W. Rimington Wilson died, 
1877. Last number of the Amateur Chisa Magazine issued, 1873. 
H. C. Allen bom, 1839. Chas. Mohle bom, 1859. 

J. G. Schultz died, 1869, aged 30. 

Lewis's translation of Carrera issued, 1822. 


A la M A IST A C 


- < 



























Match between Messrs. Stanley and Rousseau commenced, 
1845. F. M. Teed bom, 1856. Last nmnber of the Maryland 
Chess Review issued, 1875. Last number of the Ihtbuque Chess 
Journal issued, 1877. 

F. H. Curtiss bom, 1844. James Thompson died, 1870. 

J. A. Miles born, 1817. R. R Wormald died, 1876. 

Fred. Perrin bom, 1815. [aged 65. 

I. K Orchard bom, 1853. Geo. Hammond died, 1881, 

Match between Messrs. Zakertort and Potter finished, 1875. 
Score — Zukertort, 5); Potter, 8^. 

Thos. Fr^re bom, 1820. 

Agnel's " Book of Chess " issued, 1847. 

J. C. J. Wain Wright bom, 1851. 

Herr Minckwitz bom, 1843. 

Louis Charles de la Bourdonnais diedy 1840, aged 43. 

Second American Chess Congress closed, 1871. Mackenzie 
[1st, Hosmer 2nd. W. Bone died, 1874, aged 64. 
Prof. Geo. Allen bom, 1808. 

Count BrOhl bom, 1736. Match between Messrs. Staunton 
and St. Amant finished, 1843. Score — Staunton, 11 ; St. Amant, 
6 ; Drawn, i. Match between Messrs. Morphy and Anderssen 
commenced, 1858. 

John G. Nix bom, 1843. 

Thos. Jensen died, 1877. 

H. PoUmacher died, 1861, aged 35. 

W. A. Shinkman bom, 1847. J. W. Schulten died, 1875. 

J. N. Babson bom, 1852. 

Max Judd bom, 1851. F. W. Martindale bom, 1854. 

F. G. Janssens died, 1881, aged 59. 

J. A. Potter bom, 1837. 


H. Waite died, 1876. 




(Continued from page 329.^ 

Not the least entertaining part of this book is the dissertation 
upon *' the Indian Theme," and the numerous methods of treat- 
ment to which it is amenable. Of the venerable original, Mr. 
Lojd writes thus, '' Looking upon the old Indian problem as the 
original from which sprang the innumerable problems of this 
class, we must yield to it the admiration we would upon seeing an 
ancient blunderbuss, steam engine or the like, for it is not the 
beautiful or difficult problem which many suppose, and can readily 
be improved upon by any modern problemist." 

We do not think that justice is here done to our distinguished 
old friend. When it first appeared in England Mr. Loyd was 
about four years old, and could scarcely have made acquaintance 
with this star from the East until it had become thoroughly familiar 
to the eyes of all the world. We, on the contrary, were (after 
much tribulation !) among its earliest solvers — nearly 40 years 
ago — and can well recollect how, for a long time, it beat some of 
the strongest players as well as solvers of that day, including — 
confessedly — the mighty Staunton himself. The assertion that 
" it can readily be improved upon by any modem problemist '* is 
simply a claim in favour of the superior constructive powers of the 
present generation. Such a comparison, if not exactly odious, is 
scarcely worth urging. We maintain that the Indian Problem was, 
when first printed, both beautiful and difficult, because it embodied 
an idea which was equally fine and new, so much so, that com- 
posers, including Mr. Loyd himself, have been content to build 
and " improve " upon it ever since. We will go a step further 
and assert that were its theme still novel, the Indian problem 
would — apart from constructive drawbacks— be still found both 
beautiful and difficult in a no small degree. Put it before the 
very strongest player you can find, Mr. Loyd I who is ignorant 
alike of the theme and its improvers and mark the result I The 
experiment has been tried on this side of the Atlantic more than 
once, much to the honour of *' the poor Indian ! '' 


White to plftj >ad mote in fant mores. White to pkjr and male in four moT««. 

Nos. 174 and 176 are good Bpeoimene of the author's skilful 
emendations upon this theme. 175 he considers the finest problem 
of all. Both of them bear some rsBemblanoe * to a three-more 
" Indian " which was published in the old Cttes* Player's 
Chronicle Yol. 7, 1846, some months subsequently to the famous 
four-mover bo called. It will be observed that 175 embodies the 
feature of drawing back the Rook and masking it with Bishop, 
also at long range, while in 174 a Black Bishop is set at liberty, 
the mate being effected by a double check. hl\ these points are 
grouped in the old three-mover which differs in principle from the 
Indian because the Black King in the latter is set free, ere mate 
can be effected, while the Bla<:k E.t, although ultimately unpinued, 
is powerless in view of White's fatal double check. There is reason 
to believe these two old " Indians " were the work of the same 
Anglo-Indian author. Possibly, Mr. Loyd may not have met with 
the three-mover, which seems to have been but little known in the 
United States, as — about eight years ago — we remember seeing it 
exactly reproduced in an American magazine — since defunct — 
with the familiar name of an English player attached 1 

Nos. 233 and 129 have already supplied food for controversy 
in which we took part some time since in the Hudderefidd College 

* The following is the position alluded to. White — K at 
Q Kt 8, R at Q 6, Kt at K Kt 7, B at K R 6, Ps at K B 6 and 
K Kt 3. Black— K at Q sq, B at Q 2, P at K Kt 4. Mate in 3. 


Ho. 129. 


Wbita to play and mate in three moTes. 

The objection to 233 consists in the employment of two power- 
ful White pieces — the K B and B — merely to ward off attack, 
such pieces being replaceable by Pawns without crowding or 
disfiguring the position. In 129 the necessity for what Mr, Loyd 
styles "the dead head Pawn" at K B 3 waa called in question, although 
the author composed the problem on purpose to introduce it and 
declares that " the entire merit of the position tuma upon the 
masterly inactivity of that little intruder, for, if he is removed, 
the necessity of intersecting the check of Queen or Kook is absurdly 
apparent." The previous criticisms on those stratagems are thus 
dealt with in Ckess Strategy. "In posing No. 129 I was asked 
why I did not place the King on B square with a Black P on B 7 
80 as to remove the dead head Pawn, My reply is that no com- 
poser is compelled to give away his solution. In my version the 
R prevents a check from the Queen ; if the King is placed upon 
B sq then it shows that the R is placed there to discover check. 
Much discussion was created by the placing of the Bishop and 
Book in No. 233, and a distinguished master improved it by 
employing Pawns. That plan showed that they were inactive 
pieces and revealed the additional fact that the King was not to 
be checked. Let authors follow their own bent ; I, for one, will 
not place pieces on the board that reveal their object." 

We should imagine few solvers would suppose that, in 129, the 
R was put where it is solely to prevent a check from Black Q, since 
a Black P would answer that purpose so much more economically. 
On the other hand, with the alteration proposed, the said R would 
be free to move in any direction, thus increasing the possible 


number of ''tries/' The axiom, 'Met authors follow their own 
bent/' is all very well for geniuses like Mr. Loyd, for whom laws 
and canons of art are made to be broken through, but — ^none the 
less — do we deem the example thus set, dangerous for students 
and composers less gifted. If not, where is the line to be drawn % 
Why not employ all the White pieces as stopgaps — except the one 
or two actually needed for active service — and what then becomes 
of our author's favourite quality economy of force ) As bearing 
on this point, we quote a few lines from page 234 of this book. 
** My entire work has been devoted to an elucidation of the stand- 
point that beauty and merit are best defined as difficulty produced 
with the least possible number of pieces,^* -^PP^J ^^^ thesis (the italics 
are the author's) to his No. 233 and further comment is needless. 

The absolute novelty of Chess Strategy as regards plan, invites 
criticism on debatable points, so numerous in the yet unsettled state 
of problem theory, and the extended discussion of which should be a 
salutary result of Mr. Loyd's appearance in the argumentative arena. 

We have already noticed his partiality for checking problems. 
At page 208 this subject is again referred to in connection with 
two other features of doubtful propriety. 

" Thoughtless critics, who have not probed very deeply into 
the subject, have pronounced that no problem should commence 
with a check or a capture, nor should the piece first moved stand 
en prise, &c., &c., all of which axioms are the height of absurdity 
and are completely at variance with the facts for these very 
features can be shown in some of the finest prize problems extant." 

Without being so " thoughtless " as to assert that no problem 
should ever so commence, we think most critics of experien(Je 
agree that the above features should be very sparingly employed, 
especially as regards the initiatory capture of a superior piece. 

It will be as well here to give the opinions of a great master 
and most thoughtful critic who has lately given us a chapter on 
construction, as a preface to his published collection. Turning to 
Klett's Schachprobleniey we extract the following : — " Coarse and 
clumsy introductory moves, as, for instance, the capture of pieces, 
continuous attacks, threatening check, &o,, not only lessen the 
difficulty of a problem but also diminish its aesthetic value as much 
as they vitiate the more delicate taste of the solver." (Page 35.) 
''In a problem the capture of a piece in attacking is bad and 
^gly« * * * The nearer to the beginning of a combination 
the capturing move lies the uglier it is." (Page 23.) Herr Klett 
goes further still and disapproves of captures later on in the 
solution, excepting sometimes on the mating move, stating that 
even there they are " not nice." The capture of a Black piece, 
according to his judgment, is only conformable with problem rules 
when brought about by fine moves and forming the essential idea 
of the combination. 


" A mere pawD capture is of less moment than the capture of 
a piece." Among the 112 problems iu this fine Tentonio collection 
we observe a few ioitiatorf Pavm oaptures, no opening checks 
and but a small per ceatage of first moves by pieces that are en 
prise. There is not one solitary instance of taking a piece at the 
outset ! In the rare cases where exceptions occur, Klett has con- 
ceivably been influenced by strategic eiigenciea rather than 
choice. Mr. Loyd, in coming to such opposite aonolusions, has 
occasionally shown how successfully he can overstep all conreu- 
tional bounds. This is especially the case in No. 417. 

No. 416. No. 417. 

White to play and inatB in three moves. Whito to play aod mate in three moves. 
Another interesting question is raised by the peculiar system 
of writing out solutions recommended in Chess Strategy. 
"Problemists in writing their solutions generally give as the 
first or leading solution the cue they consider the most merito- 
rious. This is not only wrong and unaystemattcal but it gives a 
false enhancement to the problem. The correct plan is to give 
the solution in the way that eiplaina it best First give the 
wlntitm that skoKt what is threatened by the key move, then the 
variations commencing with the moat obvious or plausible lines oC 
defence. The leading solution is the line of play threatened by 
the key move, &c." According to this curious theory, if White! 
by hie first move, sets up one or more threats of mate and Black, 
in reply makes a perfectly defenceless move, the result — perhaps 
dual or triple — is to be placed in the fore fi-ont as the leading 
solution and, no matter how fine may be the variations springing 
from reasonable methods of reply or counter attack, the problem 
not so constituted is considered to be— as Mr. Loyd elsewhere 
tells us — at a disadvantage ! That notion may, for all we know, 


be veiT Bcientiflo, but, as to its incoDventence, there can be but 
little aoubl In examining an author's solution, we wish especially 
to learn what he conoeiyes to be hie chief theme and in what order 
of merit he ranks his ttraiegie Tariations. We care nothing for 
die produota of inane or suicidal defeuoes, unless the problem be 
one of the WEuting move kind in which White threatens nothing, 
but leaves Blaok to form the mating position. Nor does it appear 
at all clear that suoh a oart before the horse plan of proceeding is 
" the best way of eiplaining the solution." It may be added that 
Mr. Loyd does not always oairy out his Uieory of transcription. 
For example — 

No. 422. No. 606. 

White to play and mato in three moTes. White to pUy and mate in tbtee move 

In 423 White threatens two Bolutions either by 3 Q to Q 8 or 
Q to K 7, and the majority of poieible replies admit of, while only 
one (1 P to B 3) foils both. If the leading aoiution is iuTolved in 
the primary threats, the problem is unsound I G06 starts with a 
threat which is not fulfilled in either of the variations given, thus, 
1 Kt to Kt 4, P to Kt i, 2 Q takes P at Kt 6, 3 Q mates. The 
defence 1 P to Kt 4, is not given by the author although from his 
standpoint it should logically come first. 

Perhaps No. 229 affords a still more striking illustratioo. No 
three-mover is more widely known and admired. The position is. 
White— K at K E sq, Q at Q B 4, Kt at K B 8, P at K B 7. Black— 
K at K H sq, B at Q B 8, Ps at K R 2, K Kt 2 and 5. Key 
move 1 Q to K B sq, after which White threatens mate by 2 Q to 
Q Kt sq, 3 Q takes B or R P (although Mr. Loyd styles it " a 
waiting problem.") This threat is carried out if Black play IBP 
moves, but this variation not only does not come first, but is not 
named at all in the printed solution. H, 3, C. A. 

(To lie continued.) 





Plated in the First-class Tourney of the Counties Chess 
Association, Manchester, August, 1882. 

(Bishop's Opening.) 


(Mr. Thorold.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 B to B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 Q to K 2 
6 P to Q 3 

6 B to K 3 

7 B to Q 2 

8 Castles 

9 B to Kt 3 

12 P to Q 4 

13 P takes B 

14 B takes B 

15 B to Q 2 

16 P takes P 

17 KttoR4 

18 Kt to B 5 

19 Q to K 3 (/) 

20 Q to Kt 3 

21 B to K 3 


(Rev. J. Coker.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to K B 3 
P to Q B 3 (a) 
P to K R 3 
B to Q Kt 5 
P to Q Kt 4 
P to Q R 4 
PtoQ 3 
B to K 3 (c) 
B takes B 
B takes Kt 
P to Kt 5 
Q to B 2 {d) 
P takes P 
KtoR 2 
P to Q B 4 (e) 
Kt to Kt sq 
P to K B 3 
Kt to B 3 


(Mr. Thorold.) 

22 K to Kt sq 

23 B takes Kt 

24 R takes P 

25 R to B 4 


(Rev. J. Coker.) 
Kt to Q 5 {g) 
B P takes B 
Q to K B 2 

26 K R to Q B sq Kt takes Kt 

27 P takes Kt Q to Q 4 Qi) 

28 Q to Kt 6 ch K to R sq 

29 R to B 7 R to Kt sq 

30 RfrBsqtoB4 Q R to Q sq 

31 R to K R 4 Q to Q 7 

32 K to R 2 Q to Kt 4 (t) 

33 Q takes Q P takes Q 

34 R to K 4 R to Q 7 

35 R takes K P R takes B P 

36 P to Kt 4 R to Q sq {j) 

37 R takes R P R (Q sq) to Q 7 

38 R to R 8 ch K to R 2 

39 RfrB7toB8 R takes Pch 

40 K to R sq R to R 7 ch 

41 K to Kt sq R to Kt 7 ch 

42 K to B sq and wins. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Inferior to bringing out the K B or Q Kt, because White 
might have replied advantageously with P to Q 4. 
(h) P to Q R 3 is preferable, we think. 

(c) A good move but iU followed up by taking the Kt pre- 
sently, he should rather have played R to K sq. 

(d) We like better Q to K 2 or Q Kt to Q 2. 

(e) This is weak ; it was much better to bring out the Q Kt, 
threatening to play Kt to B 4. 

(f) Intending to capture the K Kt P, but P to Kt 4 would 
yield a more solid attack. 



(g) Thii loses a Pawn ; the correct course was P to Et 3. 

(h) Unwisely allowing White to plant his R at B 7 ; K B to 
Q sq was better. 

(i) Obviously forced, for otherwise White would win by 
P to K B 4. 

(j) R to R sq or R takes R P would only prolong the fight a 
little, for White has evidently sufficient pull to win. 


One of 18 simultaneous games played at the Leeds Chess Club 

September 13th, 1882. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) (Mr. D. T. Mills.) 
1 P to K 4 ~ " ' 

Pto K4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
QtoB 3 
K Kt to K 2 

2 Kt to E B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt takes P 

5 B to K 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 Kt to B 2 (a) B to Kt 3 
8BtoK2 PtoQ3 
9 Castles Castles 

10 Kt to Q 2 Kt to Kt 3 {h) 

11 KttoKB3 (c) KttoBS 

12 B takes Kt Q takes B 

13 Q to Q 2 Q takes Q {d) 

14 Kt takes Q 

15 B to B 4 ch 

16 B to Q 5 

17 Kt to K sq 

18 B to Kt 3 

19 Kt takes P 

P to K B 4 
K to R sq 
Kt to K 4 
P to Q B 3 
P takes P 

20 Kt to Kt 3 (e) Kt to Kt5 (/) 

21 Kt to Q 3 B to K B 4 

22 Kt takes B R takes Kt i 
23QRtoKsq QRtoKBsql 


(Mr. Blackbnrae.) (Mr. D. Y. Milla.) 

24 R to K 2 P to K R 3 

25 PtoKKt3(^)Pto Kt4 

26 B to B 2 (^) R to B 6 

27 B to Kt sq 

28 R to Q 2 

29 P takes P 

30 P to Q R 4 

31 Kt to K sq 

32 R to Q 4 

33 K to R sq 

34 B to B 5 

35 K to Kt 2 

36 K to B 3 

37 K to K 2 

38 R to K B 4 

39 R to B 3 

P to K R 4 
PtoR 5 
P takes P 
B to B 2 (t) 
Kt takes R P 
R to Kt sq oh 
RtoR 6 
Kt to Kt 5 dis 

R to R 7 ch 
Kt to K 4 ch 
R to K B sq 
Kt to Kt 3 
Kt to B 5 ch 

40 R takes Kt B takes R 

41 Kt to B 3 {J) R takes B 

42 Kt takes R B takes Kt 

43 R to K R sq B to K 4 

44 R takes P ch K to Kt 2 and 


Notes bt C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) A continuation which promises well, and which is a good 
deal favoured, we believe, by Mr. Blackbume. If Black now 
exchanges Bishops, White obtains a strong post for his Kt at K 3. 


(i) We should prefer Q to Et 3, with the intention of break- 
ing the centre by P to E B 4. 

(e) P to K Et 3, keeping out the Et, seems marked out here 
as the correct course, for he need not be afraid of B to R 6. 

(dj If he took the E P, he would be subjected to a very 
unpleasant attack by 6 to Q 3, &a., and lose valuable time asd 
position by having to attend to the safety of hia Queen. 

(e) Et to Q 6 would be unsafe on account of the reply B to 
Kt 6. Black has now secured the advantage of a majority of 
Pawns on the Q side, with decidedly the best position. 

(f) But here Mr. Mills relaxes his hold a little, and allows 
White to gain some freedom ; he sbould, we think, have played B 
to Q 2 and Q R to E sq. 

(g) We are at a loss to know why White did not now drive 
the Et by F to E R 3, which seems to relieve his game, e.g. 26 
P to E R 3, Kt to K 6, 26 K K to Q B aq, Kt to B 5, 37 E R to 
B 2 (threatening B takes Kt and Kt to E 5,) Kt to Q 3, 28 Kt to 
K. 5, &c. We append a diagram of the position after Black's 24th 

(h) P to R 3 was not feasible now as it would be answered 
by B to B 6, but B to Q sq or R to Q 2 was perhaps better than 
B toB 2. 



(i) Black has hitherto oonducted his attack very well^ bat 
here he might haye improyed it by P to R 6, for wheUier White 
then played Kt to K sq or P to R 5, the reply R to Kt sq would 
haye been decisiye. 

(J) The game waa of conrse in any case hopeless, but B to 
Kt 4 was better than this. 


Recently played at the London St George's Chess Club. 

(Bishop's Opening.) 

(Mr. W. A. Unduy.) 

1 P to K 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B takes P ch 

5 Kt takes Kt 

6 PtoQ3 

7 Q to B 3 ch 

8 Kt to R 3 

9 QtoQsq 

10 P to Q B 3 

11 Kt to Kt 3 

12 P to K B 4 

13 P takes P 

14 Kt to B 4 

(Mr. J. L MlneldiL) 

PtoK 4 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt takes P 
K takes B 
Kt to B 3 
BtoK 2 
K to Kt sq 
Kt to Q 5 
PtoQ 4 
Kt to B 3 
PtoK Kt 3 (a) 
K to Kt 2 
Kt takes P 
R to B sq 

(Kr. J. I. Minchin.) 

P toB3 

P takes Kt 
K takes B 

(Mr. W. A. Lindtay.) 

15 Castles 

16 Kt fr B 4 to 

R 5 ch {b) 

17 B to R 6 ch 

18 Q takes P ch K to Kt 2 

19 QtksKtch(c) K to Kt sq 
20KttoR5 BtoB4ch(e?) 

21 P to Q 4 R takes R ch 

22 R takes R B to B sq (e) 

23 Kt to B 6 ch K to R sq 

24 Kt to K 8 dis 

ch K to Kt sq 

25 Q to R 8 ch K takes Q 

26 R takes B mate. (/) 

Notes by Thomas Long. 

(a) We should haye much preferred B takes Kt, thus 
doubling White's pawns on the K Rook's file, and helping to free 
Black's position. 

(h) The game, from this to the termination, is exceedingly 
interesting : White now sacrifices two pieces in his impetuous but 
sound attack. 

(c) Recoyering one of the pieces. 

(d) No use. Perhaps R to B 2 might haye ayailed to keep 
the piece. 

(e) Fatal — ^but no other move would benefit much. 

(f) A yery pretty mate. Black in this game neyer moyed 
his Q> Rook, or Bishop. 




Interesting game played in Mr. Nash's tourney 1881, between the 
conductor of the tourney and the winner of the first prize. 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Mr. Nash.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 
6 P to B 3 

6 Castles 

7 P to Q 4 


(Mr. Banken.) 
Pto K 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to B4 
B takes Kt P 
Kt to B 3 

8 Kt takes P (a) Kt takes K P 

9 Kt tks B P (6) R takes Kt 
10 B takes B oh K takes B 
llPtoQS KttoK4(c) 


(Mr. Nash.) (Mr. Ranken.) 

12 Q to Q 4 (c?) Q to R 5 

13 R to K sq (e) Kt to Kt 5 

14 Q tks Kt (/) Q tks R P ch 

16 K to B sq 

16 Q to B 3 (g) 

17 K to K 2 (i) 

18 B to B 4 

19 P to Kt 3 

20 B takes P (k) B takes Q P 

21 Q to Q 3 (0 R to Q B sq 


Kt to B 3 
B to Kt 2 (j) 
Q toR 5 
Q to R6 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

("aj This constitutes the Richardson attack, which is con- 
sidered the strongest continuation after Black has Castled in this 
form of the opening. 

("bj There is a good deal to be said for Q to R 6 here, 
threatening to win a piece by Kt takes Kt. Black could not then play 
P to K Kt 3, for the Kt would take it, and if he played P to Q 4, 
the reply would be Kt takes K B P ; he seems obliged therefore 
to exchange Kts, which certainly gives White a very fine attack. 

(^e) Much better than the old move Kt to K 2. 

("dj Mr. Richardson, we believe, considers Q to R 4 the best 

move here, 

(^e) It is doubtful what is White's correct play at this point. 
If 13 Q takes Q Kt, then P to Q 3, 14 Q to B 4 ch, Q takes Q, 15 
B takes Q, B takes P, and Black must win the Q P, remaining 
with two Pawns for the exchange. 

("/J If 14 R takes Kt, Q takes R P ch, followed by Q to R 8 
ch and Kt to B 3 <fcc; and if 14 P to K R 3, then B to Kt 3, 15 
Q takes Kt, B takes P ch, 16 K to R sq (best), B takes R. 

/g) White can gain nothing here by checking with his Q, e.g. 
16 Q to K 7 ch, K to Kt 3, 17 R to K 3, P to Q 3 ! 18 R to Kt 
3 ch, B to Kt 5, 19 R takes B ch, Kt takes R, 20 Q to Kt 5 ch, 
K to B 2, 21 Q takes B, Q to R 8 ch, <fec. 

(hj The usual course is P to Q 3, but this new departure 
appears stronger. We give a diagram of the position. 


(i) The only other feasible more was R to Q sq, whereupon 
B to R 3 ch, R to K aq ch, and Q to K 4 would surely bring some 
griat to Black's mill. 

0) Q to K 4 ch, winning a Pawn, was also advantageous. 

fkj Bad ; he ought to have supported his Q P by R to Q Bq 
perhaps, but his position in any case was not enviable. 

(IJ This loses a piece; there was, however, no saving the game, 
for if 21 Q to B 4, then R to K sq oh, 22 K to Q 2, R takes R, 
23 E takes R, B takes P ch, 24 Et takes B, Q to R 8 ch, 2SEto 
Q 2, Q takes R, 26 B to E 5, Q to Et 7 ch, and must win. 

Played in the B. C. M. Correspondence Tourney. 

(Four Enight^' Opening.) 


(Mr. Vincent.) (Mr. Balson.) (Mr. Vincent.) (Mr. Balson.) 

lPtoE4 PtoK4 3EttoB3 KttoBS 

2 Et to E B 3 Et to Q B 3 4 B to Kt 5 B to Kt 5 



5 Et to Q 5 

6 Q B 3 (h) 

7 P to Q 4 

8 P takes P 

9 Kt tks Q Et 

10 Castles 

11 Et to B 5 

12 Q takes P 

13 B to Q 3 (e) 

14 B takes Et 

15 Q to B 4 (/) 

16 B takes P 

B to B 4 (a) 
Et takes P 
Et tks Q P (c) 
P takes Et 
R to E sq (d) 
QtoB 3 
Rto E 4 
P toQ4 
Q tks Et (g) 

17 Q takes B 

18 R to E sq 

19 Q to B 7 

20 B to E 3 

21 P to B 3(h) 

22 Q to Et 3 

23 Q to B 2 

24 E to R sq 

25 P to E R 3 

R takes B 
BtoQ 2 
B toB3 
Q to Et 3 
P to E R 3 
EtoR 2 
R to E B 4 
P to Q R 3 
QtoR 4 

26 E to R 2 and eventually the 
game waA drawn, (i) 

Notes bt C. K Raneen. 

(a) It is usual to turn the Four Ets into a Four Bishops 
opening here by 5 Et takes Et, 6 P takes Et, Et to Q 5, 7 Et 
takes Et, P takes Et, <&c., but as this is remarkable generally for 
dolness, we are glad it is now avoided. 

(bj The sacrifice of the Pawn which this move involves was 
invented by Dr. Flechsig. It has not yet been analysed sufficiently 
to ascertain its soundness, but it leads to a lively and interesting 

(c) If B checks, White plays E to B sq, threatening to win 
a piece. 

(d) In a game at this opening between Messrs. Lambert and 
Raxiken, played two years ago in Mr. Nash's tourney, Mr. Ranken 
here tried Q to Et 3, and eventually won, but the text move is 
perhaps better. 

(ej P to Q Et 3, with a view to B to B 4 and B to Et 2, 
would also be a forcible continuation. 

(/) We should have been tempted to check with the Et at R 
6 before retreating the Queen. 

(g) B takes Et was preferable, recovering the piece by B to 
E 3 on the Q taking the E B. 

(h) This ought to have cost a Pawn, had Black replied by R 
to Q Et 4. 

(ij Black must remove his Q to Et 3, and has then a slight 
advantage of position, but evidently, since the exchanges, the 
legitimate issue was a rSmise. 




Played in the match Beyan v. Taylor, at the St. George's Chess 
Club, Birmingham. Present score, Bevan 5 ; Taylor 3. 

(Eyans Gambit.) 


(Mr. Beyan.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 
3B toB4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 

5 P to Q B 3 

6 Castles 
9 B to Q 3 (c) 


11 B to R 3 

12 Q to Et 3 ch 

13 Kt to K Kt 5 


(Mr. Taylor.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B takes P 
Kt to K B 3 

Kt takes P 
P toQ 3 
K to R sq 
Q Kt to K 4 


(Mr. Beyan.) 

14 B to Q B 2 

15 Q Kt to Q 2 

16 K Kt to K 4 

17 P to K R 3 

18 Kt takes Kt 

19 Q Kt to K 4 

20 P takes B 

21 B to Q sq 

22 B takes Kt 

23 Q to Q 5 (h) 

24 B to B sq 

25 Q to K 6 


(Mr. Taylor.) 
B to Q Kt 3 
P to K R 3 
K Kt to Kt 5 
Q to K R 5 
B tks K R P 
Q takes P 
R takes B 
Q R to K B sq 
Black mates in 
fiyo moyes. (i) 

Notes by W. Watte. 

(a) 7 Castles is the accepted moye, but the objections to the 
play in the text are now much diminished according to the 
Handbuch f see the next note. 

(h) The Waller attack 8 K R to K sq was formerly thought 
irresistible, but the Handbtich now points out a resource in 8 Kt 
to Q 3, 9 Kt takes P, Castles. Another promising moye for the 
attack is 8 P to Q 5, as played by Mr. Freeborough in B,C,M. 1. 

(cj Mr. W. T. Pierce's moye, analysed in Huddersfield CM. 
VI. 188. 

fdj Not so good as 9 P to Q 4. 

(ej There is a temptation, we haye noticed, to fancy that 
taking a Pawn in parsing has a yirtue in itself irrespectiye of the 
consequences. Mr. Pierce giyes 10 B takes Kt, P takes B, 11 Q 
to Q 5 ch, K to R sq, 12 Kt to Kt 5, Q to K sq, 13 Q takes K P or 
B to R 3 " with a splendid game." Of the alternatiyes we prefer 13 
Q takes K P, P to K Kt 3, 14 B to R 3, R to B 4. We should 
now take White's game for choice, without despairing of Black. 

(fj Eyer since his opponent's error at the tenth moye Black 
has seized the counter-attack with great spirit. This and the 
nineteenth moye are especially admirable. 



(g) Stronger than the showy move R to B 6. Black's Q R now 
comes in to decide the battle. 

(h) There is no resource in 23 Q takes B, on account of 23 
R to Et 6 ch, 24 Et takes R, Q takes Et ch, 25 K to R sq, R P 
takes Q, 26 B to Et 2, R to K B sq and the Et has no escape. 

(i) By 25 R to Et 6 ch, 26 Et takes R, Q takes Et ch, 27 
E to R sq, R to R 4 oh, <fec 


A casual game played at the Manchester Meeting of the Counties 


(Centre Gkimbit.) 


Bey. J. Coker.) (Rer. O. A. HacDonnelL) 

1 P to E 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 B to Q B 4 

4 B takes P ch 

5 Q to R 5 ch 

6 Q to Q 5 ch 

7 Q takes B 

8 Et to E B 3 

9 Q to B 4 
10 Et takes P 

PtoE 4 
P takes P 
B to B 4 (a) 
E takes B 
P to Et 3 
E to Et 2 
Et to Q B 3 
P to Q 3 
Et to B 3 
R to E sq 
P takes Et 

11 Et takes Et 

12 B to Et 5 {h) P to Q 4 

13 Q takes B P R takes P ch 

Bto E3 
RtoQ 5ch(c) 
RtoQ 6 

14 E to Q sq 

15 P to E B 3 

16 Et to Q 2 

17 P to B 3 
18PtoEEt4(e«) P to Q 5 ! 

19 B takes Et ch Q takes B 

20 Q tks Q ch (e) E takes Q 

21 P takes B P tks Q B P 

(Rev. J. Coker.) (Rev 

23 P takes Et P 

24 E to B sq 

25 P to E R 4 

26 RtoQEtsq(A) 

27 R to Q sq 

28 R to Et 2 

29 E to B 2 

30 E takes R 

31 E to Q 2 

32 R to Et 7 

33 R takes P 

34 R to R 5 

35 E to B 2 (y) 

36 R to R 6 ch 

37 R to R 7 ch 

38 E to Et 2 

39 E to R 3 

40 E to Et 4 

41 E takes P {k) 

42 E to Q 3 

G. A. Madtonnell.) 

R takes Et ch 
P takes P {g) 
R to E B 7 
R takes Q R P 
R to E sq 
R to R 8 ch 
R takes R 
RtoE 6 
R tkstE B P 
R to Q 6 ch 
RtoR 6 
E to Et 2 
E toR3 
R takes R P 
P to Et 4 
P toEt 5 
P to Et 6 dia 

P to Et 7 and 


Notes by W. Watte. 

(U) Of course not sound, but opening up chances for a counter- 
attack. Some high authorities have lately advocated 3 Et to Q B 
3, upon which White as best converts the game into a Giuoco 

M 2 



Piano by 4 Kt to K B 3, B to B 4, 5 P to B 3, Kt to B 3. Our 
own preference is still for Boden's move 3 Kt to K B 3, as leading 
to a more piquant and less bookish game. 

(bj Here he should have castled with a Pawn to the good. 

(c) H^ardous. Black plays all this part of the game with 
a certain easy indifference, as if he counted on his opponent not 
making the best moves. 

(d) K to K 2 would have been much more troublesome for 
Black, at once liberating the Kt and threatening P to K Kt 4 
with effect. 

(e) If 20 Q takes R, Q to K Kt 4 wins at once. This com- 
bination is very pretty on Mr. MacDonnelFs part. 

(/) 22 K to B 2, R takes Kt ch, 23 K takes P is better. 

(^g) Black now comes out of the skirmish with rather the 
better game. 

(h) Plays well now for some moves, and increases his chance 
of a draw. 

(?') The ending is well played by Black. He now makes sure 
of a Pawn, but not yet, we fancy, of the game. 

(J) K to K 2 was certainly better, as was proved, we are 
informed, by subsequent analysis between the players. 

(k) Precipitating the catastrophe, which was now, however, no 
longer to be avoided. 


An off-hand game played last summer at the St. George's 

Chess Club. 


(Mr. Wayte.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to K B 4 

4 P to Q 4 

5 K to K 2 

6 P takes P 

7 Kt to B 3 

8 P takes Kt 

9 P takes P ch 

10 Kt to Kt 5 

11 P takes B 

12 P to B 3 

(Steiuitz Gambit.) 


(Mr. Minchin.) 
P toK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P takes P 
Q to R 5 ch 
P toQ 4 
B to Q B 4 
K to Kt sq 
B tks Kt ch (a) 
P to Q R 3 
P takes Kt 



(Mr. Wayte.) (Mr. Minchin.) 
13 Q to Q 3 (b) Kt to B 3 
14Bto Q 2 KRtoKsqch 

16 K to Q sq Kt to Q 4 (c) 

16 Q takes Kt P KttoK6ch(^ 

17 B takes Kt R takes B 

18 Q takes B 

19 K to B 2 

20 Q to Q R 5 

21 Q to R 8 ch 

22 Q to R 7 

23 B to R 6 

R to K 8 ch 
R takes R 
P to Q B 4 (e) 
KtoB 2 
R to Q Kt sq 
R takes R (/) 

White mates in three moves. 


Notes by W. Waytb. 

(a) Correctly timed. If 10 P to Q R 3, White might take P 
with Q B, and on B taking Kt, retake with King. 

(b) For the alternatives 13 Q to Kt 3 and P to Q R 4, see p. 
147 of the April number. 

(c) We gave as preferable at p. 147, 15 P to Kt 5, 16 K to 
B 2 ( ! ), Kt to Q 4, at which point Mr. Gossip's analysis then broke 
oflf. The sequel, introduced with a flourish of trumpets in the 
C. P. C, for June 14th, does not appear to bear out the conclusion 
that White can equalise the game: 17 R to Q B sq, P takes P, 18 
P takes P (!), R to K 3, 19 Q to B 4, B to R 2, 20 B to Q 3, "with 
a fair game" we are told. We do not know the respective shares 
of Messrs. Steinitz and Gossip in the above variation, but we 
propose for Black 20 Q to B 7, threatening Kt to K 6 ch with 
fatal effect. 

(d) Though he has unnecessarily given up a Pawn, Black has 
still a good game by 16 B to R 2 as played by Zuke.t)rt, or 16 Q 
to B 7 as suggested by Rosenthal. In playing to win the exchange, 
he overlooked the consequences of 20 Q to Q R 5 for White. 

(e) Still thinking of counter-attack , for which there js no time. 
The check of the Queen, also, would lose speedily, as after it he 
could no longer advance the Q B P, and would be forced to take P 
with K : 20 Q to B 7 ch, 21 K to Kt 3, K takes P, 22 B to R 6 
ch, K to B 3, 23 Q to B 5 ch, K to Q 2, 24 B to Kt 5 ch, K to B 
sq (!), 25 Q to B 6 and wins, without taking the Rook. His best 
course is 20 P to Q B 3, 21 Q to K 5 ch, K takes P (if 21 K to R 
2 with the notion of playing for a draw, White mates in four 
moves by 22 P queens ch, R takes Q, 23 Q to R 5 ch, 24 B to R 
6 ch, 25 B to B 8 dis ch and mate,) 22 B to R 6 ch, K takes B, 
23 R takes R, Q to B 7 ch, 24 K to Kt 3, R to Q 2, 25 K to R 3 
and White comes out with the best Pawns. For if 25 R to Kt 2, 
26 P to Kt 4 threatening mate, and then White takes the Gambit 
P and protects his own : or if 25 Q takes K B P, 26 Q takes Kt 
P and Black's Pawns are badly broken. 

(/) He may as well " take first and think afterwards." There 
is absolutely nothing to be done but a useless check or two. 

On the 4th inst. was played at Birmingham the return match 
between the Manchester Atheneeum and Birmingham Clubs, which 
ended in the former being victorious with a score of 14 to 9. It 
is only fair to state that on this occasion Birmingham was unable 
to muster all its best men. Had the match taken place at the 
time previously appointed, when Manchester sent a telegram to 
beg off, the result would perhaps have been very different. 




This Tourney has now been in progress since January ISth, and, 
according to the rules, will be closed on July 15th, 1883, eighteen 
months fh>m the commencement. We think therefore that our 
readers generally, and especially the combatants, will like to know 
the result up to the present date, and we accordingly give a table 
showing the issue of all the games as yet played. On July 7th 
one of the competitors, Mr. Erskine, felt himself obliged, owing to 
iU health, to retire from the tourney, at which period he had fin- 
ished only one of his games, a drawn game with Mr. Coates, but 
had four others in progress with Messrs. Bridgwater, Isaacy 
Lambert, and Millard. These, according to the rules, had to be 
resigned to his opponents, and his unplayed games with the rest 
of the competitors to be counted as drawn. A retirement of this 
•sort always inflicts some hardships on some persons, and many and 
yarious have been the suggestions for so regulating the score in 
such cases as to be the least unfair to any. We do not know that 
we could deyise a better plan for meeting the emergency than that 
which we have adopted, and we think it will be found at least as 
good as any of the other schemes which have been proposed. We 
give one of the games played in our present issue, but we may 
remark that we have found very few of them worthy of publication, 
• and we hope that more care will be displayed in the conduct of 
those which have yet to be finished. 

Names of 


Erskine . . 
Lambert .. 
Vincent .. 



Pierce, J... 




The fig. 1 stands for a game won, for a game lost, and ^ for 
a drawn game. 



France. — The Strategie for October publishes the programme 
of its first correspondence tourney, which is to be open to all 
amateurs resident in France or Algeria. The entrance fee is 15 
fr., and there will be two prizes, consisting of two thirds and one 
third of the entrance money. Each competitor will have to play 
two games with every other, unless the entries exceed twelve, in 
which case only one game with each will be required, and four 
games must be played simultaneously. Should any competitor 
retire from the tourney without finishing his games, those unplayed 
will be reckoned to his opponents, but if less than five games have 
been concluded, his score will be cancelled. In other respects the 
conditions are similar to those usual in other correspondence 
toomeys, save that the laws of the game which will regulate the 
contest are to be those laid down in M. Pr^ti's "A. R C. of 

Holland. — A tourney in which ten of the strongest Dutch 
players have taken part, has lately been brought to an end at the 
Amsterdam Club. There were four prizes, of which the first was 
won by Herr Messemaker. 

Italy. — ^We are sorry to find, by an announcement in La 
Nuova Rivista degli Scaechiy that the true reason for the abandon- 
ment of the projected Italian National Chess Congress at Bologna 
was the strong objection entertained by a large number of Italian 
players to the tourneys being governed by international rules. 
These, it appears, threatened to withdraw their support unless the 
Italian laws were adopted, and as the other party were equally 
persistent in favour of the laws common to all the rest of the 
world, the Committee in perplexity resolved not to hold the Con- 
gress, which will probably now take place at Venice. We quite^ 
agree with the remark of the French Chess magazine La StratSgiiSy 
that, " if the partisans of the Italian rules think that fidelity to^ 
their principles will draw towards them the other nations of the 
globe, they are leaning on a vain hope, and their perseverance will 
only result in injuring the development in Italy of our scientific 

Two games by correspondence between Rome and Padua have 
terminated in each club winning one. 

We have received a copy of II Sannio, an Italian newspaper 
containing a Chess department, and published at Campobasso. 
We send our greetings and good wishes for the success of the 


Germany. — ^After an existence of about 20 years, the West 
German Chess Association has dissolved itself. This is as it should 
be, the important field which it has hitherto occupied being now 
well provided for by the General Chess Association of the Father- 
land. We are glad to observe that the Schachzeitung does not 
regard the other minor Chess confederations in Germany at all in 
the light of rivals to the General Association, as each in its own 
sphere appears to be doing a good work, and helping forward the 
general prosperity of German Chess. 

America. — Nothing daunted by their two previous defeats, the 
eight amateurs of St. Louis, who for the third time encountered 
Mr. Max Judd at the odds of the Kt, have at length won a decisive 
victory, the final score being, Amateurs, 14, Max Judd, 8. As the 
St Louis Globe Democrat remarks, the loser should feel highly 
complimented by this result, because it is he who has taught his 
gallant opponents how to beat him. When he came to St. Louis 
ten years ago, there was only one player who would venture to 
contend with him at this odds, now there are at least 25 who are 
able to do so. 

The St. Louis Social Chess Club has been holding a tournament 
lately, the leading scores in it being, Mr. Woerner 12 J won, 2^ lost, 
and Mr. Baker 8 won, 7 lost. At the New Orleans Chess, Checker, 
and Whist Club, the Chess tourney has just come to a termina- 
tion, the two chief scores being Mr. Wurm with 21 won, 3 lost, 
and Mr. Blackmar with 18 won, 6 lost. 

Mr. Steinitz sailed for America on Oct. 25th, in order to 
fulfil an engagement to play a match of 7 games up with Mr. 
Martinez of Philadelphia, one of the strongest American players. 
The match will be for £50, and the Philadelphian amateurs have 
liberally subscribed to defray Mr. Steinitz's expenses. 

Australia. — A handicap tourney for a challenge cup is in 
progress at the Melbourne Club. The list closed on Aug. 31st 
with ten entries, among which we notice the name of Mr. Bums, 
but not that of Mr. Wisker. A rule providing that each round 
shall be concluded within three weeks was to be rigorously carried 
cut, so as to bring the tourney to an end in reasonable time. 

At the Adelaide Club a handicap tourney with no less than 40 
entries commenced on Aug. 15th under very favourable auspices. 
The Committee have drawn up an excellent code of rules, and the 
amount available for prizes is £10 5s. Od., which is to be divided 
in proper proportions among the six highest scorers, articles of 
equal value being probably substituted for money. Besides these, 
prizes of books and Chessmen have been promised by the Chess 
editors of the Adelaide Observer and the South Australian Chronicle 
to the highest scorers in the fourth and fifth classes, and to the 
winner of the most brilliant game. 



This namber completes the second volume of the British Ohbss 
Magazine, and in our own name and on behalf of our co-operators 
we heartily thank our subscribers and contributors for the valued 
support which has enabled us to publish another year's issue on 
the same scale as in 1881. We may say that we have been re- 
quested by several subscribers to raise the price of the magazine, 
but as our wish is to keep the periodical within the reach of all 
Chess-players we have decided to fix the minimum at the low figure 
of 6/-, leaving it open for those who can afford to add what they 
think proper for the enlargement fund. We explained our plans 
for the future in our last number and can only now add that we 
shall be obliged by intending subscribers kindly remitting for 
Vol. III. at their early convenience. 


The Derbyshire Chess Club commenced the new season with 
a Blindfold and Simultaneous exhibition by Mr. Blackburne. The 
result of the former was that Mr. Blackburne won two games, 
drew five, and lost one — to Mr. Hanson, and of the latter won 
twenty-two games, and lost three — to Messrs. Phillips, West and 
Owen. Col. Sir Henry Wilmot, Bart., V.C., M.P., an old Chess 
player, has been re-elected President of the Club, and Mr. Phillips, 

The Derby Midland Railway, a decidedly bellicose club, has 
suffered a loss in the resignation of its really hard-working secretary 
Mr. Balson, and Mr. H. T. Bland has been appointed in his place. 
The evening of the 27th October was fixed for the opening of the 
winter session and witnessed a good gathering of members and 
friends of the club. The most interesting event was the presen- 
tation to the late secretary of a handsome set of In Statu Quo 
Chessmen in acknowledgment of his indefatigable services. 

A meeting of members of the Preston Chess Club was held 
in their club room on Wednesday evening, October 25th. The 
Rev. A. Firth was unanimously elected president for the ensuing 
year, and Messrs. J. Mather and J. T. Palmer were re-elected 
honorary treasurer and honorary secretary respectively. A handicap 
tournament, similar to the one played last winter, will be arranged 
shortly, if a sufficient number of entries are received. 

We have received the opening numbers of the "Brooklyn 
Chess Chronicle", an eight-page bi-monthly magazine published at 
Brooklyn, New York. The price is 10 cents a number, or a couple 
of dollars per annum. It is edited by J. B. and E. M. Munoz, 
and promises to be a good exponent of American Chess. 


We are glad to see the various Yorkshire Clubs showing vigorous 
sigDS of life at the commencement of another winter campaign. 
The Leeds Club held its annual meeting on October 2nd, when Mr, 
D. Y. Mills was appointed Captain, and other business transacted. 
On the 28th ulto. Mr. Mills led his troops against the Bradford 
Club, when the latter were defeated by 16 games to 13. The 
Sheffield Athenseum Chess Club opened for the season on Tuesday 
October 24th, when the Hon. Secretary, Mr. F. E. Foster, reported 
that there had been an increase of members during the past year 
and that the finances were in a satisfactory condition. The meeting 
confirmed the resolution that the club withdraw from the West 
Yorkshire Chess Association. We have always been of opinion 
that Sheffield was too far outside the circle of the other Yorkshire 
Clubs to be a suitable locality for the Association to visit, and in 
this respect the withdrawal will be a source of strength rather than 
weakness. We trust, however, that the members of the Athenaeum 
will still attend the West Yorkshire gatherings, at which we are 
sure they will always be " welcome guests. '^ Regret was expressed 
that " the much talked of contest between the counties of York- 
shire and Lancashire had fallen through." In this opinion we 
coincide and would suggest that the Bradford Club make an 
attempt to bring off this important contest in April next at the 
West Yorkshire Meeting. 

The annual report of the Grimsby Club has reached us and 
gives proof that Chess in Grimsby is in a flourishing condition. 
Matches with Nottingham and Leeds are contemplated during 
the winter, and a Handicap Tourney is also being arranged. 

We are informed by Mr. Shaw that the quotations from 
Shakespeare appended to the game on p. 336 of our last number 
were not all selected by him, but that each player added the ex- 
cerpts to his own moves as the game proceeded. Mr. Shaw 
observes — and we can easily believe him — that to him this was 
" harder work than playing the game." 

We give here a few items for which the printer was unable to 
find room in the almanac for December. 

Dec. 10. Match between Messrs. Rosenthal and Wisker com- 
menced, 1870. 

Dec. 21. Match between Messrs. Harrwitz and Lowenthal 
finished, 1853. Score — Harrwitz, 11 ; Lowenthal, 10 ; Drawn, 12. 
Chess column in Canadian Spectator commenced, 1878. 

Dec. 27. Match between Messrs. Stanley and Rousseau finished, 
1845. Score — Stanley, 15 ; Rousseau, 8 ; Drawn, 8. Match 
between Messrs. Morphy and Anderssen finished, 1858. Score — 
Morphy, 7 ; Anderssen, 2 ; Drawn, 2. 

Dec. 28. Match between Messrs. Mason and Bird commenced, 


We have had pleasure in adding the Baltimore Sunday News 
to our now most extensive exchange list. The Chess column is 
edited very ably by Mr. C. E. Dennis, Thurlow, Pa. Yet another ! 
Since the above was written we have received a copy of the 
Wrexham Lantern and Tit-bits for Nov. 4:th, in which appears 
No. 1 of a Chess column edited by an old subscriber and corres- 
pondent, Mr. Locke Holt. We wish success to all our fellow- 
labourers in the good cause. 

Turf, Field, and Farm announces the suspension of Brentano'a 
Chess Monthly after the publication of a double number for 
August-September. Time and space do not allow of more than 
the bare mention of the fact in our present issue, but we shall 
have something more to say on the matter at an early opportunity. 

A correspondent sends us the following items for this column. 

American Spelling. — We wonder whether Brentano is the 
pioneer of a new reformed spelling of the English language, or the 
exponent of views already current in America. We were aware 
that American "travelers" in Europe landed at Queenstown 
" harbor," and justified their doing so as a retrenchment of 
superfluous letters. But in Brentano we find " skillful," which 
cannot be thus explained; and a tough problem is "a bone to 
knaw upon." We "niver knawed" (as Tennyson's Lincolnshire 
Farmer says) that originality in spelling had been carried to such 
lengths by our American cousins. 

Chess Pronunciation. — Whatever is worth doing at all is 
worth doing well : and as we Chess-players cannot help talking of 
our Ruy Lopez and Van 't Kruys, our Muzio and Fianchetto, we 
may as well pronounce the names correctly. A few common 
errors are here selected for notice. To dispose briefly of the 
Italian words, Muzio should be pronounced Mootzio, and Fianchetto, 
Fianketto. We have heard a lively youth describe himself as 
" Comin' thro' the Rye " when he played the Ruy Lopez ; but the 
monosyllabic pronunciations, of which one hears several, are all 
wrong, and Roo-ey the only correct one. The Dutch uy, again, 
differs from the Spanish, and is as nearly as may be equivalent to 
the English in buy, Guy : and Vant Crice is the proper sound of 
the last word on our list Van *t Kruys, the short way of writing 
van het Kruys, " of the cross," (like the French name Delacroix) 
is a veritable crux to writers and printers ; we hardly ever see 
the apostrophe in the right place. Friend Brentano is here the 
worst offender, and prints with two apostrophes, both wrong, 
" Van t' Kruy's Opening." Strange, that the city once called 
New Amsterdam, and of which the immortal Knickerbocker was 
the historian, should be so forgetful of its Dutch traditions ! 



Bt H, J. C. Andrews. 

At the request of its author we here insert a corrected version 
of No. 125, in our July number. 

Probleu bt a. Towhbekd, 

Honourably mentioned in the Leeds 

Mercury Sui-mate Tourney Award, 

February, 1882. 

White to play and mate in three movea. "Wliite to play and sui-mate in eight moves. 
Solution.— 1 Kt at B 5 to Kt 7, SoLrTioN.— 1 Kt to B 7 ch, 2 K 
E or P moves, 2 Kt to K 8 or E to to R 3 dis ch, 3 B ch, 4 B talses P ch, 
K B 7 accordingly, Ac. 5 Kt to Q sq ch, 6 B talies P ch, 

7 B to K Kt 6. Here, if Blaclt plays 
1 P to R 8 rtmaining a P, the eolu- 
tion becomes impracticable. 
The BaJHmore Sunday Ifetoa Three-move Tourney has resulted 
in favour of Messrs. Mackenzie and Aroell, Messrs. Pradignat and 
Planck tying for third prize. 

In the Lebanon Herald Tourney our contributors Messrs. J, 
Rayner and Slater have won the two first prizes and Mr. Mackenzie 
the third. 

Ddmmy Redivivhs. — Some years ago we took pains to examine 
into the effects produced upon problems by the intrusion of the 
Dummy Pawn under the B. C. A. law of 18G2. At that time we 
accumulated in the pages of the Chess Playei's Chronicle a number 
of examples sufficient to prove Dummy's powers as a spoil sport, 
and this list might now be considerably augmented. 


A recent discussion in Land and Water revives a question 
Tvhich most problemists must have thought dead and buried. Mr. 
Miles has pointed out in our contemporary's columns, the demerits 
of the D. P. Jhese may be succinctly stated thus — a nonentity 
in actual play and a nuisance in many fine problems. The Editor 
oi Land and Water 2a\la why composers of 1862 did not protest 
and how Mr. Staunton came to overlook so strong an argument 
against Dummy % The answer is plain. Many of the examples, 
thus far cited, consist of problems composed subsequently to 1862. 
The rare exceptions, being of foreign origin, were unknown here 
until after Max Lange's book had brought them within reach of 
a few British experts. That history is still prone to repeat itself 
and that mischief still is found for Dummy's idle hands to do will 
be seen by a study of the accompanying sui-mate and its solution. 
According to " B. C. A." law this problem ought to have been dis- 
qualified. At Leeds — ^where the Praxis rules prevail — it would, 
perforce, be deemed sound and such would, also, be the case any- 
where outside this "benighted isle." What practical good does 
London derive from maintaining a bizarre petrifaction against the 
world 1 

The Chess-Monthly Problem Tourney Award. — Sets : First 
Prize, " Better late than never." Second Prize, " Four in hand." 
Third Prize, " Psycho." Single Problems : Beat Problem and 
Best four-mover, "Psycho" (same problem.) Best 3-er, second 
three-mover in " Better late than never." Best 3-er outside of 
Prize Sets, "Ad arma." Best 2-er, " Four-in-hand." The judges' 
report and names of victors will be published in the Chess- 
Monthly for January if the award is not impugned on or before 
Dec. 5th. 

Ontario Chess Association Problem Tourney. — This tourney 
was to be open to all members of the Association who had joined 
by September 15th, 1882. Competitors were to send not more 
than three problems, each original, unpublished, and a direct mate 
in three moves, before Dec. 31st, to the Chess editor of the 
Toronto Globe, with the usual stipulations as to motto, sealed 
envelope, <fec. Marks will be given thus : — ^For beauty of idea, 40 
points ; economy of force, 20 ; number of variations, 20 ; freedom 
from duals, 20. The first prize will be a gold medal ; the second 
a set of bone Chessmen ; the third, Staimton and Wormald's book ; 
the fourth, twelve numbers of the Westminster Papers ; the fifth, 
twelve numbers of the British Chess Magazine; the sixth, 100 
Gems of Chess. There will also be a Solution Tourney, for which 
six similar prizes are oiGfered. The gold medals are given by the 
Association, the other prizes by members of the Toronto and 
Hamilton Clubs. 


The South Australian Chroniolb Problem Tourney is 
announced under the usual sealed envelope and motto conditions. 
Prizes are offered of £4 4s. and £2 10s. respectively for the best 
and second best sets (to consist of one two and one tiiree-mover ;) 
also £2 each for the best single problem in both classes. Any 
number of problems may be posted not later than December 15th 
from Europe. Each problem or set must bear a separate motto 
and must be original. Joint compositions not allowed. Problems 
sent in sets will be eligible for single problem prizes, but no per- 
son can win more than one prize. Communications to be addressed 
The Chess Editor, South Australian Chronicle, Adelaide, South 



No. 117.— 1 Q to R 2, K or Kt moves, 2 B to Kt 4, K or Kt 
moves, 3 Kt to Q 5 ch, K to K 5, 4 Q to K 5 ch, Kt takes Q, 
5 Kt to Q B 5 ch, K takes P, 6 P to K 3 ch, K takes P, 7 Kt to 
Kt 6 ch, K takes B, 8 Kt to Q 3 ch, Kt takes Kt mate. 

No. 118.— 1 R to Q 4, P to B 3, 2 Kt to B 7, P to K 3, 3 R to 
K 4 ch, K to Q 3, 4 R to Q 7 ch, K takes Kt, 5 B to Kt sq ch, 
R to B 7, 6 R to Q 5, Either P takes R, 7 R to K 6 or takes P, 
P mates. 

No. 119.-1 Kt to Q B 8, 2 Kt to K 7 ch, 3 Q to Q B 2 ch, 
4 R to Q R 3, 6 K to Q 3, 6 R to Q B 3, 7 B to K R 2, 8 R to 
Q 2, P mates. 

No. 120.— R from Kt 7 to Kt sq, R to R square, 3 Q to R 8, 
4 B to Kt 8, 5 R takes P, K takes R mate. 

No. 127.-1 Kt to K 2 ch, B takes Kt, 2 B to Kt 5 ch, K to 
K 4, 3 Q to Kt 3 ch, K to Q 5, 4 Q to K 3 ch, K to K 4, 6 R 
takes P ch, R takes R, 6 Q to B 4 ch, K to Q 5, 7 B to B 6 ch, 
R to K 4, 8 Q to Q 2 ch, B to Q 6, 9 R to B 4 ch, Q takes R, 
10 Q to B 3, Q takes Q mate. 

No. 128.-1 B to Kt 6, P takes B, 2 P to B 7, P takes P, 
3 P Knights, P to B 5, 4 Kt to B 3, K takes Kt, 5 B to Q 7, 
K to B 7, 6 B to R 4 ch, K moves, 7 R to Q 3 ch, P takes R, 8 B 
to R 2, P moves dis ch mate. 

No. 129.-1 Kt to Kt 6, P takes Kt, 2 P to B 7, P moves, 
3 P Knights, P takes R, 4 B to Q sq, P to B 6, 5 R to B 4, P to 
B 7, 6 Kt takes P, B takes Kt, 7 B to Kt 4 ch, B takes B, 8 R to 
B 3 ch, B takes B mate. 


August to Decembbb. 

Problem 138, by T. B. Rowland. —1 Kt to B 5. 

Problem 139, by A. L. S.— 1 K to Kt 7. 

Problem 140, by J. G. Chancellor.— 1 Q to K B 8, R takes Kt 
(a), 2 B to Kt sq, &c. (a) 1 R to B 2 (6), 2 Kt to R 6, &c. 
(b) 1 P to Kt 4, 2 Q to B 3, &c. 

Problem 141, by E. Pradignat.— 1 Kt to Q 6, P takes Kt, 2 Kt 
to R 6, K to Q 4, 3 Kt to Kt 8, K to Q 6, 4 Kt to K 7, &c. 

Problem 142, by G. Hume.— 1 Kt to B 2 dis ch, Kt to K 6, 
2 Q to B 6 ch, Q to B 4 oh, 3 Q to Q 5, Any, 4 Q to R 5, B 5 or 
K 5 accordingly, Q takes Q mate. 

Problem 143, by G. J. Slater.— 1 Kt to K 3 is the author's 
intention but 1 Kt to K R 4, and 1 Kt to Q 6 will also solve it. 

W. Jay, Locke Holt, A. L. S., H. Blanchsurd, P. L. P., and 
W. Bridgwater have solved Nos. 138 to 143, J. A. Miles and 
G. W. Stevens all but No. 141, and J. 0. Allfrey all but Nos. 
141 and 142. Two solutions of No. 143 received from W. Jay, 
Locke Holt, H. Blanchard, and P. L. P. W. R. B. 


1 Q to Kt 8, K to K 6 best, 2 B to R 8, K to Q 5 (a), 3 Kt to 
Q 5, Any move, 4 Q mates accordingly, (a) 2 K to B 7, 3 Q to 
B 2 ch, &o. 


G. J. S., Bolton. — The letter problems will make an acceptable 
page in our next. Many thanks. 

J. G. C, Finsbury Park. — The two-mover is welcome. Glad 
to find you approve the review. 

W. M., Brighton. — With pleasure. See Problem World. 

G. M., Windsor. — Thanks for the problem. 

R of Roos. — Not an amended version, because of 1 Q to 
Q Kt 7 ch, 2 Q P mates, or 1 Q P one, 2 Q mates 1 A " direct 
mate, &c," means a regular problem, not a sui or Pawn mate, or 
having other conditions than ^' White to play and mate in three 
(or four) moves." 

H. W. B., Brighton. — ^Too late fornotice in Problem World, 


No. 144.— Bt W. ORIMSHAW. No. 145. -Br G. J. SLATER. 

White to pla; aad mate in three mores. White to play and mate in three n: 

No. 146.— Br J. G. CHANCELLOR. No. 147.— By B. G. LAWS. 

White to pUy tai mate in four mores. White to play and mate id four m 


No. 148.— Bt T. B. ROWLAND. Ho. 149.— By C. E. TUCKETT. 

White to play and mate in three moves. White to play and mate in three m 

No. 160.~Br J. PIERCE, M.A. No. 151.— Br W. T. PIERCE. 

White to pkf aail mate in foor moves. White to play and inat« in four moves. 


Bt J. A. Miles. 

Wbite to play aad Bui-mate in fifteen moves. 
The above is a revised edition of the frontispiece to Mr. Miles'a 
new book, " Poems and Chess Problems," and for the first correct 
solution received by Mr. J. A. Miles, Falcenham, Norfolk, he will 
^ve a copy of the said book, and for the second and third solutions 
be will give to each a copy of the " Supplement to Chess Oems." 


Chbbb is Bbiohton. 
The first general meeting of the Sussex Chess Association was held 
here on the 2l8t ult. The indifference vith which the proposition 
of an Association had been met gave rise to a discussion 'whether 
it would be advisable to take any further steps in the matter, 
althoneh the feeling of the meeting, and indeed the county 
generally, was strongly in favour of a Challenge Cup. It having 


been pointed out that an Association would be a good means 
towards this end, unanimity prevailed, and the following officers 
were elected. President, George White, Esq., Brighton ; Vice- 
Presidents, Rev. A. M. Deane, East Marden, and J. Colbran, Esq., 
Hastings ;Trea8arer, W. T . Pierce, Esq., Brighton; Hon. Secretary, 
Mr. W. Mead, Brighton; and the Committee Messrs. H. W. Butler, 
H. Erskine, and A. Smith, Brighton, J. C. de Riviere, West Brighton, 
G. R. Downer, and — Street, Chichester, J. C. Cheshire and 
H. C. Colbran, Hastings. 

The Committee were instructed to arrange for a competition 
for a Challenge Cup, towards which some £15 have already been 
subscribed, and it is believed that this amount can be increased to 
£25 or J630. The contest will probably take place in Brighton, 
next January. Arrangements are also to be made for a Corres- 
pondence Tourney to be commenced at an early date. 

A match of seven games (draws counting) has been started 
between Messrs. F. Marquardt and W. Mead. The score at 
present is 4 J and 3 J respectively. W. M. 

Chess in Scotland. 

At the Glasgow Chess Club, the busy season began early in 
October with a Tourney for the Club Championship for 1883. 
Hapid progress has been made, and the Tourney already may be 
regarded as virtually at an end ; for although a number of games 
are still to be played, no one is likely to equal the score of SherilBF 
Spens — 17 out of a possible 20. There were eleven entrants, — 
including Mr. Crum and Mr. Gilchrist. 

At the same club a Handicap Tourney with seventeen entrants 
has just commenced, and will occupy attention during the winter. 

The winner of the last Summer Handicap at this club was Mr. 
J, L. Whiteley (third class) with Sheriff Spens (first class) and 
Mr. Fyfe (third class) as second and third. The first prize in 
Handicap Tourneys is almost invariably carried off by one of the 
first class; and the present change is encouraging to the juniors. 

At the Glasgow Athenseum Mr. Robinson has got together a 
considerable number of players, who begin a Handicap Tourney 
during the present month. Many of the entrants are inexperienced 
if one may judge from the liberal • odds, but there is a strong 
nucleus formed by the seceders from the Central Club. T. 

Chess in London. 
. The International Chess Tournament, 1883. — The St. 
George's and City Chess Clubs having joined their forces in sup- 
port of an international tourney on a grand scale, the success of 
the congress may be considered as settled. Prince Leopold has 
consented to be Patron, and the Earl of Dartrey, President. The 
Preliminary Committee, which is composed entirely of metFopolitan 

K ft 


playerSy is a very influential one. Messrs. Minchin and Hoffer 
have accepted the posts of honorary Secretaries, and Mr. Gastineau 
that of Treasurer. The subscription list has reached upwards of 
£200 in the St. George's alone, which is a very good start for the 
JS 1,000 aimed at. The project has our warm approval, and we 
trust it will be efl&ciently supplied with the sinews of war. 

A little match of the best of three games was played at the 
Divan in the last few days in September between Messrs. Mackenzie 
and Blackbume, the former winning by two games to one. Another 
contest under the same conditions was arranged a little later on 
between Messrs. Mackenzie and Mason, the latter defeating his 
antagonist in one game, and drawing the other two, thus bearing 
off the prize. 

The match alluded to in our last number between Messrs. 
Zukertprt and Mason is in abeyance at present. 


DiDBKOT ON THE Cafb de LA Kegence 120 Years Ago. — One 
rainy day last summer at a Swiss hotel (how many rainy days 
there were in Switzerland this year !) we lighted upon a copy of 
Diderot's famous dialogue, Le Neveu de Rameau. We recollected 
that it was known to contain allusions to Chess, and we turned 
over its pages in the hope of extracting something suited to the 
columns of the British Chess Magazine. This work is accounted 
Diderot's masterpiece. It is a most biting satire on the state of 
society in France before the Revolution, thrown into the form of 
an imaginary conversation between the author and the younger 
Rameau, a nephew of the great composer of that name, and him- 
self a musician and noted " loafer." The book was written about 
1762, as some allusions prove, and revised after 1773 : but Diderot 
never ventured to publish it in his life-time. Its appearance, first 
in a German version by Goethe, then in a re-translation from the 
German, and finally in the original text, forms a curious chapter 
of literary history. The following are the passages relating to the 
game of Chess : 

" If the weather is too cold or too rainy, I take refuge in the 
Caf6 de la Regence. There I amuse myself by looking on at the 
Chess. Paris is the place in the world, and the Caf6 de la Regence 
the spot in Paris, where this game is best played ; it is at Rey's 
that the profound L4gal, the subtle Philidor, the solid Mayot fight 
their battles, that we see the most surprising moves and hear the 
poorest conversation. For if it is possible to be a man of wit and 
a great Chess-player like L^gal, it is also possible to be a great 
player and a simpleton like Foubert and Mayot," This is from 
the introduction ; what follows is from the dialogue itself — 


" He [Rameau's nephew] comes up to me. * Ah 1 here you are, 
monsieur le philosqphe ; and what are you doing here among this 
crowd of idlers. Are you too wasting your time in pushing bits of 
wood 1 ' (It is thus that players at Chess andgdraughts are con- 
temptuously called.) 

I. No, but when I have nothing better to do, I amuse myself 
with looking on for a moment at those who push them well. 

He. In that case you can very seldom be amused. Except 
L^gal and Philidor, nobody else knows anything about it. 

I. How about M. de Bissy ? 

He. As a Chess-player he is what Mile. Clairon is as an 
actress : both know all that can be learnt of their respective arts. 

I. You are hard to please. I see you have no mercy except 
for the first-rates (Junnmes sublimes,) 

He. Yes, at- Chess, at draughts, in poetry, in eloquence, in 
music and other such nonsense (fadaises.) What is the use of 
mediocrity in such things ) 

I. Very little, I confess. But the fact is that a great many 
men must apply themselves to it in order that the man of genius 
may come out. There is one such every now and then. But let 
us change the subject." ... 

[It is pleasant to know that L^al's conversation passed muster 
with so fastidious a critic as Diderot. (He is sometimes called 
L^galle by writers on Chess, but Diderot may be taken as sufficient 
authority for the spelling of his name.) Of that of Philidor, it will 
be observed, nothing is said one way or the other. Philidor is 
known to have been a man of great simplicity of character, and of 
absent mind ; but he probably had enough social tact to keep him 
from betises. We are glad to observe that in the excellent 
Dictionary of Music now appearing, edited by Mr. Grove, Philidor's 
musical genius is spoken of in highly appreciative terms.] 

A Forgotten Chbss Worthy. — The March number of the 
Nuova Rivista contains an interesting notice, bearing the well- 
known initials of Cavaliere L. Centurini, of a player once well- 
known at the E^gence, but who has not been mentioned by M. 
Delannoy and others who have written about the " palmy days " 
of Deschapelles and Labourdonnais. 

Francesco Lavagnino was bom at Genoa in 1785, and educated 
for the medical profession, which he practised in his native city. 
In 1821, a year as disastrous to Liberalism in North Italy as 1831 
was in Central Italy and in Poland, he became a political exile. 
He thenceforward fixed his residence in Paris, and remained there 
till his death at the end of 1843, about the time when Staunton 
and St Amant were playing their great match. Signor Centurini 
remarks, in a half pathetic half humorous tone, that some half 
dozen of his games have been preserved, but none that he won ; 
'^ an Italian was not worthy of such an honour.'^ The simple fact 


must have been that he did not take the trouble to record any. 
lu his day Paris was not only the metropolis of Chess, but the 
Palamhle was the only Chess magazine ; and he could doubtless 
have been a contributor if he had chosen. His extant games are 
all in George Walker's Chess Studies, where he is called Laoallino. 
As his very name had perished until it was brought to light by 
his fellow-citizen, he may be not inaptly styled "a forgotten Chess 
worthy." For the benefit of those who possess Walker's book, now 
a scarce one, we give the references to his games, all of which he 
loses. No. 108 is with Labourdonnais at Pawn and two ; Nos. 134- 
136 with MacDonnell at Pawn and move ; No. 468 with Lewis at 
Pawn and two. The last of these is reprinted by Signer Centurini, 
and enables us to recognise Lavagniuo under the disguised form of 
his name. The Pcdamhde for 1844 gives a short obituary notice, 
and characterises his style as jeu fin, spirituely perfide. The last 
epithet implies that he was given to setting traps, and sufficiently 
accounts for his ill success with the greatest players of his time. 
The jeu perfide may suit odds givers, but it fails in the long run 
against equal play, and is fatal to odds receivers. 

The St. George's Club and the War. — Two of our most 
active members took part in the Egyptian campaign, and neither, 
we are sorry to say, came out unscathed. Col. Sterling, Coldstream 
Guards, was wounded at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir; his wound was 
officially termed " slight," but he looked considerably pulled down 
when he presented himself at the Club on the day after he landed. 
He is now rapidly recovering his usual looks, and has resumed 
play. Major Salmond was struck down by a dangerous fever, his 
corps, the Royal Engineers, having (as we are informed) suffered 
more than any other from exposure to the intense heat. The 
gallant Major is now at length convalescent, but has not yet been 
seen at the St. George's. 

Mr. Boden's "Popular Introduction." — In our obituary notice 
last February it was remarked that this work had long been out of 
print, and that stray copies were eagerly sought for. It is long in- 
deed since we observed it in a Chess catalogue. The few remaining 
copies, in sheets, are now to be disposed of at 10/6 each ; application 
may be made to the Rev. Edward Boden, The Hall, Clitheroe. 

A Chess book more than thirty years old naturally appeals 
only to the collector ; but some, we know, will be glad to possess 
it as a souvenir of the lamented author. The " Popular Introduc- 
tion " is eminently readable in style ; it& hints and maxims for 
young players have not been superseded by anything that has 
since appeared : its account of the openings contains much of per- 
manent value : sixty-three games and fifty end-games are selected 
with striking taste and judgment, the games being all marked by 
" brevity " and many of them by " brilliancy," but chosen on no 
narrow or artificial principle. W. W. -A 

JUN / - 1